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Grammar Reference
Gr.jpg
Autore Mariagiovanna Andreolli
Pamela Linwood
Materia Inglese
Volume New Edition
Editore Petrini
ISBN 9788849420883
Anno 2016
Scuola Secondaria di II grado
Classe boh

Pag. 4

Es. 1

  1. He
  2. They
  3. It
  4. We
  5. You
  6. She

Es. 2

  1. are
  2. is
  3. is
  4. am
  5. are
  6. are
  7. is
  8. are
  9. is

Es. 3

  1. Paul and Joe aren’t footballers. Are Paul and Joe footballers?
  2. Keith isn’t in the garden. Is Keith in the garden?
  3. My sister isn’t a university student. Is your sister a university student?
  4. I’m not an actress. Am I an actress?
  5. Janet and I aren’t in Class B. Are Janet and I in Class B?
  6. You aren’t Swedish. Are you Swedish?
  7. That isn’t their new guitar. Is that their new guitar?
  8. You and your friends aren’t from the UK. Are you and your friends from the UK?
  9. Frances isn’t at school. Is Frances at school?

Es. 4

  1. ’s; He’s
  2. are; We’re
  3. ’s; she’s
  4. ’s; It’s
  5. you
  6. are; They’re
  7. Are; I am/I’m

Es. 5

  1. Is Simon your boyfriend? Yes, he is.
  2. Is that book interesting? No, it isn’t/it’s not. It’s boring.
  3. Are Emma and Andrew students? Yes, they are.
  4. Is that woman your Grandma? No, she isn’t/ she’s not.
  5. Are you Spanish? No, I’m not. I’m Italian.
  6. Are the boys tired? Yes, they are.

Pag. 6

Es. 1

  1. What
  2. Where
  3. What
  4. How
  5. Where
  6. Who

Pag. 7

Es. 2

  1. What’s/What is
  2. How; are
  3. Who’s/Who is
  4. What’s/What is
  5. What; is
  6. Where are

Es. 3

  1. Who’s/Who is; it’s; she; she
  2. that; it is; She’s/ She is
  3. Who’s/Who is; It’s
  4. It isn’t/It’s not
  5. Who’s/Who is; It’s; He’s/He is; he

Es. 4

  1. are you
  2. is/’s; Is he
  3. are/’re
  4. are/’re wrong
  5. What’s your job; ’m/am
  6. How old are; ’m/am; years old.

Pag. 8

Es. 5

  1. is/’s afraid
  2. is/’s in a hurry
  3. is/’s; angry
  4. is/’s; hot; thirsty
  5. ’re/are cold; ’m/am warm
  6. isn’t/’s not/is not; hungry

Es. 6

  1. Aren’t you hungry; ’m/am
  2. is/’s in a
  3. are/’re cold; ’m/am warm/OK/fine
  4. ’s/is afraid
  5. It’s; ’re/ are; Aren’t you; I’m

Es. 7

  1. What’s/What is your name?; My name’s/My name is Katy.
  2. It’s a nice day today.
  3. Are you in a hurry, Mrs Hall?
  4. Is that girl Swedish?
  5. Aren’t I right?
  6. Where is he?
  7. Hurry up, John. We’re late.
  8. William is 20 (years old).

Es. 8

  1. – Are you hungry? • No, but I’m a bit thirsty.
  2. – It’s a bit cold today. Aren’t you cold? • No, I’m fine.
  3. – How old are you? • I’m 16 and my sister’s 13.
  4. – Loch Ness is in England. • No, you’re wrong. It’s in Scotland.
  5. – Are you in a hurry? • Yes. We’re late.
  6. – Isn’t that Kim over there? • Yes, it’s Kim. You’re right.
  7. – Your school report is terrible. Aren’t you embarrassed?

Pag. 12

Es. 1

  1. headmaster
  2. grandma/granny/grandmother
  3. daughter
  4. husband
  5. policewoman
  6. nephew

Es. 2

  • -s: toys, maps, clocks, pianos, roofs, chiefs, photos, nurses, houses;
  • -es: watches, crashes, dresses, foxes, sandwiches, tomatoes, potatoes, heroes;
  • -ies: cities, secretaries;
  • -ves: lives, knives, leaves, shelves, wives, thieves, wolves;
  • irregolari: men, teeth, mice, feet.

Es. 3

  1. children
  2. women
  3. man/woman; woman/man
  4. child
  5. men; policemen
  6. people

Es. 4

  1. Robinsons
  2. 1960s/1960’s
  3. Sundays
  4. Obamas

Es. 5

  1. Your feet are dirty.
  2. What colour is your hair?
  3. His heroes are Batman and Spiderman.
  4. The police are here.
  5. Tomatoes are good in salads.
  6. All the people here are very nice.
  7. Your photos are on Facebook.
  8. Here is your pocket money.

Pag. 14

Es. 1

  1. an English lesson
  2. a ham sandwich
  3. an orange juice/an apple juice
  4. a bus driver
  5. a high-school student
  6. a gold watch
  7. an apple pie
  8. a snack bar

Es. 2

  1. an; an
  2. an; a
  3. a; an
  4. a; a
  5. a; a
  6. an; a
  7. an; a
  8. a; an
  9. an; a
  10. a; an
  11. a; a
  12. a; an
  13. a; a
  14. a; an

Es. 3

  1. X
  2. X
  3. The
  4. The; a
  5. X; a; X
  6. X; an
  7. X
  8. a; the
  9. a
  10. X
  11. X; a
  12. X; X; X
  13. The; the
  14. X
  15. the
  16. a
  17. X
  18. X; the

Pag. 16

Es. 1

  1. this
  2. These
  3. those
  4. that
  5. These
  6. those

Es. 2

  1. Those are clean shirts.
  2. These are interesting books.
  3. These are full glasses.
  4. These are very tall girls.
  5. These are difficult questions.
  6. Those are bad students

Es. 3

  1. This is; Is that; it is
  2. This is/It’s; speaking
  3. that
  4. It’s/This is
  5. Is that; this is/it’s; This is/ It’s

Pag. 17

Es. 1

  1. His
  2. their
  3. her
  4. his; her
  5. their
  6. its
  7. her
  8. your
  9. Our
  10. his

Pag. 18

Es. 1

  1. Where are
  2. What’s
  3. Is that
  4. How; are
  5. Who’s/Who is
  6. Are you/Aren’t you
  7. How are
  8. Is it

Es. 2

  • Forme regolari
    • tomato – tomatoes
    • city – cities
    • leaf – leaves
    • girl – girls
    • actress – actresses
  • Forme irregolari
    • man – men
    • tooth – teeth
    • mouse – mice

Es. 3

  1. X; X; X; a
  2. the; an
  3. a; the
  4. X; X
  5. X; the
  6. an; the
  7. X; X
  8. the; the; a

Es. 4

  1. that
  2. that; this
  3. these
  4. those

Pag. 19

Es. 5

  1. your
  2. my
  3. her/my
  4. Our
  5. its
  6. his

Es. 6

  1. Where are your brother and sister?
  2. Is that your pen?
  3. Paul is in the garden with his sister.
  4. – Hello. Is that Mrs Harris?
  5. What colour is your hair?
  6. It’s a long film.
  7. Kate likes ham sandwiches.
  8. Who are those people over there?

Es. 7

  1. their friend(s)
  2. isn’t a
  3. is your
  4. It’s an
  5. to do
  6. is a
  7. is her
  8. is an

Pag. 20

Es. 1

There are curtains at the window. There are paintings on the walls. There’s an armchair near the fireplace. There’s/There is a clock on the shelf over the fireplace. There’s/There is a table near the sofa. There’s/There is a lamp on the table. There are flowers in a vase. There’s/There is a carpet on the floor. There are books on the shelves.

Pag. 21

Es. 2

  1. Is there
  2. there is
  3. Are there
  4. there are
  5. Are there
  6. there aren’t
  7. Are there
  8. there aren’t
  9. Is there
  10. there isn’t
  11. there’s/there is
  12. Is there
  13. there is

Es. 3

  1. Is; he’s; He’s/He is
  2. Are there; there are. They’re/They are
  3. Are there; there are; they aren’t/they’re not
  4. are there; There are; There’s/ There is; Is there; there is; it’s/it is
  5. he is
  6. Is there; there is; It’s/It is

Es. 4

  1. Is; in; he is; He’s/He is; in his bedroom/room
  2. Is; he isn’t here/he’s not here
  3. is your family; There are; my sisters
  4. There are; nine of us

Pag. 22

Es. 1

  1. Jane has got a lot of problems in this period, but she is ashamed to ask for help.
  2. This hotel has got good facilities. It is a luxury hotel.
  3. Ben is crazy about sport so he has got a lot of equipment.
  4. David is in a hurry. He has got an appointment with his dentist.
  5. Helen is interested in music. She has got a lot of CDs.

Pag. 23

Es. 2

  1. haven’t got
  2. ’s got/has (got); hasn’t got
  3. haven’t got
  4. have/have got; has/has got; has/ has got
  5. ’s got/has (got); hasn’t got
  6. ’ve got/ have (got); haven’t got
  7. ’ve got/have (got); haven’t got
  8. ’ve got/have (got); haven’t got

Es. 3

  1. Hasn’t Andrew got; has
  2. Have your friends got; have
  3. have you got; ’ve got/have (got)
  4. Has Eryn got; hasn’t
  5. Haven’t you got; have
  6. Haven’t we got; haven’t

Es. 4

  1. ’re
  2. ’s
  3. are
  4. are
  5. ’ve got/have
  6. is/’s
  7. ’s got/has
  8. are
  9. haven’t got
  10. ’s/is
  11. ’s/is
  12. hasn’t got
  13. ’s/is
  14. ’s got/has
  15. are
  16. Are
  17. Have you got/Do you have
  18. ’s/is
  19. Has he got/Does he have
  20. ’m/am
  21. haven’t got/don’t have
  22. ’re/are
  23. are
  24. ’ve got/have
  25. ’m/am

Pag. 25

Es. 1

  1. any; is some
  2. any; isn’t any
  3. any; have some
  4. any; aren’t any
  5. any; is some
  6. any; aren’t any

Es. 2

  1. any
  2. any; a
  3. any; some; some; any
  4. any; some
  5. some
  6. some; some
  7. a; some
  8. an; any; some

Pag. 26

Es. 3

  1. any
  2. any
  3. no; some
  4. no
  5. any; no
  6. any

Es. 4

  1. please
  2. Would you like; please
  3. Would you like some; thanks/thank you
  4. Would you like some; thanks/thank you
  5. Would you like; please
  6. Would you like some; please; Just

Es. 5

  1. Can I have some ice cream; you are
  2. Can I have some cakes/a cake; course
  3. Can I have some water; there isn’t
  4. Can I have some; Here you

Es. 6

  1. There are some biscuits, if you’re hungry.
  2. – Have we got any fruit? • Just/ Only some oranges. – Aren’t there any apples left? • No, there aren’t.
  3. – This coffee’s bitter. Can I have some sugar? • Yes, of course. Here you are.
  4. – Haven’t we got any lessons tomorrow? • No, no lessons. Aren’t you pleased?
  5. – Would you like some ice cream? • Yes, please.
  6. – Would you like/Do you want some orange juice? • No, thanks. I’m not thirsty.
  7. There’s no sugar/There isn’t any sugar in the sugar bowl. Perhaps there’s some in that packet.
  8. – My hair is dirty. Is there any shampoo? • No, there’s none left./No, there isn’t any left.

Pag. 27

Es. 1

  1. much
  2. many
  3. much
  4. many

Es. 2

  1. a lot of/lots of
  2. a lot
  3. many/a lot of
  4. a lot of/lots of
  5. many/a lot of/lots of
  6. much/(a lot of)
  7. much; a lot/lots

Es. 3

  1. hard/(a lot)
  2. a lot of
  3. lots of; much
  4. hard

Pag. 28

Es. 1

  1. Is it; There are
  2. Is there; there isn’t; there is
  3. Are there; there is; they are/it is
  4. is; he is

Es. 2

  1. They’ve got/They have (got)
  2. I haven’t got
  3. Has your family got; we have
  4. Has Silvia got
  5. We haven’t got
  6. Robert’s got/has (got)
  7. it hasn’t got
  8. Have you got; I haven’t; my brother has (got)/’s got

Es. 3

  1. some/a; a
  2. a; a
  3. any; some; some
  4. a; any
  5. some; some
  6. a; any; an

Es. 4

  1. much
  2. a lot of/lots of
  3. much/a lot
  4. a lot of/ many
  5. a lot of/lots of
  6. a lot
  7. many/a lot
  8. many/a lot of/lots of

Pag. 29

Es. 5

  1. There is a book and two magazines on the table.
  2. There are fifteen of us in our judo class.
  3. … He hasn’t got many friends/He doesn’t have many friends.
  4. There isn’t a cinema in my town.
  5. … Let’s buy some snacks.
  6. – Has Janice got any brothers or sisters?
  7. There are lots of cafés and restaurants in this part of the city.
  8. … can I have some orange juice, please? … Here you are.

Es. 6

  1. C
  2. B
  3. D
  4. B
  5. C
  6. A
  7. A
  8. D

Es. 7

  1. a lot
  2. are there
  3. studies hard/lots
  4. got any
  5. without any

Pag. 31

Es. 1

  1. Andy can play the drums and the saxophone but he can’t play the guitar.
  2. He can play hockey very well and he can ski and swim.
  3. Greta can ride a horse but she can’t ride a motorbike.
  4. Joleen can ride a bicycle but she can’t skateboard.
  5. Bob can windsurf very well and he can snowboard, too.

Pag. 32

Es. 2

  1. Can you speak English well?
  2. Ann can dance very well.
  3. I can’t sing at all.
  4. Walt can’t play chess very well.
  5. Kelly can play the piano very well.
  6. I can’t speak Japanese very well.

Es. 3

  1. Can you lend
  2. borrow
  3. Can I sit
  4. Can you help
  5. Can I have
  6. Can you phone

Es. 4

  1. Can’t; must
  2. Can; can; mustn’t
  3. Can’t; can’t; must
  4. can’t; must; can
  5. must; Can’t/Can; can’t; must; mustn’t

Es. 5

  1. Can you open this drawer? I can’t.
  2. You mustn’t be rude!
  3. Bob can’t play tennis very well. He must practise.
  4. – Can I borrow your red pen? • Yes, of course.
  5. – Can you lend me this CD? • OK.
  6. We haven’t got any milk for breakfast. We must buy some.
  7. My friend can speak three foreign languages very well.
  8. Who can solve this quiz?

Pag. 33

Es. 1

  1. Don’t open
  2. Don’t eat; Have
  3. Take
  4. Don’t be afraid
  5. Write

Es. 2

  1. Don’t be so lazy.
  2. Don’t watch TV all the time.
  3. Tidy your room.
  4. Don’t eat too many chocolates.
  5. Don’t leave your things all over the place.
  6. Brush your teeth before going to bed.

Es. 3

  1. Let’s not hurry
  2. Let’s ask
  3. Let’s go
  4. Let’s listen
  5. Let’s not take; let’s walk
  6. Let’s close

Pag. 34

Es. 1

  1. him
  2. her
  3. her
  4. them
  5. it
  6. us
  7. her
  8. him
  9. you; me
  10. them; us

Pag. 35

Es. 2

  1. it; his
  2. them; They
  3. he; him
  4. She; her; her
  5. us; we; Our

Es. 3

  1. we
  2. I
  3. you
  4. we
  5. I
  6. my
  7. my
  8. my
  9. I
  10. her
  11. she
  12. her
  13. me
  14. him
  15. his
  16. his
  17. We
  18. our
  19. your
  20. They
  21. their
  22. them
  23. I
  24. you
  25. us
  26. our
  27. we
  28. you
  29. your

Es. 4

  1. of
  2. to
  3. without
  4. with
  5. about
  6. for
  7. with; with
  8. for
  9. for; from
  10. from; without

Pag. 37

Es. 1

  1. Cass’s address
  2. the teacher’s bag
  3. your brother’s name
  4. the students’ desks
  5. Simon’s and Emma’s bicycles
  6. the children’s sandwiches
  7. Massimo’s father
  8. Susan and David’s flat

Es. 2

  1. Karen’s horse is black and white.
  2. Mary’s new dress is very nice.
  3. That man’s job is dangerous.
  4. The children’s ball is in the garden.
  5. My grandparents’ house is in the country.
  6. Mr and Mrs Taylor’s new phone number is 0749319207

Es. 3

  1. The name of our school is Merton School.
  2. Where are that child’s parents?
  3. Where is the boss’s office?
  4. Who is the owner of the house on the corner?
  5. When’s your mother’s birthday?
  6. The leaves of that tree are red.

Es. 4

  1. chemist’s; greengrocer’s
  2. the newsagent’s
  3. St Martin’s
  4. Sarah’s
  5. the dentist’s
  6. his friend’s

Pag. 38

Es. 1

  1. These rucksacks aren’t ours.
  2. That boat is his.
  3. This pencil isn’t mine.
  4. The/This umbrella is hers.
  5. Is this ball theirs?
  6. Are these glasses yours, Andy?

Es. 2

  1. hers; her
  2. Our/Their; theirs/ours
  3. his; his; hers
  4. ours
  5. our; ours
  6. yours; mine; hers

Pag. 40

Es. 1

  1. speaks; speak
  2. study; studies
  3. drinks; drink
  4. plays; play
  5. finishes; finish
  6. starts; start

Es. 2

  1. cycle; don’t take
  2. reads; doesn’t read
  3. doesn’t last; lasts
  4. don’t come; come
  5. goes; don’t go; prefer
  6. doesn’t make; make

Es. 3

  1. Does Claire do keep-fit exercises every day? Yes, she does.
  2. Does John work in a restaurant? No he doesn’t. He works in a pub.
  3. Do you practise a lot of sports? Yes, I do.
  4. Does your mother teach English? No, she doesn’t. She teaches Maths.
  5. Do you and Bob play in a volleyball team? No, we don’t. We play in a basketball team.
  6. Do they sell fresh fish here? Yes, they do.
  7. Do lessons begin at 8.30? No, they don’t. They begin at 9.
  8. Does our train leave from platform 3? No, it doesn’t. It leaves from platform 2

Pag. 42

Es. 1

  1. don’t dislike; Non ci dispiace lo street food.
  2. hates; Victoria è a casa. Odia fare shopping.
  3. Do you need; Ti serve (il mio) aiuto?
  4. like; A loro piace molto quel ristorante indiano.
  5. doesn’t need; José non ha bisogno di lavorare così tanto!
  6. Does George love; A George piacciono molto i libri di fantascienza?

Es. 2

  1. Do you like playing cards? don’t
  2. Don’t you like that actress? don’t like her very much
  3. Does Brenda like horror films; she doesn’t; them
  4. Do your friends like going to the cinema; they do; it
  5. What do you like doing in your spare time; like listening to music and reading

Es. 3A

  1. Do you like
  2. Would you like
  3. Would you like
  4. Do you like
  5. Do you like
  6. Would you like
  7. Would you like
  8. Do you like

Es. 3B

  1. Yes I do; Not very much; I love it; No, I don’t
  2. Yes, please; Sorry, I’m busy this afternoon; No, thanks
  3. Yes, please; Yes, great; No, thanks
  4. Yes I do; Not very much; I love it; No, I don’t
  5. Yes I do; Not very much; No, I don’t
  6. Yes, please; Yes, please. I’d love one; No, thanks
  7. Yes, please; No, thanks; Yes, great. Where is it?
  8. Yes I do; Not very much; I love it; No, I don’t

Es. 4

  1. We can’t wait for Martin.
  2. Does Andy work in a bank?
  3. Do you need some help?
  4. What do you do in your spare time?
  5. I listen to music and watch TV.
  6. • No, I don’t like them very much.

Es. 5

  1. Look at your hands! They’re dirty.
  2. – My friend likes you very much/a lot. • But I don’t like him.
  3. Can you wait for me? I’m almost ready.
  4. I don’t like this music very much. Can you play this CD instead?
  5. We need a map if we want to visit London on our own.

Pag. 44

Es. 1

  1. I don’t have coffee in the morning.
  2. Mrs Reed doesn’t have a walk every day.
  3. They don’t have a break at 10 o’clock.
  4. My father doesn’t have a rest after lunch.
  5. Mike doesn’t have lunch at home.
  6. We don’t have dinner at 7

Es. 2

  1. Does Amy have a holiday twice a year?
  2. Do the students have a snack during their break?
  3. Do you have a bath in the evening to relax?
  4. Does Jack have wonderful parties on his birthdays?
  5. Do we have a long break for lunch?
  6. Does Alex have a meal in that pub every day?

Es. 3

  1. have
  2. has
  3. have/’ve got
  4. has/’s got
  5. have
  6. have/’ve got

Es. 4

  1. Do you have lunch at school? (open answer)
  2. Do you have a shower in the morning? (open answer)
  3. Do you have a rest in the afternoon? (open answer)
  4. Do you have dinner at 7? (open answer)

Pag. 45

Es. 5

  1. haven’t got; ’ve got
  2. ’ve got; have
  3. Haven’t we got; have
  4. doesn’t have
  5. don’t have; have
  6. do you have; haven’t got; have; don’t have

Es. 6

  1. have a swim
  2. have a look
  3. Have a nice holiday!/nice time!/good trip!
  4. having parties
  5. have a run
  6. have a nap

Pag. 46

Es. 1

  1. Can you lend; I can’t
  2. You can’t/mustn’t take photos
  3. can’t we go out; you must
  4. must
  5. Can you play; I can
  6. You must be; it’s
  7. he can do
  8. You must wear

Es. 2

  1. Let’s listen/Listen
  2. Let’s not play
  3. Don’t argue
  4. Don’t leave/Let’s not leave
  5. Let’s have
  6. Don’t eat
  7. Look
  8. Don’t be

Es. 3

  1. them
  2. our
  3. us
  4. yours; ours
  5. their
  6. her
  7. him
  8. mine

Pag. 47

Es. 4

  1. Alex goes out
  2. have you got/do you have
  3. does your cousin live
  4. Do you like
  5. Jill doesn’t ride
  6. Do you go; I don’t; my sister does; she goes
  7. Do you have
  8. do his parents do; his mum works

Es. 5

  1. You mustn’t be late for school.
  2. Brian likes playing tennis very much.
  3. You really must try it!
  4. Would you like some tea?
  5. My sister’s friend’s got a new computer.
  6. Is this your jacket or hers?
  7. My cousin watches TV a lot.
  8. Becky doesn’t usually have breakfast.
  9. What’s the name of the restaurant?
  10. Why does you brother hate going dancing?
  11. Can you lend me your rubber?
  12. Let’s not go for a walk.

Es. 6

  1. can play
  2. brother’s
  3. Let’s go
  4. Don’t leave
  5. are a lot
  6. must take

Pag. 49

Es. 1

  1. Megan usually wakes up at 7.30 and (usually) gets up straight away.
  2. She always has a quick shower, then she gets dressed.
  3. She normally has cereal for breakfast.
  4. She generally cycles to work.
  5. But sometimes she catches/she sometimes catches a bus, when it’s very cold.
  6. She is never late for work.
  7. She rarely/seldom goes straight back home after work.
  8. She often meets friends or goes shopping.
  9. And she goes to a gym twice a week.
  10. She also goes to the swimming pool once a week.
  11. She hardly ever stays up late on weekdays.
  12. But she always goes to a disco or to the cinema on Friday and Saturday nights.

Es. 2

  1. Do you ever buy designer clothes?
  2. No, I rarely spend a lot on my clothes.
  3. Do you often buy expensive clothes?
  4. No, not very often. But sometimes I go to the sales./I sometimes go to the sales./I go to the sales sometimes.
  5. And you can always find something at a reasonable price there.

Es. 3

  1. How do you and your girlfriend usually spend your weekend?
  2. We often go to the country or to the mountains.
  3. We seldom stay in town.
  4. Do you ever go away for the weekend?
  5. No, I hardly ever go anywhere.
  6. Selma and I very often go to concerts/go to concerts very often.
  7. And we always go jogging on Saturday.
  8. … but I go to a gym three times a week to keep fit./but I go to a gym to keep fit three times a week/but three times a week I go…

Es. 4

  1. Alex never eats meat.
  2. I don’t usually watch TV.
  3. Do you ever go to a disco?
  4. Walt does keep-fit exercises very often.
  5. My parents seldom travel abroad.
  6. I don’t often go to the hairdresser’s.

Pag. 51

Es. 1

  1. When
  2. How often
  3. How much
  4. How much
  5. Why
  6. How many

Es. 2

  1. What
  2. When/What time
  3. Who
  4. Which
  5. Which
  6. How many
  7. What
  8. Where
  9. Which
  10. How much

Es. 3

  1. Why
  2. Who
  3. Which
  4. How often
  5. How much
  6. How

Es. 4

  1. – Whose car is this? • It’s my neighbours’.
  2. – Whose magazines are these? • They’re ours.
  3. – Whose camera is this? • It’s Colin’s.
  4. – Whose hat is this? • It’s that man’s.
  5. – Whose jeans are these? • They’re Keira’s.
  6. – Whose scarf is this? • It’s hers.

Pag. 52

Es. 5

  1. Why can’t you come?
  2. How much are
  3. How often do you go?
  4. Why don’t you like
  5. When does it; How long does it last?

Es. 6

  1. How much; It’s
  2. How much; They’re
  3. How much are; They’re
  4. How much is; It’s
  5. How much are; They’re
  6. How much is; It’s
  7. How much are; They’re
  8. How much is; It’s

Es. 7

  1. How much money have you got?
  2. Whose suitcases are they?/Whose are they?
  3. Why don’t you like him?
  4. How much does that motorbike/it cost?
  5. How many rooms are there (in your flat)?
  6. How often does Eric/he travel abroad?

Es. 8

  1. What is that book about?
  2. Who do you work for?
  3. What are you afraid of?
  4. What can we talk about?
  5. What can I open this tin with?
  6. What do you need a knife for?

Es. 9

  1. What is Walt interested in?
  2. Where does Hans come from?
  3. Who does that castle belong to?
  4. Who does Sally share a flat with?
  5. Who is this letter from?
  6. What is Amy worried about?

Pag. 53

Es. 1

  1. in
  2. on
  3. at
  4. at
  5. in
  6. on

Es. 2

  1. at
  2. on; till/until
  3. in
  4. during; at
  5. in; in
  6. at/on
  7. on; on
  8. from … to; till/until
  9. on; till/ until
  10. at; at; at

Pag. 55

Es. 1

  1. at
  2. from; from; in
  3. at; to
  4. to

Pag. 56

Es. 2

  1. at; X
  2. to
  3. to
  4. at; to
  5. X
  6. in; to

Es. 3

  1. opposite
  2. next to/in front of; on
  3. over ; between
  4. in front of; behind
  5. in; on; next to/on the right of; over
  6. between; on; against; under/ behind

Es. 4

  1. in;
  2. next to/near
  3. in front of
  4. opposite
  5. at/in front of
  6. behind
  7. the middle
  8. in/on
  9. under

Pag. 58

Es. 1

  1. are/’re doing
  2. is/’s sitting
  3. is/’s playing
  4. are/’re lying
  5. are/’re sunbathing
  6. aren’t listening
  7. isn’t eating
  8. is/’s feeding
  9. is/’s jogging
  10. are/’re skateboarding

Pag. 59

Es. 2

  1. – Are you drinking tea? • No, I’m not. I’m drinking coffee.
  2. – Is the little girl crying? • Yes, she is.
  3. – Is Harriet still sleeping? • No, she isn’t. She’s having a shower.
  4. – Are those children quarrelling? • Yes, they are.
  5. – Is Jason talking on the phone? • Yes, he is.
  6. – What is Jack doing? Is he reading comics? • No, he isn’t. He’s surfing the net.
  7. – What are you looking for? Are you looking for your keys? • No, I’m not. I’m looking for my wallet.
  8. – Is Mum working in the garden? • No, she isn’t. She’s having a chat with our neighbour

Es. 3

  1. are waiting
  2. is/’s doing; always does
  3. am/’m studying
  4. is/’s taking; likes
  5. are you going; are/’re going; Do you want
  6. are you taking; isn’t raining;
  7. does Daniel do; isn’t working; is/’s looking for
  8. Are you going; do you need
  9. usually has; is having/’s having
  10. is/’s making; don’t know; are/’re moving

Es. 4

  1. What are those boys talking about?
  2. What is Aunt Sally looking for?
  3. Who is Ann talking to?
  4. Who are you going on holiday with?
  5. Who does this fast car belong to?
  6. Who are you sharing a flat with?

Es. 5

  1. – Where are you going? • I’m going to the library. I prefer to study there.
  2. – What are you looking for? • My glasses. I can never find them when I need them.
  3. It’s starting/beginning to snow. Take an umbrella if you’re going out.
  4. We’re having a great time here in Spain. Pity you can’t come.
  5. – What’s Pete doing? • I don’t know. He’s in his room. Perhaps he’s studying. He’s studying hard/a lot these days.

Pag. 61

Es. 1

  1. twelve; thirteen; twenty-five
  2. ninety-nine; nineteen; eighty
  3. eighty-eight; eleven; eight
  4. twenty-three; nought/zero; nought/zero
  5. ten thousand two hundred and thirty; two; twenty thousand four hundred and sixty

Es. 2

  1. a; b
  2. b
  3. a; c
  4. b

Es. 3

  1. seven thousand and nineteen
  2. one thousand one hundred and sixteen
  3. three million five hundred thousand
  4. eight point oh/nought eight
  5. nought/zero point four four
  6. zero degrees Centigrade
  7. two euros ninety-nine (cents)
  8. a/one hundred euros

Es. 4A

  1. a; d
  2. b; d

Es. 4B

  1. -ens of
  2. -en
  3. -and
  4. -eds of

Pag. 63

Es. 1

  1. It’s (a) quarter past six.
  2. It’s (a) quarter to four.
  3. It’s midday./It’s midnight./It’s twelve o’clock.
  4. It’s half past ten.
  5. It’s five to seven.
  6. It’s twenty-five to eleven.
  7. It’s twenty to six.

Es. 2

  1. twelve thirty at night
  2. four ten in the afternoon
  3. three fifteen in the afternoon
  4. seven twelve in the morning
  5. four twenty-five in the morning
  6. eight thirty in the morning
  7. five thirty-five in the morning
  8. one forty in the morning/at night

Es. 3

  1. The show lasts an hour and a half/one and a half hours.
  2. Our train leaves in half an hour.
  3. – What’s the time?/What time is it? • It’s (a) quarter to ten.
  4. – How long does the lesson last? • Three quarters of an hour.
  5. The journey lasts/takes two and a half hours.
  6. – My watch says half past four./It’s half past four by my watch. What time is it by your watch?/What time do you make it?/What time does your watch say? • Twenty (minutes) to five. But my watch is fast.

Pag. 65

Es. 1

  1. 3rd March; the third of March/March the third;
  2. 5th November; the fifth of November/November the fifth
  3. 22nd May; the twenty-second of May/ May the twenty-second
  4. 7th April; the seventh of April/April the seventh
  5. 31st January; the thirty-first of January/January the thirty-first
  6. 12th July; the twelfth of July/July the twelfth

Es. 2

  1. GB; the sixteenth of February 2010
  2. USA; August the thirty-first 1999
  3. USA; December the twenty-first 2008
  4. GB; the seventeenth of October 1998
  5. GB; the twenty-fifth of March 2016
  6. USA; March the twenty-fourth 2005

Es. 3

  1. Henry the Eighth lived in the sixteenth century and reigned from fifteen oh nine to fifteen fortyseven.
  2. William the First lived in the eleventh century and reigned from ten sixty-six to ten eightyseven.
  3. Queen Victoria lived in the nineteenth century and reigned from eighteen thirty-seven to nineteen oh one.

Pag. 66

Es. 1

  1. James usually wakes up late at the weekend.
  2. Laura never studies on Saturday.
  3. He’s generally a very active person.
  4. My friend doesn’t often visit her family.
  5. – Does Rob ever watch TV? • No, he hardly ever watches TV.

Es. 2

  1. How much are these shoes?
  2. Whose bag is that? Whose is that bag?
  3. How many children visit the zoo every year?
  4. When do you usually read?
  5. How often do you go to the beach?
  6. How can we prepare for the test?
  7. Which of these shirts do you prefer?
  8. Why do Sue and Mark always go to the same hotel?

Es. 3

  1. during
  2. to
  3. under
  4. in front of/opposite/at; at
  5. in
  6. from; to; on
  7. from; between; after
  8. on; in

Es. 4

  1. do; do; works
  2. are; doing; am/’m writing
  3. are; going; don’t want
  4. do; go; help
  5. Is; chatting; is
  6. is/’s; talking; don’t know; is/’s saying
  7. does; have; has; is/’s having
  8. are; sitting; watching; ’m not feeling; have/’ve got

Pag. 67

Es. 5

  1. Peter lives on the fourth floor.
  2. The city has six hundred thousand inhabitants.
  3. This book is about Britain in the ’90s/1990s.
  4. Can I have a dozen eggs, please?
  5. The new office block has forty-two floors.
  6. My dad’s birthday is on the twenty-fifth of September.
  7. Millions of people around the world watch the football World Cup final on TV.
  8. Our ferry leaves at (a) quarter past four; that’s in half an hour.

Es. 6

  1. oh
  2. double
  3. phone numbers
  4. zero
  5. temperature
  6. nought
  7. Maths
  8. nil
  9. football
  10. love
  11. tennis
  12. midnight
  13. clock
  14. point
  15. thousand

Pag. 68

Es. 1

  1. B
  2. C
  3. A
  4. C
  5. A
  6. B
  7. C
  8. C
  9. A
  10. B
  11. B
  12. A

Es. 2

  1. Have you got a camera? No, I haven’t.
  2. Look at the time. It’s very late.
  3. John’s motorbike is over there.
  4. Is Melanie at home?
  5. The students’ books are on their desks.
  6. Who’s got a guitar?
  7. Jane’s got grey eyes, like her father.
  8. You mustn’t use this photocopier.
  9. Judy likes this CD, but I don’t like it very much.
  10. Oranges only grow in mild climates.

Pag. 69

Es. 3A

  1. am/’m
  2. live
  3. on
  4. opposite
  5. an
  6. works
  7. a
  8. goes
  9. have
  10. doesn’t
  11. studies
  12. comes/returns
  13. to
  14. play

Es. 3B

  1. Where does; come
  2. Who does he live
  3. Do; attend/go to; do
  4. What’s/What is; is an office worker
  5. their father do
  6. How many; has… got/ does… have
  7. go; goes
  8. Where does; study

Es. 4

  1. our
  2. He
  3. He
  4. us
  5. him
  6. He
  7. they
  8. They
  9. us
  10. we
  11. them
  12. his
  13. we
  14. her
  15. her

Es. 5

  1. I don’t like Chinese food very much.
  2. Jean rarely has lunch at the canteen.
  3. Whose is that blue sweater?/Whose blue sweater is that?
  4. Do you often go to the cinema?
  5. These bikes aren’t theirs.
  6. Jane has got beautiful red hair.

Pag. 70

Es. 6

  1. are/’re
  2. Aren’t you; hot; ’m
  3. haven’t got/don’t have; am/’m; a; have got/have/’ve got
  4. Let’s; can’t
  5. This is/It’s; This is/It’s; isn’t
  6. Are there any; there are; they are/they’re
  7. How often
  8. do you; stay; on; on (the); go to

Es. 7

  1. Bob hardly ever tidies his room.
  2. What are you doing now?
  3. I never stay out late at night.
  4. Does uncle Jack want a cup of tea?
  5. What do you want to do?
  6. Would you like a sandwich?

Es. 8

  1. borrow
  2. likes free climbing
  3. hair is
  4. must do
  5. play tennis
  6. Whose laptop is
  7. twice a
  8. doesn’t like
  9. got no
  10. some
  11. half an
  12. up until/till

Pag. 71

Es. 9

  1. B
  2. C
  3. D
  4. A
  5. C
  6. D
  7. B
  8. C
  9. D
  10. C

Es. 1

  1. Your Maths teacher is very kind. Ours is very strict.
  2. – Whose is this diary?/ Whose diary is this? Is it Tim’s? • Perhaps/Maybe it’s his, let’s ask him.
  3. What can we do this weekend? Do you have/Have you got any brilliant ideas?
  4. – Why don’t you like swimming? • Because I’m afraid of deep water.
  5. Don’t do the washing-up. I’ve got a dishwasher.
  6. That woman’s daughter is a model.
  7. Which of those people is the club president/the president of the club?
  8. – Would you like/Do you want some chips? • Yes, please.

Pag. 77

Es.

  1. Emily’s always busy at the weekend.
  2. I don’t watch TV very often.
  3. Daniel can ski and ice-skate quite well.
  4. We usually have great fun playing volleyball.
  5. If you want to speak English fluently, you must go to Great Britain.
  6. I can’t draw or paint at all. I’m hopeless.

Es. 2

  1. Can Mum cook dinner for my friends?
  2. Can you teach me that rule?
  3. Can I tell that joke to our teacher?
  4. Can we get a seat for Granny?
  5. Can I bring you some water?
  6. Can Luke give her a lift?

Es. 3

  1. Can you lend me your dictionary?
  2. Let’s send our friends these invitations.
  3. Not possible
  4. Lauren’s sending Oliver a text.
  5. Not possible
  6. You must get Paul a birthday card.

Pag. 78

Es. 4

  1. Do you always go do a disco on Saturday?
  2. What time do you usually have dinner?
  3. They aren’t having/They’re not having dinner now.
  4. This pen doesn’t write. Have you got another one?
  5. George doesn’t usually come home before 8 in the evening.
  6. – What is Mandy doing? • She’s showing her photograph album to a friend.
  7. Can’t you stay another couple of days?
  8. Can you take the car to the mechanic tomorrow morning?

Es. 5

  1. Who wants some apple pie?
  2. What do you want to eat?
  3. Who lives here?
  4. Who do you live with?
  5. Which of you likes horror films?
  6. Which of you doesn’t like horror films?
  7. Whose sister works for the BBC?
  8. Whose sister does Al go out with?

Es. 6

  1. are
  2. don’t
  3. Can you; can
  4. do
  5. Do you; do
  6. have; hasn’t/haven’t; has

Es. 7

  1. us
  2. him
  3. me

Es. 8

  1. He has.
  2. We do.
  3. He does.
  4. She can.

Es. 9

  1. My friend can dance, but I can’t.
  2. I’m/I am not hungry, are you?
  3. Beth doesn’t/does not like this music, but I do.
  4. Frances works part time, but I don’t. I always work till
  5. (o’clock).

Pag. 82

Es. 1

  1. tomorrow morning
  2. in your spare time
  3. arrives at 10.35
  4. is arriving at 11
  5. on Saturdays
  6. this Saturday
  7. these days
  8. after dinner

Es. 2

  1. Carrie goes to university every day.
  2. But she is/ she’s staying at home today.
  3. It is/It’s snowing hard at the moment.
  4. It doesn’t usually snow here.
  5. What are you doing this afternoon?
  6. What do you do on Sundays?
  7. Daniel is/ Daniel’s flying to Japan the day after tomorrow.
  8. He travels abroad very often.
  9. Do you go out with your friends on weekdays?
  10. Is Jack going out with Karen at the moment?

Pag. 83

Es. 3

  1. aren’t studying
  2. are trying
  3. am/’m going
  4. ’m not staying
  5. am/’m leaving
  6. am/’m coming
  7. am/’m going
  8. always travel
  9. costs
  10. leaves
  11. is/’s taking
  12. doesn’t mind

Es. 4

  1. usually spend; are/’re travelling
  2. am/’m not having; don’t feel/’m not feeling; have; am/’m going
  3. is/’s arriving; am/’m meeting
  4. is/’s attending; is/’s staying
  5. go; am/’m not going; prefer
  6. finishes; is/’s working
  7. are having; are you going; don’t think; am/’m seeing
  8. is/’s driving; has
  9. are you doing; am/’m staying; am/’m watching; Do you want
  10. am/’m getting; don’t you have; are/’re waiting; starts

Pag. 84

Es. 5

  1. can’t see
  2. is he saying; can’t understand/don’t understand
  3. am/’m trying; are/’re making
  4. want; don’t need
  5. Does Hugh know; have
  6. Aren’t you listening; can’t hear
  7. learns/is learning/’s learning; doesn’t speak/can’t speak
  8. isn’t going out; says; doesn’t love

Es. 6A

  1. are/’re always shouting
  2. is/’s always trying to get into my kitchen
  3. are/’re always complaining
  4. am/’m continually forgetting things
  5. is/’s forever criticising

Es. 6B

  1. keep shouting
  2. keeps trying to get into my kitchen
  3. keep complaining
  4. keep forgetting
  5. keeps criticising

Es. 7

  1. tastes
  2. is tasting
  3. doesn’t smell
  4. are you smelling
  5. I can’t smell
  6. are you thinking
  7. do you think
  8. see
  9. am seeing
  10. is being

Pag. 85

Es. 8

  1. are you getting
  2. is/’s going
  3. are you staying
  4. know
  5. am/’m working
  6. am/’m having
  7. am/’m writing
  8. don’t have/haven’t got
  9. organise
  10. teach
  11. ’s/is always playing
  12. loves
  13. thinks
  14. are you coming
  15. am/’m thinking
  16. is/’s holding
  17. want
  18. don’t need
  19. lives
  20. is/’s always complaining
  21. goes
  22. ’m/am not driving
  23. am/’m travelling
  24. isn’t running
  25. leaves

Es. 9

  1. – Hi, Claire. Where are you going in such a hurry? • I’m going to work. – But it’s only 8 o’clock. Don’t you usually start work at 9.30? • Yes, but this week I’m starting an hour earlier.
  2. We’re seeing Pete and Ann tonight. We’re having a pizza together. Do you want/Would you like to come, too? • I’m sorry, I’m not feeling/I don’t feel very well today.
  3. What’s happening/going on over there? Why are all those people running? • I’ve got/I have no idea. Look! The police are arriving/coming!
  4. When does your flight leave/When’s your flight leaving? • At six a.m./six o’clock in the morning. But my father’s taking me to the airport.
  5. We don’t usually go out after dinner/supper, but we’re going out almost every evening these days because there’s a series of very/really good concerts.
  6. It’s funny! It’s raining today and Mr Gibson doesn’t have/hasn’t got an umbrella. He usually carries an umbrella even when it’s sunny

Pag. 86

Es. 1

  1. C
  2. B
  3. B
  4. B
  5. C
  6. C

Es. 2

  1. What happens…
  2. … likes his new school very much
  3. … is often angry on Mondays
  4. … Give it to him
  5. … any bread
  6. Doesn’t he ever…/ Does he never…
  7. My sister is always taking…
  8. It’s me

Es. 3

  1. It is/’s raining really hard at present.
  2. It seldom rains at this time of year.
  3. I’m not doing very much these days.
  4. What do you usually do at Christmas?
  5. They don’t often have time for a holiday.
  6. But they are/’re travelling to Thailand next week.
  7. Irene visit her grandparents every Sunday.
  8. But she isn’t seeing them this weekend.

Es. 4

  1. can’t hear
  2. did you say/are you saying; don’t/ can’t understand
  3. can’t talk; am/’m preparing
  4. is/’s studying; doesn’t want
  5. is the dog lying; is/’s hiding
  6. Does John know; can’t tell you; don’t you ask

Pag. 87

Es. 5

  1. are really helping
  2. is playing
  3. can’t
  4. works
  5. doesn’t have
  6. is taking

Es. 6

  1. Are you having
  2. Do you often have
  3. are you thinking about
  4. does Jane’s flight arrive
  5. is Andrew coming
  6. Is this answer; it seems
  7. Do you want; band is playing
  8. is he trying; I don’t know; he is/’s speaking

Es. 7

  1. comes/is from
  2. What time does
  3. Who feeds
  4. David ever go
  5. is often late/often arrives late
  6. do you think of
  7. is always watching

Pag. 89

Es. 1A

  1. was; was
  2. weren’t; were; were

Es. 1B

  1. Where was Linda the day before yesterday? She was in Florence.
  2. Was Linda back in Oxford yesterday evening? Yes, she was.
  3. Were Sarah and Jill at home yesterday morning? No, they weren’t.
  4. When were they back in Canterbury? They were back in Canterbury last night.

Es. 2

  1. was; was; is; are
  2. were you; weren’t; was; was; It was
  3. Were; was; is/’s
  4. wasn’t; am/’m
  5. weren’t; we were; we were
  6. Were; were

Es. 3

  1. was
  2. was
  3. has (got)/’s got
  4. is/’s
  5. is/’s
  6. were
  7. was
  8. was
  9. is/’s
  10. has (got)/’s got
  11. is
  12. has (got)/’s got
  13. is/’s
  14. is/’s
  15. wasn’t

Pag. 92

Es. 1

  1. recognised; didn’t recognise
  2. tidied up; didn’t tidy up
  3. didn’t like; liked
  4. didn’t stay; stayed
  5. stopped; didn’t stop
  6. didn’t travel; travelled
  7. tried; didn’t try
  8. didn’t play; played

Es. 2

  1. enjoyed
  2. did you do
  3. arrived
  4. decided
  5. Did you visit
  6. did
  7. didn’t
  8. preferred
  9. Did you go
  10. didn’t
  11. walked
  12. did
  13. Did you find
  14. did
  15. played
  16. didn’t get
  17. didn’t have
  18. didn’t cost
  19. didn’t come

Pag. 93

Es. 3A

  1. didn’t want
  2. bought
  3. spent
  4. went
  5. got
  6. found
  7. cost
  8. thought
  9. travelled
  10. arrived
  11. were
  12. left
  13. got
  14. didn’t get
  15. reached
  16. happened
  17. met
  18. didn’t have
  19. put
  20. took

Es. 3B

  1. did Stephen and Ed do
  2. did they go; went
  3. did they arrive
  4. did they leave; had
  5. happened
  6. did they spend; spent

Es. 4

  1. flew
  2. lay
  3. lit/lighted; blew
  4. meant; forgot
  5. built; sold
  6. shut; became
  7. bit
  8. fell; hurt
  9. swam
  10. ran; missed
  11. fought; kept
  12. held; shook; burst; cut

Pag. 94

Es. 5

  1. wrote
  2. taught
  3. drove
  4. broke; made; woke
  5. lent; put
  6. won

Es. 6

  1. did you pay; paid
  2. began; did it begin
  3. saw; did you see
  4. didn’t sleep; slept
  5. found; did you find
  6. didn’t come; came
  7. understood; didn’t understand
  8. didn’t eat; ate
  9. didn’t take; took
  10. didn’t read; read
  11. sold; did he sell
  12. caught; did they catch

Es. 7

  1. Who liked the book? Who didn’t like the book?
  2. Who brought that big cake? What did Lucy bring?
  3. Who broke the window? When did the children break the window?
  4. How many people died in the car crash?
  5. Who phoned last night? When did Michael phone?

Es. 8

  1. Where did you go on Saturday? When did you go to the mountains? Who went to the mountains? Why did you go to the mountains?
  2. What did Sam buy for her girlfriend? Who bought that Indian scarf? Who did Sam buy that Indian scarf for?
  3. Who stole a lot of clothes from the department store? How many boys stole a lot of clothes from the department store? Where did the boys steal the clothes from? What did the four boys steal?
  4. Why did Debbie come back home by taxi? What time/ When did Debbie come back home? Why did Debbie come back home by taxi? Who came back home by taxi?
  5. Who found a valuable ring in the park? What did Robert’s sister find? Where did Robert’s sister find the ring? Whose sister found a valuable ring in the park?
  6. Who attended the Spanish course? What course did Victoria and Tommy attend? How often did Victoria and Tommy attend the Spanish course? When did Victoria and Tommy attend the Spanish course?

Pag. 95

Es. 1

bring – brought; fall – fell; hurry – hurried; occur – occurred; ring – rang; chat – chatted; feel – felt; learn – learned (learnt); panic – panicked; steal – stole; climb – climbed; fly – flew; listen – listened; play – played; take – took; cry – cried; hear – heard; live – lived; put – put; wake up – woke up

Es. 2

  1. woke up
  2. occurred
  3. cried
  4. climbed; stole/took
  5. heard; hurried
  6. brought
  7. learned; played; listened
  8. rang; felt; panicked

Es. 3

  1. Did you see; didn’t
  2. What happened; was; stopped
  3. When did you hear; told
  4. ate; did; didn’t know; wanted
  5. Where were you born; was born; were
  6. was; went; was
  7. What did your brother do; left; tried; took; didn’t get
  8. How long did Bridget live; moved; graduated; met; came back

Pag. 97

Es. 1

  1. was shining
  2. were singing
  3. wasn’t raining
  4. were blossoming
  5. were skipping
  6. were wagging
  7. was feeling
  8. wasn’t moaning
  9. weren’t arguing

Es. 2

  1. was holding
  2. wasn’t lying
  3. were
  4. doing
  5. were carrying
  6. was raining
  7. Was she talking
  8. wasn’t
  9. was eating
  10. was listening
  11. wasn’t wearing
  12. was running
  13. were shouting

Pag. 98

Es. 3

  1. was chopping; cut
  2. stopped; was checking
  3. was rushing; slipped; sprained
  4. walked; were writing; was putting
  5. rang; Didn’t you hear; was listening
  6. did Josh break; was leaving; crashed; turned; saw; was laughing

Es. 4

  1. Gemma was doing an exam when her mobile phone rang./While Gemma was doing an exam, her mobile phone rang.
  2. We were having a picnic when the storm began./While we were having a picnic, the storm began.
  3. Naomi was sunbathing when a wasp stung her./While Naomi was sunbathing, a wasp stung her.
  4. The Bowers were driving to the coast when their car broke down./ While the Bowers were driving to the coast, their car broke down.
  5. Our neighbours were cutting the grass when a motorbike crashed into the fence./ While our neighbours were cutting the grass, a motorbike crashed into the fence.
  6. Sienna was riding in the woods when a squirrel jumped on her shoulder./While Sienna was riding in the woods, a squirrel jumped on her shoulder

Pag. 99

Es. 5

  1. were returning
  2. met
  3. was raining
  4. were walking
  5. spotted
  6. was standing/stood
  7. understood
  8. was trying
  9. didn’t want
  10. seemed
  11. was asking
  12. lifted
  13. put
  14. joined
  15. continued
  16. were going
  17. spoke
  18. replied
  19. asked
  20. did you lift
  21. smiled
  22. left

Es. 6

  1. – I found these old photos while I was tidying up my drawers the other day. • But this is me! – Yes (, it’s you/it is). I took these photos while we were attending the music course.
  2. Yesterday I met an old friend at the airport. I was leaving for London and he was coming back.
  3. My little sister was picking flowers in the country when she saw a viper.
  4. – I was looking out of the window when I saw two boys near my bicycle. I’m sure (that) they were trying to steal it. • So what did you do? – I shouted and (I) ran downstairs. The boys were running away and (they were) laughing.
  5. We were driving home late at night when our car broke down. It was raining hard and we didn’t know what to do. Luckily/Fortunately a police car was passing by and they gave us a lift.
  6. How silly! I was looking for my glasses and I didn’t realize (that) I was wearing them/I had them on.
  7. Last night burglars got into my neighbour’s house while she was sleeping/asleep.
  8. I saw Kate in town this afternoon. She was sitting at a café with Jill, so I had a cup of tea with them.

Pag. 100

Es. 1

He used to live in Glasgow, now he lives in London. Now he works for an airline, but he used to work in a bank ten years ago. He used to like rock music, now he likes blues. Now he plays tennis and collects coins, but he used to play rugby and collect model cars ten years ago. He used to go to the country on holiday, now he goes to the seaside.

Pag. 101

Es. 2

  1. did; use to
  2. used to
  3. didn’t use to
  4. used to
  5. used to
  6. didn’t use to
  7. did; use to
  8. used to
  9. didn’t use to
  10. did; use to
  11. didn’t use to/never used to
  12. used to

Es. 3

  1. Didn’t you use to have…
  2. Not possible
  3. I never used to like…
  4. Not possible
  5. … and my wife and I used to go…
  6. I used to smoke a lot…
  7. … Did it use to be so noisy years ago?
  8. Anthony used to be very fit…

Es. 4

  1. Mandy used to go to a restaurant two or three times a week. Now she usually eats out only on Saturday night.
  2. I never used to study in the afternoon. I used to study after dinner.
  3. When I was 20 I used to speak French well. I used to work for a Swiss company and I lived in Geneva for six months.
  4. Once I used to get up late on Sunday. Now I usually get up early and go jogging.
  5. Once Bill didn’t use to like (going/to go) dancing. Now he goes every Friday night.
  6. Last year we went to New York three times. Once we saw Woody Allen. He was going into a theatre on Broadway

Pag. 103

Es.

  1. not possible
  2. not possible
  3. not possible
  4. would happen
  5. would wake up
  6. would often find
  7. would never tell
  8. would put
  9. not possible
  10. would often say

Es. 2

  1. living
  2. be
  3. talk; chatting
  4. going; drive
  5. having
  6. having; eat

Es. 3

  1. used to spend
  2. aren’t used to eating
  3. always used to go
  4. got used to travelling
  5. weren’t used to
  6. get used to
  7. are used to

Pag. 104

Es. 1

  1. What did you do; phoned; came
  2. You looked; was; I saw; was running; hit
  3. Did you have; rang; I was revising.
  4. Who took; I left; wasn’t; didn’t realise
  5. Where were you going; I rang; I was driving
  6. Why didn’t you answer; I didn’t hear; was listening
  7. Why was everyone sitting; they were protesting
  8. got; What were you doing/did you do; We were just making

Es. 2

  1. went
  2. used to sing
  3. never used to clean; left
  4. Who discovered; was
  5. Didn’t you use to spend; used to have/had; used to go
  6. was; used to get; didn’t have; used to find

Es. 3

  1. would/used to go
  2. never used to get on
  3. used to have; would/used to play
  4. didn’t use to be; would/used to sit
  5. would/used to eat
  6. would often/often used to be; would rarely lose/ rarely used to lose
  7. didn’t use to have
  8. Didn’t your father use to be

Pag. 105

Es. 4

  1. A
  2. B
  3. A
  4. C
  5. A
  6. C
  7. C
  8. B

Es. 5

  1. would never buy
  2. didn’t use to like
  3. used to have
  4. wasn’t used to teaching
  5. she is used to working
  6. get used to watching

Pag. 106

Es. 1

  1. C
  2. C
  3. B
  4. A
  5. A
  6. C

Es. 2

  1. e
  2. d
  3. f
  4. b
  5. a
  6. c

Es. 3

  1. went/came to
  2. was born
  3. ’s/is playing
  4. leaves Exeter at
  5. cost a lot/lots
  6. was shining
  7. did you think
  8. interrupting me
  9. didn’t have
  10. I was having

Pag. 107

Es. 1

  1. used to drive
  2. used to travel
  3. used to be
  4. used to carry
  5. changed
  6. conquered
  7. used to belong
  8. used to be

Es. 2

  1. A/B
  2. B
  3. A/C
  4. C
  5. A/B
  6. A

Es. 3

  1. was
  2. spent
  3. moved
  4. for/to
  5. was
  6. was
  7. forgot
  8. attended/finished
  9. had
  10. became
  11. working
  12. died

Pag. 110

Es. 1

  1. Have you ever been late for school/work?
  2. Have you ever been on a roller coaster?
  3. Have you ever flown in a helicopter?
  4. Have you ever acted in a play?
  5. Have you ever taken part in a competition?
  6. Have you ever won a prize?

Es. 2

  1. has/’s just had a shower.
  2. has/’s just fallen down.
  3. has/’s just landed.
  4. have just got married.
  5. has/’s just taken off.
  6. has/’s just had a car crash.

Pag. 111

Es. 3

  1. Have they washed the kitchen floor yet? No, they haven’t washed it yet.
  2. Have they thrown the rubbish away yet? Yes, they’ve already thrown it away.
  3. Have they cleaned the cooker yet? Yes, they’ve already cleaned it.
  4. Have they checked the fridge yet? Yes, they’ve already checked it.
  5. Have they done the shopping yet? No, they haven’t done it yet.
  6. Have they ironed the clean sheets yet? Yes, they’ve already ironed them.
  7. Have they dusted the spare bedroom yet? No, they haven’t dusted it yet.
  8. Have they made the beds yet? No, they haven’t made them yet

Es. 4

  1. been
  2. been
  3. gone
  4. been
  5. been; been
  6. gone

Es. 5

  1. c
  2. e
  3. a
  4. b
  5. f
  6. d

Es. 6

  1. Jade has/’s been to the theatre.
  2. they have/’ve tried skateboarding.
  3. Anne has/’s starred in a film?
  4. I have/’ve cooked.
  5. Keith has told that joke.
  6. we have/’ve been to Greece.
  7. you have/’ve ridden a horse?

Pag. 114

Es.

  1. left
  2. have/’ve met
  3. have/’ve done
  4. went; was
  5. forgot; have/’ve been
  6. Has your brother come back; arrived
  7. Have you heard; have/’ve just spoken; called
  8. wrote
  9. has/’s written; bought; haven’t read
  10. have you been; went

Es. 2

  1. – I have/’ve just come back from Oregon. • Who did you go with? – My friend Gary came with me. • How long did you stay there? – We stayed for two weeks. • Did you have a good time? – Yes, we really enjoyed it.
  2. – I have/’ve just hit my head. • What did you hit it on? – I didn’t see it.
  3. Look. I have/’ve just bought a new e-reader. • Wow! Where did you get it? – I ordered it on the Internet. • How much did it cost? – It didn’t cost a lot.
  4. – Have you ever tried bungee jumping? • Yes, I have. – Me too. Where did you try it? • I did it a couple of times in Scotland. – Weren’t you scared?

Es. 3

  1. was
  2. had
  3. Have you ever been
  4. was
  5. has changed
  6. have only gone
  7. did you go
  8. I’ve heard
  9. I was
  10. we’ve reached
  11. didn’t suffer
  12. I’ve ever seen

Pag. 115

Es. 4

  1. haven’t bought
  2. I have/’ve seen
  3. Have you ever flown
  4. Did you see
  5. has been
  6. has already

Es. 5

  1. was; has/’s crashed; has/’s done
  2. did you get up; arrived; have/’ve already answered
  3. have you done; haven’t broken; did it happen; fell
  4. has risen; have fallen; attracted; has grown; have lost
  5. has/’s broken; didn’t break; haven’t used
  6. has/’s had; has/’s had; took

Es. 6

  1. – Did you like the film last night? • Not (very) much. In fact after half an hour I fell asleep.
  2. – My little daughter is/’s crying because her (little) rabbit has just died. • Poor child! When did it die?
  3. – I (’ve/have) bought this scarf for Jill. It’s her birthday tomorrow and she’s/ has invited me to her party. • It’s very nice. Where did you get it?
  4. Stuart’s gone to the dentist’s. He left/went out three hours ago and he hasn’t come back yet.
  5. I didn’t have breakfast this morning because I was late and now I’m terribly hungry.
  6. How many symphonies did Beethoven compose/ write?
  7. I’ve just locked myself out. It’s the second time it’s/has happened this month.
  8. My parents have been to Greece many times. They went there last summer, too.

Pag. 117

Es. 1

  1. haven’t seen; since she got married; for ages
  2. has/’s lived; since he was born; for fifty years
  3. s been; since Saturday; for the past two days
  4. have/’ve known; since we were at high school; for many years

Es. 2

  1. has/’s belonged; for
  2. Has he been engaged; has/’s only been engaged since
  3. has she been; Since
  4. Has he been out of work; has/’s been out of work for
  5. has/’s been (there) since

Pag. 118

Es. 3

  1. has (got)/’s got; hasn’t driven; passed; doesn’t need; prefers
  2. has (got)/’s got; has/’s had; doesn’t want; went
  3. has/ ’s played; gives
  4. has/’s wanted; has
  5. studied; haven’t spoken; remember

Es. 4

  1. has/’s lived
  2. worked
  3. decided
  4. has/’s had
  5. likes
  6. goes
  7. left
  8. has/’s lived
  9. had
  10. went
  11. met
  12. fell
  13. got
  14. have/’ve been

Es. 5

  1. When did you arrive in London?
  2. We arrived here yesterday.
  3. When did you buy that bike?
  4. I bought it six months ago

Es. 6

  1. We haven’t watched TV since the kids broke it last month.
  2. I haven’t been to Rome for many years. Why don’t we go there together next week?
  3. – Have you been here (for) long? • No, not (for) long. We arrived
  4. minutes ago.
  5. – When did/How long ago did your friends leave? • A week ago/Last week.
  6. – How long have you known that girl? • I haven’t known her (for) long. I met her at a party last week.
  7. My cousin Claudia lives in Australia. She’s lived there since she was 20.
  8. The concert started 10 minutes ago.

Pag. 119

Es. 1

  1. since that shop closed down
  2. is it since Amy Winehouse died
  3. a month since I last phoned Norah
  4. an hour since we ordered our meal
  5. is it since the Cohens last had a party
  6. is it since Jimmy sold his car

Es. 2

  1. I haven’t been to Venice for a long time.
  2. My girlfriend and I haven’t had an argument for years.
  3. David hasn’t ridden that motorbike for at least five years.
  4. I haven’t flown for ten years.
  5. Miranda hasn’t come to our club meetings for months.
  6. The teacher hasn’t given us a Maths test for a month.

Pag. 120

Es. 1

  1. have/’ve had
  2. usually avoid
  3. am/’m going
  4. put
  5. left
  6. was crying
  7. heard
  8. shook
  9. were praying
  10. heard
  11. landed
  12. was floating
  13. hurried
  14. I have/’ve ever experienced

Es. 2

  1. Have you ever been
  2. lived
  3. were you doing/ did you do
  4. went
  5. worked
  6. did you come back
  7. missed
  8. think
  9. was
  10. have/’ve had
  11. came back
  12. Have you been

Es. 3

  1. I have/’ve made
  2. haven’t spoken
  3. since he was
  4. been here since
  5. did you get
  6. opened a month
  7. hasn’t gone

Pag. 121

Es. 1

  1. B
  2. C
  3. C
  4. B
  5. D
  6. B
  7. A
  8. C
  9. D
  10. B
  11. A
  12. D

Es. 2

  1. years since Al ate
  2. haven’t been to New York for
  3. has been divorced for
  4. since Simon left home
  5. a month since my friends
  6. haven’t seen Mary for

Pag. 124

Es. 1

  1. It has/’s been snowing
  2. have they been attending
  3. She has/’s been making
  4. has she been sunbathing
  5. They have/’ve been going out
  6. Has he been skateboarding

Es. 2

  1. have been promising; haven’t bought
  2. haven’t been working; have/’ve only had
  3. haven’t met; haven’t been living
  4. has/’s been trying; have you been
  5. has/’s never liked; has/’s been writing
  6. have/’ve never seen; haven’t worn
  7. hasn’tperformed; have been renovating; haven’t finished
  8. have you been doing; have/’ve been studying; have/’ve finished

Es. 3

  1. I haven’t eaten sweets for some months.
  2. Frank hasn’t worked since he inherited all that money.
  3. The band has/’s been playing for an hour.
  4. They have/’ve known each other for a long time.
  5. We have/’ve been travelling for four hours.
  6. They have/’ve owned that house for many years.
  7. It has/’s been raining since early this morning.
  8. I started my homework at 5 o’clock

Pag. 125

Es. 4

  1. had this watch for long
  2. have/’ve been standing in
  3. has never left his country/been abroad/ travelled abroad
  4. began/started writing novels in
  5. sun has been shining
  6. has loved Judy since
  7. worked at the bank for
  8. is it since you got

Es. 5

  1. – You look tired! • Yes, I’ve been delivering flyers. – How many flyers have you delivered? • I’ve delivered over 800.
  2. – The kitchen is/’s in a mess! • Yes, I’ve been making cakes. – How many cakes have you made? • I’ve made three dozen.
  3. – Your teeth look black! • Yes, I’ve been eating blackberries. – How many blackberries have you eaten? • I’ve eaten two bowls.
  4. – Your shoes look muddy! • Yes, I’ve been watering the garden. – Have you watered the geraniums? • No, I haven’t watered them yet

Pag. 126

Es. 6

  1. have broken
  2. has/’s hurt
  3. has/’s cut
  4. has/’s eaten
  5. has/’s been eating
  6. has/’s chopped
  7. has/’s taken
  8. haven’t done; have you been doing; have/’ve been repairing

Es. 7

  1. been doing
  2. been doing
  3. finished
  4. changed
  5. been travelling
  6. been abroad
  7. haven’t been coming
  8. had
  9. sent
  10. been writing
  11. written
  12. started
  13. seen
  14. heard
  15. been seeing

Es. 8

  1. I’ve been trying to phone Pat all day, but her mobile phone’s switched off.
  2. You’ve been cooking all afternoon. How many people have you invited?
  3. Mary has been dancing for three hours and she isn’t tired yet/she still isn’t tired.
  4. My old teacher has retired. She hasn’t taught for three years now.
  5. How long have you been queuing for (the) tickets?
  6. Joe is in a bad mood today. He hasn’t spoken/said a word for hours.
  7. You’re panting. Have you been running?

Pag. 128

Es. 1

  1. had/’d put; looked; wasn’t
  2. had built; had/’d always lived
  3. arrived; had/’d already left
  4. read;had/’d never read
  5. had disappeared; had/’d stolen
  6. Had you finished; ended; hadn’t; had/’d only done; came; took

Es. 2

  1. had got
  2. told
  3. gave; promised
  4. had given
  5. had told
  6. had been

Pag. 129

Es. 3

  1. had
  2. had/’d left
  3. went
  4. discovered
  5. had escaped
  6. had been
  7. put up
  8. had seen
  9. searched
  10. called
  11. had/’d begun
  12. rang
  13. had noticed
  14. got into
  15. drove
  16. had/’d been
  17. hadn’t seen
  18. came

Es. 4

  1. he had taken
  2. had never had
  3. had had
  4. months since it had rained
  5. hadn’t finished packing
  6. long had you been asleep

Es. 5

  1. – How long were you in America? • A month. It was a long time since I’d had a holiday.
  2. I’d known Ben for ages/for a long time, but I hadn’t had any news from him for years, so I was surprised when I saw him on TV. I didn’t know he’d become an actor.
  3. The children were excited. It was the first time they’d seen snow.
  4. Mel had just bought the theatre tickets when Brenda called him because she had two free tickets.
  5. It was the third time I’d taken that/the exam and yesterday I passed it at last.
  6. I hadn’t ridden a bicycle for years and at first I had some difficulty/found it difficult.

Pag. 130

Es. 1

  1. had/’d been looking for a hotel for hours
  2. had/’d been married for 15 years
  3. it had been snowing all night
  4. she had/’d been jogging for two hours

Pag. 131

Es. 2

  1. had the (lost) child been playing
  2. had Mrs Barton been crying for help
  3. had the barn been burning
  4. had Betty and Kenneth been going out together
  5. had Julie been acting in TV commercials ù

Es. 3

  1. had/’d been looking; found; had been
  2. hadn’t eaten
  3. had/’d always trusted; discovered; had/’d been lying
  4. had he had; finally called
  5. had/’d been sailing; started; got; had/’d never been
  6. hadn’t been sleeping; woke up; had just had; had/’d been dreaming; had/’d got

Es. 4

  1. I’d been reading the book for two hours when I fell asleep.
  2. How long had they been travelling around/touring Spain when they had the accident?
  3. Joe was exhausted because he’d been painting the house all day.
  4. How long had you been waiting when the train finally arrived?
  5. It had been snowing all night and we were stuck at home.
  6. We’d/had been walking all day and (we) were dead tired. We’d/had walked for at least 25 km.
  7. We’d been working for three hours when John suggested taking a break.
  8. Yesterday I met a friend (that) I hadn’t seen since I finished university.
  9. It was a fantastic holiday. I hadn’t had such a good time for years.
  10. Cindy had gone to bed early. Suddenly she woke up: she’d dreamt/’d been dreaming that she was about to fall. Then she realised she’d gone downstairs; evidently she’d been walking in her sleep.

Pag. 132

Es. 1

  1. – When did you see Michael last? • I can’t remember. I haven’t seen him for ages. He’s always busy these days.
  2. I played squash a lot when I was young, but I haven’t had the opportunity to play since I left school. Last week I decided to join my local club and I’ve already won a couple of matches!
  3. – Your sister’s really good at tennis. Has she ever taken part in a competition? • No, never. She says she prefers to play with her friends and she doesn’t care about winning.
  4. My aunt fell over this morning. She slipped on some ice on her way to the shops. She hurt her arm quite badly when it happened, but luckily, she didn’t break/hasn’t broken it.
  5. – How long have you known Chris? • I’ve known him for years! We met in primary school and we’ve been good friends ever since.
  6. – Did your cousins enjoy their holiday with you last week? • I’m not sure. We did lots of nice things together and we tried to give them a very special time. But they haven’t phoned to thank us yet, and they got home three days ago.
  7. Joanne’s lived in Australia since she was 21. First, she went to Melbourne and she stayed there for about a year. Then she moved to Sydney. Now she lives/’s living in Brisbane because she prefers the weather in that part of the country.

Es. 2

  1. has lived/has been living; he’s never come
  2. has it been raining; hasn’t stopped
  3. haven’t had
  4. I’ve thought/I’ve been thinking; I’ve decided
  5. has worked/has been working
  6. I’ve been studying
  7. haven’t watched
  8. have you wanted

Es. 3

  1. had/’d already bought; got; had to; had/’d left; felt
  2. had/’d written; checked; wasn’t
  3. introduced; already knew; had/’d met
  4. was; had/’d never flown
  5. started; got; hadn’t brought
  6. didn’t understand; knew; hadn’t told
  7. didn’t watch; I had/I’d already seen
  8. had she worked; made

Pag. 133

Es. 4

  1. How long is it since Silvia lost her job?
  2. It’s a year since the cinema opened.
  3. It’s two weeks since I (last) spoke/I’ve spoken to Ann.
  4. How long is it since your sister moved to Poland?
  5. It’s a long time since I (last) went/I’ve been to the theatre.
  6. It’s months since Leonora (last) sold/ Leonora has sold a painting.

Es. 5

  1. have you been doing; I’ve been repairing; haven’t finished
  2. Have you heard; has/’s broken
  3. Have you been waiting; I’ve just arrived
  4. haven’t been getting/haven’t got
  5. have you received; has forgotten
  6. have only been going out; they’ve already decided

Es. 6

  1. two months since they had/’d
  2. was after I’d taken/was after I took/was after taking
  3. since Jason had last played
  4. we’d ever been to
  5. How long is it since
  6. since Simon started

Pag. 134

Es. 1

  1. ’s/has had
  2. started/began tidying up
  3. How long
  4. ’s/has hated
  5. have been designing
  6. been skiing since

Es. 2

  1. walked
  2. had spent
  3. had practised/(had been practising)
  4. was
  5. felt
  6. hadn’t slept
  7. had had
  8. had taken
  9. stepped
  10. started
  11. hadn’t considered
  12. sent
  13. blew
  14. (had) finished
  15. arrested
  16. sent
  17. released
  18. had asked
  19. had done
  20. (had) answered

Es. 3

  1. ✓; ✓
  2. ✓; hadn’t paid (oppure are worried; ✓)
  3. ✓; ✓
  4. Had the train already left; ✓
  5. ✓; ✓
  6. had already scored
  7. hadn’t explained; ✓ (oppure ✓; understood)

Pag. 135

Es. 1

  1. ’s/has been using
  2. haven’t been playing; ’ve/ have only just started
  3. ’ve/have been drinking; ’ve/have only tasted
  4. ’s/has been going through
  5. ’s/has been looking; hasn’t found
  6. ’ve/have been sorting out; ’ve/have filled up
  7. ’ve been thinking; ’ve never had

Es. 2

  1. have been
  2. was walking
  3. was lying
  4. had/’d been making
  5. captured
  6. had/’d hidden
  7. took
  8. had/’d been walking/had walked
  9. came
  10. showed
  11. realised
  12. hadn’t brought
  13. tied
  14. had/’d made
  15. went
  16. found
  17. hadn’t touched
  18. had/’d tied

Es. 3

  1. since
  2. When
  3. used
  4. after/when
  5. so/ therefore
  6. has
  7. for
  8. ago
  9. were
  10. had
  11. since
  12. already/just

Pag. 137

Es. 1

  1. am/’m going to have
  2. are you going to do
  3. am/’m not going to read
  4. Is Ted going to spend
  5. are/’re going to break
  6. are not/aren’t going to attend
  7. are/’re going to wake
  8. are/’re going to invite

Pag. 138

Es. 2

  1. is/’s going to burst
  2. is/’s going to collapse
  3. is/’s going to sneeze
  4. is/’s going to eat the fish
  5. is/’s going to pick an apple
  6. are going to grab the thief

Es. 3

  1. Are you going to stay at hotels or youth hostels?
  2. How much is the trip going to cost?
  3. Are you going to stay away long?
  4. How are you going to travel?
  5. How many countries are you going to visit?

Es. 4

  1. going to study acting
  2. But she isn’t/she’s not going to be an actress
  3. She is/’s (just) going to do it for fun
  4. Richard isn’t/’s not going to start university right away
  5. He is/’s going to take a gap year
  6. He is/’s going to do voluntary work in Africa

Pag. 139

Es. 5A

  1. is/’s going to accept Rory’s invitation
  2. is/’s going to sit down
  3. are going to live in the country
  4. is/’s going to have a swim in the sea
  5. is/’s going to study Arabic
  6. is/’s going to become a racing driver

Es. 5B

  1. was going to sit down; e
  2. were going to live in the country; f
  3. was going to have a swim in the sea; c
  4. was going to study Arabic; a
  5. was going to become a racing driver; d

Es. 6

  1. Look! That plane is/’s going to take off.
  2. It’s ten to six. The museum is/’s going to close.
  3. Mrs O’Connor is/’s going to hire a detective.
  4. Where are you going to spend your holidays next summer?
  5. The government is/’s going to raise the tax on tobacco.
  6. This dress is too expensive. I’m not going to buy it.
  7. At first they were going to go abroad but then they decided to stay in the UK.
  8. Are you going to invite Andrea to your birthday party?
  9. Lucy doesn’t look well. I think she is/’s going to be sick.
  10. Charlotte was going to move to the country….
  11. I don’t like being shut up in an office so I’m going to change my job.
  12. We were going to watch TV last night…

Es. 7

  1. is/’s having
  2. is/’s going to fall
  3. am/’m not waiting/am/’m not going to wait
  4. are/’re going to have
  5. Are you going/going to go; am/’m going to do
  6. is/’s going to cut
  7. is/’s going to capsize
  8. am/’m going to hang
  9. are/’re going to miss
  10. am/’m not going to speak
  11. is/’s going to have
  12. is/’s arriving; is/’s going to meet/is/’s meeting; Are you going/going to go; is she staying/ going to stay

Pag. 142

Es.

  1. will/’ll have oppure won’t have
  2. will/won’t win
  3. will/won’t be
  4. will/won’t get
  5. will/won’t go
  6. will/’ll be oppure won’t be

Es. 2

  1. I will/’ll probably go to London for a few days.
  2. But perhaps I won’t have time to visit any museums.
  3. I don’t think we will/’ll be able to get there in time.
  4. Do you think we will/’ll win the elections?
  5. The centre of town will be closed to traffic starting from next week.
  6. Maybe there won’t be much fog at this time of day.
  7. What will happen in the future?
  8. Will this war ever end?

Es. 3

  1. be able to
  2. have to
  3. be able to

Es. 4

  1. ’ll clean
  2. ’ll turn off the TV
  3. ’ll give them a call
  4. ’ll have some ice cream
  5. will/’ll be back
  6. will/’ll arrive on time

Pag. 143

Es. 5

  1. … I probably won’t have dinner.
  2. We promise we’ll send you a text.
  3. I don’t think my girlfriend will like that present.
  4. Emma definitely won’t change schools.
  5. I don’t think they’ll tell us the truth.
  6. I’ll certainly call you in the morning.
  7. There will probably be a plane strike next Tuesday.
  8. I don’t expect Dan will send me an e-mail.

Es. 5

  1. … I probably won’t have dinner.
  2. We promise we’ll send you a text.
  3. I don’t think my girlfriend will like that present.
  4. Emma definitely won’t change schools.
  5. I don’t think they’ll tell us the truth.
  6. I’ll certainly call you in the morning.
  7. There will probably be a plane strike next Tuesday.
  8. I don’t expect Dan will send me an e-mail.

Es. 7

  1. c
  2. e
  3. a
  4. f
  5. b
  6. d

Pag. 144

Es. 8

  1. I’ll take
  2. I’ll make
  3. leaves
  4. are you doing
  5. I’ll go and see
  6. is going to fall
  7. She’s working
  8. is about to start
  9. they’ll understand

Es. 9

  1. will/’ll see
  2. isn’t going (to go) out; is
  3. is/’s going to collapse
  4. is/’s going to give
  5. Are they going to buy/Are they buying
  6. is/’s going to snow
  7. Will scientists be able
  8. Will people become

Es. 10

  1. will/’ll take; will/’ll probably take/is/’s probably going to take
  2. will your parents/are your parents going to say; aren’t going/going to go; Will they get; probably won’t be; is/’s spending/going to spend
  3. is your friend arriving/going to arrive; won’t mind;
  4. Is Brenda going to work; will/’ll work; isn’t going to live
  5. ’ll lend; are you going to play;
  6. am/’m going to do; will/’ll only iron; will/’ll leave

Pag. 145

Es. 1

  1. may/might
  2. may not/might not
  3. may not/ might not
  4. may/might
  5. may not/might not
  6. may/might

Es. 2

  1. might have flu
  2. may be snow
  3. may/might not be able to
  4. may be a transport strike
  5. might not be able to

Pag. 147

Es. 1

  1. ’ll stay; stops
  2. arrives; will be
  3. get off; will/’ll send
  4. will you say; see

Es. 2

  1. have/’ve finished
  2. will/’ll let you know; arrives
  3. won’t talk; apologises
  4. finds out; won’t like
  5. move; will you go
  6. will/’ll get in touch; are

Es. 3

  1. Keep driving until I tell you when to stop.
  2. We’ll decide after we’ve looked at all the possibilities.
  3. I’ll sign the papers as soon as I get them.
  4. Don’t ring Scarlett at work if it’s not necessary.
  5. When you see Jennifer, give her my love.
  6. I may go for a walk while Walt watches/is watching the match.

Es. 4

  1. it rains tomorrow; will/’ll have to water the garden
  2. won’t lend you my bike any more; you look after it
  3. touch those wires; you have/’ve turned off the power
  4. might not let you in; you haven’t got your invitation card
  5. isn’t going to improve; you don’t stop smoking
  6. won’t fall; the economy has improved

Es. 5

  1. I’ll tell you what I think after you’ve told me what you think.
  2. If it’s still raining tomorrow, we’ll go back to town.
  3. Don’t start eating/to eat until/till everybody is sitting/has sat down at the table.
  4. I’ll go/I’m going (to go) shopping with Judi, unless she finishes work too late.
  5. I’ll leave (I’m leaving/going to leave) as soon as I have/get my passport.
  6. When you’re independent you’ll do what you like/want.

Pag. 148

Es. 1

  1. will/’ll be having a barbecue
  2. will I/you be doing

Pag. 149

Es. 2

  1. won’t be working
  2. will/’ll be sleeping
  3. will/’ll be snowing
  4. will/’ll be driving
  5. will/’ll be wondering
  6. will I be living

Es. 3

  1. will/’ll be taking off
  2. will/’ll be giving you
  3. will/’ll be flying
  4. will/’ll be seeing
  5. will/’ll be pointing out
  6. will/’ll be flying
  7. will/’ll be landing

Es. 4

  1. Will you be staying
  2. you mind feeding our cats
  3. will you be leaving
  4. will/’ll be leaving
  5. will/’ll be meeting

Pag. 150

Es. 1

  1. will/’ll have gone
  2. will/’ll have arrived
  3. will/’ll have received
  4. will/’ll have finished
  5. will have already started
  6. Will they have prepared

Es. 2

  1. I will/’ll have finished translating this book
  2. Jimmy will have changed his mind
  3. Sarah will have started her course at MIT
  4. Lynda will probably have got her degree
  5. they will/’ll have completed the new underground line
  6. Will they have repaired our car

Pag. 151

Es. 3

  1. will/’ll have been teaching
  2. will/’ll have been chasing
  3. will/’ll have been sailing
  4. will/’ll have been living
  5. will/’ll have been disturbing
  6. will/’ll have been fasting

Es. 4

  1. will/’ll put
  2. won’t be arriving
  3. will/’ll have been travelling
  4. will/’ll be relaxing
  5. will/’ll have already passed
  6. will/’ll be seeing
  7. will/’ll have landed
  8. will/’ll have forgotten
  9. will/’ll try
  10. Will they have found
  11. will/’ll probably be sitting
  12. won’t have put up
  13. will/’ll be waiting
  14. will/’ll have to

Pag. 152

Es. 1

  1. will like
  2. are you going to do
  3. ’re having
  4. does the 9.
  5. train arrive
  6. tell
  7. gets

Es. 2

  1. I’ll lay…
  2. … or you’ll cut yourself
  3. … until I’m back
  4. … it may/might snow tomorrow
  5. I’ll definitely text you…
  6. When you’re older…
  7. It’s going to explode
  8. … unless we have to go and see…

Es. 3

  1. ’ll wait; until; arrives
  2. that; will ever live
  3. will Jason do; if he doesn’t get; he will/’ll keep
  4. won’t take; unless; help
  5. When/After; ’ve lived; will/’ll make
  6. will change; as soon as; see
  7. will/are going to be; am going to cry; will/’ll call; after/as soon as; lands
  8. am/’m going (to go) shopping; while; visit; will/’ll meet

Pag. 153

Es. 4

  1. won’t forgive you until
  2. do you think will win
  3. she might get
  4. soon as he gets
  5. won’t be able to
  6. unless you have/’ve got
  7. after I’ve tried it
  8. if/whether they will ever find

Es. 5

  1. will have been married
  2. will have already begun
  3. will/’ll be seeing him
  4. will have risen
  5. will be living
  6. will/’ll still be getting
  7. you will/’ll be doing oppure you will/’ll have done
  8. Will somebody be waiting

Es. 6

  1. will probably be visiting
  2. will have replaced
  3. I certainly won’t be working
  4. will/’ll have finished
  5. will have melted
  6. will have gone
  7. I will/’ll probably still be studying

Pag. 154

Es. 1

  1. arrive
  2. is getting married
  3. unless
  4. I’ll show you
  5. we may not go
  6. is about to start

Es. 2

  1. ’m going to do
  2. ’m doing/’m going to do
  3. ’re seeing
  4. pick me up
  5. ’m not going to think/not thinking
  6. finish/have finished
  7. ’m taking/going to take
  8. are you going (to go)
  9. ’m definitely going/’ll definitely go
  10. have
  11. ’re going to travel/’ll travel
  12. will take/is going to take
  13. work
  14. come
  15. ’ll have

Es. 3

  1. not be able
  2. might/may win
  3. unless it
  4. she’s
  5. have to/need to
  6. you’ve eaten/you eat

Pag. 155

Es. 1

  1. cycled
  2. I’ll be travelling
  3. will be able
  4. I’ll have been cycling
  5. I’ll be cycling
  6. I’ll also be climbing
  7. I’ll have finished
  8. I’m flying
  9. won’t be
  10. I’m
  11. start
  12. I arrive

Es. 2

  1. perhaps he’ll/will cook
  2. while they’re having lunch
  3. ’ll/will have left
  4. unless you have any
  5. until we’ve been to
  6. is about to
  7. might not find this exercise
  8. will be playing

Pag. 158

Es. 1A

  1. Do sit down, Mrs Everett.
  2. Do stay for dinner!
  3. Do behave yourself!
  4. Do come in!

Es. 1B

  1. Sit down Mrs Everett, won’t you?
  2. Stay for dinner, won’t you?
  3. Behave yourself, won’t you?
  4. Come in, won’t you?

Es. 2

  1. Don’t be late tonight, will you?
  2. Switch off that light, will you?
  3. Help me tidy up, will you?
  4. Don’t forget to fax the office, will you?

Es. 3

  1. Let’s
  2. Let’s
  3. Let’s not/Don’t let’s
  4. Let’s
  5. Let’s not/Don’t let’s
  6. Let’s
  7. Let’s not /Don’t let’s
  8. Let’s not/Don’t let’s

Es. 4

  1. Shall we/Why don’t we; Let’s
  2. Shall we/Why don’t we; Let’s
  3. Let’s; How/What about
  4. How/ What about; Shall we/Why don’t we/Shall I
  5. don’t we
  6. How/What about

Pag. 159

Es. 5

  1. Let’s; shall; not go
  2. How/What about; like going; Let’s
  3. about going; Let’s have; How/What about
  4. about going; I’d rather/I’d prefer to/Let’s

Es. 6

  1. I’d rather; went
  2. I’d rather not
  3. I’d rather have
  4. I’d rather; didn’t
  5. I’d rather walk

Es. 1

  1. would/’d rather we met in the afternoon
  2. l would/’d rather not go out; I would/’d rather go
  3. Would you rather be; I would/’d rather be
  4. l would/’d rather not
  5. I would/’d rather you called them
  6. l would/’d rather they didn’t

Es. 8

  1. Shall we go to the cinema tonight/this evening?
  2. There are a lot of/lots of good films on at the moment.
  3. O.K. Is Star Wars Episode 7 still on?
  4. Let’s check. No, it’s not.
  5. What’s on at the Empire?
  6. It’s only two blocks
  7. from here.
  8. Fine. Let’s go and see that.
  9. Shall we go now or
  10. after dinner?
  11. I’d rather go now.

Pag. 163

Es. 1

  1. B
  2. C
  3. A
  4. A
  5. B
  6. C
  7. C
  8. B
  9. C
  10. A

Es. 2

  1. to go to a disco tonight
  2. us to stop playing
  3. me to lay the table
  4. them to be
  5. anybody to know about this project
  6. us to visit them more often
  7. it to fall off
  8. her to see me

Pag. 164

Es. 3

  1. to get
  2. To give
  3. for watching
  4. to watch
  5. for sharpening
  6. to cut
  7. for cleaning; to clean
  8. To cover

Es. 4

  1. ’d love to
  2. afford to
  3. meant to
  4. don’t need to
  5. ’d prefer not to; have to
  6. didn’t want to
  7. try to
  8. wasn’t able to

Es. 5

  1. I waited (for) an hour to get/ buy the tickets.
  2. Why don’t you come and see us on Sunday?
  3. Let’s take a taxi. I wouldn’t like us to arrive/be late.
  4. Has Ron gone/Did Ron go upstairs to study or (to) play?
  5. Hurry up and finish your homework.
  6. Come and sit in the garden.
  7. Let’s go and play football this afternoon.
  8. Meryl doesn’t know whether to accept her boss’s invitation or not.
  9. I told/have told you lots of times not to read my e-mails.
  10. Would you like me/Do you want me to switch on the light?

Pag. 167

Es. 1

  1. Being rude to people is very bad.
  2. Remembering dates is not easy for me.
  3. Getting married so young was rather foolish of me.
  4. Driving in the fog is quite stressful.
  5. Finding their house wasn’t difficult.
  6. Riding a horse is fun.

Es. 2

  1. I usually do the cleaning on Saturday.
  2. I’ve got to go to the supermarket to do the shopping.
  3. Have you done the dusting yet?
  4. I’ve got to do the ironing.
  5. She’s doing the gardening.

Pag. 168

Es. 3

  1. and play squash after work
  2. sailing
  3. riding
  4. sightseeing
  5. and plays chess/to play chess
  6. shopping

Es. 4

  1. fishing; fishing
  2. telling
  3. being
  4. going
  5. flying; to become
  6. playing
  7. cycling; ride
  8. to play
  9. to go dancing; dancing

Es. 5

  1. Besides being boring, the film was too long.
  2. Read the text twice before answering the questions./Before answering the questions, read…
  3. On waking up, she realised the alarm clock hadn’t gone off.
  4. He took a deep breath before jumping./Before jumping, he took…
  5. You made your decision without telling me anything.
  6. On hearing the fire alarm, she rushed down the stairs.

Es. 6

  1. You’ll get fit by taking a lot of exercise.
  2. I stuck the two pieces together by using this glue.
  3. She managed to attract our attention by waving her hand.
  4. You operate the machine by pulling this lever.
  5. They helped him out of the water by throwing him a rope.

Pag. 174

Es. 1

  1. doesn’t he
  2. won’t you
  3. don’t they
  4. didn’t they
  5. do you
  6. have you

Es. 2

  1. hasn’t she; she has; don’t they; they do
  2. isn’t he; he is; won’t he; he will; will it
  3. isn’t it; it is; are you; I am
  4. am I, should they
  5. haven’t we; we have; aren’t you; I am; didn’t we
  6. wasn’t there; there was; can’t we; we can
  7. did he; he didn’t; have they
  8. were you; weren’t; didn’t we; didn’t

Es. 3

  1. aren’t I
  2. am I
  3. don’t we
  4. haven’t we
  5. is there
  6. haven’t you

Pag. 175

Es. 4

  1. didn’t you
  2. did they
  3. don’t you
  4. haven’t you
  5. have they
  6. is there
  7. is it
  8. aren’t I

Es. 5

  1. Didn’t you; Did it; Was there
  2. Does she; Can’t she; Couldn’t she
  3. Am I; Is it

Es. 6

  1. He hasn’t; has he
  2. It’s not/it isn’t; is it
  3. He

Es. 8

Paul isn’t good at cooking, but luckily he doesn’t mind washing the dishes/doing the washing up.

Pag. 170

Es. 1

  1. Let’s go; shall we; would/’d rather see
  2. won’t you/will you; don’t we
  3. Shall we go; about trying; I’d rather
  4. Don’t forget; will you; will you
  5. about going; let’s go; instead; feel like swimming
  6. Shall we tell; would/’d prefer to

Es. 2

  1. … offering to pay; … really doesn’t need to
  2. … to make the cake
  3. … how to send messages
  4. … come sailing
  5. I don’t mind cooking… I’d prefer to go
  6. After not sleeping… feel like getting out
  7. … where to get
  8. … to buy a new pair of jeans

Es. 3

  1. C
  2. A
  3. C
  4. A
  5. B
  6. B
  7. A
  8. C

Pag. 171

Es. 4

  1. isn’t necessarily cheaper to shop at
  2. was often my job to do the cleaning
  3. was really disappointing for Kristen not to get
  4. can often be very difficult to book a table
  5. Not studying before an important exam is extremely

Es. 5

  1. not knowing
  2. having woken up
  3. having been doing
  4. Knowing
  5. Having become

Es. 6

  1. Smoking is prohibited
  2. like them to stop
  3. usually spends all weekend playing
  4. use this machine to make
  5. her class how to do
  6. Why not stay with us
  7. Besides being excellent at sport
  8. On hearing the strange noise

Pag. 174

Es.

  1. doesn’t he
  2. won’t you
  3. don’t they
  4. didn’t they
  5. do you
  6. have you

Es. 2

  1. hasn’t she; she has; don’t they; they do
  2. isn’t he; he is; won’t he; he will; will it
  3. isn’t it; it is; are you; I am
  4. am I, should they
  5. haven’t we; we have; aren’t you; I am; didn’t we
  6. wasn’t there; there was; can’t we; we can
  7. did he; he didn’t; have they
  8. were you; weren’t; didn’t we; didn’t

Es. 3

  1. aren’t I
  2. am I
  3. don’t we
  4. haven’t we
  5. is there
  6. haven’t you

Pag. 175

Es. 4

  1. didn’t you
  2. did they
  3. don’t you
  4. haven’t you
  5. have they
  6. is there
  7. is it
  8. aren’t I

Es. 5

  1. Didn’t you; Did it; Was there
  2. Does she; Can’t she; Couldn’t she
  3. Am I; Is it

Es. 6

  1. He hasn’t; has he
  2. It’s not/it isn’t; is it
  3. He didn’t; did he
  4. They weren’t; were they
  5. They’re not/They aren’t; are they

Pag. 177

Es. 1

  1. Nor/Neither do I
  2. So do I
  3. nor/neither can I
  4. So am I
  5. Nor/Neither am I
  6. So do I
  7. Nor/ Neither do I

Es. 2

  1. so is his father
  2. so was the second
  3. nor/neither was the acting
  4. is Fiona

Pag. 178

Es. 3A

  1. So have I; So do I; Nor/Neither can I; So will I
  2. So am I; Nor/Neither do I
  3. So did; Nor/Neither did; So did

Es. 3B

  1. I’ve got one too; I do too; I can’t (go) either; I will too
  2. I’m going to too/I am too; I don’t (want to) either
  3. We went too/We did too; We didn’t either; We did too
  4. nor/neither

Es. 4

  1. nor/neither was
  2. did my daughter
  3. didn’t either
  4. stand cleaning
  5. taking the dog
  6. on going

Es. 5

  1. I think so
  2. I suppose not
  3. hope so
  4. I’m afraid not
  5. I’m afraid so
  6. guess so
  7. hope not
  8. I don’t think so

Es. 6

  1. did mean
  2. do read
  3. did tell
  4. do appreciate
  5. did enjoy
  6. does help

Pag. 180

Es. 1

  1. What a; What/What a lot of; What a lot of
  2. What a; What; What/What a lot of; What a lot of
  3. What a; What; What a lot of

Es. 2

  1. nonsense/rubbish
  2. a nuisance
  3. a bore
  4. a pity/shame/nuisance

Es. 3A

  1. such
  2. such a
  3. so
  4. so
  5. such
  6. so many
  7. so much
  8. such

Es. 3B

  1. You’ve made such a lot of mistakes!
  2. He’s got such a lot of work to do.

Pag. 181

Es. 1

  1. Are they
  2. hasn’t she
  3. do they
  4. don’t we
  5. Have they; is it
  6. Did he; can’t he
  7. hasn’t, has
  8. Aren’t I; Are you?

Es. 2

  1. am I
  2. Nor/Neither have
  3. so
  4. does
  5. so
  6. too
  7. I can’t
  8. either
  9. will I
  10. don’t; so; does

Es.

  1. So
  2. so
  3. pity/shame
  4. could
  5. such
  6. do
  7. forward
  8. such
  9. have
  10. to

Es. 4

  1. such beautiful
  2. such a lot
  3. What; the party
  4. How embarrassing the situation was!

Pag. 182

Es. 1

  1. and
  2. isn’t it
  3. How
  4. to do
  5. so
  6. Shall we
  7. talking
  8. such a
  9. listening
  10. what
  11. not speak
  12. have to
  13. not
  14. shall we
  15. offending
  16. What a
  17. How

Es. 2

  1. on spending
  2. need to/have to
  3. many people
  4. such warm
  5. easy to find
  6. want to
  7. can my father
  8. did Mandy
  9. to get round
  10. What a lot

Pag. 183

Es.

  1. get on
  2. to clean
  3. finding
  4. to look for
  5. had/’d discussed/had/’d been discussing
  6. wearing
  7. knowing
  8. to wear
  9. to laugh
  10. waiting
  11. holding
  12. to put
  13. pretending
  14. aren’t we

Es. 2

  1. B
  2. D
  3. D
  4. A
  5. B
  6. B
  7. A
  8. B
  9. D
  10. C
  11. C

Pag. 187

Es. 1

  1. can; could
  2. could; can’t
  3. couldn’t; can
  4. Could; couldn’t
  5. could; couldn’t

Pag. 189

Es. 1

  1. was able to
  2. was able to
  3. correct
  4. were able to; correct
  5. was able to
  6. correct
  7. was able to
  8. correct

Es. 2

  1. could
  2. couldn’t/weren’t able to/didn’t manage to
  3. couldn’t/weren’t able to
  4. could/were able to
  5. were able to/managed to
  6. could/were (also) able to
  7. were able to/managed to
  8. couldn’t/ weren’t able to
  9. were able to
  10. could
  11. could/was able to
  12. were able to/managed to

Es. 3

  1. couldn’t; were able to
  2. could; couldn’t
  3. Was Cindy able to; couldn’t; was able to
  4. could; was able to; was able to
  5. could; couldn’t; was able to
  6. couldn’t; was able to

Pag. 190

Es. 4

  1. manage
  2. will (you) succeed
  3. are capable
  4. be capable of; manage
  5. succeed; capable of; manage
  6. succeed

Es. 5

  1. Bill is capable of staying up all night and going to work in the morning. I wonder how he manages to do that.
  2. My old uncle was capable of reciting all of Dante’s Inferno by heart.
  3. How did you manage to get in without a key?
  4. Did you friend succeed in having his book published?
  5. My team has succeeded in qualifying for the Premier League.
  6. The rescue team were/was unable to reach the climbers yesterday

Pag. 190

Es. 6

  1. could have taken
  2. could have called
  3. couldn’t have gone anyway
  4. could have put him up
  5. could lend us his
  6. could go/could have gone; could have washed

Es. 7

  1. We could have brought a/ our camera: we could have taken some beautiful photos.
  2. – I haven’t been able to find/haven’t managed to find/haven’t succeeded in finding any books on Mongolia yet. • You could have looked for information on the Internet.
  3. – Three days of rain, wind and cold. • Yes. We couldn’t have chosen a worse weekend to go to the seaside.
  4. Did you manage to/Were you able to book the swimming lesson yesterday?
  5. Last night/ Yesterday evening I managed to/was able to get to level 3/succeeded in getting to level 3 on my new videogame.
  6. After some difficult campaigns, the Roman legionaries managed to/were able to defeat the Celtic tribes.
  7. If you were hungry, you could have told us earlier. We could have stopped in that village.
  8. Our neighbours raised the alarm, but the burglars managed to escape/succeeded in escaping.
  9. If you were alone/by yourself you could have called me. We could have had dinner together or gone to the cinema.

Pag. 192

Es. 1

  1. Can you; e
  2. Can you; a
  3. Can/May I; d
  4. Can/May I; b
  5. Can you; c

Pag. 193

Es. 2

  1. Do/Would you mind turning off the air conditioning, please?
  2. Do you mind if we have a short break for coffee?
  3. Do you mind if I sit next to you?
  4. Do/Would you mind not touching that vase?
  5. Do you mind if I watch the news on TV?
  6. Do/Would you mind moving your car, please?

Es. 3

  1. Could I
  2. Might I
  3. Could you possibly
  4. Could we
  5. Could you possibly
  6. Can you

Es. 4

  1. May/Could/Might; Could; can
  2. Could/Can; Might/Could
  3. Do (you) mind; course; Go
  4. May/ Can; Can/May/Could; Would/Do (you) mind
  5. Can/ Could/May/Might; sorry; can’t
  6. could; Could (you) possibly; afraid

Es. 5A

  1. may smoke
  2. may not wear
  3. may not use
  4. may not sit
  5. may visit
  6. may take

Es. 5B

  1. Passengers are allowed to smoke in this area.
  2. Guests are not allowed to wear shorts in the hotel restaurant.
  3. Candidates are not allowed to use pocket calculators during exams.
  4. Pupils are not allowed to sit on the school stairs.
  5. Friends and relatives are allowed to visit patients from 18.30 to 20.00.
  6. Customers are allowed to take a catalogue

Es. 6

  1. correct
  2. Fishing is not allowed in this lake/You aren’t allowed to fish.
  3. … you won’t be allowed to board the plane.
  4. correct
  5. correct
  6. Why were they allowed to enter the building?

Pag. 195

Es. 1

  1. may
  2. could
  3. can
  4. could
  5. may
  6. might
  7. can
  8. could

Es. 2

  1. may not
  2. can’t
  3. may not
  4. may not
  5. can’t
  6. can’t
  7. may not
  8. may not

Es. 3

  1. must; can’t
  2. must; can’t; must
  3. can’t; must
  4. must; can’t

Es. 4

  1. That girl can’t be…; she may be tired or hungry
  2. There may not be…; It can’t be fully booked.
  3. I must have…; You can’t have a temperature; I may be wrong
  4. The supermarket may not be open; There must be some supermarkets…

Pag. 196

Es. 1

  1. can afford; might/may as well;
  2. couldn’t help
  3. might/may well; can’t be helped
  4. can’t but
  5. couldn’t afford

Pag. 197

Es. 2

  1. couldn’t (help) being
  2. may
  3. making; help
  4. be helped; should have

Es. 3

  1. may/might well decide
  2. may (well) be/might (well) be
  3. couldn’t afford
  4. couldn’t help laughing
  5. can (do nothing) but
  6. might as well

Es. 4

  1. Anything Daniel/Whatever Daniel may have said, I’m sure he didn’t mean to offend you.
  2. You may (well) be right, but I can’t help having a few doubts about it.
  3. There are no hotels round here. We’ll have to spend the night in the car. It’s a nuisance, but it can’t be helped.
  4. - The boys (and girls) have called to tell us they (’ve) missed the train and will arrive later. We can’t do anything/can do nothing but wait for the moment. • I know, but it’s already 2 a.m. and I’m very worried. I can’t help it.

Pag. 198

Es. 1

  1. must
  2. We aren’t
  3. be able to
  4. Could
  5. may not
  6. could
  7. wonder
  8. can’t

Es. 2

  1. … It can’t be
  2. It may/might snow…
  3. I could only go…
  4. … if I change…
  5. We aren’t allowed…/Calculators aren’t allowed…
  6. … we couldn’t find
  7. Fran may/might not be able…
  8. Would you mind looking
  9. I may/might go…
  10. Could you manage to make…

Es. 3

  1. may/might/could ask
  2. may not enter/aren’t allowed to enter/cannot enter
  3. may/are allowed to/can use
  4. may/is allowed to/can use
  5. may not/aren’t allowed to/cannot
  6. may/can be
  7. may/can only dive/are only allowed to dive
  8. may/might

Pag. 199

Es. 4

  1. couldn’t find/wasn’t able to find/didn’t manage to find; managed to buy
  2. can’t believe; Did you manage to/Were you able to get; managed to take
  3. were able to/managed to swim
  4. they could/ were able to/managed to reach
  5. could have gone/’d been able to go
  6. could
  7. wonder
  8. can’t

Es. 5

  1. I couldn’t hear/wasn’t able to hear/didn’t manage to hear
  2. You could have phoned
  3. she won’t be able to cut; Could you possibly come back; I may/ might be able to come
  4. Did you manage to find; I couldn’t see/wasn’t able to see
  5. she managed to/was able to reach; she didn’t manage/wasn’t able to/couldn’t beat
  6. Did you manage to/were you able to sleep

Es. 6

  1. didn’t succeed in persuading
  2. couldn’t afford (to buy)
  3. was never able to cook
  4. are capable of surviving
  5. could have said
  6. may not/might not remember

Pag. 201

Es. 1

  1. have to
  2. must
  3. have to/must
  4. Must you/ Do you (always) have to
  5. must/have to
  6. does (this report) have to/must this report

Es. 2

  1. had to
  2. have to
  3. have/’ve never had to
  4. Did Claire have to; didn’t; will/’ll have to
  5. having to

Es. 3

  1. do you have to
  2. have to
  3. Do you have to
  4. don’t (have to)
  5. has to
  6. have to
  7. Doesn’t your boss have to
  8. have to

Es. 4

  1. have/’ve got to hurry
  2. has got to visit
  3. has Greg got to go; has/’s got to see
  4. Haven’t you got to study; haven’t
  5. have you got to do; haven’t got to work

Pag. 203

Es. 1

  1. don’t have to
  2. mustn’t
  3. doesn’t have to
  4. mustn’t
  5. mustn’t
  6. mustn’t
  7. doesn’t have to
  8. don’t have to

Es. 2

  1. b
  2. a
  3. a
  4. b
  5. a
  6. b
  7. b
  8. a
  9. a
  10. b
  11. b
  12. a

Es. 3

  1. needn’t
  2. needn’t
  3. Do we need
  4. need to
  5. needs to
  6. needn’t
  7. Need I/Do I need to
  8. doesn’t really need

Pag. 204

Es. 4

  1. mustn’t make
  2. needn’t
  3. don’t need/have
  4. won’t have/need
  5. didn’t have/need
  6. couldn’t

Es. 5

  1. didn’t need to queue
  2. needn’t have queued
  3. didn’t need to look for
  4. needn’t have looked for
  5. needn’t have brought
  6. didn’t need to take
  7. needn’t have worried
  8. needn’t have done

Es. 6

  1. I didn’t have to translate anything for the Slovenian guy: his English was perfect.
  2. I need to save some money if I want to go on holiday this summer.
  3. This switch is broken. You mustn’t touch it: it may/might/could be dangerous.
  4. You mustn’t have the music so loud. It’s very late and you’re disturbing the neighbours.
  5. - You don’t have to come on the trip with us if you don’t feel like it. • No, I’d like to come. Do we have to bring a packed lunch? - No, we don’t (have to). There’s a mountain hut where they have good/tasty food.
  6. Have you cleared the table already/already cleared the table? You needn’t have done it/didn’t need to do it, but thanks anyway

Pag. 206

Es. 1

  1. You shouldn’t play/oughtn’t to play videogames all weekend!
  2. He should brush/ought to brush his teeth before going to bed.
  3. … You should go/ ought to go home.
  4. They shouldn’t be/oughtn’t to be so rude to their grandparents!
  5. She should put/ought to put her clothes away in the wardrobe.
  6. You should buy/ought to buy that jacket.
  7. My/ Your classmates shouldn’t laugh/oughtn’t to laugh at my/your mistakes.
  8. People should complain/ ought to complain about the poor service in this café.
  9. They shouldn’t pick/oughtn’t to pick the apples off our tree.
  10. There shouldn’t be/oughtn’t to be a mistake in this exercise.
  11. We should have/ought to have a picnic some time next week.
  12. You should switch/ought to switch off the light when you leave the room.

Pag. 207

Es. 2

  1. should phone/ought to phone
  2. Should I take/ Ought I to take
  3. should apologise/ought to apologise
  4. should I wear/ought I to wear; should put on/ought to put on; should I dress/ought I to dress

Es. 3

  1. had/’d better see
  2. had/’d better take
  3. had/’d better rush
  4. had/’d better not play
  5. had/’d better not eat
  6. had/’d better not go; had/’d better use

Es. 4

  1. not possible
  2. You had/’d better not touch
  3. had better go
  4. not possible
  5. had/’d better leave
  6. not possible

Es. 5

  1. got up; tidied your room
  2. we got rid of it; we bought a new one
  3. you washed it; you minded your own business
  4. you switched that thing off; I had a room of my own

Pag. 208

Es. 6

  1. should have turned off
  2. shouldn’t have pulled
  3. should have taken
  4. shouldn’t have eaten
  5. should have told
  6. should never have left
  7. should have read
  8. shouldn’t have bought

Es. 7

  1. shouldn’t have/oughtn’t to have got lost
  2. shouldn’t have/oughtn’t to have started eating
  3. shouldn’t be/oughtn’t to be too expensive
  4. should have/ought to have arrived
  5. shouldn’t give/oughtn’t to give us
  6. should find/ought to find the exam

Es. 8

  1. You shouldn’t have offended Alice. She’s very upset. You’d better apologise to her.
  2. The chemist’s shouldn’t be closed. It’s only six o’clock.
  3. You should have told me (that) you weren’t well. You shouldn’t have come on the excursion.
  4. Ali should have arrived in Liverpool by this time. His flight should have landed half an hour ago.
  5. Mike shouldn’t have invited all his classmates. It should have been a dinner for close friends.
  6. There shouldn’t be too much traffic around the stadium. The match should/ought to have already started/begun.
  7. When I was at primary school, I didn’t have to do homework.
  8. You shouldn’t have used my bicycle without asking me.

Pag. 210

Es. 1

  1. are to carry
  2. is to meet
  3. are not to be taken
  4. were to be posted
  5. were to open
  6. were never to see/weren’t ever to see

Es. 2

  1. should have given
  2. weren’t expected to
  3. was supposed to
  4. is supposed to
  5. I wasn’t expected to; couldn’t
  6. are expected
  7. is expected to
  8. shouldn’t have left

Es. 3

  1. ’s/is supposed to be
  2. had/’d better have
  3. should have taken
  4. didn’t have to

Es. 4

  1. Nicole was supposed to call me last night, but she forgot.
  2. I’m not expected to make breakfast for everyone every day, but I don’t mind doing it.
  3. Going for/Taking long walks every day is supposed to be good for your health.
  4. What are you doing here? You’re supposed to be at school.
  5. Prices are expected to go up again.
  6. I can’t find my plane ticket. What am I supposed to do now?
  7. In England black cats are supposed to be lucky.
  8. When I worked as an au-pair I wasn’t expected to do all the housework.

Pag. 211

Es. 1

  1. C
  2. B
  3. B
  4. A
  5. A
  6. B
  7. C
  8. A

Es. 2

  1. … doesn’t have to do
  2. … you mustn’t drive
  3. … ought not to spend
  4. … we don’t have to do
  5. Shouldn’t you phone her
  6. … we’ll have to go
  7. Did you have to…
  8. … I really don’t need

Es. 3

  1. must watch
  2. should be/ought to be/must be
  3. had to study
  4. mustn’t speak
  5. don’t have to/ needn’t start
  6. got to go

Es. 4

  1. is supposed to be
  2. Weren’t you supposed to
  3. should have got up
  4. should have written
  5. are expected to win

Pag. 212

Es. 1

  1. Shall we give you a hand with the cleaning?
  2. Shall I pick you up at the station?
  3. Where shall I put this box?
  4. What time shall we come tomorrow evening?
  5. When shall we deliver the furniture?
  6. Shall I text you with Joe’s address?

Pag. 213

Es. 2

  1. shall we have for dinner tonight? Shall we get a takeaway? shall we get
  2. shall I give it; shall I feed it

Es. 3

  1. shall we have
  2. Shall we have
  3. shall we tell
  4. shall we tell
  5. shall we give
  6. shall we get
  7. shall I make

Es. 4

  1. Shall I help you unpack your suitcases? I’ll do it by myself.
  2. Shall I take the rubbish out? I’ll take it out later.
  3. Shall I find a vase for these flowers? I’ll do that.
  4. Shall I help you fold those sheets? I’ll manage.
  5. Shall I lay the table? I’ll ask Mike.

Es. 5

  1. Shall we go to… tonight/this evening
  2. I’ll book a table
  3. Shall I come and pick you up
  4. I’ll get/ take/come by
  5. Shall I ask Steve
  6. I’ll phone/call him this afternoon

Pag. 215

Es. 1

  1. Will you have/Are you having
  2. Won’t you have/ Would you like
  3. would you like
  4. Would you like to/Will you
  5. I don’t want to miss/I wouldn’t like to miss
  6. want to
  7. I will
  8. Will you

Es. 2

  1. Would you bring
  2. Would you like to
  3. Will you have
  4. I won’t
  5. I won’t, either/Nor will I/Neither will I
  6. Will you have
  7. I’ll have
  8. I would/’d like
  9. Would you like
  10. we’ll have
  11. Will you bring us

Es. 3

  • Ben Hi. The restaurant’s crowded today isn’t it?
  • Waiter Hi, Ben. Hi, Rose. Here’s the menu.
  • Ben Thanks, but will you tell us what today’s specialis first?
  • Waiter We’ve got freshly-grilled king prawns.
  • Ben OK, I’ll have the prawns then.
  • Rose Me too.
  • Waiter Shall I bring you a starter while you’re waiting?
  • Rose I’ll have the rice salad. What about you, Ben?
  • Waiter We’ve also got seafood salad.
  • Rose Oh, great. I’ll have that then.
  • Ben I’ll have that one too.
  • Waiter What would you like to drink?
  • Rose I’d just like some mineral water, fizzy, please.
  • Ben I’ll have a glass of white wine. Won’t you have/
  • Wouldn’t you like one with the fish too, Rose?

Pag. 217

Es. 1

  1. won’t you drink
  2. would wear
  3. will/’ll bring
  4. will insist
  5. won’t let
  6. wouldn’t work

Es. 2

  1. will/’ll do
  2. won’t open
  3. will keep making
  4. would send
  5. would say
  6. wouldn’t lend
  7. would tell
  8. will/’ll write

Es. 3

  1. … How dare you speak …
  2. … Dare we wake him up?
  3. correct
  4. correct
  5. correct
  6. … so I daren’t tell you/don’t dare to tell you

Pag. 220

Es. 1

  1. should be having; might not be having; might be; shouldn’t be
  2. might not answer; may be watching; can’t be watching
  3. may be shouting; can’t be shouting; must be taking; might be

Es. 2

  1. must have been having; must/might have forgotten
  2. might have left; can’t have; I must have put
  3. must have arrived; might have gone; can’t have
  4. must have been cheating

Es. 3

  1. She could have left
  2. she should have graduated
  3. Joseph should have; the buses should have been running
  4. They could have been playing
  5. I could have failed; you shouldn’t have failed

Pag. 221

Es. 4

  1. È un peccato che tu non fossi qui ieri. Avresti dovuto sentire cosa ha detto James al capo/direttore.
  2. Abbiamo aspettato Jessica alla fermata dell’autobus vicino al parco per quasi un’ora, ma non l’abbiamo vista. Potrebbe essere scesa a una fermata diversa.
  3. Questo non è il tuo libro. Non avresti dovuto/Non dovevi scriverci sopra.
  4. Perché non hai indossato il casco questa mattina? Avresti dovuto metterlo. Avresti potuto avere un incidente.
  5. Sono sicuro che la riparazione non sarà molto costosa. Non dovrebbe esserci voluto molto per aggiustare la tua moto/bici.
  6. Ti richiamerò domani mattina. Dovrei aver ricevuto delle notizie per allora.

Es. 5

  1. The earthquake was light. It shouldn’t have caused much damage.
  2. You should have been more careful. You could have caused an accident.
  3. - It’s a shame/a pity you missed that exhibition. • I know. It must have been very interesting.
  4. - I saw Ben in town last week. • It can’t have been him. He’s been in Canada for a month.
  5. - It can’t have been easy to live/living in a family with nine brothers and sisters. • Why do you think that/so? It might/could have been fun.

Es. 6

  1. I’m unlikely to win
  2. is the murderer likely to be arrested
  3. He’s likely to be driving
  4. This cold weather is likely to last
  5. We’re unlikely to have finished; we’re likely to have painted

Es. 7

  1. He’s/is likely to have stolen
  2. He might/may/ could have crossed
  3. He can’t have crossed
  4. He might/may be using
  5. he must be hiding
  6. He might/may/could be sleeping
  7. He’s unlikely to be sleeping
  8. It should be too cold
  9. he must have found
  10. must be helping
  11. he can’t have done

Pag. 222

Es. 1

  1. B
  2. C
  3. A
  4. C
  5. B
  6. A
  7. C
  8. B

Es. 2

  1. I’d like to
  2. I’ll
  3. Shall
  4. won’t
  5. would you
  6. I’d like to
  7. I’ll tell
  8. I wouldn’t like him to

Es. 3

  1. I don’t want the children to eat…
  2. Would you like to come
  3. Would Phillip like to stay
  4. Will you have some…
  5. Shall we go…
  6. What will you have
  7. Would the neighbours like us to water/ Do the neighbours want us to water…
  8. … Would/ Will you be quiet

Pag. 223

Es. 4

  1. I will
  2. Would
  3. Wouldn’t
  4. won’t
  5. Will
  6. Shall
  7. will you have
  8. Will/Would (both possible)

Es. 5

  1. might/could be trying
  2. could have stayed
  3. will tease
  4. must/should have got
  5. must be cooking
  6. could/might have fallen
  7. unlikely to rain
  8. must have been studying

Es. 6

  1. can’t have tried to
  2. didn’t dare (to) invite
  3. if you would contact
  4. isn’t likely to come
  5. should be starting
  6. is unlikely to come/be coming
  7. Sheila might have left
  8. we would always have

Pag. 224-225

Es. 1

  1. C
  2. B
  3. D
  4. B
  5. A
  6. D
  7. D
  8. A
  9. A
  10. B
  11. D
  12. B

Es. 2A

  1. should
  2. have to
  3. could
  4. don’t have to
  5. mustn’t
  6. might not

Es. 2B

  1. B
  2. D
  3. A
  4. E
  5. F
  6. C

Es. 3

  1. have/need/ought
  2. didn’t have/need
  3. allowed to
  4. will you
  5. Shall
  6. be able to
  7. can’t be
  8. needn’t be

Es. 4

  1. Shall I phone
  2. can be
  3. Couldn’t we
  4. I’ll look
  5. may/might/could cost
  6. we’d better book/ we should book/we ought to
  7. Could/Would you go
  8. We needn’t/don’t need to /don’t have to book
  9. They may/might/could
  10. Shouldn’t we find/Oughtn’t we to find
  11. they can’t be
  12. may/might not be
  13. they must be

Pag. 226-227

Es. 1

  1. A, B, C, D
  2. A, C, D
  3. A, B, C, D
  4. A, B, C
  5. A, B, C, D
  6. A, B, D

Es. 2

  1. D
  2. B
  3. D
  4. B
  5. C
  6. A
  7. C
  8. B
  9. B 10 A

Es. 3

  1. supposed to do
  2. couldn’t help
  3. wouldn’t
  4. must have gone
  5. may/might/could be coming; may/might not have loaded
  6. you are allowed
  7. Would/Do you mind
  8. won’t open
  9. managed to pass

Es. 4

  1. may/might
  2. can
  3. needed
  4. allowed
  5. had needed
  6. supposed
  7. couldn’t
  8. unable
  9. should have
  10. had
  11. may/might
  12. have
  13. ought
  14. could have
  15. ’ll/will
  16. needn’t
  17. able
  18. must have
  19. can’t

Pag. 230

Es. 1

  1. Many towns were founded by the Romans.
  2. Good olive oil is produced in this area.
  3. The door must be locked at night.
  4. The library won’t be re-opened till next month.
  5. That little village was destroyed by a landslide.
  6. Food shouldn’t be wasted.
  7. Was this photo taken by your sister?
  8. One of my hens was eaten by a fox.
  9. Was that tablet bought by Luke?
  10. This text can’t be translated.

Es. 2

  1. is this knife used for
  2. families was the apartment building occupied by
  3. is this tart made with
  4. was The Metamorphosis written by; was The Metamorphosis written in
  5. were the Incas defeated by
  6. was Jim treated by; was Jim treated with

Es. 3

  1. is
  2. been
  3. has
  4. being
  5. been
  6. being

Es. 4

  1. has been arrested; is being interrogated now
  2. has been found; is being surrounded by police officers
  3. has been freed; are being taken to prison

Pag. 231

Es. 5

  1. hasn’t been; is/’s still being
  2. has; has been; is being
  3. has; have been; being
  4. had
  5. hadn’t been
  6. has; have been; are being

Es. 6

  1. While the house was being renovated, a water pipe burst.
  2. Some instructions will have to be provided.
  3. All the strawberries have been picked.
  4. … they found that their seats had been occupied.
  5. Those heavy boxes ought not to be lifted by children.
  6. A lot of objections are being raised.
  7. Is that cinema going to be demolished?
  8. The young footballers were being trained by a professional coach.

Es. 7

  1. The old castle has been bought by an American company.
  2. it isn’t being renovated.
  3. It’s going to be shipped to Florida.
  4. Was the castle ghost consulted?
  5. The castle has been haunted by Lady Margaret since 1757.
  6. she was murdered by her husband in the east tower.
  7. her cries can be heard every night
  8. the Americans should be warned.
  9. The Americans won’t be frightened away by her ghost.
  10. more people will be attracted to the park.

Pag. 233

Es. 1

  1. were sent an e-mail
  2. were told that they liked our video
  3. were offered a tour of the BBC studios
  4. were asked to arrive at 9 a.m. the following Saturday
  5. were shown the studios
  6. were asked a lot of questions about our video
  7. were taught a few tricks of the trade
  8. was given a souvenir medallion

Pag. 234

Es. 2

  1. The children were told to keep quiet.
  2. I’m being taught some Chinese by my Chinese colleague.
  3. Who was Jason given my e-mail address by?
  4. We’ll be told to leave the library if you keep talking.
  5. Hasn’t Tina been asked to leave her curriculum vitae?
  6. First we were told we didn’t need a visa and now we’re being told we need one.
  7. Haven’t you been sent a copy of the programme?
  8. The tourists weren’t shown the principal attractions.

Es. 3

  1. Such things shouldn’t be laughed at.
  2. Penny can be relied on to do that.
  3. Pay attention when you’re being spoken to!
  4. That subject won’t be talked about at the meeting.
  5. The park wasn’t looked after properly.
  6. The matter is going to be looked into by the police.

Es. 4

  1. being taken out
  2. being bathed
  3. being disturbed
  4. being stroked
  5. being hurried
  6. being interrupted

Es. 5

  1. are selling well
  2. after being treated by
  3. to be done
  4. does not close
  5. without being
  6. needs cutting
  7. to be told what
  8. This synthetic material irons

Pag. 235

Es. 6

  1. The old castle is said to have been destroyed by a bomb.
  2. The river was known to be polluted.
  3. Once cigarette smoke was thought to be good for you.
  4. The wind was reported to have blown down hundreds of trees.
  5. The epidemic is believed to have started in Africa.
  6. The couple are said to be getting married next month.
  7. 80 per cent of the students are expected to take the test.
  8. The sun was once believed to revolve around the earth.

Es. 7

  1. English is spoken… the world
  2. Who was… invented by
  3. appointment has been postponed
  4. is being served
  5. is believed to exist
  6. can’t stand/bear… laughed at
  7. was this picture… with
  8. 30 people are… have died
  9. should be paid/must be paid by tomorrow
  10. were told (that)… it was being

Pag. 236

Es. 1

  1. has been celebrated
  2. planned
  3. were put
  4. was left
  5. was discovered
  6. were arrested
  7. (were) hanged
  8. has been
  9. are used
  10. are burned/burnt
  11. gather
  12. to be lit
  13. has been abandoned
  14. are given
  15. are seriously hurt
  16. is still considered

Es. 2

  1. are checked
  2. luggage is weighed
  3. by security guards
  4. they were making
  5. have been banned
  6. can be taken
  7. are constantly being
  8. be scanned using/with
  9. to be used
  10. were being used

Pag. 237

Es. 1

  1. house needs cleaning
  2. being looked after by
  3. was expected to be
  4. to have been living
  5. is going to be
  6. without being invited
  7. after being given a
  8. we were shown the sites
  9. were known to be unsafe

Es. 2

  1. has
  2. was
  3. were
  4. by
  5. us
  6. woken
  7. be
  8. was
  9. will
  10. given
  11. being
  12. walking
  13. be
  14. to
  15. have
  16. been

Pag. 239

Es. 1

  1. should be booked well in advance
  2. should be angry
  3. should be so upset about the news
  4. drivers should take a different route
  5. should postpone the meeting
  6. should say sorry to them
  7. should be switched off
  8. should go home

Es. 2

  1. take place
  2. approve
  3. attend
  4. call
  5. be
  6. read

Pag. 241

Es. 1

  1. ’d/would love
  2. ’d/would make
  3. wouldn’t waste
  4. ’d/would never do
  5. wouldn’t buy
  6. ’d/would wear/wouldn’t wear

Es. 2

  1. We’d love
  2. would
  3. It would be/It’d be
  4. wouldn’t
  5. would/’d look after it
  6. would
  7. Would you
  8. would you get up
  9. Would you take
  10. would
  11. would take turns
  12. wouldn’t go out
  13. would
  14. would end up

Es. 3

  1. wouldn’t be doing the cleaning
  2. would be ringing
  3. wouldn’t be shouting
  4. would be smiling
  5. wouldn’t be working
  6. would be going out

Pag. 243

Es. 1

  1. wouldn’t have remembered
  2. ’d/would have waited
  3. might have been
  4. could have helped
  5. wouldn’t have come
  6. wouldn’t have liked; ’d/would have fallen asleep

Es. 2

  1. could have
  2. should have invited
  3. couldn’t have got there/arrived
  4. shouldn’t have been
  5. should have waited

Es. 3

  1. wouldn’t have been wearing
  2. wouldn’t have been eating
  3. would have been using
  4. wouldn’t have been shaking
  5. would have been drinking
  6. would have been sitting

Pag. 246

Es. 1

  1. f
  2. d
  3. e
  4. c
  5. a
  6. b

Es. 2

  1. will/’ll be; take
  2. won’t play; feels
  3. start/will start; is
  4. goes off; close; will/’ll never know; sit
  5. will/’ll get; learn

Es. 3

  1. may overflow its banks; it stops raining tomorrow
  2. will they get here; are closed
  3. has/’s received the message; will/’ll be waiting for us
  4. am/’m not going to take the job; offer me a higher salary
  5. won’t want to go out this evening; has/’s been working hard all day

Es. 4

  1. … even if her parents don’t approve
  2. correct
  3. Unless the children have had a rest…
  4. … if they get permission
  5. … even if you don’t like the taste
  6. correct
  7. … the manager will start the meeting without her

Pag. 248

Es. 1

  1. wouldn’t feel; went
  2. had; ’d/would buy
  3. wouldn’t give; were
  4. didn’t spend; wouldn’t be
  5. would have; had;
  6. would be; drove
  7. studied; wouldn’t get
  8. would help; asked

Es. 2

  1. could; would you choose
  2. Would you tell; were
  3. would I look; dyed
  4. would Mum say; saw
  5. Would you be; ran into
  6. knew; would he react

Es. 3

  1. I were you; would/’d lie down
  2. wouldn’t wear it; I were you
  3. I were you; I would/’d call and apologise
  4. I would/’d take an indigestion tablet
  5. wouldn’t go near it; I were you

Es. 4

  1. wasn’t/weren’t raining; ’d/would have lunch in the garden
  2. trained regularly; would/’d win the race
  3. would/’d walk to the beach; wasn’t/weren’t a long way from our house
  4. studied harder; might get a scholarship
  5. wasn’t/weren’t so cloudy; could see the Pole Star
  6. could study; weren’t making such a noise

Pag. 249

Es. 5

  1. wouldn’t use
  2. book
  3. will/’ll forgive
  4. apologised
  5. take
  6. would/’d get

Es. 6

  1. would/’d wear
  2. wouldn’t be
  3. Would you mind
  4. comes
  5. would/’d come
  6. didn’t eat
  7. I were you
  8. I got

Es. 7

  1. If I were you, I wouldn’t worry so much.
  2. If I had any good ideas, I would/’d tell you.
  3. Where would you go if you could go on holiday now?
  4. I wouldn’t use a car in town even if I had one.
  5. If the weather got better, the children could play in the garden.
  6. If the sun grew cold, the world would end.
  7. If you were twenty, Alison, what kind of job would you choose?
  8. If I had to sleep alone/on my own/by myself in that lonely/isolated house, I would/’d die of fright.

Pag. 250

Es. 1

  1. if
  2. won’t
  3. they’ll feel
  4. I have
  5. I’ll wake
  6. couldn’t; could send
  7. invite; he’ll come
  8. occurs; may
  9. even

Es. 2

  1. I would/’d never try/I’ll never try
  2. would you do; you found
  3. your brother comes
  4. I would/’d tell you
  5. would you like
  6. we will/’ll prepare
  7. wouldn’t eat; there wasn’t (or) won’t eat; there is/’s
  8. I won’t cook; you do

Es. 3

  1. will/’ll have
  2. What will you do; I will/’ll look for
  3. would your parents say; they saw/will your parents say; they see
  4. was/were; would know
  5. hold; shows
  6. will help; ask/would help; asked
  7. don’t go; will/’ll feel/didn’t go; would feel
  8. goes; wears
  9. wasn’t/weren’t raining; could go

Pag. 251

Es. 4

  1. I do/should do/did
  2. why we should leave
  3. you (should) take some warm clothes
  4. their boss (should) give them a pay rise
  5. Chris would have been working in the office
  6. you should feel hungry
  7. You should have told me
  8. they would have preferred chocolate/would prefer

Es. 5

  1. … if I were/was you
  2. … in case they ask you
  3. If I had more…
  4. … why we should wait
  5. … she would enjoy/would have enjoyed herself
  6. … he could have forgotten
  7. … we could go
  8. … we would have to pay

Es. 6

  1. that guests are not/not be
  2. why Monica should
  3. insisted that they (should) listen
  4. that you should discuss
  5. wouldn’t have enjoyed
  6. wouldn’t have bought
  7. wouldn’t be watching

Pag. 252

Es. 1

  1. wouldn’t have lost; had/’d been
  2. hadn’t offered; wouldn’t have moved
  3. would have enjoyed; hadn’t been
  4. hadn’t told; would/’d have been
  5. hadn’t shouted; would/’d have fallen
  6. wouldn’t have invited; had/’d known
  7. had/’d found; would/’d have taken
  8. hadn’t rained; would/’d have gone

Pag. 252

Es. 2

  1. hadn’t been; wouldn’t have had
  2. would have been feeling sick/would have felt sick; had/’d eaten
  3. hadn’t been driving too fast; wouldn’t have had
  4. wouldn’t have let; hadn’t been shouting
  5. hadn’t sprained my ankle; would/’d be playing

Es. 3

  1. could have given you a lift home
  2. could/might have seen the animals
  3. might have forgotten
  4. could/might have burned/burnt down
  5. might have passed it

Es. 4

  1. hadn’t been; would/’d have made/chosen/cooked
  2. hadn’t come; wouldn’t have stopped cooking
  3. hadn’t locked; wouldn’t have had
  4. hadn’t been; wouldn’t have asked
  5. hadn’t been; wouldn’t have discovered/found out/known/realised
  6. told; wouldn’t appreciate

Pag. 254

Es. 1

  1. If I happened to break my glasses, I wouldn’t be able to see anything.
  2. If that volcano should erupt, all these villages would be in danger.
  3. If you should hear from Keira, please let me know.
  4. If you happened to see somebody stealing at a supermarket, would you ignore it?
  5. If I should get stuck in a lift, I would panic.
  6. If you happen to meet Alan while you’re in Boston, give him my regards.

Es. 2

  1. should
  2. would have to
  3. wouldn’t have to
  4. shouldn’t

Pag. 255

Es. 1

  1. What if
  2. Suppose/Supposing/Imagine
  3. unless
  4. provided/on condition that/as long as

Es. 2

  1. What if there’s
  2. provided my flight isn’t
  3. will/’ll let you in providing
  4. as long as you stay/ keep

Es. 3

  1. Were she my daughter, I’d be very proud of her.
  2. Should the situation become critical, we would have to leave the country.
  3. Had we suspected that bank clerk was stealing money, we would have sacked him.
  4. Should any problems arise, call me at the office.
  5. Had I known Will was in hospital, I would have visited him.

Pag. 257

Es. 1

  1. I wish I didn’t feel so nervous; I wish I could get up and leave.
  2. I wish I wasn’t/weren’t sitting in my office; I wish I were sunbathing on a beach.
  3. I wish I didn’t have to get up; I wish I could stay in bed.

Es. 2

  1. wishes the parachute would open
  2. wish the wind would stop blowing
  3. wishes her car would start; she wishes the police would come

Es. 3

  1. I had/’d had an adventurous life; I hadn’t lived in this village all my life; I had/’d had the courage to go away
  2. she hadn’t come on this excursion; she could have imagined/she had imagined it was going to be so long and tiring; she had/’d brought some warm clothes with her; she wishes she wasn’t cold

Es. 4

  1. I wish I knew somebody here; I wish somebody would take/somebody was taking some notice of me; I wish I hadn’t come to this party.
  2. I wish I hadn’t had an argument with my girlfriend; I wish I wasn’t/weren’t feeling rotten; I wish she would/’d answer my phone calls.
  3. I wish I could swim faster; I wish somebody had told me there were sharks in this sea; I wish that shark would stop following me.

Pag. 258

Es. 1

  1. had studied; would/’d have passed
  2. hadn’t slept; wouldn’t have been
  3. had/’d remembered; wouldn’t have taken us
  4. had been invited; wouldn’t have gone
  5. had/’d known where to buy tickets; could have gone
  6. wouldn’t be feeling; he hadn’t eaten

Es. 2

  1. condition
  2. If/Should
  3. if
  4. long
  5. Had
  6. if/provided/providing
  7. Were
  8. Imagine/ Suppose/Supposing

Es. 3

  1. Providing the weather
  2. Imagine you got stuck; What would
  3. Should you need anything
  4. Were I; I would/’d talk
  5. What if you inherited
  6. Had Marco known; wouldn’t have agreed
  7. on condition that they gave him
  8. as long as it wasn’t raining

Pag. 259

Es. 4

  1. happen to find
  2. should spend
  3. were to/ happened to/should win
  4. would have to train
  5. happen to/were to/should see
  6. were to raise/ should raise
  7. happens to/should be
  8. should ever be/were ever to be; would know
  9. should disinfect; would have to go
  10. should/happen to pass

Es. 5

  1. my aunt wouldn’t/didn’t give me
  2. it hadn’t been
  3. my brother wouldn’t/didn’t snore loudly
  4. I didn’t have to do
  5. my parents would let me have
  6. my friends were coming
  7. I didn’t have to wear
  8. my phone wouldn’t/didn’t keep switching off

Pag. 260

Es. 1

  1. D
  2. B
  3. D
  4. B
  5. A
  6. D
  7. B
  8. A
  9. A
  10. B

Es. 2

  1. gives
  2. will/’ll skate
  3. take
  4. wouldn’t ask
  5. would/’d go
  6. could

Es. 3

  1. X
  2. even
  3. unless
  4. may/might
  5. Would
  6. would

Pag. 261

Es. 1

  1. shows
  2. could
  3. had/’d never met
  4. hadn’t been
  5. wouldn’t have drunk
  6. might
  7. wouldn’t have bought
  8. sees
  9. would be
  10. didn’t report
  11. solves/should solve/solve
  12. gets

Es. 2

  1. as long as you do
  2. you would be
  3. I could have seen
  4. providing it hasn’t
  5. she wouldn’t have crashed
  6. were you, I would

Es. 3

  1. - If only we had a bigger house! I wouldn’t have to share a room with you. • I wish you would keep quiet while I’m doing my homework.
  2. If you happen to/should meet Simon/Should you meet Simon this afternoon, would you give him this message, please?
  3. - Imagine/Supposing/Suppose you could live for a few days in another century. Which century would you choose? • I’d choose the 18th century, as long as/provided/providing I wasn’t/weren’t an aristocrat during/at the time of the French Revolution.

Pag. 265

Es. 1

  1. told
  2. said; said
  3. said
  4. telling; say;
  5. said; told
  6. tell
  7. said
  8. said

Es. 2

  1. said (that) she would/’d invite Colin to become her friend on Facebook
  2. told his wife (that) he was leaving her
  3. said (that) he hated his job
  4. told me she was working/she had been working in the office at 8 p.m. last Friday/the previous Friday
  5. told the police (that) they hadn’t heard anything strange
  6. said (that) they were going to open an Indian restaurant
  7. told Sarah (that) they couldn’t afford such a high rent
  8. told us (that) someone had stolen her suitcase

Es. 3

  1. she was working in the sales department
  2. Walt had been teaching her the job
  3. you liked her immediately
  4. she hadn’t joined any clubs
  5. she was going to come out/she was coming out with me
  6. you had/’d already met her

Pag. 266

Es. 4

  1. I didn’t understand the maths problem
  2. I’ve spent too much money
  3. shouldn’t be so insistent
  4. must go and see the film
  5. she would/’d help me with my homework
  6. the temperature might go below zero
  7. couldn’t contact Freddie because his cell phone was off
  8. she was running/had been running to catch the bus

Es. 5

  1. her sister Lizbeth wasn’t living at home then/at that time; she had/’d moved out three years before
  2. he had/’d bought a new car; was going to pick it up that
  3. I had/’d ignored her in the street the day before/previous day; wasn’t going to dance with me that
  4. me she couldn’t come to the shopping centre with me the following/next day; would/’d come the following

Pag. 267

Es. 1

  1. she had/’d packed
  2. needed
  3. she had/’d left
  4. she had/’d put
  5. would remember
  6. waking/ having woken
  7. had happened
  8. wasn’t

Es. 2

  1. apologised
  2. realised
  3. promised
  4. remarked
  5. accused
  6. denied

Pag. 268

Es. 3

  1. f; Tim exclaimed that it was great news. Mary agreed that it was wonderful.
  2. c; Susan refused to wash the car. Greg agreed to do it.
  3. e; Emma accused Thomas of lying/having lied to her. Thomas denied lying/having lied/that he had lied to her. (oppure Thomas denied doing so /having done so/ that he had done so.)
  4. b; Justin complained that the office was so cold that day. Karen explained that the heating wasn’t working.
  5. d; Roy admitted making/having made/ (that) he had made an awful mistake. Keira said (that) it didn’t matter.
  6. g; Sam apologised for breaking/having broken the crystal vase. He promised to buy/(that) he would buy a new one.
  7. a; Matt offered to make some coffee (for him and Jane/them). Jane replied that she never drank/drinks coffee.

Es. 4A

  1. told
  2. were going out (for a pizza)
  3. invited
  4. refuse
  5. explained
  6. was having
  7. complained
  8. was
  9. agreed
  10. promised
  11. would

Es. 4B

  1. accused
  2. damaging/having damaged
  3. denied
  4. admitted
  5. had crashed
  6. explained
  7. had run
  8. apologised
  9. damaging/having damaged
  10. offered

Pag. 270

Es. 1

  1. the children not to use the swimming pool after 7.30 p.m.
  2. everyone to only use/to use only black or blue pens for the exam
  3. her not to drink at the fountain
  4. Bill Briggs to put the gun down
  5. him not to throw his chewing gum on the pavement
  6. the waiter to call the manager at once

Es. 2

  1. to leave the jeep…
  2. them not to go swimming; there might be crocodiles
  3. them not to go…; hippos are/were dangerous
  4. Brian and Nick to help collect wood for the fire; if Brian and Nick could help collect wood…
  5. Jennifer to taste some crocodile meat
  6. not to leave their tents…

Es. 3

  1. going/(that) we go/(that) we should go/(that) we went to the beach
  2. us that the tide came in all of a sudden (there)
  3. we leave/should leave/we left the beach before 6
  4. going/(that) we go/(that) we should go/(that) we went up onto the cliffs if we wanted to see it come in

Es. 4

  1. What did the lawyer suggest doing/you (should) do/you did?
  2. The agency recommended applying/that we (should) apply/that we applied for a visa at least 20 days before departure.
  3. Helen had the flu and the doctor suggested staying at home/that she (should) stay/that she stayed at home for a few days.
  4. After discussing the matter for hours, Joel suggested having a break/that we (should) have/ that we had a break.

Pag. 272

Es. 1

  1. what her name was
  2. where she was from
  3. she was living in London
  4. if she was staying at a college or with a family
  5. if she had/’d been to England before
  6. she had/’d been studying English
  7. how old she was
  8. what she did in her country

Es. 2

  1. what I knew about the victim
  2. if/whether Alice had come with us/me
  3. how long they had/’d known Mike
  4. if/whether Dylan was going to study medicine
  5. if/whether her daughter would marry that awful boy
  6. why he hadn’t come to the concert
  7. how deep Loch Ness is/was
  8. what he would do to solve the problem

Es. 3

  1. why Phil was still angry with her
  2. why he doesn’t want to talk about it
  3. how far the station is from here
  4. where Freud was born
  5. where I’ve put my new necklace
  6. if/whether her Dad would let her go on holiday with her friends
  7. what she had/’d done to hurt her
  8. what happened/had happened to her

Es. 4

  1. where to leave/she could leave her luggage
  2. how to use/I can use this tablet
  3. whether or not to accept the offer/whether to accept/they should accept the offer or not
  4. where to ask/they should/ could ask for information
  5. what to give Pam/they should give Pam for her birthday
  6. if/whether he should come and pick me/us up

Pag. 273

Es. 5

  1. if/whether he could translate the/that German letter for him; Kurt agreed./said he could/would.
  2. if/whether she was going/coming; she was
  3. if/whether their friends had answered their e-mail; they hadn’t (yet)
  4. if/whether Nicholas had told her about; said he hadn’t; She wondered why.
  5. if/whether she could lend him; she refused/she said she couldn’t/wouldn’t because he still owed her
  6. if/whether she would like to share her flat; she wouldn’t; that she preferred to live on her own.

Es. 6

  1. OLLELLO
  2. I had got there
  3. there were no/weren’t any buildings
  4. I had gone crazy
  5. was dead
  6. everybody else had gone
  7. I didn’t remember anything
  8. I was doing
  9. I would/’d ever get out of that
  10. I could escape

Es. 7

  1. I don’t know how far the coast is from here.
  2. Do you know when Claudia is leaving?
  3. Do you know where the Orkney Islands are?
  4. Don’t you remember when the French Revolution started/began?
  5. Can you tell me how long the show lasts?
  6. I’d like to know what the true identity of that man is.
  7. Kevin asked me if/whether I would like to go sailing with him, but I said no/I wouldn’t.
  8. I wonder why they didn’t inform us/haven’t informed us.

Pag. 274

Es. 1

  1. (line 1) he was leaving - sarebbe partito
  2. (line 1) he was going to have - avrebbe fatto
  3. (line 1) (his journey) would be - sarebbe stato
  4. (line 4) he would take - avrebbe preso
  5. (line 4) he would fly - avrebbe preso l’aereo
  6. (line 6) (the journey) was going to be - sarebbe stato
  7. (line 7) (the plane) would crash - si sarebbe schiantato
  8. (line 10) he would recover - sarebbe guarito
  9. (line 10) he would have to stay - sarebbe dovuto restare
  10. (line 14) he wouldn’t want - non avrebbe più voluto

Pag. 275

Es. 2

  1. was going to ask Eliza out
  2. would come and make some photocopies
  3. was playing at the Roundhouse on Saturday
  4. she would/’d probably know the group
  5. he wasn’t going to invite her to the concert straight away
  6. would/’d leave a leaflet about the concert near the photocopy machine
  7. would/’d ask her if it was hers
  8. it wasn’t going to work
  9. she wouldn’t come out with him
  10. would/’d have to think up something different

Es. 3

  1. would be
  2. was going to/would forget; was going to be/would be
  3. was going to ask
  4. was coming
  5. wasn’t going; was going to send
  6. would reach

Es. 4

  1. It’s true I promised (that) I would mow the lawn, but I never said I would do it today.
  2. - I’ve invited Max and Tina to dinner on Saturday. • But I’m busy on Saturday. - Why didn’t you tell me (that) you would be busy? • I was going to tell you this evening.
  3. I haven’t started cooking/to cook yet. I didn’t know you would get/ arrive home so early.
  4. Colin promised he would phone/call/ring, so he’ll do so/it/he will.
  5. So John can’t come because he’s got toothache. I was sure he would make up some excuse

Pag. 276

Es. 1

  1. told/advised/warned
  2. forbade
  3. asked
  4. reminded/told/warned/advised
  5. reminded/told/ warned (advised = informed)
  6. said
  7. warned/ advised (advised = informed, formal use)
  8. forbade

Es. 2

  1. Park your car a long way from the football stadium.
  2. Don’t/You mustn’t play ball in the living room.
  3. Should/Shall I dye my hair red?
  4. Don’t wear/You’d better not wear a mini-skirt to the job interview.
  5. There will be a test tomorrow.
  6. You should go and see the Mantegna exhibition.
  7. Tomorrow there will be severe snow storms.
  8. Don’t take your mobile phones into the classroom.

Es. 3

  1. when Sue is having her party
  2. not to lie in the sun at midday
  3. how many flats there are in that block
  4. where Karl had bought his trainers
  5. that his credit card had been cloned
  6. what the time is

Es. 4

  1. would love to fly
  2. whether to buy
  3. he would do
  4. the day before/the previous day
  5. us not to
  6. where to go
  7. Guy does
  8. her glasses were
  9. that jacket is
  10. he would arrive

Pag. 277

Es. 1

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. B
  5. C
  6. B
  7. D
  8. A
  9. B
  10. D
  11. D
  12. A

Es. 2

  1. for losing/for having lost my new umbrella
  2. writing/having written/that you wrote the anonymous letter
  3. not to go near the lake
  4. Pauline of being false
  5. going (that)/we (should) go on a camping holiday this year

Es. 3

  1. going and visiting the British Museum/that they (should) go and visit…/that they went and visited…
  2. if/whether he should phone Nora.
  3. (that) Brian (should) buy/bought/suggested buying a motorbike
  4. that it must be past midnight
  5. Sarah where the Appalachian Mountains are/were
  6. forgetting/ having forgotten/that she had forgotten to pay the phone bill

Pag. 279

Es. 1A

  1. I’ve booked a room for you at the Grand Hotel.
  2. Why did you lend Joe so much money?
  3. I think I’ll buy that scarf for Mum.
  4. We gave the club secretary our address.
  5. You’d better tell the whole story to the Police.
  6. Why don’t we send John a text?
  7. Let’s ask Mario to cook some pasta for us.
  8. Did the agency find a good hotel for the Smiths?

Es. 1B

  1. I’ve booked you a room at the Grand Hotel.
  2. Why did you lend so much money to Joe?
  3. I think I’ll buy Mum that scarf.
  4. We gave our address to the club secretary.
  5. You’d better tell the Police the whole story.
  6. Why don’t we send a text to John?
  7. Let’s ask Mario to cook us some pasta.
  8. Did the agency find the Smiths a good hotel?

Pag. 280

Es. 2

  1. them for my sister
  2. it to Ruth
  3. it to Albert
  4. give them to her
  5. it to him

Es. 3

  1. C
  2. A
  3. C
  4. B
  5. A

Es. 4

  1. Alain is teaching Polly and me French.
  2. no change
  3. She offered some delicious cakes to her guests.
  4. no change
  5. no change
  6. no change

Es. 5

  1. Peter is teaching his brother some Greek/some Greek to his brother.
  2. Yesterday they introduced the new manager/ director to us. Let’s hope he’s better than the one we had before.
  3. I’ve already explained this rule to you lots of times.
  4. - We can’t go to the theatre tomorrow and we’ve already bought the tickets. • Why don’t we give them to Frances and Walt? They might/could/may be interested.
  5. Our friends haven’t answered our e-mail yet.
  6. - Pat has invited us to dinner. What can/shall we take her? • Let’s take her some chocolates.

Pag. 281

Es. 1

  1. tried (to)
  2. tell us
  3. forgotten it
  4. remember
  5. remember it
  6. forgot
  7. know
  8. tried it

Pag. 282

Es. 2

  1. - Did you know there are no lessons tomorrow? • Aren’t there/Really? I didn’t know.
  2. - Could you fix this handle? • I’ll try (to).
  3. - Are they going to sell their house at the sea/ seaside? • I don’t know. They didn’t tell me.
  4. - What’s the capital of Bolivia? • I knew (it), but I don’t remember (it) now.
  5. - John and Lucy are going to get a divorce. • Who told you?
  6. - What time is your appointment at the dentist’s? • I don’t remember, but it’s not this week.

Es. 3

  1. it dangerous to drive around.
  2. it easy to satisfy her requests.
  3. it sensible of us to refuse their offer.
  4. it hard to get on with her.
  5. it my responsibility to take care of my pets.
  6. it clear that those are my conditions.
  7. it wrong not to inform everyone.

Es. 4

  1. hate it when
  2. considered it wrong of
  3. found it difficult
  4. find it strange
  5. always like it when
  6. owe it to our driver
  7. it to Emma to
  8. making it impossible

Pag. 284

Es. 1

  1. feels very soft
  2. smells bad; tastes very good
  3. look good or awful
  4. sounds terrible
  5. feel well
  6. Smell; It smells lovely; smells

Pag. 285

Es. 2

  1. This Thai soup doesn’t taste like the one we had in Thailand.
  2. Cycling doesn’t seem like a good idea in this rain.
  3. He felt dizzy. He felt as if he was going to faint.
  4. Sophy doesn’t look like her mother at all.
  5. She was so pale, she looked as if she’d just seen a ghost.
  6. Listen! That sounded like a cry for help.
  7. It’s so dark. It seems as if there’s going to be a storm.

Es. 3

  1. seemed/sounded
  2. seemed
  3. sounded/ seemed
  4. look
  5. smell
  6. good
  7. taste bad
  8. taste
  9. look well (informal: look good)
  10. felt awful

Es. 4

  1. Did you hear that noise? It sounded like a helicopter.
  2. - Martha phoned me last night. She sounded depressed. • Really? I saw her this morning; she was laughing and she looked happy.
  3. - What are our neighbours cooking? It smells really good. • Yes, it smells like something very spicy.
  4. This material feels really soft. It doesn’t feel like wool.
  5. - What’s in this drink? It tastes really sweet. Try it. • You’re right. It tastes like pineapple juice.

Es. 5

  1. seem to be enjoying the outing
  2. seem to be many people around
  3. don’t seem to like me
  4. (that) you haven’t made/as if you haven’t made much progress
  5. seemed to be interested/seemed to have been interested

Es. 6

  1. to be worried about something
  2. to be the boss
  3. to be working on the project; Paul and Mike/they are working on the project
  4. to have changed their mind again; they have changed their mind again

Pag. 287

Es. 1

  1. a lizard basking in the sun
  2. lightning hit the tree
  3. someone touch his shoulder
  4. something crawling up/crawl up my leg
  5. the clock strike three
  6. a stream bubbling

Es. 2

  1. apologise
  2. filling her eyes
  3. staring into her glass
  4. get up; leave
  5. coming back/come back with a bunch of flowers
  6. smiling again

Es. 3

  1. happen
  2. go
  3. coming out
  4. reading
  5. dive; clapping/clap
  6. howling/howl

Pag. 288

Es. 4

  1. burning
  2. making
  3. moving
  4. getting/get
  5. get/getting
  6. shout
  7. get
  8. start
  9. turn on
  10. circling
  11. roaring
  12. become
  13. vanish

Es. 5

  1. being announced
  2. being fed
  3. done
  4. performed

Es. 6

  1. playing the violin in the dark
  2. walking towards the canyon
  3. to fall off his scooter and hit his head
  4. to threaten the shopkeeper several times

Es. 7

  1. Carol heard a window bang/ banging and after a while/a bit she felt/heard a strong wind blowing.
  2. A panther has been seen wandering round the neighbourhood.
  3. I heard someone knock at the door, but when I opened it I saw a little boy running away.
  4. - Can’t you hear someone whistling? • Yes (I can), it must be a blackbird. I hear it whistling/whistle for hours in the morning.
  5. I can feel my skin burning. I must have got too much sun.
  6. When we were on a boat in Chile, we saw seals swimming around us and pelicans floating on the water.
  7. My brother snores so loud (that) I can hear him snoring from my room.

Pag. 290

Es. 1

  1. made
  2. let
  3. let
  4. make
  5. make
  6. make
  7. let
  8. let
  9. let
  10. made

Es. 2

  1. get them to change
  2. get them to confess
  3. to get her to go
  4. get me to go
  5. get; to do it

Pag. 291

Es. 3

  1. get
  2. let
  3. make
  4. lets
  5. made
  6. get

Es. 4

  1. got me to sign
  2. didn’t/wouldn’t let us pay
  3. made the cashier open/got the cashier to open
  4. Don’t let/I don’t want you to let/You mustn’t let the cat into
  5. made this area become
  6. you’ll never get her to do

Es. 5

  1. made him happy
  2. let me out
  3. made her respected
  4. make myself understood
  5. make himself heard
  6. let you know

Es. 6

  1. she had me carry
  2. have the boys clean up
  3. He has us do our maths tests
  4. have him look at the decoder

Es. 7

  1. The bad news made us (feel) sad.
  2. I never drink alcohol. It makes me feel strange/dizzy.
  3. Don’t let the dog (go/get) out of the garden.
  4. I can’t get the computer to work.
  5. When will they let us know the results of the exams?
  6. The sudden noise made me start.

Es. 8

  1. Do you think we’ll be allowed to camp inside the national park?
  2. The hooligans were made to leave the stadium (by the police).
  3. The reporter was made to hand over the photos.
  4. All the passengers were made to get off the coach.
  5. Those guys weren’t allowed to enter the club.

Pag. 292

Es. 1

  1. her tattoo removed
  2. it (the sofa) delivered
  3. his ear pierced
  4. her hair done
  5. their photo taken
  6. their car towed

Pag. 293

Es. 2

  1. had them taken
  2. get them done
  3. did she have it made; had it made
  4. get it insured
  5. (have to) have it cleaned
  6. have to/need to get it vaccinated
  7. get it changed
  8. have them washed and ironed

Es. 3

  1. get
  2. got/had
  3. had
  4. get/have
  5. had

Es. 4

  1. get me to
  2. had us wait
  3. let her have
  4. had it mended by
  5. get this job finished
  6. have it painted by

Pag. 294

Es. 1

  1. X
  2. look/seem
  3. us
  4. amazing
  5. as if
  6. smell
  7. feels
  8. skydiving/skydive
  9. seems/ feels
  10. peacefully
  11. looks
  12. sounds
  13. to us
  14. to do
  15. X
  16. gulp
  17. seems
  18. sound

Es. 2

  1. makes David
  2. let us use
  3. the door bang
  4. made us/got us to/had us
  5. give Simon
  6. Kathy to lend
  7. it to us
  8. them to me
  9. cost

Pag. 295

Es. 1

  1. -
    1. looked after
    2. do
    3. to find
    4. cut
    5. to grow
    6. to take
  2. -
    1. cut
    2. to go
    3. making
    4. standing
    5. to be looking
    6. being
    7. to shout
    8. throw
    9. surrounded
    10. to hand over

Es. 2

  1. had/got the curtains washed
  2. it difficult to drive
  3. let me see
  4. was heard to whisper
  5. make myself understood
  6. seems to be
  7. was seen kissing
  8. were not allowed to

Pag. 297

Es. 1

  1. (that) I put
  2. (that) I owe; (that) you were
  3. to wear; (that) he is/’s; (that) he looks
  4. (that) he had/of having; eating/having eaten/(that) he had eaten
  5. (that) she had/’d made; to get
  6. (that) we still had; (that) we had

Pag. 298

Es. 2

  1. studying; reciting
  2. to economise; going; meeting up
  3. attending; listening; (that) they have
  4. writing; to leave; not to answer; missing
  5. to visit; seeing; visiting
  6. complaining; telling; (that) she is/’s being

Es. 3

  1. B and C
  2. C
  3. C
  4. A and B
  5. A and B
  6. B
  7. A and C
  8. C

Es. 4

  1. I thought I knew that man, so I smiled at him. Now I know I was wrong.
  2. I admit being/having been/that I was a bit rude to Emma, but she never realises (that) she insists/she is insisting too much.
  3. I’ve just finished reading this book. It wasn’t particularly interesting, but I enjoyed reading it anyway.
  4. I was about to/was going to pay the bill when I realised (that) I didn’t have my wallet.
  5. I guess I owe you/I have to/ should give you an explanation.
  6. Rupert’s thinking of looking for a different job.

Pag. 300

Es. 1

  1. him to pass the exam/that he would pass
  2. the children to drop ice cream on Aunt Anne’s sofa
  3. someone to help me move this piece of furniture
  4. my parents to sell this house
  5. me to text you or send you an e-mail
  6. the protesters to march through the centre
  7. you to leave your shoes under the bed
  8. Richard to change his mind

Es. 2

  1. for her son to come back home
  2. for Maximilian and Ruth to call us
  3. for our school to break up
  4. for us to finish
  5. for a driver to pick us up

Es. 3

  1. You have to wait/must wait for the red light to go off before you press/pressing the button.
  2. My friends would have liked me to stay longer, but I couldn’t.
  3. Karl and Helen need you to take them to the airport. Their taxi hasn’t arrived yet and I would hate them to miss the/their plane/flight.
  4. I can’t wait for winter to finish/to end.
  5. I don’t expect the children to come to the concert with us. I don’t want them to get bored. I prefer them to stay home with their grandmother.
  6. I don’t like you to smoke/you smoking in front of the children. I’ve told you a thousand times.
  7. I must/I have to have a look at the cake. I wouldn’t like it to get burnt.
  8. Don’t tell Sarah (that) I’ve bought her a present. I want it to be a surprise

Pag. 305

Es. 1

  1. to come; going; to feel
  2. to have; drinking
  3. doing; to do
  4. windsurfing; swimming; to have

Es. 2

  1. lying; to live
  2. rolling around
  3. to think
  4. spending; camp; camping
  5. to feel; to cook
  6. seeing; to get together
  7. to buy; to spend
  8. telling; giving

Es. 3

  1. to invite; making
  2. discussing/to discuss; to show
  3. talking; to fall
  4. to use; to wear
  5. playing; to answer
  6. renovating; to live
  7. cleaning; to clean; raining
  8. not to go; surfing; to drive

Pag. 306

Es. 4

  1. to finish; working
  2. to bring; putting
  3. to do
  4. postponing
  5. writing; to become
  6. to get; applying; hearing

Es. 5

  1. seeing/having seen Angela at the last class reunion
  2. to switch off the lights
  3. envying my elder brother; to be like him
  4. to say this document isn’t valid
  5. having an argument with his best friend
  6. watching films in English
  7. to open the window
  8. opening the window
  9. asking Peter
  10. to ring Maggie several times this morning; ringing her home number at 1.30

Pag. 307

Es. 6

  1. to spend
  2. to visit (decise di)/visiting (propose di)
  3. seeing
  4. to call
  5. forgetting
  6. to leave
  7. to phone/phoning
  8. to meet
  9. not being able
  10. to change
  11. to arrive
  12. ringing
  13. to find
  14. to camp
  15. to realise
  16. coming
  17. making

Pag. 308

Es. 1

  1. C
  2. A/C
  3. B
  4. A/B
  5. A
  6. A/B
  7. A/C
  8. B/C
  9. B
  10. B

Es. 2

  1. you to phone
  2. him to take
  3. for you to
  4. Rosie to fix
  5. looking for
  6. getting up
  7. paying extra
  8. telling Alice

Pag. 309

Es. 1

  1. hearing
  2. to tell
  3. making
  4. me to be
  5. studying/to study
  6. I wasn’t
  7. I knew
  8. to invent/inventing
  9. going
  10. telling
  11. writing
  12. acting
  13. (me) staying
  14. me to leave
  15. to make
  16. telling
  17. to tell
  18. postponing
  19. me to come
  20. I wanted
  21. performing
  22. laughing
  23. laughing/to laugh

Es. 2

  1. reading
  2. doing
  3. to get
  4. going
  5. to pay
  6. to donate
  7. leaving
  8. not to spend
  9. arriving
  10. to get
  11. queuing/to queue
  12. hanging around
  13. seeing

Pag. 312

Es. 1

  1. came back
  2. came out
  3. go away
  4. come in
  5. went up
  6. going down

Es. 2

  1. get on
  2. put on
  3. look into
  4. turn off
  5. look for
  6. switch off
  7. put out
  8. get into

Es. 3

  1. getting on
  2. putting on
  3. look into
  4. turning/ turned off
  5. looking for
  6. Switch off
  7. putting out
  8. getting into

Pag. 313

Es. 4

  1. out
  2. forward
  3. for
  4. off; on
  5. out/off
  6. X
  7. out
  8. for

Es. 5

  1. down
  2. on; off
  3. on; off
  4. on; off
  5. into/ through; for
  6. into
  7. out of; into
  8. off; after

Es. 6

  1. turned it up
  2. looking for them
  3. pick her up
  4. look like her
  5. close it down
  6. cut it down
  7. take it off

Pag. 315

Es. 1

  1. off
  2. down
  3. over
  4. on
  5. up to
  6. out
  7. in
  8. off

Es. 2

  1. we break up
  2. show was over
  3. what’s on
  4. is/’s almost up
  5. his car broke down
  6. fire broke out
  7. must be off
  8. broke into her car

Es. 3

  1. Cecilia and Robert have broken up
  2. the suspect broke down
  3. it’s up to the manager
  4. When did the civil war break out
  5. What have you been up to
  6. wasn’t up to
  7. ’m not through with you

Pag. 317

Es. 1

  1. g
  2. a
  3. e
  4. f
  5. b
  6. h
  7. d
  8. c

Es. 2

  1. brought up
  2. came about
  3. call on you
  4. brought about
  5. call off
  6. calls at
  7. came across
  8. carried on

Es. 3

  1. bring her round
  2. brought me up
  3. carried out
  4. don’t bring it up
  5. they came across a secret passage
  6. brought about the end
  7. call on him
  8. carry on with

Pag. 318

Es. 1

  1. d
  2. a
  3. c
  4. b
  5. g
  6. e
  7. f

Pag. 319

Es. 2

  1. off
  2. in
  3. up
  4. away with
  5. out
  6. off

Es. 3

  1. drops off
  2. drop out of
  3. do away with
  4. do up
  5. cut off
  6. dropped in
  7. cut down

Es. 4

  1. Cut it out
  2. had dropped out
  3. cut down
  4. dropped in on
  5. to get rid of them
  6. dropping me off

Pag. 321

Es. 1

  1. d
  2. b
  3. e
  4. g
  5. h
  6. c
  7. a
  8. f

Es. 2

  1. went off
  2. give up smoking
  3. got away
  4. has/’s got over it/is getting over it
  5. get it across
  6. went over/through
  7. gave up
  8. don’t get on/ along

Es. 3

  1. get it/the situation across to
  2. he got away with
  3. get through to
  4. give it up
  5. Linda got over
  6. always go through/over it
  7. hadn’t gone off
  8. to get away from

Pag. 323

Es. 1

  1. f
  2. a
  3. e
  4. c
  5. g
  6. b
  7. h
  8. d

Es. 2

  1. held up in traffic
  2. keep up with him
  3. heard from him
  4. let her down
  5. make her mind up/ make up her mind
  6. make out that writing
  7. let him on
  8. make up for it

Es. 3

  1. you’ve never heard of
  2. making things up
  3. keep up with your friends
  4. heard from Joe
  5. have held up the garage
  6. made up my mind/ made my mind up
  7. makes up for
  8. let my parents down

Pag. 325

Es. 1

  1. c
  2. h
  3. a
  4. f
  5. b
  6. d
  7. g
  8. e

Es. 2

  1. ran over a rabbit
  2. run out of tea bags
  3. see him off
  4. set out/off really early
  5. put it off
  6. showed up at the part
  7. to set up a café
  8. put up with their bad behaviour

Es. 3

  1. will/can put you up
  2. put it off till
  3. is/’s always showing off
  4. people showed up/turned up
  5. put me through to
  6. putting it out
  7. to set up their equipment

Pag. 327

Es. 1

  1. b
  2. a
  3. d
  4. g
  5. f
  6. e
  7. h
  8. c

Es. 2

  1. it turned out
  2. turned down his application
  3. take after my mum
  4. take up a sport
  5. worked it out
  6. tells me off
  7. planes taking off
  8. takes up too much space

Es. 3

  1. taking off her French teacher
  2. took to each other
  3. will ever turn up
  4. to take in Alison
  5. will (ever) work it out
  6. doesn’t take after
  7. were turned down (several times)

Pag. 328

Es. 1

  1. on/along with
  2. out
  3. it down
  4. forward to
  5. put on a

Es. 2

  1. put up with
  2. got over
  3. brought up
  4. work (it) out
  5. ’re up to
  6. drop in
  7. told (the children) off
  8. run out of credit
  9. keep up with you
  10. put off
  11. give up
  12. making (it all) up

Es. 3

  1. turned down his
  2. make up for
  3. were held up
  4. made up her mind
  5. let his family down
  6. didn’t turn up
  7. see Mary off

Pag. 333

Es. 1

  1. Are these binoculars yours?
  2. Which means of transport…
  3. … Have you seen them?
  4. correct
  5. … is my favourite food.
  6. correct
  7. Can you wear shorts…
  8. those pyjamas/that pair of pyjamas
  9. … scales are unreliable.
  10. How many sheep are…

Es. 2

  1. is
  2. have; they
  3. many; were
  4. is
  5. is
  6. It’s
  7. is
  8. There’s

Es. 3

  1. is/are
  2. were
  3. go
  4. were
  5. isn’t
  6. is
  7. is
  8. rucksacks
  9. dislike
  10. have
  11. lives
  12. was/were

Es. 4

  1. These scales must be broken. I can’t weigh so much.
  2. You must/have to put some sun lotion on because the sun’s/is very strong here at the equator.
  3. The contents of that old trunk were very interesting.
  4. On/In the outskirts of this town there are a lot of gardens/ parks.
  5. The Middle Ages are/is an interesting historical period.
  6. At (the) customs they asked us how much money we had on us.
  7. The stairs were very steep and the flat was at the top of three flights (of stairs).
  8. The Romans conquered many peoples.
  9. Haven’t the goods arrived yet?

Pag. 337

Es. 1

  1. toasted sandwich
  2. jar
  3. bars of chocolate
  4. bar of soap
  5. tube of toothpaste
  6. campsite/ camping site
  7. slices/pieces of toast
  8. pieces/ sheets of paper

Es. 2

  1. correct
  2. We’re having lovely weather.
  3. correct
  4. … some grapes?
  5. … a car park/ parking area
  6. … some/a tube of toothpaste

Es. 3

  1. housework
  2. information; is
  3. is; luggage; It’s
  4. is; furniture
  5. This; was
  6. transport; it isn’t
  7. is business
  8. advice
  9. some
  10. Work; jobs

Es. 4

  1. a; X
  2. a; X
  3. X
  4. an; X
  5. X; a
  6. X
  7. X; a
  8. X
  9. X; a
  10. a; X; X

Pag. 338

Es. 5

  1. Is there any
  2. piece of
  3. piece/item of
  4. How many
  5. pieces of
  6. much/a lot of/great damage

Es. 6

  1. a gossip; gossip
  2. flash of lightning
  3. clap of thunder/thunderclap
  4. thunder; lightning

Es. 7

  1. laugh
  2. behaviour is
  3. was no applause
  4. transport is
  5. laughter

Es. 8

  1. The flood caused a lot of damage.
  2. Why did you give me the wrong information?
  3. Our luggage hasn’t arrived yet. I hope it hasn’t got lost.
  4. This gossip is just rubbish.
  5. Matt is talking a load of nonsense/ rubbish.
  6. We’ve got two pieces of good news for you.

Pag. 340

Es. 1

  1. This is a cotton T-shirt.
  2. That is/’s a clothes shop.
  3. Tom’s a police officer.
  4. This is a wooden tray.
  5. It’s a Liverpool band.
  6. Your trouser hem is frayed.
  7. The garden gate is open.
  8. Those are woollen snoods.
  9. That is/’s a fruit stall.
  10. There’s a large conference hall here.

Pag. 341

Es. 2

  1. flower vase
  2. vase of flowers
  3. box of chocolates
  4. chocolate box
  5. milk jug
  6. jug of milk

Es. 3

  1. 40-kilometre marathon
  2. a two-month-old baby
  3. a thirteenth/13th-century chapel
  4. twelve-hour
  5. three-year contract
  6. a five-year war
  7. six one-litre bottles
  8. a ten-storey building
  9. two five-euro notes
  10. a ninety-year-old lady

Es. 4

  1. a pair of high-heeled shoes
  2. a short-sighted woman
  3. a broad-shouldered boy
  4. a longeared animal
  5. a grey-bearded man
  6. a blue-eyed child
  7. a fair-haired girl
  8. a shortsleeved blouse

Pag. 343

Es. 1

  1. Do you know Sandra’s two brothers?
  2. David and Mia’s e-mail has just arrived.
  3. Yesterday I met my father-in-law’s ex-wife.
  4. Tom’s and Matt’s families are large.
  5. These glasses must be somebody else’s.
  6. Glenda and Linda’s books are all over the floor.
  7. Have you heard Muse’s latest CD?
  8. This is nobody’s dog.
  9. I’m sure this dress is Ada’s. It can’t be anybody else’s.
  10. Do you like J. K. Rowling’s books?

Pag. 344

Es. 2

  1. not possible
  2. not possible
  3. florist’s
  4. not possible
  5. baker’s
  6. greengrocer’s
  7. not possible

Es. 3

  1. the bottom of this street
  2. the handle of this door
  3. the Government’s foreign policy/the foreign policy of the Government
  4. someone else’s fault/ the fault of someone else
  5. the national parks of Namibia/Namibia’s national parks
  6. the country’s main industry/the main industry of the country
  7. the problems of the homeless
  8. the Minister of Foreign Affairs

Es. 4A

  1. two hours’ delay
  2. last night’s news
  3. next week’s concert
  4. a couple of hours’ rest
  5. half an hour’s break
  6. a month’s tour
  7. twenty minutes’ wait
  8. two weeks’ holiday

Es. 4B

  • 6. a one-month tour
  • 7. twenty-minute wait
  • 8. two-week holiday

Pag. 345

Es. 5A

  1. twenty minutes’ ride
  2. minutes’ walk
  3. only fifteen minutes’ drive

Es. 5B

  1. twenty-minute ride
  2. forty-minute walk
  3. fifteen-minute drive

Es. 6

  1. My parents have just come back from a two-week holiday/two weeks’ holiday in Greece.
  2. Do you like the colour of Esther’s hair?
  3. The beach is about half an hour’s walk/a half-hour walk from here.
  4. This week’s test is less difficult than last week’s.
  5. Once the flower market wasn’t far from here. I went/used to go there often because everything cost much less than at the florist’s near my place/home.
  6. The repair of this washing machine was an afternoon’s work.
  7. After an eleven-hour journey they were all exhausted.
  8. My flat is on the third floor and Susan and Mark’s is on the fifth.
  9. We have a half-hour tea break/ half an hour’s tea break in the afternoon, but we work till seven.
  10. There’s a farmers’ market every Thursday and I usually buy vegetables there, but if I haven’t got time I go to the greengrocer’s.

Pag. 346

Es. 1

  1. A
  2. A/B
  3. B
  4. A/B
  5. B
  6. B
  7. A
  8. A/B

Es. 2

  1. sheet
  2. loaves
  3. pints
  4. boxes
  5. slices
  6. jar
  7. bar
  8. can; glass
  9. tins/cans

Es. 3

  1. Your mother’s present is on the table.
  2. Ally’s and Lucia’s phones are expensive.
  3. What do you know about Sir Isaac Newton’s discoveries?
  4. I’m sure this is Jess’s scarf/this scarf is Jess’s.
  5. That problem is someone else’s responsibility.
  6. Do you like Ridley Scott’s films?

Pag. 347

Es. 4

  1. a wooden table
  2. at Frank’s (house)
  3. a three-storey building
  4. my trouser pocket
  5. in the interests of hygiene
  6. campsites/camping sites; five-star accommodation

Es. 5

  1. work; job
  2. information; times; hour
  3. luggage; bags
  4. businesses; business
  5. money; euros
  6. hair; news

Es. 6

  1. didn’t make much progress
  2. was some interesting news
  3. a four-hour journey to
  4. was no evidence
  5. group of students were
  6. hours’ sleep last night

Pag. 348

Es. 1

  1. They/People
  2. We
  3. You/One/People
  4. You/ One
  5. They/People
  6. we

Es. 2

  1. Second-hand books are bought and sold.
  2. Tea is served from 4.30 to 6.00.
  3. Heavy rain is expected in the afternoon.
  4. The Government’s decision isn’t known yet.

Pag. 350

Es. 1

  1. the/those; ones
  2. one; one; the; one; The one
  3. the one; that one; one
  4. those ones; the; one
  5. ones; ones; One; one; one
  • A
    1. Which ones
    2. The; ones
    3. ones
    4. the ones
    5. the ones
    6. ones
  • B
    1. one
    2. a; one
    3. the; ones
  • C
    1. Which bread
    2. the bread
    3. The ones
    4. ones
  • D
    1. the money
    2. money

Pag. 351

Es. 3

  1. one
  2. one
  3. one; it
  4. it; one; it
  5. one; it; it; one

Es. 4

  1. … for one after lunch.
  2. … than the homework I’m doing now
  3. … is Josie’s
  4. … any larger ones?
  5. correct
  6. correct

Es. 5

  1. - I’d like a piece/portion of pizza. • Which one/pizza/kind? This one/pizza/kind with peppers or that one/pizza/kind with ham?
  2. Jean has (got) a piano but she never plays it. If I had one, I’d want to/I’d like to learn to play it.
  3. - How much are those jeans? • Which ones? - The/Those white ones.
  4. - We need a pen. Have you got one? • I’ve got one, but it’s red.
  5. - Which is Olivia’s car? • It’s the/that grey one outside the theatre.
  6. - Why don’t we watch the film on Channel 4? • No, let’s watch the one on BBC 2.
  7. - That girl is my sister. • Which one? - The one with the blue pullover.
  8. - Can you lend me that book? • This one or the/that one with the red cover? - No, the/that one up there on the second shelf.

Pag. 354

Es. 1

  1. ourselves
  2. yourself
  3. yourselves
  4. themselves
  5. myself
  6. himself
  7. herself
  8. itself

Es. 2

  1. yourself; X
  2. her
  3. my
  4. herself
  5. ourselves
  6. your
  7. my
  8. yourselves

Es. 3

  1. by ourselves/on our own
  2. The printer itself is quite cheap…
  3. (all) by herself
  4. …by Mr Lowe himself
  5. by yourself
  6. yourselves
  7. … but I myself couldn’t do that one
  8. by itself

Es. 4

  1. take care of/look after himself
  2. make yourselves at home
  3. kept himself to himself
  4. take care of/look after oneself
  5. help themselves

Pag. 355

Es. 5

  1. get cold
  2. are getting longer
  3. fall asleep
  4. got married
  5. got very angry
  6. fell ill
  7. wake up
  8. be getting late
  9. get hurt
  10. get bored

Es. 6

  1. relax
  2. apologised
  3. make ourselves
  4. stop
  5. taught herself
  6. congratulated
  7. wonder
  8. make yourself

Es. 7

  1. one another
  2. yourselves
  3. ourselves
  4. each other
  5. each other; themselves
  6. one another
  7. each other; each other
  8. ourselves
  9. one another; each other
  10. one another; themselves

Pag. 357

Es. 1

  1. some friends of his
  2. a teacher of yours
  3. A colleague of mine
  4. a cousin of theirs
  5. some relatives of ours
  6. two classmates of mine

Es. 2A

  1. Some of Jennifer’s songs are very good.
  2. One of the Clarks’ sons lives in China.
  3. Some of Jack’s relatives are quite rich.
  4. Two of Francesca’s nephews are twins.
  5. Many of my books are rare editions.

Es. 2B

  1. Some songs of Jennifer’s are very good.
  2. A son of the Clarks’ lives in China.
  3. Some relatives of Jack’s are quite rich.
  4. Two nephews of Francesca’s are twins.
  5. Many books of mine are rare editions.

Pag. 358

Es. 3

  1. one or two of your sister’s CDs/one or two CDs of your sister’s
  2. a cousin of Rob’s/one of Rob’s cousins
  3. Some relatives of my husband’s/Some of my husband’s relatives
  4. two neighbours of Sue’s/two of Sue’s neighbours
  5. some friends of my brother’s/some of my brother’s friends
  6. an uncle of Brad’s/one of Brad’s uncles

Es. 4

  1. old scooter of yours
  2. of my DVDs/DVDs of mine
  3. schoolmates of her friend’s
  4. classmate of his
  5. cousin of Peter’s
  6. tablet of Mum’s
  7. new ideas of ours/of our new ideas
  8. friends of my parents’

Es. 5

  1. That boyfriend of Sara’s is very good-looking.
  2. I don’t like those friends of my sister’s.
  3. May/Can I bring another friend of mine to your party?
  4. In July I’m going to the sea/ seaside with some friends of mine.
  5. Can/May we borrow some DVDs of yours?/some of your DVDs?
  6. Mike should/ought to throw away that old tie of his.
  7. Last night we went to a pizzeria with two new friends of Zoe’s.
  8. Yesterday I met an old classmate of mine.

Es. 6

  1. their own
  2. her own
  3. my own
  4. you own
  5. their own
  6. your own
  7. my own
  8. his own

Pag. 359

Es. 1

  1. the/my
  2. my; the
  3. the
  4. her
  5. her
  6. the
  7. the
  8. his/her
  9. the
  10. your

Es. 2

  1. the head
  2. in/on the face
  3. on the shoulder
  4. on the cheek

Pag. 361

Es. 1

  1. It’s/That’s
  2. That’s
  3. it
  4. This is
  5. that
  6. that
  7. That’s
  8. This; it

Es. 2

  1. It was two years ago that it happened.
  2. It’s my wallet (that) I’m looking for.
  3. It’s Macbeth (that) we’re seeing tomorrow night.
  4. It’s Bob and Alice who/that can’t come.
  5. It was Kate who/that said that.
  6. It was his/the manager’s secretary (that) I spoke to.
  7. It was the children who/that made all this mess.
  8. It was on the flight back that we met.

Es. 3

  1. If that’s what you think, I won’t say anything else.
  2. - Did Martin really do that? That’s/It’s scandalous! • It wasn’t Martin who/that did it. It was Keith.
  3. So you’ve decided what to study at university. That’s an important decision.
  4. I never said that. It was Cheryl and Ben who/that said it.
  5. - Your phone’s ringing. • It isn’t mine/my one that’s ringing. It’s yours/your one.
  6. - Have you heard Sandy’s idea? It’s ridiculous! • That’s not true. It isn’t that/so absurd.
  7. Listen! This is what Jane said to me/told me last night

Pag. 362

Es. 1

  1. they/people
  2. we
  3. You; you
  4. One; one’s
  5. we/people; we
  6. your; you’ll [or their; they’ll]
  7. you/people
  8. They/People

Es. 2

  1. … I don’t need one
  2. … a white one and two red ones
  3. … a new one
  4. Let’s meet by…
  5. … mine or yours; it’s your wife’s
  6. than the training he used to do
  7. … by himself/on his own or with friends
  8. … enjoyed ourselves/it a lot
  9. … any flat ones
  10. … to concentrate more
  11. … an old school friend of mine/one of my old school friends
  12. … cuts his own hair/cuts his hair himself

Es. 3

  1. myself
  2. of ours
  3. of their
  4. on her
  5. a; of mine/ours
  6. them; of our
  7. the ones; the ones
  8. my; yours (or) your; mine; yours; me; yourself Pag. 36

Es. 3

  1. 1 her/a
  2. his/the
  3. their; their
  4. his/her/a
  5. your
  6. a; my/the
  7. the
  8. the

Es. 5

  1. that
  2. That/It
  3. it; that; that; that
  4. it; that
  5. this; That; it; That; this
  6. this; it; this; this/that

Pag. 363

Es. 4

  1. her/a
  2. his/the
  3. their; their
  4. his/her/a
  5. your
  6. a; my/the
  7. the
  8. the

Es. 5

  1. that
  2. That/It
  3. it; that; that; that
  4. it; that
  5. this; That; it; That; this
  6. this; it; this; this/that

Es. 6

  1. was Henry who took your pencil case
  2. was his wife (that) I had/’d met before the party
  3. is/’s his classmates (that) he’s angry with
  4. is/’s my sister’s house (that) they’re staying at
  5. is/’s tomorrow night (that) the film’s on
  6. is/’s Tina and Alex who have to go home now
  7. was at night (that) the accident happened
  8. was Jackie who managed to find their ca


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