Language for life B1+ - Soluzioni

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Language for life B1+
Lflb1+.jpg
Autore Ben Wetz
Materia Inglese
Volume B1+
Editore Oxford University Press
ISBN 9780194606882
Anno 2017
Scuola Secondaria di II grado
Classe Terza

Unit 1: Lost & found

Pag. 6

Es. 1

Liz talks about an armchair. Andy talks about a violin.

Es. 2

  1. It’s in the guest bedroom.
  2. It’s too small and it’s really uncomfortable.
  3. His great-great uncle or great-great-great uncle made it.
  4. They were musicians.
  5. Because he gave up the violin when he was younger

Es. 3

  1. Joseph
  2. Holly
  3. Zoe
  4. Ben
  5. Megan

Es. 4

  1. lose
  2. find
  3. get rid of
  4. lose touch with
  5. recognise
  6. get back in touch with
  7. come across
  8. keep
  9. remind (someone) of
  10. remind someone of
  11. remind of
  12. remind me of
  13. miss
  14. know
  15. know (something)
  16. know (something) by heart
  17. know something by heart
  18. know by heart
  19. remember
  20. forget

Pag. 7

Es. 5

  1. O
  2. S
  3. S
  4. O
  5. O
  6. O

Pag. 8

Es. 1

He remembered a river near his home, a fountain and a cinema

Es. 2

  1. He played near his house.
  2. He couldn’t find his brother.
  3. He got onto a train to Kolkata.
  4. He arrived in Kolkata.
  5. A family adopted him.
  6. He travelled to Australia from India.
  7. He found his village online.
  8. He travelled to India from Australia.

Pag. 9

Es. 4

  1. set out
  2. make out
  3. turned out
  4. find out
  5. work out

Es. 5

  1. find out
  2. work out
  3. make out
  4. turned out
  5. set out

Es. 6

  1. had
  2. hadn't
  3. had
  4. past participle

Es. 7

  1. drawn
  2. kept
  3. thrown
  4. liked
  5. given

Es. 8

  1. showed, had taken
  2. did you realise, had lost
  3. hadn't arrived, left
  4. Had you met, started
  5. read, hadn't had

Pag. 10

Es. 1

  1. damaged
  2. waterproof
  3. valuable
  4. rusty
  5. common
  6. personal
  7. fashionable
  8. digital
  9. current

Es. 4

b

Es. 5

  1. T
  2. F
  3. T
  4. F
  5. F
  6. T
  7. F
  8. T

Pag. 11

Es. 7

  1. object
  2. subject

Es. 8

  1. threw away
  2. did you meet
  3. did you recognise
  4. recognised
  5. happened
  6. did they find

Es. 9

  1. remembered Leah’s birthday?
  2. gave Leah a bag
  3. people phoned Leah (on her birthday)
  4. did Edward forget
  5. reminded him (about Leah's birthday)
  6. posters did Edward buy (for Leah)

Es. 10

  1. Who taught you English last year?
  2. What do you remember about your 11th birthday?
  3. Who did you see last weekend?
  4. What happened at school yesterday?
  5. Who lives in the house or flat next door to yours?

Es. 11

2
3
1

  1. past perfect
  2. past simple
  3. past continuous

Es. 12

  1. was working
  2. hadn’t had
  3. was feeling
  4. decided
  5. put
  6. threw
  7. was emptying
  8. started
  9. had written
  10. married

Es. 13

  1. I got up early this morning.
  2. At 8 o'clock today I had already been awake for 2 hours.
  3. I was having breakfast at 7 o'clock this morning.
  4. I was listening to some music while I was having breakfast.
  5. The sun was shining when I left the house.
  6. When I got to school the first lesson had already begun.

Es. 14

  1. What were you doing at this exact time yesterday?
  2. When did you go to the cinema last?
  3. Had you studied much English before you started at this school?
  4. Had you done your homework before you got home yesterday?
  5. Was the sun shining when you woke up today?

Pag. 12

Es. 2

He didn’t phone his parents because he wanted to show them that he was independent.

Es. 3

  1. emotions
  2. anger
  3. interesting

Es. 6

  1. Have I told you about the time
  2. I remember feeling
  3. It was the day of
  4. Unfortunately
  5. Anyway, back to the story.
  6. All in all, it wasn't

Es. 8

Students’ own answers. Possible answer:
Have I told you about the time I got lost during my school trip to London? No one in my family had ever been to London before, and I think my parents were more excited than me! They had told me to take lots of photos. Anyway, back to the story. It was the day of a visit to the Tower of London. As we were talking there with our teacher, I saw a great view of the river, and I stopped to take a photo. But when I looked for my classmates, they had disappeared! I didn’t know which way to go. I remember feeling really scared because I couldn’t really speak English then, and London is a huge city. Luckily, I heard a couple speaking Italian. I asked them if they knew where the Tower of London was. They were very kind, and they gave me a map. I ran there, and my teacher and classmates were waiting for me. We had missed our guided tour, but we did one an hour later instead. So all in all, it wasn’t a disaster.

Pag. 13

Es. 3

  1. song
  2. rhyme
  3. sentence
  4. sentence
  5. picture
  6. route

Es. 4

  1. blue
  2. June
  3. mother
  4. lazy
  5. trainers
  6. banana

Unit 2: Fads & fashion

Pag. 14

Es. 1

Duran Duran

Es. 2

  1. F
  2. T
  3. F
  4. T
  5. T

Es. 3

  1. 1990s
  2. Grumpy Cat
  3. 1,600
  4. five seconds
  5. application
  6. Two billion

Es. 4

Nouns

fad

craze

toy

meme

gadget

app

Verbs

swap

share

collect

go viral

Both

post

view

like

tweet

Es. 5

  1. B
  2. A
  3. B
  4. A
  5. C
  6. B

Pag. 16

Es. 2

a

Es. 3

  1. B
  2. A
  3. C
  4. B
  5. B

Es. 5

amazingly - amazing
seriously - serious
apparently - apparent
obviously - obvious

Es. 6

  1. Personally
  2. sadly
  3. Impressively
  4. Unfortunately
  5. stupidly

Pag. 17

Es. 7

  1. different
  2. didn’t use to
  3. Did … use to?

Es. 8

  1. used
  2. used
  3. didn't
  4. use
  5. to

Es. 9

  1. He didn't use to live
  2. He used to be
  3. He didn't use to work
  4. He didn't use to buy
  5. He didn't use to wear
  6. He used to wear
  7. He didn't use to have
  8. He used to play

Pag. 18

Es. 1

A 4
B 3
C 1
D 2

Es. 2

tight adjectives to describe clothes

jeans clothes

stripy patterns

shirt clothes

collars parts of clothes

sleeves parts of clothes

boots footwear

shoes footwear

skirts clothes

dresses clothes

baggy adjectives to describe clothes

trousers clothes

suits clothes

jackets clothes

hats clothes

Es. 3

socks Clothes

checked Patterns

trainers Footwear

zip Parts of clothes

vintage Adjectives to describe clothes

tie Clothes

leggings Clothes

scarf Clothes

trendy Adjectives to describe clothes

button Parts of clothes

Es. 4

  1. 2
  2. 1
  3. 3

Es. 5

  1. F
  2. T
  3. F
  4. T
  5. F
  6. F

Pag. 19

Es. 7

  1. loudly
  2. carefully
  3. usually
  4. personally
  5. obviously
  6. in a silly way

Es. 8

  1. He put on his jacket quickly.
  2. Georgia often wears vintage hats.
  3. Unusually, she only wears second-hand clothes.
  4. I'm hardly ever at home in the evenings.
  5. He wore his new uniform on his first day of school proudly.
  6. Zara played the flute beautifully when she was a child.
  7. Liam studied hard all summer and passed all his exams.
  8. Embarrassingly, my parents often wear clothes that used to be fashionable in the 1980s.

Es. 9

  1. He answered the teacher in a silly way.
  2. She tried on her new clothes happily.
  3. I got up early this morning.
  4. He said hello in a friendly way.
  5. They danced to the music in a lively way.
  6. She solved the problem easily.

Es. 10

  1. more
  2. the most confidently
  3. faster
  4. the earliest
  5. the best
  6. worse

Es. 11

  1. more elegantly
  2. the best
  3. harder
  4. more slowly
  5. more quietly
  6. the most accurately

Es. 13

  1. Can you remember your time at primary school clearly?
  2. What lessons did you use to enjoy there?
  3. Did you learn to read more quickly or more slowly than your friends?
  4. Did you make friends easily?
  5. Who did you use to play with?
  6. What did you use to do after lessons?

Pag. 20

Es. 2

Maya bought a new jacket recently. Andy thinks it’s cool.

Es. 4

  1. such
  2. too
  3. so
  4. enough
  5. such a
  1. 4
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 1
  5. 5

Pag. 21

Es. 2

A

Es. 3

  1. music
  2. exhibition
  3. time
  4. videos
  5. food
  6. venue
  7. publicity

Unit 3: It's up to you

Pag. 22

Es. 1

Yes, they both made the right decision.

Es. 2

  1. Maths
  2. English Literature, Spanish, History, Philosophy
  3. Her teacher encouraged her to think about what subject she might study at university.
  4. In shops, cafés and restaurants.
  5. It’s the thing he enjoys most in life.

Es. 5

  1. rush into things
  2. put off
  3. change his mind
  4. take their advice
  5. took their time
  6. regret

Pag. 24

Es. 1

  1. b
  2. e
  3. d

Es. 2

  1. He lay down on a cold floor in his home and he had the strangest feeling that he wanted to live as a dog.
  2. No, he/she doesn’t.
  3. They both live(d) without money.
  4. Mark lives in one place, but Heidemarie travelled around.
  5. It finished in 2015.
  6. Because Blair was born in that year

Es. 4

  1. -ful
  2. -y
  3. -less

Es. 5

  1. fatty
  2. thoughtful
  3. useless
  4. forgetful
  5. stormy
  6. pointless

Pag. 25

Es. 6

  1. PP
  2. PPC
  3. PPC
  4. PP
  5. for
  6. since

Es. 7

  1. 's been raining
  2. 've made
  3. 've been making
  4. 've been reading
  5. has finished
  6. 's left

Es. 8

  1. 's been living
  2. for
  3. 's been travelling
  4. since
  5. hasn't bought
  6. for
  7. 's been
  8. since

Es. 9

Possible questions:

  1. How long have you been friends with Massimo?
  2. How long have you been studying English?
  3. How long have you been playing tennis?
  4. How long have you lived in Verona?
  5. How long have you been doing this exercise?
  6. How long have you had your watch?
  7. How long have you been wearing those jeans?

Pag. 26

Es. 4

Age Country
Sophie 17 UK
Zach 18 USA

Es. 5

  1. F
  2. T
  3. F
  4. F
  5. T
  6. F
  7. F

Pag. 27

Es. 6

  1. PS
  2. PP
  3. PP
  4. PS
  5. PS
  6. PP
  7. PS

Es. 7

  1. got married - finished time
  2. 've started - unfinished time
  3. haven't used - unfinished time
  4. got - finished time
  5. did your sister leave - finished time
  6. Did you do - finished time
  7. hasn't tweeted - unfinished time
  8. changed - finished time

Es. 8

  1. 've been
  2. got
  3. 've learned
  4. 've saved
  5. 've decided
  6. bought
  7. haven't used
  8. spent

Es. 9

  1. just
  2. already
  3. yet
  4. still

Es. 10

  1. I've already voted in an election.
    I've just voted in an election.
  2. Have you left school yet?
    Have you already left school?
  3. He still hasn't opened a new bank account.
    He hasn't opened a new bank account yet.
  4. Our teacher has just given us our results.
    Our teacher has already given us our results.
  5. We still haven't tried that new restaurant in town.
    We haven't tried that new restaurant in town yet.
  6. Has Pete got a new job yet?
    Has Pete already got a new job?

Es. 11

  1. What have you been studying at school recently?
  2. How long have you been sitting in that chair?
  3. How long have you known your best friend?
  4. When did you start at this school?
  5. Has this lesson just started?
  6. Have you made any plans for the weekend yet?

Es. 12

Possible answers:
Charlie hasn’t joined a gym yet.
He hasn’t found a part-time job yet.
He’s already taken driving lessons.
He’s just passed his driving test.
He hasn’t become a vegetarian yet.
He’s already made some new friends.
He’s already chosen what to study at university.
He hasn’t bought a new bike yet.

Pag. 28

Es. 1

Students’ own answers. Possible answer:
The boy and girl are sitting at a table outside, perhaps in a park. The girl doesn’t look happy. I think she’s feeling worried about something - perhaps something that she’s done, or a decision that she has to make. The boy is looking concerned. He wants to help her, perhaps by listening to what is worrying her.

Es. 2

Jodie has to decide whether to stay at school for two more years or do a course in photography at the college.

Es. 4

  1. 7
  2. 1
  3. 4
  4. 5
  5. 2
  6. 6
  7. 3

Pag. 29

Es. 2

2

Es. 4

  1. 5
  2. 4
  3. 2
  4. 1
  5. 3

Pag. 30

Es. 1

  1. was tidying
  2. found
  3. was looking
  4. came
  5. hadn't thought
  6. hadn't forgotten
  7. looked
  8. sent
  9. replied
  10. was watching
  11. turns out
  12. 'd moved
  13. 'd be
  14. wants
  15. do you want

Es. 2

  1. used to live
  2. didn't use to meet
  3. didn't use to like
  4. used to wear
  5. used to laugh
  6. Did you use to have

Es. 3

  1. dances badly.
  2. passed the exam easily.
  3. always arrives late for school.
  4. lost the match, strangely.
  5. sings more nicely than Alice.
  6. works the hardest in our class.

Es. 4

  1. 've known
  2. 's been doing
    still hasn't finished
  3. bought
    haven't used
  4. were you
  5. 've already spoken
    phoned
  6. 's had
  7. didn't see
  8. have you been hiding
  9. 's just gone out
  10. started

Es. 5

Hi Florence
I’m in Maine, USA, on holiday in the mountains. I’ve been walking for seven days! I’d never visited before - it’s beautiful countryside and it reminds me of Europe.
I didn’t use to enjoy being outside but now I adore it. The weather has been cold, but I’m wearing the big checked shirt and waterproof jacket that Mum gave me. I’ve already seen lots of interesting things and I’ve just posted some photos. Share or ‘like’ them if you want. I’ve posted some videos too - maybe they’ll go viral!
My leg is hurting a bit today. I was climbing a mountain yesterday and I fell. Maybe I was going too quickly. It’s better to take my time and walk more slowly and more carefully. I haven’t eaten my breakfast yet. There’s a café here with a lot of delicious food. I can’t make up my mind what to choose.
I miss you a lot. Send me a tweet with your news!
Lots of love,
Matilda

Pag. 31

Es. 6

  1. collects
  2. hesitate
  3. regret
  4. consider
  5. recognize
  6. miss
  7. keep
  8. swap

Es. 7

  1. vintage
  2. suit
  3. valuable
  4. fad
  5. waterproof
  6. sleeve
  7. gadget
  8. baggy
  9. rusty
  10. toy

Es. 8

  1. came across
  2. of
  3. make
  4. Take
  5. common
  6. find out
  7. do
  8. taking

Es. 9

  1. Did you use to have a favourite toy when you were little?
  2. Where did you go to primary school?
  3. Had you already studied English when you came to this school?
  4. Who taught you English last year?
  5. Do you sometimes dance in a silly way?
  6. Who cooks the most imaginatively in your family?
  7. Have you chosen your future job yet?
  8. What were you wearing at nine o'clock last night?
  9. Have you lived in this town for a long time?
  10. What music have you been listening to recently?

Es. 11

  1. 3
  2. 8
  3. 1
  4. 9
  5. 10
  6. 4
  7. 2
  8. 6
  9. 5
  10. 7

Unit 4: What's it worth

Pag. 32

Es. 1

They’re usually lower.

Es. 2

  1. T
  2. F
  3. F
  4. F
  5. T

Es. 3

Verbs Nouns
cost products
rent status symbols
be value
worth consumer
save business
spend marketing
promote advertising
producer
profit
brands
advertisements
bargain

Es. 4

  1. B
  2. C
  3. B
  4. A
  5. A
  6. C
  7. A

Pag. 33

Es. 5

  1. spends
  2. saving
  3. bargain
  4. products
  5. promoting
  6. symbol
  7. advertisement

Pag. 34

Es. 1

  1. T
  2. T
  3. F
  4. F

Es. 2

  1. They make tutorials on fashion and make-up.
  2. They must be entertaining and they must talk about things that interest teenagers.
  3. Yes, they can. Sometimes influencers are paid for each ‘like’ or view that their videos get.
  4. They don’t pay anything for them.
  5. Because teenagers spend a lot of their money on their favourite brands.

Es. 4

  1. d
  2. e
  3. a
  4. c
  5. f
  6. b

Es. 5

  1. loads
  2. cool
  3. reckon
  4. loaded
  5. guys
  6. stuff

Pag. 35

Es. 6

  1. the definite article (the)
  2. no article

Es. 7

  1. -
  2. the; -
  3. -; -
  4. the
  5. -
  6. -; -
  7. the; the; -
  8. The; the

Es. 8

a Sentences 4 and 8
b Sentence 8
c Sentence 7
d Sentence 2
e Sentences 1 and 3
f Sentences 2, 6 and 7
g Sentence 5

Pag. 36

Es. 1

shelves, window shopping, scanner, customer

Es. 3

  1. checkout
  2. customer
  3. scanner
  4. receipt
  5. fit
  6. deliver
  7. exchange
  8. suit

Es. 4

  1. E
  2. B
  3. A
  4. F
  5. D
  6. C

Es. 5

  1. advertisements
  2. screen
  3. colour
  4. special offers
  5. virtual store
  6. touchscreen
  7. area
  8. exists

Pag. 37

Es. 6

  1. d
  2. a
  3. b
  4. c

Es. 7

  1. won’t shop
  2. might give
  3. ’m going to live
  4. ’ll help
  5. ’re building

Es. 8

  1. future
  2. timetable

Es. 9

  1. The train to Liverpool leaves at 10.26.
  2. The match starts at#p.m.
  3. It finishes at 4.45.
  4. The train home arrives at 19.04.

Es. 10

I’m travelling to Scotland tomorrow. The coach leaves at 9.15.
I’m going to listen to my favourite music. I’m sure that I’ll enjoy the journey.

Es. 11

  1. ’m meeting
  2. are you having
  3. ’m going
  4. ’ll leave
  5. Are you going to buy
  6. might go
  7. might see
  8. ’ll need
  9. leaves

Es. 12

  1. When have you got English lessons next week?
  2. What are you going to do after school today?
  3. Are you going on holiday in the summer?
  4. What do you think the weather will be like tomorrow?
  5. What are your plans for the weekend?
  6. Are you doing anything interesting next week?

Responses are students’ own answers.

Pag. 38

Es. 2

He wants to return them and get a refund.

Es. 4

  1. c
  2. d
  3. b
  4. a
  5. e

Pag. 39

Es. 3

  1. 2
  2. 1
  3. 4
  4. 3

Unit 5: In the mood

Pag. 40

Es. 1

Jodie is the most emotional.

Es. 2

  1. Hugo
  2. Jodie
  3. Simon
  4. Jodie, Simon
  5. Hugo

Pag. 41

Es. 4

c

Es. 5

  1. worried
  2. ashamed
  3. embarrassed
  4. stressful
  5. proud
  6. relieved
  7. disgusting
  8. sympathetic
  9. guilty

Es. 6

  1. She feels disgusted because her friend lets her dogs lick her face.
  2. He feels worried because he’s had a difficult exam.
  3. She feels guilty because she copied some work from the Internet.
  4. He feels proud because he did a run for charity last weekend.
  5. She feels embarrassed because her friend posted a terrible photo of her on social media.

Pag. 42

Es. 1

2

Es. 2

  1. F. For most of history, people generally believed that animals didn’t have a personality or feelings.
  2. F. Elephants sometimes return to the place where another elephant died months later.
  3. T
  4. F. Mice get agitated when another mouse is in pain.
  5. T
  6. F. The author believes that animals are capable of feeling emotions.

Es. 4

  1. legged
  2. hearted
  3. brained
  4. minde

Pag. 43

Es. 5

  1. blooded
  2. haired
  3. handed
  4. sleeved
  5. wheeled
  6. skinned

Es. 6

  1. aren’t
  2. are
  3. be + -ing form

Es. 7

  1. can’t
  2. might/could/may
  3. might/could/may
  4. can’t
  5. must
  6. might/could/may
  7. must

Pag. 44

Es. 1

  1. work out
  2. sing along
  3. keep up with
  4. take out
  5. put on
  6. cheer up
  7. calm down
  8. slow down

Es. 2

They contain the verb ‘turn’. They are all used for controlling electronic devices.

Es. 3

  1. turn off
  2. cheer; up
  3. keep up with
  4. turn up
  5. Calm down
  6. sing along

Es. 5

  1. C
  2. E
  3. B
  4. D

Es. 6

  1. B
  2. B
  3. A
  4. B
  5. A
  6. C

Pag. 45

Es. 7

  1. present
  2. past
  3. past
  4. future

Es. 8

  1. managed to
  2. couldn’t
  3. can’t
  4. Could
  5. Will; be able to

Es. 9

  1. should
  2. have to
  3. mustn’t
  4. don’t have to

Es. 10

  1. don’t have to
  2. must
  3. shouldn’t
  4. don’t have to
  5. should
  6. mustn’t

Es. 11

  1. must have
  2. could have
  3. might have

Es. 12

  1. can’t have gone
  2. must have moved
  3. might/may/could have left
  4. might/may/could have failed
  5. must have forgotten
  6. can’t have got

Es. 13

  1. d
  2. a
  3. c
  4. f
  5. e
  6. b

Pag. 46

Es. 2

Liz’s gran is coming to live with her family. She’ll have to share a bedroom with her sister.

Es. 4

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. nervous
  2. annoyed
  3. it’ll be nice to earn some money; I’ll miss all my friends
  4. you’ll be able to relax tomorrow

Pag. 47

Es. 2

Possible answers:
anger, disappointment

Es. 3

  1. lost
  2. fitness
  3. fault
  4. fed up
  5. recognise
  6. overreacting

Es. 4

He uses 1, 3,#and 6

Unit 6: Eureka!

Pag. 48

Es. 1

They have to exercise for two hours each day.

Es. 2

  1. The first man walked on the moon in 1969.
  2. It’s 380 kilometres above Earth.
  3. You can see it without a telescope if you look in the right place at the right time.
  4. Their muscles will become very weak if they don’t exercise.
  5. It might help us to predict extreme weather in the future.

Es. 3

In ‘New faces’, the story about the dragon fossil is false. Dragons have never existed.

Es. 4

Verb
cure
create
invent
design
develop
test
experiment
discover
become extinct
explore
adapt

Es. 5

Noun imagination
cure
creation
invention
design
development
test
experiment
discovery
extinction
exploration
adaptation
There are three patterns: nouns ending in -tion, nouns ending in -ment, and nouns that are the same as the verbs.

Pag. 50

Es. 1

  1. 2
  2. 5
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 1

Es. 2

  1. word
  2. wings
  3. shape
  4. architects
  5. sports scientists
  6. animals
  7. machines
  8. Nature

Es. 4

  1. imitation
  2. suggestion
  3. presentation
  4. inspiration
  5. solution

Es. 5

  1. rotation
  2. innovation
  3. protection
  4. edition
  5. revolution
  6. formation

Pag. 51

Es. 6

  1. -ing form
  2. infinitive
  3. to
  4. base form

Es. 7

  1. to find; studying; E; B
  2. Seeing; A
  3. flying; C
  4. to go; to see; F; D
  5. being; B

Es. 8

  1. interesting to observe
  2. need to complete
  3. about meeting
  4. Curing diabetes

Pag. 52

Es. 1

star/sun, meteor, extraterrestrial

Es. 2

  1. Earth
  2. astronaut
  3. death
  4. sun
  5. meteor
  6. extraterrestrials
  7. radiation
  8. gravity

Es. 3

C, E, F, A

Es. 4

  1. 30%
  2. air
  3. International Space Station
  4. 4.6 million
  5. 65,000
  6. Cows; 20

Pag. 53

Es. 6

  1. present
  2. Present simple

Es. 7

  1. doesn’t rain; die
  2. exercise; need
  3. freezes; falls
  4. get; eat
  5. write; don’t forget
  6. feels; doesn’t get
  7. don’t bite; don’t think

Es. 8

A 2nd conditional
B 3rd conditional
C 1st conditional

  1. Present simple
  2. will
  3. Past simple
  4. would
  5. would have

Es. 9

  1. eat
  2. burns
  3. shared
  4. keeps
  5. you’d visited
  6. have seen

Es. 10

  1. A If I go into space, I’ll take some good music.
    B If I went into space, I’d take some good music.
  2. A If I compete in the Olympics, I’ll be happy.
    B If I competed in the Olympics, I’d be happy.
  3. A What will you buy if I give you £1,000?
    B What would you buy if I gave you £1,000?
  4. A If I meet the president, I’ll ask him a difficult question.
    B If I met the president, I’d ask him a difficult question.

Es. 11

  1. If I’d revised my Science notes, I’d have passed the exam.
  2. If they’d had antibiotics in the past, diseases wouldn’t have killed millions of people.
  3. If I hadn’t read that article, I wouldn’t have learned about biomimicry.
  4. If Leonardo da Vinci hadn’t written in code, people would have understood his documents.

Es. 12

  1. We can learn a lot from observing animals and plants.
  2. I’m considering studying Biology at university.
  3. I’d like to be an inventor when I’m older.
  4. I feel nervous if I meet new people.
  5. If I could choose any profession, I’d be a designer.
  6. If I’d been born in the USA, my life would have been more exciting

Pag. 54

Es. 1

  1. against
  2. in favour
  3. in favour
  4. against

Es. 2

She gives two reasons: she thinks it’s too expensive, and she thinks the research doesn’t benefit us.

Es. 3

  1. up
  2. audience
  3. uncomfortable

Es. 6

  1. I strongly believe that
  2. Today, I’d like to talk to you about
  3. Thank you for listening.
  4. There are arguments on both sides.

Pag. 55

Es. 3

  1. instincts
  2. DNA
  3. sulphuric acid
  4. cells
  5. freezes
  6. lower

Pag. 56

Es. 1

  1. -; -
  2. the; the
  3. the; the
  4. The; the; the; -; -
  5. -
  6. -; the
  7. -; -; -
  8. -; The

Es. 2

  1. might buy
  2. are you going to do/are you doing
  3. starts
  4. ’m not going to go/’m not going
  5. we’ll do
  6. might not
  7. won’t see; ’re flying
  8. won’t leave

Es. 3

  1. didn’t manage to
  2. managed to
  3. will be able to
  4. don’t have to
  5. can
  6. should
  7. mustn’t
  8. should

Es. 4

  1. playing
  2. hadn’t been; wouldn’t have learnt
  3. Having
  4. happens; put
  5. to get
  6. to read
  7. ’d be; invented
  8. tidying

Es. 5

  1. A
  2. C
  3. B
  4. A
  5. B
  6. B
  7. C
  8. C
  9. C
  10. A
  11. B
  12. B

Pag. 57

Es. 6

  1. adaptation
  2. advertisement
  3. discovery
  4. design
  5. relief
  6. development
  7. death
  8. embarrassment
  9. exploration
  10. imagination
  11. pride
  12. invention
  13. movement
  14. worry

Es. 7

  1. customers
  2. stressful
  3. order
  4. deliver
  5. return
  6. refund
  7. keep up with
  8. work out
  9. shelves
  10. suit
  11. bargains

Es. 8

  1. try on
  2. changing
  3. keep up with
  4. calm
  5. shopping
  6. put on
  7. symbols
  8. off

Es. 9

  1. What will you do if it rains at the weekend?/If it rains at the weekend, what will you do?
  2. Should everyone give money to charity?
  3. How long have you been living in this town?
  4. What are you going to do after school?
  5. When does the next lesson start?
  6. Do you have to help with the housework?
  7. Would you be happy if you moved to the USA?/If you moved to the USA, would you be happy?
  8. Who usually cooks dinner in your family?
  9. Could you speak English when you were seven?
  10. What would have happened if you’d woken up late this morning?/If you’d woken up late this morning, what would have happened?

Es. 11

Can you imagine life without the Internet? Do you find it difficult to turn off your phone? How many times a day do you tweet, post photos or share memes? Are you going to download an app today? Yesterday, I was chatting with my grandparents. They are worried because of the development of modern technology and they think that life is more stressful now. They used to write letters and postcards to their friends. It must have been really nice to receive a real letter. On the other hand, they could only use the house phone to call their friends. Having unlimited access to the Internet only costs 20 euros a month. I think that’s a bargain. Last week, I managed to find a lot of information online to help me with a very difficult project about extinction, radiation and other threats to the planet. My grandparents think that we would all be happier if we slowed down. Who agrees with them?

Unit 7: Me, myself & I

Pag. 58

Es. 1

It lasts for one week.

Es. 2

  1. It can be difficult to learn new things about yourself.
  2. You can learn if you are good with people and if you can follow rules.
  3. Over 8
  4. trainees.
  5. They have to learn lots of new skills.
  6. They can’t use their mobile phones for social media or to

chat to friends and family.

Es. 3

  • A rebel
  • B couch potato
  • team player
  • optimist
  • worrier

Es. 5

  1. rebel
  2. loner
  3. optimist
  4. realist
  5. extrovert
  6. leader

Es. 6

  1. introvert
  2. leader
  3. optimist
  4. rebel
  5. dreamer

Pag. 61

Es. 2

  1. identity
  2. confident
  3. everyone

Es. 3

  1. D; E
  2. A
  3. F
  4. D; E
  5. C; G
  6. B

Es. 5

  1. confused
  2. don’t tell
  3. bad
  4. different from

Es. 6

  1. c
  2. d
  3. b
  4. a

Pag. 61

Es. 7

  1. B, C
  2. D
  3. A

Es. 8

  1. himself
  2. yourself
  3. herself
  4. themselves
  5. ourselves
  6. itself

Es. 9

  1. The cat and the dog looked at each other.
  2. Tom and Kelly love each other.
  3. Dad and I gave each other a present/gave a present to each other.
  4. Do you and Sam know each other?
  5. Katy and Zoe text each other a lot.

Pag. 62

Es. 2

  1. sociable
  2. quick-thinking
  3. reliable
  4. confident
  5. tough
  6. easy-going

Es. 3

c

Es. 4

  1. You can learn independence and resilience on the mountain expedition.
  2. She mentions camping and hiking.
  3. People on the wildlife programme work for around seven hours a day.
  4. The wildlife programme is near the sea.
  5. Andy is worried because he doesn’t know much about sailing.
  6. Participants on the sailing programme must be able to swim.
  7. You can learn independence and resilience on the mountain

expedition.

  1. She mentions camping and hiking.
  2. People on the wildlife programme work for around seven

hours a day.

  1. The wildlife programme is near the sea.
  2. Andy is worried because he doesn’t know much about

sailing.

  1. Participants on the sailing programme must be able to swim.

Pag. 63

Es. 5

  1. which
  2. who
  3. that
  4. that

Es. 6

  1. which/that
  2. who/that
  3. who/that
  4. who/that
  5. where
  6. whose
  7. where
  8. which/that

Es. 7

  1. can’t
  2. can’t

Es. 8

  1. My uncle, who worked on the Tall Ships Adventure last year, is a sailing instructor.
  2. My friend Carrie, whose ambition is to be a scientist, worked as a wildlife volunteer last year.
  3. We’re flying to Madagascar, where we’ll stay for two weeks.
  4. This programme, which involves hiking and climbing, is suitable for all abilities.

Es. 9

  1. The qualities which we’re looking for are enthusiasm and reliability.
  2. Harry, who is normally quite shy, became much more confident on the expedition.
  3. The students who come on our summer programmes want to learn new skills and meet people.
  4. The man that you spoke to is the leader of the programme.
  5. I’m still in contact with the people who we met last summer.
  6. The expedition, which took place in South America, was

three weeks long.

Es. 10

  1. How would you describe yourself?
  2. Do you think teenagers are too obsessed with themselves?
  3. How can we all be nicer to each other?
  4. Write the name of a film that you like.
  5. Write the name of a person who you admire.
  6. Write the name of a country you’d like to visit.

Responses are students’ own answers.

Pag. 64

Es. 4

  1. I’d like to find out more about
  2. What does it involve, exactly
  3. it involves
  4. We also aim to
  5. What would I need to bring with me
  6. What sort of people are you looking for
  7. Ideally, we’re looking for
  8. people who

Pag. 65

Es. 2

  1. T
  2. F. Mr Fletcher wants to find out why James wants to go on one of his programmes.
  3. F. James is interested in sport.

Es. 3

  1. more
  2. longer
  3. more

Es. 4

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. She’s looking to do something useful with her holidays this year.
  2. Camp Activate, Canada.
  3. She loves working with children and would like to visit a new country.
  4. She plays hockey for the school and does swimming and canoeing in her free time.
  5. She’s sociable, outgoing and hard-working.

Unit 8: On the streets

Pag. 66

Es. 1

Two train stations are mentioned (King’s Cross and St Pancras).

Es. 2

  1. It closed in the 1970s.
  2. Paris and Brussels.
  3. You can walk or cycle along the canal, or sit by the water and relax.
  4. They study art.
  5. You can watch sport on a big screen.

Es. 3

  1. E
  2. B
  3. A
  4. C
  5. niente
  6. D

Project 5 (London’s abandoned tunnels) doesn’t have a photo because it doesn’t exist yet.

Es. 4

  • Features of a city
    • green space, leisure facilities, cultural venue, waterfront, heritage buildings, cycle lanes, transport links, suburb, tourist attraction
  • Adjectives to describe
    • ancient, open-air, futuristic, features of a city rundown, industrial, abandoned, high-rise

Es. 6

  1. e
  2. d
  3. a
  4. b

Pag. 68

Es. 1

  1. b
  2. d
  3. a

Es. 2

  1. Climate change, economic crisis, the fact that fossil fuels are running out
  2. How to create communities that will survive after the Earth’s supply of oil runs out
  3. Villages, towns, districts and entire cities
  4. People spent a lot of money in two big national supermarkets, rather than in local shops.
  5. They can be used in local shops, restaurants and services and

it can be used to pay local taxes.

Es. 4

  1. self-confidence
  2. self-sufficient
  3. self-employed
  4. self-defence

Es. 5

  1. self-control
  2. self-esteem
  3. self-centred
  4. self-conscious
  5. self-service

Pag. 69

Es. 6

a P b A c A d P

  1. subject
  2. agent
  3. agent
  4. by

Es. 7

  1. The new venue was opened by a famous film star.
  2. The leisure facilities aren’t used very much.
  3. This ancient monument was built by the Romans.
  4. My bike was damaged last night.
  5. The project was organised by young people in the community.
  6. Free classes are advertised on the community noticeboard.

Es. 8

  1. sell
  2. was completed
  3. is wasted
  4. don’t pay
  5. aren’t served
  6. built

Es. 9

  1. How are green spaces being used in your town?
  2. When was your house built?
  3. Do your parents do their shopping at big supermarkets?
  4. Is public transport used a lot in your community?
  5. What events were organised for young people in your town
last year?

Pag. 70

Es. 1

Both discoveries were found under a car park.

Es. 2

  1. analysis
  2. bury
  3. construction
  4. display
  5. excavate
  6. preserve
  7. remove
  8. restore

Es. 3

  1. display
  2. analyse
  3. bury
  4. excavate
  5. remove
  6. restore
  7. preserve
  8. construct

Es. 4

Yes, the discovery has been positive for Leicester. A lot of tourists are visiting the cathedral and visitor centre, which is great for Leicester’s economy.

Es. 5

  1. (a date) 4th February 2013
  2. (a date) 22nd August 1485
  3. (time period) two
  4. (time period) 100
  5. (part of the body) back
  6. (place) Canada; New Zealand
  7. (place) Leicester Cathedral

Pag. 71

Es. 6

  1. Present continuous
  2. Present perfect
  3. Future
  4. Present
  5. Past continuous
  6. Past perfect
  7. be

Es. 7

  1. ’s being displayed
  2. were found
  3. will be tested
  4. hasn’t been removed
  5. had been buried
  6. was being built

Es. 8

  1. discovered
  2. was excavated
  3. was found
  4. was built
  5. hadn’t been constructed
  6. didn’t use
  7. were discovered
  8. had moved
  9. is used
  10. has become

Es. 9

  1. have
  2. past participle

Es. 10

  1. ’re having it analysed
  2. had our house painted
  3. did you get your ears pierced
  4. Have you had your hair cut
  5. ’re getting a new one installed
  6. ’s getting his car repaired
  7. need to have it checked

Es. 11

  1. My town is visited by lots of tourists every year.
  2. A lot of houses are being built in my suburb.
  3. Some new concert venues have been opened here recently.
  4. A lot of things could be done to improve my neighbourhood.
  5. We’re having some work done on our house at the moment.
  6. I get my hair cut every month.

Pag. 72

Es. 2

  1. c
  2. d
  3. a
  4. b

Es. 3

  1. kind
  2. looks
  3. like

Es. 6

  1. I prefer … because…
  2. Moving onto the second photo, I can see…
  3. Unlike the first photo, …
  4. These photos both show…
  5. It might be … because …. But I’m not sure.

Es. 8

These photos both show unusual buildings in a city. In the first photo, there’s a white building with a huge white structure as part of it. It looks a bit like a spaceship! I can see a lot of people walking in front of the building. They might be tourists, because it looks like a museum, but I’m not sure. Moving onto the second photo, I can see a tall building. It’s painted in bright colours. It isn’t graffiti - it looks like someone has painted it to make it beautiful. Unlike the first photo, I can only see one person. He - or she - might live in the building, but I’m not sure. I prefer photo 1, because I love strange buildings like this and it looks like a nice sunny day.

Pag. 73

Es. 2

  1. colourful murals
  2. interactive touch screens
  3. a fountain
  4. a big screen
  5. a gallery of artwork
  6. animals or birds
  7. lots of plants
  8. a sculpture

Es. 3

murals, gallery of artwork, interactive touch screens, plants They choose the gallery of artwork.

Es. 4

  1. more colourful
  2. original
  3. cost
  4. schoolchildren
  5. broke
  6. stolen
  7. cheap
  8. looked after

WorkBook (WB)

WB Unit 1: Lost & found

Pag. 87

Es. 1

  1. had been
  2. had fallen
  3. had crashed
  4. hadn't parked
  5. 'd bought
  6. 'd woken up
  7. 'd heard
  8. hadn't lasted
  9. had done
  10. had never seen

Es. 2

  1. 'd already invited
  2. 'd already left
  3. hadn't taken
  4. had the band played
  5. 'd forgotten
  6. 'd done
  7. hadn't seen
  8. Had you told

Es. 3

  1. told me about the argument
  2. happened after the match
  3. website had the information
  4. people came to the meeting
  5. got rid of my favourite trainers
  6. train arrived first

Es. 4

  1. How many students signed the letter?
  2. Which box contains your new shoes?
  3. What reminds you of your aunt?
  4. Who lived in this house before you?
  5. What caused the accident?

Es. 5

  1. had already left, got
  2. was raining, entered
  3. met, 'd never listened
  4. were you living, started
  5. closed, had been
  6. was looking, went

Es. 6

  1. I'd never spoken French before I went to Paris.
  2. What was she doing when it started to rain?
  3. He did an art course while he was living in Milan.
  4. The teacher was angry because they had forgotten their homework.
  5. She was having lunch when somebody knocked on the door.

Pag. 88

Es. 1

  1. heart
  2. remember
  3. lose
  4. get
  5. across
  6. reminds

Es. 2

  1. forgot
  2. lose touch
  3. came across
  4. recognise
  5. reminds
  6. keeps
  7. get rid of
  8. miss

Es. 4

  1. fragile
  2. practical
  3. rusty
  4. everyday
  5. personal

Es. 5

  1. common
  2. valuable
  3. digital
  4. fashionable
  5. rare
  6. fragile
  7. damaged

Pag. 91

Es. 7

  1. ✔️
  2. ✔️
  3. ✔️

Es. 8

  1. recognised it
  2. unusual
  3. valuable
  4. everyday
  5. common
  6. wanted to get rid of it

Pag. 90

Es. 1

  1. had
  2. had eaten
  3. had invited
  4. were
  5. had left
  6. told
  7. had forgotten

Es. 2

  1. C
  2. F
  3. A
  4. E
  5. D
  6. B
  1. had closed
  2. had you finished
  3. had made
  4. hadn't lived
  5. 'd already seen
  6. hadn't bought

Es. 4

  1. How many kids came to the party?
  2. What did you watch on TV last night?
  3. Who gave you that lovely bracelet?
  4. What happened at the club on Saturday night?
  5. How many English people do you know?
  6. Who does she remind you of?
  7. Which course looks the most interesting?
  8. How many souvenirs did your mum buy?

Es. 5

  1. What did Ewan do last week?
  2. What happened the next day?
  3. What did he hit?
  4. Who saw the accident?
  5. Who asked him why he was upset?
  6. What did Ewan reply?

Es. 6

  1. left
  2. had never seen
  3. had already left
  4. I called
  5. hadn’t scored
  6. arrived

Pag. 91

Es. 7

  1. came
  2. were you living
  3. was working
  4. Did you go
  5. won
  6. did you celebrate
  7. opened
  8. was visiting
  9. were you doing
  10. heard
  11. was watching
  12. did you feel

Es. 9

  1. were leaving
  2. realised
  3. had forgotten
  4. went
  5. were crossing
  6. ran
  7. shouted
  8. didn't pay
  9. passed
  10. noticed
  11. went
  12. 'd seen
  13. was watching
  14. was telling
  15. didn't say
  16. had taken

Pag. 92

Es. 1

  1. documentary
  2. sisters
  3. different countries
  4. London

Es. 2

  1. Samantha received a friend request.
  2. Samantha then got a message.
  3. They began to talk to each other.
  4. Samantha went to the UK to meet Anaïs.
  5. They learned that they were definitely identical twins.
  6. They went on an important trip together.

Pag. 93

Es. 3

  1. Who
    The two young women
  2. Where
    Los Angeles
  3. Who
    Anaïs.
  4. What
    were born
  5. What
    Skype
  6. Where
  7. Who
    Their birth mother

Es. 5

  1. A
  2. R
  3. R
  4. A
  5. A
  6. R

Es. 6

  1. F
  2. T
  3. T
  4. F
  5. T
  6. F

Es. 8

  1. set
  2. turned
  3. make
  4. worked
  5. find

Pag.94

Es. 2

  1. at first
  2. a little later
  3. Suddenly
  4. meanwhile
  5. eventually
  6. Afterwards

Es. 3

  1. Blackpool Pleasure Beach
  2. At first
  3. bad
  4. closed
  5. miserable
  6. roller coaster
  7. stopped
  8. night
  9. eventually
  10. Afterwards

Pag. 95

Es. 1

  1. valuable
  2. gave
  3. rusty
  4. practical
  5. common
  6. everyday
  7. was thinking
  8. do you need
  9. didn’t have
  10. went
  11. waterproof

Es. 2

  1. was looking
  2. realised
  3. recognised
  4. lose touch with
  5. got rid of
  6. 'd bought
  7. 'd forgotten
  8. by heart
  9. typical
  10. fashionable
  11. get back in touch
  12. hadn't been
  13. current
  14. was thinking
  15. rusty

WB Unit 2: Fads & fashion

Pag. 97

Es. 1

  1. didn't use to like
  2. Did your brother use to watch
  3. used to go
  4. used to take
  5. didn't use to have
  6. did you use to eat

Es. 2

  1. I used to live in Rome when I was a child.
  2. Did you often use to visit your grandparents?
  3. My sister used to love One Direction!
  4. Mum didn't use to have a tablet when she was young.
  5. I used to wear trainers when I was at primary school.

Es. 3

  1. did you use to live
  2. used to be
  3. didn't use to stay
  4. Did you use to go
  5. used to come
  6. didn't use to buy

Es. 4

  1. beautifully
  2. badly
  3. barely
  4. probably
  5. fast
  6. energetically

Es. 5

  1. She has always liked colourful hats.
  2. They worked very hard for their English exam.
  3. I haven't bought any vintage clothes lately.
  4. They managed to collect the cards fairly quickly.
  5. Keith got to school terribly late.
  6. Incredibly, he took his phone into an exam.

Es. 6

  1. better
  2. harder
  3. creatively
  4. earlier
  5. quickly

Es. 7

  1. don't run as fast as my sister
  2. dance better than her
  3. writes less fluently than he speaks
  4. didn't do the exercise as carefully as Liam

Pag. 98

Es. 1

  1. fads
  2. tweets
  3. meme
  4. post
  5. like
  6. swap

Es. 2

  1. go viral
  2. views
  3. posts
  4. share
  5. likes
  6. toys
  7. craze
  8. collect
  9. app
  10. gadget

Es. 5

  1. trousers
  2. tight
  3. baggy
  4. skirts
  5. scarf
  6. boots

Pag. 99

Es. 7

  1. T
  2. D
  3. D
  4. T

Es. 8

  1. more
  2. tight
  3. checked
  4. scarf
  5. checked
  6. baggier
  7. brush his hair
  8. very important

Pag. 100

Es. 1

  1. ✔️
  2. ✔️
  3. ✔️
  4. ✔️

Es. 3

  1. didn't use to be short
  2. Dad didn't use to wear
  3. used to have
  4. used to have curly
  5. didn't use to be
  6. They used to have

Es. 5

  1. Adj
  2. Adv
  3. Adv
  4. Adj
  5. Adj
  6. Adv

Es. 6

  1. The scarves in the shop were incredibly cheap.
  2. The Pokemon Go fad probably won't last long.
  3. Dario speaks English well, but he writes slowly.
  4. I hardly slept last night because it was so hot.
  5. Don't behave in a silly way like that!
  6. We arrived late because a train was cancelled.

Pag. 101

Es. 8

  1. the earliest
  2. more carefully
  3. more quietly
  4. better
  5. the hardest
  6. the most clearly

Es. 10

  1. stupidly
  2. hard
  3. quickly
  4. late
  5. use
  6. in a very silly way
  7. better
  8. to have
  9. my clothes carefully
  10. unfortunately
  11. probably won’t

Es. 11

  1. Did you use to collect pictures of footballers when you were younger?
  2. When you were at primary school, did you use to play games on the computer?
  3. Before they got married, did your mum and dad use to live near each other?
  4. Did your town use to be nicer than it is now?
  5. Did you use to be terrified of dogs when you were a child?
  6. What did you use to do at break time when you were at primary school?
  7. Did you use to enjoy drawing and painting when you were younger?
  8. Did your dad use to have longer hair when he was a teenager?

Pag. 102

Es. 1

kewl=cool
luff=love
peetsa=pizza
totes=totally

Es. 2

  1. D
  2. B
  3. E
  4. A
  5. C

Pag. 103

Es. 4

fascinating
dangerous
exciting

Es. 5

  1. computer game
  2. cards
  3. colours
  4. real life
  5. occasionally
  6. craze

Es. 6

  1. T
  2. F
  3. F
  4. T
  5. F
  6. F

Es. 7

  1. Sadly, the best-loved teacher in the school has retired.
  2. Stupidly, the kids left the front door open when they went out.
  3. Impressively, Jane had learned 250 lines of poetry by heart.
  4. Personally, I think Lolspeak is having a very bad influence.
  5. There was a lot of snow, but luckily we were wearing thick socks and boots.
  6. Incredibly, Cerys won first prize.

Pag. 104

Es. 1

  1. We'll have to think outside the box to solve this problem.
  2. This new laptop is the must-have item for any business person.
  3. That fantastic new drawing tool has captured Laura's imagination.
  4. The new dog is a hit with the family because he's so friendly.
  5. I'm really fed up with my brother because he keeps borrowing my stuff.

Es. 2

  1. captured, imagination
  2. think outside the box
  3. fed up
  4. must-have
  5. hit

Es. 3

  1. cassette player
  2. music
  3. fed up
  4. outside
  5. appeared
  6. 2 months
  7. must-have
  8. on the move
  9. were exercising
  10. CDs
  11. MP3 players

Pag. 105

Es. 1

  1. Lately
  2. didn't use to behave
  3. used to be
  4. used to follow
  5. fads
  6. skirt
  7. tightly
  8. used to invent
  9. gadgets
  10. collected
  11. used to make
  12. used to remember

Es. 2

  1. craze
  2. likes
  3. Apparently
  4. a tweet
  5. be
  6. fast
  7. Sadly
  8. hardly
  9. Personally
  10. Did

WB Unit 3: It's up to you

Pag. 107

Es. 1

  1. 's been
  2. 's swum
  3. 's flown
  4. has he travelled
  5. 's worked
  6. have learned
  7. has never visited
  8. 've always wanted
  9. 've never had

Es. 2

  1. They've been waiting since 07:45.
  2. I've been trying for ages.
  3. It's been raining for three hours.
  4. Have you been using it?
  5. She's been learning French for six months.
  6. We haven't been watching it!

Es. 3

  1. has, been driving
  2. 've been going out
  3. have, been living
    've been thinking
  4. hasn't been working
  5. Has, been giving
  6. Have, been working

Es. 4

  1. Have you ever thought
  2. got
  3. 's complained
  4. did he do
  5. had
  6. stopped
  7. 've just changed

Es. 5

  1. I haven't decided yet.
  2. Most of the guests have already arrived.
  3. They still haven't found what they're looking for.
  4. Leila's just started school.
  5. Have you booted up the PC yet?

Es. 6

  1. Have the police arrested anybody yet?
  2. We've just got an invitation to Daniel's party.
  3. You still haven't understood my point.
  4. The students have already finished the exercise.
  5. I haven't made up my mind yet.
  6. My uncle still hasn't learnt to drive.

Pag. 108

Es. 1

  1. rush into
  2. changed
  3. put off
  4. regretted
  5. Take your time
  6. take

Es. 2

  1. take our time
  2. take someone's advice
  3. rush into
  4. regret
  5. consider
  6. make up our minds
  7. hesitate
  8. change your mind

Es. 4

  1. get a tattoo
  2. take a driving test
  3. open a bank account
  4. vote in an election
  5. get a driving license
  6. join the army

Es. 5

  1. stood for
  2. of parliament
  3. part-time
  4. her own
  5. responsible for
  6. do military
  7. the army

Pag. 109

Es. 7

  1. America
  2. 13
  3. friends
  4. school
  5. regret

Es. 8

  1. b
  2. c
  3. b
  4. a
  5. b

Pag. 110

Es. 1

  1. for
  2. since
  3. since
  4. for
  5. for
  6. since
  7. for
  8. since
  9. for
  10. since

Es. 2

  1. 's been cycling
  2. for
  3. 's been sitting
  4. for
  5. has visited
  6. 's seen
  7. have been following
  8. since
  9. hasn't been cycling
  10. 's been helping
  11. 's made
  12. hasn't had
  13. since

Es. 3

  1. did you start
  2. started
  3. Have you enjoyed
  4. ’ve found
  5. had
  6. was
  7. have you played
  8. ’ve played
  9. didn’t win
  10. beat

Es. 4

  1. 've changed
  2. 've had
  3. 've decided
  4. showed
  5. Have you seen
  6. went
  7. did you think
  8. has left
  9. 's only been
  10. didn't like

Pag. 111

Es. 6

  1. have you tidied your room yet
  2. I've done that already
  3. you still haven't done your homework
  4. I've just started it
  5. Have Lisa and Neil come back from the cinema yet
  6. they still haven't phoned
  7. Lisa's just texted me

Es. 7

  1. She's already talked to her mum about getting a driving licence.
  2. She's already organised her work experience.
  3. She still hasn't written the article for the school website.
  4. She hasn't opened a bank account yet.
  5. She still hasn't decided on her school subjects.
  6. She's just sent an email about the part-time Saturday job.

Es. 9

  1. decided
  2. ’ve been considering
  3. told
  4. I’ve taken
  5. have said
  6. yet
  7. just
  8. was
  9. ’ve been wondering
  10. ’ve made

Es. 10

  1. 've just published
  2. have you been travelling
  3. Since
  4. was
  5. took
  6. fell
  7. 've felt
  8. 've never seen
  9. didn't go
  10. decided
  11. did
  12. offered
  13. didn't hesitate
  14. have you visited
  15. still haven't been to
  16. 've had
  17. invited
  18. changed
  19. 've never had
  20. 've made
  21. has been telling
  22. for

Pag. 112

Es. 1

B

Pag. 113

Es. 4

  1. Daisy
  2. Marty
  3. Tom

Es. 5

  1. wanted more freedom
  2. didn’t accept
  3. suddenly
  4. took
  5. older
  6. hard

Es. 6

  1. F
  2. T
  3. F
  4. T
  5. F
  6. T
  7. T
  8. T
  9. F

Es. 7

  1. sleepless
  2. careful
  3. tasty
  4. watery
  5. skilful
  6. useless
  7. cloudless
  8. peaceful
  9. endless
  10. pointless
  11. moody
  12. thoughtless

Pag. 114

Es. 1

  1. most young people don't use Twitter
  2. about 5% of teenagers want to do military service
  3. 70% of older people don't listen to new music regularly
  4. under 20% of people take four flights a year
  5. more than half of the university students work part-time

Es. 3

  1. survey
  2. half
  3. disagreed
  4. independently
  5. transport
  6. agreed
  7. under
  8. cost
  9. matures
  10. conclude

Pag. 115

Es. 1

  1. has finished
  2. 've been considering
  3. has won
  4. 've been
  5. for
  6. 've just arrived
  7. against
  8. advice
  9. 've been working
  10. 've been helping
  11. full-time

Es. 2

  1. got
  2. booked
  3. ’ve been looking
  4. for
  5. against
  6. have told
  7. ’ve been looking
  8. tried
  9. written
  10. for

Es. 3

  1. They've been here since Tuesday.
  2. We've already taken them to London and Stonehenge.
  3. I've been working part-time in a café for two months.
  4. I've passed my driving test!
  5. I took it last weekend.
  6. I haven't driven on my own yet.

WB Unit 4: What's it worth?

Pag. 117

Es. 1

  1. a
  2. the
  3. the
  4. the
  5. the
  6. a
  7. the
  8. the
  9. the

Es. 2

  1. Will
  2. won’t
  3. ’ll
  4. won’t
  5. won’t
  6. will
  7. ’ll
  8. won’t

Es. 3

1, 4, 5

  1. They say it might rain, but they often get it wrong.
  2. We might go to Sardinia for our holidays, but we haven’t booked anything yet.
  3. I might see you next time I’m in London, but only if I have time.

Es. 4

  1. ’m going to invite
  2. Are you going to go
  3. is he going to stay
  4. aren’t going to win
  5. isn’t going to eat
  6. ’s going to

Es. 5

  1. are coming
  2. ’m playing
  3. ’s happening
  4. are going
  5. ’m babysitting
  6. is taking
  7. ’m not doing

Es. 6

  1. What time do the banks open tomorrow?
  2. The exam starts at nine o’clock next Tuesday.
  3. Maria doesn’t arrive until this evening.
  4. Does your train stop at the central station?
  5. How long does tonight’s film last?
  6. My appointment tomorrow is at#p.m.

Pag. 118

Es. 1

Incorrect words:

  1. saving
  2. spend
  3. status symbols
  4. profit
  5. producer

Es. 2

  1. status symbols
  2. rent
  3. promote
  4. consumers
  5. worth
  6. business

Es. 3

Students’ own answer. Possible answer: I love watching advertising on TV, but I never buy the products that I see. I try to find bargains because I don’t want to spend much money. (I’m saving for a new laptop.) I think consumers often pay more than they need to because companies are only interested in profit. I don’t like buying things just because they are status symbols, but some of my friends love expensive brands.

Es. 4

  1. checkout
  2. scanner
  3. changing rooms
  4. shelves
  5. receipt
  6. shop assistant

Es. 5

  1. return
  2. receipt
  3. exchange
  4. checkout
  5. shop assistants
  6. refund
  7. try on
  8. changing rooms
  9. fit
  10. order
  11. deliver

Es. 6

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. I take them to the changing rooms and try them on.
  2. I return them to the shop to exchange them or to get a refund.
  3. You go to the checkout.
  4. They should give you a receipt.
  5. They don’t suit you or they don’t fit you (or they are damaged).
  6. It’s called window shopping. Yes, I do it a lot because it’s cheaper than real shopping!

Pag. 119

Es. 7

  1. long – short
  2. offices – shops
  3. 0.5 – 5
  4. pop music – opera

Es. 8

  1. checkouts
  2. rent
  3. bargains
  4. marketing
  5. status symbol
  6. promoting

Wordlist

Money & marketing

spot pubblicitario
pubblicità
(buon) affare, occasione
valere
brand, marche
affare, business
consumatori
costare
marketing
produttore
prodotto
profitto, guadagno
promuovere
risparmiare
spendere
status symbol
valore

Shops & shopping

camerini
cassa
cliente
consegnare
cambiare
andare bene
ordinare
ricevuta, scontrino
rimborso
restituire
scanner
servire
scaffali
commesso/a
stare bene
provare qlcs
guardare le vetrine

Pag. 120

Es. 1

  1. an
  2. a
  3. the
  4. the
  5. an
  6. the
  7. the
  8. The
  9. the

Es. 2

  1. I bought a calculator here yesterday, but when I took it toschool, it didn’t work.
  2. Oh, I’m sorry. Can I see the calculator?
  3. There was an accident outside the school in Marsh Streetyesterday.
  4. Yes, I saw that in the newspaper that I read.
  5. I work as a bank manager.
  6. Do you work in the bank near my house?

Es. 3

  1. We’re going
  2. will win
  3. I’ll sell
  4. is coming
  5. gets
  6. ’re going to have
  7. will it finish
  8. might be

Es. 4

  1. might win
  2. ’re playing
  3. ’m going to do
  4. finish
  5. are going
  6. might not join
  7. ’s going to hitchhike
  8. will let
  9. ’ll be
  10. are
  11. ’m going to start
  12. is opening
  13. will be
  14. might go

Pag. 121

Es. 5

1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8

Es. 6

  1. The university term finishes on 4th June.
  2. What time do you get out of school today?
  3. Do you have lessons next Friday?
  4. How long does next year’s festival last?
  5. When does your concert start?
  6. Check-in opens at 6 a.m.

Es. 7

  1. a
  2. ’m flying
  3. lands
  4. the
  5. ’ll text
  6. arrive
  7. ’m going to bring
  8. Will you
  9. does it finish

Es. 8

  1. finishes
  2. ’s picking you up
  3. ’ll probably be
  4. a
  5. is performing
  6. are going
  7. doesn’t end
  8. ’ll see
  9. the
  10. The
  11. ’ll be
  12. won’t

Es. 9

  1. the
  2. leaves
  3. Are you going to travel
  4. might
  5. ’m going to see
  6. the
  7. ’ll be
  8. ’re going to do
  9. are you coming
  10. won’t forget

Pag. 122

Es. 1

  1. is
  2. consumers
  3. warn people

Pag. 123

Es. 2

  1. D
  2. E
  3. A
  4. B
  5. C

Es. 3

  1. They put products that smell nice near the entrance.
  2. No, they’re always thinking of different ones.
  3. He was the marketing manager for an international chain of shops.
  4. They make more money from them.
  5. No, because sometimes you only need one and sometimes it’s just the normal price.
  6. They make them untidy so people think that everybody has been looking at them because they’re fashionable.

Es. 4

crisps, orange juice, sausage rolls, T-shirt

Es. 5

  1. almost the same as they usually cost
  2. angry
  3. on the end of an aisle
  4. healthier
  5. has always sold
  6. blue

Es. 6

  1. Because the supermarket is promoting them.
  2. On the top shelf.
  3. They do it to make customers walk round more and see other things.
  4. They buy two packs and it costs £3.
  5. They have to try them on at home.
  6. He thinks the black one is a bit boring.
  7. She likes it and thinks that it’s trendy.
  8. Because the clothes were in a new place, Sam saw a T-shirt and bought it. They also noticed the orange juice offer on the end of the aisle.

Es. 7

  1. d
  2. a
  3. f
  4. b
  5. e
  6. c

Pag. 124

Es. 1

  1. reasonable
  2. awful
  3. outstanding
  4. an impressive
  5. welcoming
  6. uninviting
  7. chaotic
  8. uninspiring

Es. 2

  1. impressive
  2. welcoming
  3. chaotic
  4. uninspiring
  5. reasonable
  6. outstanding
  7. uninviting

Es. 3

  1. chaotic
  2. Borough
  3. food
  4. River Thames
  5. tourists
  6. reasonable
  7. welcoming
  8. pies
  9. ingredients
  10. recommend

Es. 4

Students’ own answer. Possible answer: Last week, I bought a new smartphone. Mine had become so slow, and the battery ran down in just a couple of hours. I did an online search, and found out that there were three mobile phone shops in the new shopping centre in the city centre called Shopping Heaven. Outside, there was a map with the names of the shops and it looked impressive because all the big names were there. However, it was a bit chaotic inside because not all the shops are open yet. In the end, I found two of the shops open and I was really impressed by the shop assistants’ knowledge in both shops. Mobile Madness has an outstanding range and the prices were reasonable. It’s a real find for anyone who needs a new phone. Phones on the Move sells fewer brands, but they’re all the latest models. The one drawback is that most of them are very expensive, so I went back to Mobile Madness to buy mine. I recommend visiting Shopping Heaven in a few months if you can. More shops will be open then. At the moment it’s a bit uninviting.

Pag. 125

Es. 1

  1. Are you going to the shops tomorrow morning?
  2. No, but we might go in the afternoon.
  3. My sister’s starting a new job as a shop assistant tomorrow. I’m going to visit her in the morning.
  4. What time does the shop open?
  5. At nine o’clock, but I’ll probably get there at about 11.
  6. All right. I’ll come with you.
  7. I’m moving into a new flat next week.
  8. Great! Are you going to get any new furniture?
  9. I’ve already ordered some. They’re delivering it next Tuesday.
  10. I’ll help you to move your stuff if you like.
  11. Thanks, but my dad’s going to give me a hand.

Es. 2

  1. businesses
  2. ’ll grow
  3. might become
  4. ’re going to see
  5. products
  6. won’t be
  7. will become
  8. checkout
  9. will have to
  10. trying on
  11. changing rooms
  12. will get
  13. customers

Es. 3

A What are you doing later, Tilly?
B I’m going to the town centre. I need to return a skirt. My aunt gave it to me for my birthday.
A Really? What’s the problem with it?
B It doesn’t fit. It’s too baggy.
A That’s a pity. Have you got the receipt?
B No, but I have the bag from the shop where my aunt bought it.
A That might be enough. Are you going to ask for a replacement or a refund?
B I want to exchange it if they have the same skirt in my size. It’s a nice skirt.
A Oh well, good luck! I wish I could afford some new clothes. B Why don’t you come with me? They might have some bargains.

Es. 4

In the future, we might not go shopping at all. We’ll buy everything at home from our computers and other gadgets. Experts say that in the next few years, online shopping will become the most common way to shop, but I’m not going to change the way that I shop. I like walking round looking at the products on the shelves, trying on clothes and looking for bargains.

WB Unit 5: What's it worth?

Pag. 127

Es. 1

  1. He must be Canadian.
  2. Sally might not be ill.
  3. They can’t live in the UK.
  4. It may be a mistake.
  5. It could be a dolphin.
  6. You may be confusing me with someone else.
  7. She may have her headphones on.
  8. Ryan can’t be playing in the final.

Es. 2

  1. I didn’t manage to do my homework yesterday.
  2. Will you be able to speak to the teacher tomorrow?
  3. Emma couldn’t sleep the night before the exam.
  4. Amy could swim before she was five.
  5. The students weren’t able to finish last week’s test.
  6. Sorry, I can’t eat fish.

Es. 3

  1. Should they go to the police?
  2. We mustn’t think about it.
  3. Does she have to wear a uniform?
  4. You must tell the teacher.
  5. In my new job, I don’t have to work on Saturdays.
  6. You shouldn't buy that shirt.

Es. 4

  1. We don’t have to get up early tomorrow.
  2. The students must not play football next to the buildings.
  3. You should be careful with your possessions.
  4. She has to speak in French for five minutes!
  5. Do I have to tell you?
  6. I don’t think you should smoke so much.
  7. You mustn’t tell her Ciara’s secret.
  8. Does he have to finish it today?

Es. 5

  1. He may/might/could have missed the flight.
  2. She can’t/couldn’t have emailed me.
  3. You must have known about the problem.
  4. Sue and David may not/might not have got the invitation.
  5. He must have won the lottery - look at that car!
  6. You can’t/couldn’t have been there.
  7. You must have seen them!
  8. They may/might/could have gone to the cinema.
  9. We must have taken the wrong road.
  10. I may/might/could have left my phone in the café.

Pag. 128

Es. 1

  1. proud
  2. stressed
  3. worried
  4. embarrassment
  5. disgusting
  6. guilty
  7. disgusted
  8. worrying
  9. stressful
  10. embarrassing

Es. 2

  1. embarrassment
  2. disgust
  3. sympathy
  4. shame
  5. relief
  6. stress

Es. 3

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. I feel guilty and ashamed because I broke it and I’m too embarrassed to give it back now that it’s broken.
  2. I feel quite nervous and stressed and I’m worried about not being able to speak. I’ll be really embarrassed if it goes badly.
  3. I feel relief, but maybe also embarrassment because I told everybody I’d done very badly! I’m quite proud of myself, too.
  4. I feel disgust because I don’t like mice anyway and finding a dead animal in the shower is disgusting. I’m also worried that a mouse got into the flat.
  5. This has happened to me once or twice and it’s very stressful. You feel ashamed, but you know you bought a ticket and you’re very worried until you find it.
  6. I hope I’m sympathetic. I’m also worried about it too and I’ll be relieved when I hear she’s OK.

Es. 4

  1. Slow down
  2. put on
  3. turned off
  4. Cheer up
  5. keep up with
  6. turn down

Es. 5

  1. work out
  2. sing along
  3. cheer up
  4. calm down
  5. turn off
  6. turn up

Es. 6

I listen to music all the time. I turn on my phone and listen to my favourite songs all day. I listen when I’m working out in the gym or when I’m at school, but not in lessons, of course. I listen to music for energy or when I want to calm down. Music helps me to cheer up when I’m stressed. I like singing along to my favourite songs in the bath and I only turn off my music when I go to sleep

Pag. 129

Es. 7

A 3
B 1
C 4
D 2

Es. 8

  1. disgusted
  2. guilty/embarrassed
  3. worried
  4. stressed
  5. ashamed/embarrassed/guilty
  6. sympathetic
  7. relieved
  8. proud

Wordlist

  • Feelings & emotions
    • disgusto
    • disgustato
    • disgustoso
    • imbarazzo
    • imbarazzato
    • imbarazzante
    • colpa
    • colpevole
    • orgoglio
    • orgoglioso
    • sollievo
    • sollevato
    • vergogna
    • pieno di vergogna
    • vergognoso
    • stress, tensione
    • stressato, teso
    • stressante
    • comprensione
    • comprensivo
    • preoccupazione
    • preoccupato
    • preoccupante
  • Phrasal verbs: music, mood & health
    • calmarsi
    • tirarsi su di morale
    • tenersi al passo con
    • mettere/rsi
    • cantare insieme (con)
    • rallentare
    • togliere/rsi
    • abbassare (volume)
    • spegnere
    • accendere
    • alzare (volume)
    • allenarsi

Pag. 130

Es. 1

  1. can’t be
  2. may be worrying
  3. must be
  4. might not have
  5. can’t be
  6. must be waiting

Es. 2

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
The boy might be surprised by the dog jumping.
The dog must be excited about seeing the boy.
The boy may feel annoyed with the dog.
The boy could be frightened of the dog.
The girl can’t feel very happy because she looks fed up.
She might be bored with studying.
She may be worried about her exams.
She might have had some bad news.

Es. 3

Incorrect words:

  1. can
  2. Could we
  3. Could you
  4. I don’t manage
  5. couldn’t

Es. 4

  1. managed to sell
  2. couldn’t get out/wasn’t able to get out
  3. couldn’t open/wasn’t able to open
  4. couldn’t reach/wasn’t able to reach
  5. was able to phone
  6. managed to find
  7. couldn’t get/wasn’t able to get

Es. 5

  1. must
  2. Do we have to
  3. must
  4. should
  5. shouldn’t
  6. should
  7. had to
  8. must
  9. have to
  10. should

Es. 6

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. You should breathe calmly when you’re studying.
  2. You don’t have to do everything at once.
  3. You mustn’t just write ‘Revise!’ on your list and do nothing else. You must make a more detailed plan.
  4. You should focus on one thing at a time.
  5. You should divide big tasks into smaller ones.
  6. You shouldn’t worry about things you can’t control.

Es. 7

  1. I may/might/could have left my wallet here.
  2. She can’t have been to Australia
  3. She must have forgotten about the meeting.
  4. They may/might/could have got lost.
  5. Beth must have had an accident.
  6. The students can’t have finished the test.
  7. Archie must have left
  8. She may/might/could have called a taxi

Es. 8

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. He may/might/could have lost his keys.
  2. It must have rained during the night.
  3. She must have forgotten to take her bag.
  4. She can’t have studied very hard.
  5. He may/might not have read it.
  6. They may have gone away for the weekend.
  7. He must have got a new job.
  8. We may/might not have taken the right road.

Pag. 131

Es. 9

  • A My teacher says I have to play in the concert tomorrow night.
  • B Oh good. I hope I’ll be able to come.
  • A Oh no! You must be crazy!
  • B Don’t be silly! You shouldn’t worry so much.
  • A I must have been mad to start learning the violin last year!
  • B But last week you managed to play that difficult Mozart piece really well.
  • A Yes, but I might have played it well because I was at home and no one was watching.
  • B Do/Will you have to do any solos?
  • A No. But there are only three violins so everybody will be able to hear my mistakes!

Es. 10

  1. must have been
  2. were able to make/could make
  3. might/could/may be
  4. couldn’t say/weren’t able to say
  5. couldn’t/can’t have been
  6. did they manage to/were they able to find out
  7. were able to calculate
  8. should/could change
  9. must have played
  10. might/could/may have been
  11. might/could/may have had

Pag. 132

Es. 1

  1. A
  2. L
  3. F

Es. 2

  1. experience
  2. bright
  3. interesting
  4. light
  5. big
  6. should

Pag. 133

Es. 3

  1. The research found that these were the best colours for sleep.
  2. They might help you/him to calm down before you go/he goes to sleep.
  3. Your/His friends won’t have to sit on the bed or the floor.
  4. You/He can turn them into posters.
  5. A tidy room makes you/her feel better about yourself/ herself.

Es. 4

  • Speaker 1 pride
  • Speaker 2 happiness
  • Speaker 3 nostalgia
  • Speaker 4 sadness

Es. 5

  1. F
  2. F
  3. T
  4. T
  5. F
  6. T

Es. 6

  1. At the speaker’s daughter’s school.
  2. Because he thought she might sing badly.
  3. It was the speaker’s first time at this festival and it was the last song.
  4. Because the World Cup was in Italy and he was in London/wanted to be back in Italy.
  5. Because it was played at the start of all the footballprogrammes on the BBC.

Es. 7

  1. green
  2. haired
  3. short
  4. fashioned
  5. minded
  6. broken
  7. Her friends were all sympathetic.

Pag. 134

Es. 1

  1. c
  2. e
  3. f
  4. a
  5. b
  6. g
  7. d

Es. 2

  1. Stay chilled
  2. Hang in
  3. I’ve been there
  4. went on
  5. Hope everything goes well
  6. having a go at me

Es. 3

  1. team
  2. speak
  3. atmosphere
  4. considered
  5. things
  6. angry
  7. sound
  8. matches
  9. Anyway

Es. 4

Hey Fran Sorry you’re having a tough time with your friend. I know the situation you’re in is difficult. Believe me, I’ve been there. If I were you, I’d hang in there for a bit before saying anything to your friend. Think about other times he’s borrowed stuff. Did he return things in good condition? The other problem is your parents. If I were you, I’d tell them it’s broken, but whatever you do, don’t say your friend broke it until you know the truth. My advice is to talk to your friend, but stay chilled. You mustn’t make it sound like you’re accusing him. If he says he didn’t break it, you should believe him. Don’t go on about it. Meanwhile, tell your parents, but explain that you don’t know how it got broken. Perhaps you could take it to a shop first and ask how much it will cost to fix it. It might not be expensive. Anyway, I’m sure you’ll find an answer. But whatever you do, remember not to lend him anything expensive again. Hope everything goes well! Marco

Pag. 135

Es. 1

  1. must be
  2. able to remember
  3. can’t have been
  4. stress
  5. stressed
  6. worrying
  7. work out
  8. can keep
  9. slow down
  10. can save
  11. should do
  12. turn off
  13. mustn’t spend

Es. 2

  1. stressed
  2. disgusting
  3. have to
  4. must
  5. will be able to
  6. ’ll be able to
  7. cheer up
  8. sympathy
  9. can’t
  10. must have had
  11. ’re able to
  12. should
  13. could
  14. might
  15. was able to

Es. 4

I don’t go to the gym now because it was very stressful for me.
I’m ashamed to say that I never managed to do the exercises.
I always felt embarrassed when everyone started singing along, so I was relieved when the hour ended and I could go home.
My friends say I must have been crazy to join!

WB Unit 6: Eureka!

Pag. 137

Es. 1

  1. Esploring
  2. stopping
  3. becoming
  4. smoking
  5. Killing

Es. 2

  1. following
  2. doing
  3. choosing
  4. sitting
  5. working
  6. getting
  7. caring
  8. Finding
  9. making

Es. 3

  1. to look
  2. to find
  3. to stay
  4. to buy
  5. to test

Es. 4

  1. talk
  2. feel
  3. doesn’t stay
  4. changes
  5. beats
  6. doesn’t burn

Es. 5

  1. look
  2. find
  3. won’t be able to
  4. is
  5. ’ll contact; land

Es. 6

  1. If astronauts went to Venus, they wouldn’t survive.
  2. Endangered species wouldn’t become extinct if we took more care of them.
  3. We wouldn’t sell the new medicine unless we were sure it was safe.
  4. If scientists didn’t do research, progress would be much slower.
  5. The air would be cleaner if there were fewer cars.
  6. We would explore other planets more if they were nearer.
  7. Dad would want a Formula 1 car if he won the lottery!
  8. If we had a good telescope, I’d learn a lot.

Es. 7

  1. would have arrived; ’d taken
  2. had been; would have studied
  3. ’d told; could have helped
  4. would have enjoyed; had been
  5. hadn’t seen; wouldn’t have been able to
  6. wouldn’t have argued; hadn’t told

Pag. 138

Es. 1

  1. g
  2. c
  3. a
  4. h
  5. e
  6. b
  7. f
  8. d

Es. 2

  1. experiments
  2. exploration
  3. inventions
  4. imagined
  5. becoming extinct
  6. adapt
  7. discovering
  8. cure
  9. test

Es. 3

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. No, I don’t think it’s right to do medical experiments on animals. Humans must take care of animals. We should do experiments in a different way, without using animals.
  2. I would prefer to design a new car. Cars are very exciting, especially Ferraris and Lamborghinis, and I think designing a car like this would be very interesting.
  3. Yes, I would like snakes to become extinct. They are horrible animals and also very dangerous.
  4. It is important to find a cure for malaria because it is a disease which kills many people every year, especially in poor countries in Africa.
  5. Yes and no. It would be fun to test Ferraris, but my mum would be worried about me every day!

Es. 4

  1. Astronauts; gravity
  2. sun; star
  3. threat; meteor

Es. 5

  1. Earth
  2. universe
  3. species
  4. gravity
  5. planet
  6. radiation
  7. deaths

Es. 6

  1. astronaut
    Students’ own answer. Possible answer: No, I wouldn’t. Space is very cold and lonely. I’d prefer to work on Earth!
  2. sun
    Students’ own answer. Possible answer: Yes, definitely, because it can damage your eyes.
  3. threat
    Students’ own answer. Possible answer: The greatest threat to life on Earth is a meteor. The dinosaurs probably became extinct because of a meteor and the same thing could happen again.
  4. extraterrestrial
    Students’ own answer. Possible answer: If it was friendly and peaceful, I’d invite it to have a cup of coffee!
  5. planet
    Students’ own answer. Possible answer: No, I wouldn’t. It would take too long and I’d be very bored.
  6. species
    Students’ own answer. Possible answer: We can educate children about the problem and stop cutting down the rainforest, for example.
  7. universe
    Students’ own answer. Possible answer: Maybe one day, but I think it will be a long time in the future!

Pag. 139

Es. 7

  • found a new planet
  • looked at the sky

Es. 8

  1. discovered
  2. Earth
  3. universe
  4. sun
  5. star
  6. scientists
  7. gravity/meteors
  8. meteors/gravity
  9. astronaut
  10. space

Pag. 139

  • Discovery & invention
    • adattare/rsi
    • estinguersi
    • creare
    • curare
    • progettare
    • sviluppare
    • scoprire
    • sperimentare
    • esplorare
    • immaginare
    • inventare
    • testare
    • adattamento
    • estinzione
    • creazione
    • cura
    • progettazione, progetto
    • sviluppo
    • scoperta
    • esperimento
    • esplorazione
    • immaginazione
    • invenzione
    • test
  • Life & the universe
    • astronauta
    • morti
    • terra
    • extraterrestri, alieni
    • gravità
    • essere umani
    • meteora
    • pianeta
    • radiazione
    • specie
    • stelle
    • sole
    • minaccia
    • universo

Pag. 140

Es. 1

  1. to lock
  2. to get
  3. discussing
  4. meeting
  5. testing
  6. to make
  7. to keep
  8. cheating

Es. 2

  1. playing
  2. kicking
  3. throwing
  4. to make
  5. to know
  6. to create
  7. to help
  8. to use
  9. making
  10. getting
  11. developing
  12. finding
  13. to buy

Es. 3

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. you don’t eat meat
  2. you do a lot of exercise
  3. they aren’t hungry
  4. we want to survive
  5. they die
  6. they’re hungry or wet
  7. he makes lasagne
  8. you don’t use suncream

Es. 4

  1. go; have
  2. ’d be; went
  3. doesn’t study; do
  4. won; wouldn’t go
  5. will they go; rains
  6. would you do; hit
  7. ’ll start; agrees
  8. built; would it be

Es. 5

  1. might
  2. boils
  3. Unless
  4. might not
  5. decides
  6. talked
  7. ’ll tell
  8. develop

Pag. 141

Es. 6

  1. wouldn’t have wanted
  2. hadn’t recommended
  3. watch
  4. have to
  5. ’d known
  6. would have bought
  7. talk
  8. say
  9. watch
  10. ’ll be
  11. was/were
  12. would try

Es. 7

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. ’d take lots of photos to show my friends
  2. a lot of people would have died over the years
  3. we do experiments in class
  4. I would ask him or her a lot of questions
  5. you heat it
  6. would have done better in my exams
  7. do a good project on gravity
  8. you might see a meteor

Es. 8

  1. don’t want
  2. to become
  3. stopping
  4. wouldn’t have happened
  5. to find
  6. to reach
  7. believing
  8. sitting
  9. playing
  10. Developing
  11. don’t change
  12. get/’ll get
  13. Would life be
  14. didn’t have
  15. to imagine
  16. finding

Es. 9

  1. asked
  2. would
  3. Answering
  4. to choose
  5. to change
  6. have said
  7. keeping
  8. to think
  9. to go
  10. are
  11. is
  12. using

Pag. 142

Es. 1

  1. A
  2. D
  3. C
  4. E
  5. B

Es. 2

  1. T
  2. DS
  3. F
  4. F
  5. T
  6. DS

Pag. 143

Es. 3

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. They don’t want to put the tent away and they can buy a cheap one again next summer.
  2. She often worked at festivals.
  3. It was too heavy.
  4. Because she’s making them by hand.
  5. I think it’s a good idea because it’s easy to carry and it only takes 120 days to biodegrade.
  6. I think some people won’t buy it at the moment because it’s too expensive, but people with more money will think it’s a good idea.

Es. 4

A

  1. B
  2. C
  3. D 2

Es. 5

  1. B
  2. A
  3. C
  4. B
  5. D
  6. C

Es. 6

  1. Because they didn’t have a lot of money.
  2. They loved it.
  3. He forgot to close the window.
  4. They floated in through the open window.
  5. He was a chemist. / His job was to develop a strong glue/ adhesive to stick aeroplanes together.
  6. Because he remembered the weak glue four years later.
  7. He noticed that they stuck to his trousers and were hard to pull off.
  8. Astronauts used it to stop the effects of zero gravity.

Es. 7

  1. dedication
  2. Migration
  3. preparation
  4. attraction
  5. correction
  6. rotation
  7. protection
  8. solution
  9. presentation

Pag. 144

Es. 1

  1. b
  2. d
  3. c
  4. e
  5. f
  6. a

Es. 2

  1. result of
  2. since/as/given that
  3. thanks to
  4. given
  5. since/as/given that

Es. 3

  1. result
  2. energy
  3. against
  4. since/as
  5. expensive
  6. alternative
  7. waste
  8. given
  9. radioactive
  10. accident
  11. emergencies
  12. CO2
  13. To summarise

Es. 4

Ex.4 Students’ own answer. Possible answer:
Do you think it is necessary to modify food genetically to feed the world? Some people say that since there is a growing population, we have to use genetically modified food to feed the world. However, I am not convinced that it’s the best solution. In the first place, we waste too much of the food we produce. In western countries, people throw away thousands of tonnes of unused food every year. In addition, some fruit and vegetables are left in the fields because of their appearance. Supermarkets claim people will only buy ‘perfect’ fruit and vegetables. It seems clear to me that if we used this food, there would be more to help feed the world. Secondly, there are problems with some genetically modified food as modifications allow more chemicals to be used. This can’t be good for our health. Thirdly, farmers can’t always use the seed from genetically modified plants and they have to buy new seed every year. That makes genetically modified crops very expensive for small farms, particularly in Africa and Asia. To summarise, we don’t need genetically modified food to feed the world. We need to make sure we don’t waste what we produce.

Pag. 145

Es. 1

  1. hadn’t chosen
  2. Learning
  3. save
  4. finding
  5. cures
  6. do
  7. solving
  8. ’re
  9. won’t be able to
  10. to enjoy
  11. seeing
  12. discovering
  13. species
  14. extinct

Es. 3

Today, I’d like to talk to you about mobile phones. I think the mobile phone is the most significant invention. There are a number of reasons that explain my view. First of all, they are great for keeping in touch with people, especially if your friends and families live far away. Secondly, mobile phones can be really useful in an emergency. If you’re hurt or in danger, you can use your phone to call the police or an ambulance. If you didn’t have a mobile phone, you would have to wait for someone to find you. There are arguments on both sides, and some people think that we spend too much time on our phones these days. It’s true that it’s possible to waste a lot of time on your phone - taking selfies and playing games. But I’d like to finish by saying this: I strongly believe that we’d miss mobile phones if we didn’t have them.

Es. 4

Solving problems is best done in teams. For example, as a species, humans often need to deal with new threats, such as viruses or diseases. If you aim to develop a cure for these, you need to remember that it takes a long time and a lot of people. Most scientific explorations and inventions nowadays are the work of large teams, which often come from several different countries. If we can’t collaborate across national frontiers, science will become more difficult.

WB Unit 7: Me, myself & I

Pag. 147

Es. 1

  1. himself
  2. ourselves
  3. herself
  4. yourselves
  5. themselves
  6. itself

Es. 2

  1. John and Sally love each other.
  2. My American cousin and I message each other regularly.
  3. My cousin Elena and I don’t like each other.
  4. Jones and Davis injured each other in the second half.

Es. 3

  1. yourselves
  2. herself
  3. ourselves
  4. themselves
  5. yourself
  6. itself

Es. 4

1, 2, 5

Es. 5

  1. which
  2. whose
  3. which
  4. where
  5. who

Es. 6

  1. I’ve lost my phone, which was in my pocket.
  2. We talked on Skype to my brother, who lives in LA.
  3. They live in Bari, which is in the south of Italy.
  4. My sister gave me the new CD by Rhianna, who we saw in concert last year.
  5. Helen, whose dad is ill, can’t come to the party.
  6. Peter, who grew up in a large family, is a very confident person.
  7. My boss, who I like very much, is a bit of a dreamer.

Es. 7

  1. Fiona’s the girl we spoke to.
  2. It’s a plan I’ve been thinking about for a long time.
  3. Mr Jones, who Dad gave our old car to, is a friend from university.
  4. I really liked the hotel we stayed in.
  5. Mr Bates is the man I worked for last year.
  6. This laptop, which I did my presentation with, is my brother’s.

Pag. 148

Es. 1

  1. team player
  2. loner
  3. rebel
  4. leader
  5. conformist

Es. 2

  1. introvert
  2. extrovert
  3. optimist
  4. pessimist
  5. rebel
  6. dreamer
  7. leader
  8. follower
  9. worrier
  10. couch potato

Es. 3

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. My best friend is a joker. He’s always laughing and playing games.
  2. I’m a loner and a pessimist. I don’t like being with other people and I always imagine that the worst will happen.
  3. Yes, I’m a conformist. I think rules are important.
  4. Not really. I’ve always been an extrovert and an optimist. I’m quite resilient too.

Es. 4

  1. enthusiastic
  2. independence
  3. sociable
  4. confidence
  5. responsible
  6. enthusiasm
  7. adventurous
  8. reliability

Es. 5

  1. c
  2. e
  3. a
  4. d
  5. f
  6. b

Es. 6

My cousin Beatrice has great resilience. Her mum died when she was young, but she’s always cheerful and friendly. My friend Jacopo is quick-thinking, especially on the football field. He sees where everyone’s moving and passes the ball to them. My uncle Matteo is adventurous. He loves climbing mountains. My great-grandfather Alfredo is known for his toughness. He had a very hard time in the war, but he is still very strong, even at 98

Pag. 149

Es. 7

b

Es. 8

  1. couch potato
  2. dreamer; rebel; loner
  3. enthusiastic; independent
  4. joker
  5. everything away; lock an important door
  6. Confidence
  7. on time
  8. ten minutes

Wordlsit

  • Personalities
    • conformista
    • pigrone, pantofolaio
    • sognatore
    • estroverso
    • seguace, pecora
    • introverso
    • burlone
    • leader
    • (tipo) solitario
    • ottimista
    • pessimista
    • realista
    • ribelle
    • qlcn che lavora bene in
    • squadra
    • intellettuale, pensatore
    • ansioso, apprensivo
  • Personality adjectives & qualities
    • avventuroso
    • sicuro di sé
    • alla mano
    • entusiasta
    • indipendente
    • prontezza mentale/di
    • spiritoaffidabile
    • resiliente
    • responsabile
    • socievole
    • duro, tenace, tosto
    • avventura
    • fiducia in sé, sicurezza
    • entusiasmo
    • indipendenza
    • affidabilità
    • resilienza
    • responsabilità
    • durezza, tenacità

Pag. 150

Es. 1

  1. yourself
  2. himself
  3. ourselves
  4. itself
  5. themselves
  6. herself
  7. yourselves

Es. 2

  1. yourself
  2. himself
  3. yourselves
  4. themselves
  5. each other
  6. ourselves
  7. herself
  8. myself
  9. each other

Es. 3

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. I don’t fix it myself. I can’t! I take it to a shop.
  2. We message each other.
  3. Yes, I’d like to travel by myself, maybe to Peru.
  4. Yes, I cut myself while I was repairing my guitar.
  5. Yes, my mother is good at making things herself.
  6. The best way is to talk to each other.

Es. 4

  1. that
  2. who
  3. where
  4. who’s
  5. where
  6. which
  7. whose
  8. that
  9. which

Es. 5

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. who never worries about anything
  2. which I really like
  3. where you can see fantastic Roman ruins
  4. who complain about everything all the time
  5. where you can spend the summer and meet new people
  6. whose songs are very popular

Pag. 151

Es. 6

  1. J.K.Rowling, who wrote the Harry Potter books, has published several novels under another name.
  2. Rio di Janeiro, where the Olympics were held in 2016, is the second biggest city in Brazil.
  3. Brad Pitt, whose ex-wife Angelina Jolie was a UN ambassador, used to be the richest film star in the world.
  4. Garibaldi, who was one of the key figures in the unification of Italy, lived from 1807 to 1882.
  5. Ben Nevis, which is the highest mountain in the UK, is only 1,345 metres high.

Es. 7

  1. N, which
  2. D, who/whom/that
  3. N, who
  4. D, whose
  5. D, which/that
  6. D, where

Es. 8

  1. who/that are keen to see its many attractions
  2. which was built in 2000
  3. I most enjoy
  4. you will ever see
  5. whose brother works there
  6. where you can get nice cakes

Es. 9

  1. who/that
  2. myself
  3. who
  4. which
  5. each other
  6. whose
  7. who
  8. himself
  9. where
  10. each other
  11. ourselves
  12. who

Pag. 153

Es. 4

  1. Jack
  2. Emma
  3. Emma
  4. Jack
  5. Jack
  6. Emma

Es. 5

  1. a week
  2. be sociable
  3. touch
  4. very near
  5. women drivers
  6. enthusiasm

Es. 6

  1. He’s not a team player.
  2. Two weeks.
  3. In the first half, he was on his own; in the second, he had to work in a group.
  4. Science and engineering/how engines work.
  5. Confidence and toughness.
  6. They were made to feel at home and were treated very well.

Es. 7

  1. b, grass
  2. d, book
  3. f, eye
  4. e, head
  5. a, feet
  6. c, moon

Pag. 154

Es. 1

  1. I would be able to start work immediately.
  2. I am keen to work for your organisation.
  3. I am due to start work on Monday.
  4. I believe that I could be a useful member of your company.
  5. I consider myself to be a hard-working and enthusiastic person.

Es. 2

  1. am keen to
  2. am due to
  3. consider myself to be
  4. believe that I could
  5. am due to
  6. would be able to

Es. 3

  1. Nature reserve volunteer
  2. Dear
  3. to apply
  4. keen
  5. Geography
  6. Young
  7. consider myself
  8. responsible
  9. believe
  10. wildlife centre
  11. due to
  12. be available
  13. look forward
  14. regards

Pag. 155

Es. 1

  1. that
  2. that
  3. himself
  4. team player
  5. confident
  6. each other
  7. which
  8. whose
  9. jokers
  10. himself
  11. who
  12. enthusiastic
  13. where
  14. -

Es. 2

  1. A loner is someone who prefers being by himself or herself.
  2. Those are the neighbours whose cat always comes into our garden.
  3. My sister, who now works in a bank, used to be a bit of a rebel.
  4. My cousin travelled around Africa for a month, which must have been a real adventure.

Es. 3

  1. yourself
  2. sociable
  3. pessimistic
  4. that
  5. worrier
  6. each other
  7. tough
  8. who
  9. couch potato
  10. yourself
  11. in which

Es. 4

  • A Have you seen this advert? They’re asking for volunteers for a local reading project.
  • B Oh yes, I heard about that. Are you interested?
  • A Maybe. Here’s the advert. It says that ideally, they’re looking for reliable, responsible young adults who enjoy meeting new people.
  • B What does it involve, exactly?
  • A The advert says that it involves reading to very young children, old people or disabled people.
  • B That sounds interesting. But I’m not sure if I’m the right type of person. I’m a bit of an introvert, and it sounds like you have to enjoy being with people.
  • A I’m the opposite. I love meeting new people.
  • B Is there any more information?
  • A Yes, it says you should be enthusiastic about reading - for example, novels, magazines, children’s stories, biographies.
  • B So are you going to do it?
  • A Yes, I am. I think it sounds like a great project.

Es. 5

It is often said that we like people whose personality is different from ours. A sociable person is often friends with somebody who is more of an introvert. Two leaders won’t get on with each other. But have you ever asked yourself if it’s true? My best friend and I are both adventurous and confident people, which seems to show that similar characters can like each other. ==WB Unit 8 n the streets**

Pag. 157

Es. 1

  1. Kia cars are made in Korea.
  2. We aren’t allowed to watch TV after 11 p.m.
  3. The cathedral is visited by 5,000 people every day.
  4. Is the city located in the south?
  5. The leisure centre isn’t constructed very well.
  6. How often are the systems checked by the engineers?
  7. The bins are emptied on Fridays.
  8. Are monthly town council meetings attended by the general public?

Es. 2

  1. was finished
  2. were killed
  3. were stolen
  4. was proposed by
  5. weren’t included
  6. Were; buried
  7. were left by
  8. wasn’t displayed

Es. 3

  1. have been built
  2. is being painted
  3. will be made
  4. hadn’t been cleaned
  5. can be seen
  6. are going to be displayed
  7. are looked after
  8. had been told

Es. 4

  1. All the run-down buildings can be replaced by the same company.
  2. The results are being analysed now.
  3. The old houses weren’t being preserved.
  4. The staff hadn’t been paid for three months.
  5. Changes will be made (by somebody).
  6. All the old windows have been removed by the builders.
  7. All the high-rise buildings are going to be demolished.
  8. He’s been told by the managers.

Es. 5

  1. Did she get the car washed yesterday?
  2. I want to have my coat cleaned.
  3. You should get your eyes tested.
  4. Are they going to have the trees cut down?
  5. They had the photos taken by a photographer.

Es. 6

  1. Last week, we had/got our house painted.
  2. I must have/get that window repaired.
  3. Where do you have/get your hair cut? It always looks great!
  4. It cost me a lot to have/get my jacket cleaned.
  5. You should have/get your scooter checked every year.
  6. Do you have/get your shopping delivered or do you go to

the supermarket?



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