Language for life B2 - Soluzioni

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Language for life
Lflb2.jpg
Autore Ben Wetz
Materia Inglese
Volume B2
Editore Oxford University Press
ISBN 9780194606912
Anno 2019
Scuola Secondaria di II grado
Classe Quarta

Pag. 6

Start thinking

Students’ own answers. Possible answers: I usually cycle to school. I take the bus on Tuesdays because I have athletics practice after school. I love cycling because I can get to school really quickly and it’s cheap. Buses are slow and unreliable but good when it’s cold and rainy.

Es. 1

Cities can promote cycling with bike-sharing schemes.

Es. 2

  1. Copenhagen is safe because it’s got over 350 km of bike paths.
  2. Paris launched the first big bike-sharing scheme.
  3. Members usually pay an annual or weekly fee and they pay a small amount every time they use a bike.
  4. People use the bikes in Dublin over four million times a year.
  5. Cycling in New York is better than taking a taxi because it’s cheaper and probably faster, too.

Es. 3

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  • Pic A: The man is travelling by train. It’s rush hour and the train is crowded and everyone looks stressed.
  • Pic B: The man is walking to work, but the weather is terrible.
  • Pic C: The man wants to take a taxi, but he needs to run to attract the driver’s attention.
  • Pic D: This group of people are travelling by bus or coach. Unfortunately, the bus/coach has broken down and now they need to push it!
  • Pic E: This person is driving a car, but he’s having problems parking it.
  • Pic F: This man is cycling. He looks miserable because it’s raining really hard. A car is about to splash him, too.

Es. 4

The article mentions buses but it doesn’t mention coaches.

Es. 6

  1. get
  2. traffic jams
  3. rush hour
  4. fares
  5. in, on
  6. commutes
  7. commuters, get
  8. take, get on
  9. route
  10. travel Both a noun and a verb: travel, commute

Es. 7

Students’ own answers.

Es. 8

Rules

  1. without
  2. is

Es. 9

  1. I do know the answer, but I can’t remember it.
  2. The commute does take an hour, but I don’t mind.
  3. Oh dear, you do look tired!
  4. The bus is cheaper, but I do prefer the train!
  5. He doesn’t drive but he does ride a moped.
  6. The route does go past the park, but the bus doesn’t stop.

Es. 10

Students’ own answers.

Online research

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
BikeMi is a fantastic cycle-hire scheme which started in Milan in 2008. It’s really easy to use and perfect for short journeys. Of course, it’s great for the environment, too! BikeMi started off as a small company with only a few traditional bikes, but nowadays it has thousands of bikes and docking stations all over the city. They have also introduced electric bikes and JuniorBikeMi for kids too! The disadvantages are that it does rain a lot in this area, and Milan is often foggy, so that isn’t much fun. But if you wear the right clothes you should be OK. I suppose it’s more expensive to hire a bike than to use your own, but sometimes it’s really difficult to find space on the train to bring your bicycle into town, especially in rush hour - so this is a practical alternative. I think the best thing about BikeMi is that it’s a great way to keep fit and enjoy the fresh air. And remember, Milan is really flat, so there are no tough hills to climb!

Fast finishers

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
I think I’m one of the many people who agree that cities should aim to be car-free, but is it possible? The people of Hamburg, in Germany, think so. They want to be car-free by 2030. They plan to have a ‘green network’ with paths connecting all the green spaces in Hamburg. Eventually, it will cover over 40% of the city. This will allow people to move easily from one part of the city either on foot or by bike.

Pag. 8

Start thinking

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
I got lost once when I was staying with my brother in San Francisco. We left his flat early in the morning and because I was talking so much, I didn’t notice the number of the tram we took or the name of his street. He went to work and I went into the city centre. When it was time for me to come home, I couldn’t remember anything. Luckily, I had his phone number, so I called him and we met outside his office and went home together.

Es. 1

Students’ own answers.

Es. 2

B

Es. 3

  1. F. Satellite navigation isn’t completely reliable.
  2. T
  3. T
  4. T
  5. F. Pedestrians are almost as careless as motorists.
  6. F. According to the expert, navigation systems are damaging our sense of direction and place.
  7. T
  8. F. Navigation systems can be helpful, but we should sometimes turn them off and use our mind and senses, as this will improve our navigational skills.

Es. 4

Students’ own answers.

Es. 5

  1. professional
  2. tragic
  3. muddy
  4. costly
  5. adventurous

The suffix -ly also creates adverbs.

Es. 6

  1. friendly
  2. disastrous
  3. industrial, historical
  4. icy
  5. optimistic

Students’ own answers.

Es. 7

  • scorn = noun
  • reliable = adjective
  • holidaying = verb
  • astonishment = noun
  • head = verb
  • sense = noun
  • careless = adjective
  • exert = verb
  • straight = adverb
  • everyday = adjective
  • especially = adverb

Pag. 9

Es. 8

Rules

  1. b
  2. c
  3. a
  4. d

Es. 9

  1. get around the city
  2. set off
  3. turn an app on
  4. look forward to the commute
  5. take my headphones off
  6. get on the bus
  7. find his name out
  8. carry on

Es. 10

Students’ own answers.

Fast finishers

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. intransitive phrasal verbs (inseparable) = come over
  2. three-word phrasal verbs (inseparable) = get on with
  3. some two-word transitive phrasal verbs (inseparable) = care for
  4. some two-word transitive phrasal verbs (separable) = think over

Pag. 10

Start thinking

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
I think the greatest advantage of air travel is that you can be anywhere in the world within hours. My grandparents live in Singapore and it would take months to get to them if we didn’t have planes. The disadvantages are that the fares are expensiveand you usually have to wait a really long time at the airport before you actually get on the plane. There are lots of rules about what you can take on a plane. Obviously, you can’t take anything dangerous like a knife, but you also have to be careful about things like how much liquid you can carry. I guess there are so many rules because the airport is responsible for our safety.

Es. 1

  1. D, arrivals
  2. F, baggage reclaim
  3. E, check-in
  4. G, customs
  5. C, departures
  6. A, immigration
  7. B, security

Es. 2

  1. departures
  2. arrivals
  3. check-in
  4. baggage reclaim
  5. security
  6. immigration
  7. customs

Both check-in and queue appear as nouns and verbs.

Es. 3

  1. A person who works in airport security would see an image like this.
  2. A suitcase containing clothes, and MP3 player and various containers, including a tube of something, maybe make-up or suncream, a bottle of something - perhaps shampoo, and an aerosol can.
  3. Liquids and gels cause problems. Here, the aerosol may contain more than the maximum amount of liquid allowed in hand luggage. Other things that have to be less than 100 ml, are sunscreen, make-up and drinks.

Es. 4

All the questions and answers are about airport security.

Es. 5

  1. C
  2. C
  3. A
  4. A
  5. B

Es. 6

Students’ own answers.

Pag. 11

Es. 7

  1. b
  2. a
  3. d
  4. c

Es. 9

  1. has caught
  2. are using
  3. has been kite-surfing
  4. travel
  5. are having
  6. has been cycling

Es. 10

  1. C
  2. have flown
  3. C
  4. has become
  5. C
  6. are demanding
  7. C

Es. 11

Rules

  1. never
  2. already
  3. just
  4. yet
  5. still
  6. for
  7. since

Es. 12

  1. just
  2. for
  3. yet
  4. still
  5. already
  6. since
  7. never

Es. 13

  1. What’s the longest distance you’ve ever travelled?
  2. Have you been doing anything interesting recently?
  3. How long have you lived in your house?
  4. How do you prefer to travel on long journeys?
  5. What’s the worst experience you’ve ever had with public transport?

Responses are students’ own answers.

Es. 14

Students’ own answers.

Fast finishers

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. I’ve never travelled by plane.
  2. I’ve just seen my best friend.
  3. I still haven’t finished my homework today.
  4. I haven’t seen La La Land yet.
  5. I’ve been riding a bike since I was four.

Pag. 12

Es. 1

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
The price of a flight depends on the destination, whether it’s direct or not, the departure date and the departure time.

Es. 2

They’re planning to go to Rome.

Es. 4

Students’ own answers.

Es. 5

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  • A Which train do you think we should get, Giovanni?
  • B Um, what are our options?
  • A Well, there’s a direct train, but it costs €80.
  • B Is that for a single or a return ticket?
  • A That’s for a single ticket.
  • B Hmmm. That’s a bit out of our price range.
  • A There’s a cheaper one, but it doesn’t go direct to Milano.
  • B Ahh. Where do we have to change trains? A It connects in Rome.
  • B And how long do we have to wait?
  • A The connection is an hour later.
  • B Well, that gives us plenty of time if we can’t find the connection.
  • A Great! Shall we book, then?
  • B Good idea. Um, I’d like an aisle seat, if that’s OK.

Es. 6

Students’ own answers. ===Pag. 13===.

Es. 1

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
Flight arrivals may be late because poor visibility or airport congestion prevents the plane from landing. Airlines sometimes cancel flights because of strikes, bad weather and security issues.

Es. 2

Beth is a good problem-solver because she thinks logically about the problem.

Es. 3

✔️ 2, 4, 6, 7, 8

Es. 5

Students’ own answers.

Es. 6

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
I want to be a doctor, but I need really high marks to get into university. I don’t know if I’ll get them, but I’m going to give it a shot. (Technique: Focus on the solution, not the problem.)

Es. 7

Students’ own answers.

Pag. 14

Es. 1

All three speakers cook.

Es. 2

  1. Matt likes cooking the most.
  2. Jan likes cooking the least.
  3. Matt cooks because he likes it and he wants to be a chef. He sometimes cooks for his family.
  4. Jan cooks because her mum works late on Wednesdays.
  5. Tyler cooks because he’s vegetarian and he needs to prepare different dishes when his family prepares meat-based dishes.

Es. 3

  1. a colander
  2. A cutting board
  3. a teaspoon, A tablespoon
  4. a rolling pin
  5. An oven dish
  6. a saucepan, A frying pan

Students’ own answers. Possible answers for other utensils: whisk, knife, bread knife, wok, pizza cutter, wooden spoon, etc.

Es. 4

  1. Mix
  2. rolling pin
  3. bake
  4. Slice
  5. cutting board
  6. fry
  7. frying pan
  8. Boil
  9. strain
  10. colander
  11. Heat
  12. oven dish
  13. roast
  14. chop
  15. Measure
  16. saucepan

Students’ own answers.

Es. 5

Students’ own answers.

Es. 6

Students’ own answers.

Es. 7

Rules

  1. an infinitive
  2. for + -ing form

Es. 8

  1. to keep, fridge
  2. to bake, oven
  3. for chopping, knife
  4. for checking, thermometer
  5. to heat, microwave oven
  6. for measuring, measuring jug

Es. 9

Students’ own answers.

Online research

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
I love making elderflower cordial. My aunt first showed me how to make it when I was about eight. There are loads of elderflower plants in this part of the country. They often grow wild along footpaths in fields. You can recognise them really easily because they have lots of tiny white flowers that grow together to make large ‘white umbrellas’ on the plant. On a very sunny morning in summer when all the flowers are white, cut the ‘umbrellas’ - you don’t need the leaves as they are bitter, so leave anything green. Take as much as you can because you will need a lot to make one bottle of elderflower cordial. At home, pick off all the small flowers and place them in a large bowl. In a saucepan, add some sugar and lemon juice. Pour some boiling water over the ingredients and stir. Then, pour the mixture over the flowers. Once you have mixed everything, leave it for 24 hours. Finally, pour everything through a fine sieve into a measuring jug or bottle. After that, all you have to do is pour some of the cordial into a glass, add some water and a slice of lemon. Delicious!

Fast finishers

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
My favourite dish is fruit sorbet. It’s really easy to make and you can find the main ingredients when you are walking in the countryside at the end of summer! Put water, sugar and lemon juice into a pan. Heat the mixture. In a food processor, mix any berries you like until they are smooth. I love using raspberries, strawberries or blueberries. Put all the ingredients into a large plastic dish and stir. Cover the dish and put it into a freezer for two hours. Finally, take a fork and crush the ice. Serve immediately!

Pag. 16

Start thinking

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
Salento has a lot of traditional foods that my family and friends love to eat. At home, we eat a lot of chickpeas, broccoli, olives and tomatoes, and pasta of course. When I have lots of time to cook, I make delicious traditional pasta from this region called orecchiette. It’s called that because each one looks like a very small ear! Traditionally, the recipes from this region don’t use meat but we do eat lots of fish! My favourite foreign cuisine is sushi. There’s a fantastic Japanese restaurant in our town. It’s always busy because the food is delicious and it’s a fun place to meet and eat with friends.

Es. 1

  • Feta cheese is from Greece.
  • Pasties are from Cornwall, England.
  • Ciauscolo sausage is from Marche, Italy.
  • Edamer cheese is from the Netherlands.
  • Cava is from Spain.
  • Upplandskubb is from Sweden.
  • Black Forest ham is from south-western Germany.

Es. 2

  1. A
  2. B
  3. B
  4. C
  5. D

Es. 3

Students’ own answers.

Es. 4

Rules

  1. -ing
  2. -ed

Es. 5

  1. surprising
  2. depressed
  3. disgusting
  4. frightened
  5. inspiring
  6. disappointing

Pag. 17

Es. 6

Rules

  1. b
  2. a

Es. 7

  1. can
  2. -
  3. couldn’t
  4. -
  5. couldn’t
  6. can’t
  7. -
  8. can/could Students’ own answers.

Es. 8

  1. Can
  2. allow
  3. able
  4. could
  5. manage

Students’ own answers.

Fast finishers

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
Dear Mr Delaney, I am writing to you about your advert in the local newspaper. I’m studying catering at college and I would be very interested in becoming part of the team at your restaurant. I have a lot of experience in working in a busy café. I worked for the last three summers at The Cupcake and I really enjoyed it. However, I would really appreciate the opportunity to work in a more formal environment…

Pag. 18

Start thinking

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
I would prefer to work in the city. I think working in the countryside is too hard. You always have to fight against the weather. Every season is difficult: allergies in spring, heat in the summer, wind in autumn and snow in winter! Also, farmers often work by themselves and I wouldn’t like that. I’d prefer a warm office with big windows and lots of colleagues to talk to.

Es. 1

  1. D
  2. A
  3. H
  4. C
  5. E
  6. G
  7. F
  8. B

Es. 2

  1. farm
  2. land
  3. harvests
  4. floods
  5. soil
  6. droughts
  7. diseases
  8. plants
  9. farms
  10. farming
  11. grow
  12. harvest
  13. raise
  14. livestock
  15. feed
  16. plant
  17. crops
  18. processes
  19. weeds
  20. equipment
  21. pick
  22. process
  23. farmers

farm, harvest, plant and process appear as both noun and verb.

Es. 4

  1. c
  2. e
  3. a
  4. b

Es. 5

Students’ own answers.

Pag. 19

Es. 7

  1. using
  2. polluting
  3. to employ/employing
  4. farming
  5. to eat/eating
  6. using
  7. to grow
  8. to end
  9. to use
  10. to invest/investing

Es. 8

  1. buying, to feed
  2. picking, to walk
  3. to get, running
  4. to get up, drinking Students’ own answers.

Es. 9

  1. I love spending time with animals.
  2. I can’t stand getting up early in the morning.
  3. I’d like to learn more about nature.
  4. I care about eating good quality food.
  5. I regret not living in the country.

Responses are students’ own answers.

Es. 10

  1. Do you prefer spending/to spend time indoors or outdoors at the weekend? Why?
  2. What outdoor activities do you remember enjoying as a child? Do you like doing/to do any of these things now?
  3. What’s your favourite place in the countryside? What do you recommend doing there?
  4. Where do you dream of living one day? Why?
  5. What kind of career do you imagine having? What skills will you need to learn?
  6. Are there any jobs you want to avoid doing? Why?

Responses are students’ own answers.

Fast finishers

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. Are there any team sports you avoid doing?
  2. Which places do you enjoy visiting in town?
  3. Which courses would you choose to do at university?

Pag. 20

Es. 1

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
I’m uncomfortable talking about my marks at school, so I change the subject or I hesitate.

Es. 2

They decide to go to an Asian restaurant called Bamboo because it serves vegan dishes.

Es. 4

Suggested answers:

  1. Well, …
  2. all right, …
  3. You see, …
  4. So, …
  5. Let me think…
  6. like…

Es. 5

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. All right… (Let’s watch this DVD.)
  2. My favourite music is… like… (postpunk and rock.)
  3. You see… (it’s really near my house.)
  4. So… What do you want to do instead?
  5. Let me think… (it must be about 50,000)
  6. Well, … (I’m going to upload my new photos.)

Es. 7

Students’ own answers.

Pag. 21

Es. 1

Students’ own answers. Possible answers: Farmers throw away damaged food, supermarkets throw away the food they don’t sell, consumers throw away food they don’t eat.

Es. 2

They decide to eat it.

Es. 3

  1. neither
  2. Owen
  3. neither
  4. Owen
  5. neither

Es. 5

Students’ own answers.

Es. 6

Students’ own answers.

Es. 7

Students’ own answers.

Pag. 22

Start thinking

Students’ own answers.

Es. 1

People began to vote at 18 in the UK in 1969.

Es. 2

  1. The suffragettes protested because women wanted education, jobs and the right to vote.
  2. Emmeline Pankhurst started a women’s union and encouraged women to campaign and protest.
  3. During the war Pankhurst encouraged women to get jobs to help with the war effort.
  4. The government allowed some women to vote in 1918.
  5. In 1928 men and women received the same rights, but in 1918 men could vote at 21 and only some women could vote at 30.

Es. 3

  • photo A 5
  • photo B 7
  • photo C 3
  • photo D 1

Possible answers: hold a vigil; organise a ceremony; write, print and hand out leaflets explaining the issue and calling for action; sit-in

Es. 4

  • ways to object: vote*, protest*, petition, boycott*, go on strike, rally*, march*, break the law, riot*
  • people: campaigner, crowd, activist, rioter
  • ideas or belief systems: social justice, equality, activism, civil rights, freedom of speech

"*" = both nouns and verbs

Es. 5

  1. petition
  2. go on strike
  3. break the law
  4. Boycott
  5. freedom of speech Students’ own answers.

Es. 6

Rules

  1. may
  2. can’t
  3. must

Es. 7

  1. C, must
  2. D, could
  3. C, may
  4. D, might not
  5. D, could
  6. C, can’t

Es. 8

Students’ own answers.

Online research

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
A few years ago, 100000 people from my region took part in a peaceful march through our city. We were protesting against organised crime. Families and friends of victims who had lost their loved ones or their businesses came together. We sang songs and held up banners. At one point, all the names of people who had died from our area were read out, one by one. In the evening, we lit candles along the promenade and held a vigil. It was a very emotional day, but we weren’t just sad - the fact that so many people came together made us feel stronger and braver as a community. Soon after that protest, we started a scheme where shops and businesses could choose to put a sign in their window to show that they no longer pay protection money. This way, buyers and sellers feel united. Now, all you have to do to show how you feel about organised crime is use your spending power: support the businesses who are standing up to the criminals and buy your clothes, vegetables, computers from a shop that doesn’t pay a percentage of its profits to the Mafia. It’s a simple idea - boycott the businesses where the criminals get their money from, but so far it seems to be working.

Fast finishers

Students’ own answers.

Pag. 24

Start thinking

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
I saw a documentary about Martin Luther King Jr. He was an incredible leader who changed the world forever. He believed that peaceful protest was the best way to bring about social change. He fought for racial equality and justice for all and was an incredibly important figure in American politics.

Es. 1

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
It is probably for students: It looks like a chapter in a history book or it may be a reference book for students studying Law.

Es. 2

Students’ own answers.

Es. 4

  1. F. Facilities were often inferior for black Americans.
  2. T
  3. F. She was arrested because she refused to give her seat to a white passenger when the white section had become full.
  4. T
  5. F. In 1957, the US federal court ordered a white school in Little Rock, Arkansas to admit black students.
  6. T
  7. F. He received the Nobel Peace Prize for his contribution to ending segregation.
  8. T
  9. F. Discrimination still exists today.

Es. 5

Students’ own answers.

Es. 6

  1. childhood
  2. citizenship
  3. membership
  4. brotherhood
  5. neighbourhood
  6. ownership

Possible answers for other nouns with -ship/-hood: relationship, dictatorship, parenthood, adulthood

Es. 7

Suggested answers:

  • banned: (past v) prohibited
  • moreover: (adv) In addition
  • desegregated: (past v) when segregation is stopped
  • livid: (adj) furious
  • peacefully: (adv) in a calm way
  • sympathetic: (adj) kind (Beware! False friend)
  • speech: (n) presentation
  • advocated: (past v) promoted

Pag. 25

Es. 8

Rules

  1. a
  2. b
  3. before
  4. Past perfect continuous

Es. 9

  1. had ended
  2. had been campaigning
  3. had formed
  4. began
  5. hadn’t been campaigning
  6. started
  7. increased Students’ own answers.

Es. 10

Students’ own answers.

Fast finishers

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
Last year my parents and I took part in a peaceful protest. We joined the march in Modena but by the time it got to us it had already started over 20 miles away in a small town in the hills. The reason we all came together was to campaign for peace and human rights. A lot of people were carrying peace flags and there were also banners that asked for an end to poverty and war. We had been walking for about an hour when a group of students became frustrated with the police presence and a riot broke out.

Pag. 26

Start thinking

Students’ own answers.

Es. 1

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. Closing down libraries in towns and cities takes an enormously valuable resource away from young people. Libraries offer a place for children to spend time with their carer discovering, often for the first time, the world of books. Libraries also offer students an equal right to resources and a peaceful environment to study in.
  2. Almost every day, the media reports an increase in childhood obesity rates. Sugar - ‘hidden’ in drinks, snacks and ready meals - is seen as a big threat to the health of a nation. Adverts for these products are often targeted at young people, and many claim there’s a direct link between these products and the rise in obesity and diabetes in the young.
  3. For years, young people have felt that engaging in politics was a useless activity. Teenagers felt that all politicians were the same and that none of them were interested in the issues that mattered to them. But in recent years, more and more young people have been getting interested in local and international politics and issues. There has been a slow but steady increase in the number of young people voting in local and national elections as well as in referendums.

Es. 2

Mind map can be labelled in any order with the following: council, councillor, town hall, district, mayor Ban, tax and support appear as nouns and verbs.

Es. 3

  • leadership and authority: run, power, lead
  • legislation: ban, tax, pass a law, policy
  • voting: turnout, referendum, register to vote
  • interest and participation: get involved, engage in, care about, support

Es. 4

  1. A
  2. C
  3. B
  4. B
  5. A
  6. C

Es. 5

Students’ own answers.

Pag. 27

Es. 6

Rules

  1. b
  2. a
  3. d
  4. c

In stories, we use the Past simple and Past perfect simple for the main events, and the Past continuous and Past perfect continuous for background description.

Es. 7

Possible answers:

  1. First we arrived, then the speech started.
  2. The speech was in progress when we arrived.
  3. The speech was finished when we arrived.
  4. Before we arrived, the mayor was busy all day with speeches.

Es. 8

  1. became
  2. hadn’t/had not been working
  3. had been
  4. was running
  5. introduced
  6. was governing
  7. elected
  8. had just passed

Students’ own answers.

Es. 9

Students’ own answers.

Es. 10

Rules

  1. Past simple
  2. Present perfect

Es. 11

  1. Have you heard
  2. did they ban
  3. ’ve gone
  4. registered
  5. ’ve read
  6. heard

Students’ own answers.

Es. 12

  1. When did you last go to a rally?
  2. Has a politician ever inspired you?
  3. Had you ever protested before you came to this school?
  4. Which political party was running the country four years ago?
  5. How long had it been governing before it lost power?

Responses are students’ own answers.

Es. 13

Students’ own answers

Fast finishers

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
Wangari Maathai was an incredible woman and an outstanding political activist. In her lifetime she fought successfully for sexual equality, social justice, the right to democracy and the protection of the environment. Maathai was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2004- Africa’s first female to do so…

Pag. 28

Es. 1

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
People become adults when they start working, when they become independent or when they get married. In many countries, people usually become official adults at about 18.

Es. 2

Tyler thinks young people should start voting at 16.

Es. 3

  1. remember
  2. listeners

Es. 5

Students’ own answers.

Es. 6

Students’ own answers. Possible answers (home-schooling):

  1. I would argue that parents should be able to decide how they want to educate their children.
  2. In my defence, I’d like to note that home-schooled children tend to do well academically.
  3. The counterargument is that at home students don’t get a chance to socialise.
  4. It’s debatable whether or not the experience has a psychological effect on them.
  5. I’d like to draw your attention to the case of a boy who was bullied at school.

Es. 7

Students’ own answers.

Es. 8

Students’ own answers.

Es. 9

Students’ own answers.

Pag. 29

Es. 1

Students’ own answers.

Es. 2

✔️ 4, 5

Es. 3

  1. F. Leah thinks he’s a really nice person.
  2. T
  3. F. David reacted badly because Leah pushed him out of the way, so she could use the cash desk first.
  4. F. Leah went to a café.
  5. T
  6. T

Es. 5

Students’ own answers.

Es. 6

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
Parents often limit the freedom of their teenage kids without remembering how it feels for a teen. If they explain their reasons more clearly, this helps to reduce the conflict.

Es. 7

Students’ own answers

Pag. 30

Es. 1

  1. Have you ever been
  2. love
  3. feels
  4. have been taking
  5. have caught
  6. goes
  7. ’s studying
  8. ’s only been
  9. have already improved
  10. have just moved
  11. are looking/look
  12. ’ve seen
  13. haven’t climbed
  14. want

Es. 2

  1. The Eurostar does sound good.
  2. We’re looking for a/the bus stop right now.
  3. Marta left her phone behind yesterday.
  4. People usually get around the city on foot.
  5. I do hate traffic jams.
  6. My parents always set off at/before 7.
  7. a.m.
  8. They did enjoy the trip last week.
  9. Turn the lights on, please.

Es. 3

  1. to save
  2. flying
  3. Can/Could
  4. to read/reading
  5. eating
  6. managed to
  7. to help
  8. for finding
  9. to meet
  10. won’t be able to
  11. chatting
  12. May/Could

Es. 4

  1. failed
  2. ’d been learning
  3. can’t
  4. found
  5. had ended
  6. must
  7. could
  8. was standing
  9. went

Es. 5

  1. did you get
  2. ’re looking
  3. must
  4. have been
  5. ’ve been studying
  6. ’ve taken
  7. haven’t done
  8. choosing
  9. passed
  10. manage to
  11. telling
  12. met
  13. ’s been driving
  14. to be
  15. were watching
  16. appeared
  17. couldn’t
  18. hadn’t told
  19. could
  20. looking
  21. be able
  22. Have you and Grandma arranged/Are you and Grandmaarranging
  23. do
  24. haven’t seen
  25. to write

Es. 6

  1. mix
  2. bake
  3. boycott
  4. policy
  5. support
  6. tax
  7. farmer
  8. farm
  9. raise
  10. farming
  11. pack
  12. travel
  13. trip
  14. campaigners

Es. 7

  1. strike
  2. crowd
  3. commute
  4. livestock
  5. protest
  6. queue
  7. feed
  8. take of

Es. 8

  1. to
  2. get/take
  3. get on/board
  4. frying
  5. grow
  6. law
  7. about
  8. journey/trip

Es. 9

  1. How many times have you taken a bus this week?
  2. What do people use a colander for?
  3. When did you last sign a petition?
  4. What do farmers usually do at harvest?
  5. When will you be able to register to vote?
  6. Could you imagine running the country?

Es. 10

Students’ own answers.

Es. 11

Every summer the councillors of the village organise a festivaloutside the town hall to get people involved in the community.They’ve been doing it for about thirty years.We look forward to it all year and there’s a great turnout. A lotof/Lots of people come from the city by car, so there are alwaystraffic jams.The local farmers donate their vegetables and eggs, and thecrowd collaborates to chop and mix the ingredients for a giantomelette. There’s a special five-metre frying pan for cookingthe omelette. It’s the biggest frying pan I’ve ever seen!I went to the festival every year when I lived in the village, butwhen I left, I stopped going because I wasn’t able to make thelong trip.I do miss it!

Es. 12

Students’ own answers.

Pag. 32

Start thinking

Students’ own answers.

Es. 1

No, they don’t. Ashley gets bored at home and doesn’t feel freeto be herself, and Josh has recently moved to a new town.

Es. 2

  1. Ashley likes having her own room.
  2. Ashley doesn’t like depending on her parents/publictransport to go to town.
  3. Josh has lived in his house for almost a year.
  4. Josh had lots of friends nearby and his grandparents livedupstairs.
  5. Josh’s new house has got a garage and a garden.

Es. 3

Students’ own answers. Possible answer:
Photo A shows modern buildings in a city. I think they’ve gotbalconies, so they’re probably flats. I think it could be a niceplace to live. Photo B shows a desert with big tents. I see awoman and some children who probably live there. It looks hotand dusty, not an easy place to live.

Es. 4

  • A the Olympic village in Rio, Brazil
  • B a refugee camp in Kenya

Es. 5

  1. household
  2. surroundings
  3. guests
  4. accommodation
  5. shelter
  6. roof
  7. homeland
  8. settle
  9. belongings
  10. stuff
  11. foreigner
  12. homesick
  13. welcome
  14. backgrounds
  15. Strangers

The word welcome appears as both noun and verb.

Es. 6

Students’ own answers.

Es. 7

Rules

  1. would
  2. used to
  3. Past simple

Es. 8

  1. BOTH
  2. used to
  3. BOTH
  4. wanted
  5. gave
  6. BOTH

Es. 9

Students’ own answers.

Online research

Students’ own answers. Possible answer:I have chosen to talk about a refugee camp in Munich,Germany. The issue of refugees seeking asylum in Europereached a crisis point in 2016. Over 1 million refugees arrived inGermany in 2015.The Bayernkaserne refugee centre was set up to provide asafe, welcoming place of shelter and support for over 70,000refugees and asylum seekers who chose the city of Munich astheir next home. Refugees in the camp include men, women and children. Some are trying to escape the dangers of war and are seeking political asylum but others are also here because they have personally experienced violence at home and feel that they and their children are vulnerable and at risk. In addition to offering everyone a safe place to sleep, each refugee in Bayernkaserne refugee centre is given food, clothing and is seen by a doctor for an initial check-up. German language courses are also available as well as educational support, advisors and translators - all so that refugees can take their first steps towards settling down in their new city of residence. There are also sports facilities and a family house for women and children.

Fast finishers

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
A lot has changed in the last five years! We moved house last year. In our old flat, I used to have a small bedroom but now I have a really big room with my own bathroom - I didn’t use to have one before and it’s great! Also, my baby brother was born just three years ago. What a shock! Before then, I would always play by myself. My life has been completely different since he arrived but I wouldn’t change anything.

Pag. 34

Start thinking

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
I think extremely cold weather is worse. At least with hot weather, you can find shade and there are certain times of the day when you can escape the heat. Cold weather is cold from the moment you wake up until you get back into bed. I think crime and pollution can make a place difficult to live in, too.

Es. 1

  • A, James - Yakutsk, Russia
  • B, Phoebe - Death Valley, California
  • C, Nathan - Mawsynram, India
  • D, Pria - Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

Es. 2

  1. C
  2. B
  3. C
  4. A
  5. D
  6. A, B
  7. D

Es. 3

Students’ own answers.

Es. 4

Rules

  1. -ever
  2. any-
  3. whatever
  4. wherever
  5. any time
  6. anyone
  7. whenever

Es. 5

  1. anywhere
  2. wherever
  3. anyone/anybody
  4. whoever
  5. any time
  6. whenever
  7. anything
  8. whatever

Students’ own answers.

Pag. 35

Es. 6

Rules

  1. be
  2. get

Es. 7

  1. B, ‘ll get used to
  2. C, are used to
  3. A, ‘m getting used to
  4. D, got used to
  5. C, was used to
  6. A, ‘m not used to/I haven’t got used to

Es. 8

Students’ own answers.

Fast finishers

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
Last summer I went to Malta for two months. I went because I wanted to improve my English and there are loads of great language schools there. The island seemed really familiar, the sea and beaches reminded me of home. The food was also really similar to what I’ve always been used to at home and it didn’t take me any time to feel comfortable when I was out and about. The only thing I found really difficult to get used to was my accommodation, …

Pag. 36

Start thinking

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
I love athletics. It’s my passion in life and it has been since I was really young. It might sound strange but I’m happiest when I’m by myself, practising at the track. When I’m running I don’t have any worries - I don’t think about anything and that feels great! I don’t think everyone feels the same way I do. We all have different interests and different ways of feeling happy. Some people are introverts and enjoy being by themselves, other people are energised by being in a room full of friends. We’re all different.

Es. 1

Students’ own answers.

Es. 2

F - surroundings

Es. 3

Suggested answers:

  1. B/C/G
  2. G
  3. G/B
  4. C
  5. C
  6. A
  7. A
  8. D
  9. G
  10. B
  11. B
  12. D/G
  13. E
  14. G
  15. G

Es. 4

Students’ own answers.

Es. 5

  1. Denmark
  2. Wealth
  3. Giving
  4. 84
  5. big city populations/big cities
  6. 2 to 3
  7. enthusiastic

Es. 6

Students’ own answers.

Pag. 37

Es. 7

Rules

  1. essential
  2. non-essential
  3. object

Es. 8

  1. We use who/that for people, where for places, which/that for things, when for times and whose for possession.
  2. A relative pronoun isn’t necessary when it refers to the object of a defining relative clause.
  3. We put prepositions at the end of the relative clause.
  4. We use commas before and after non-defining relative clauses.

Es. 9

  1. which/that
  2. where
  3. whose
  4. when
  5. who/that
  6. N
  7. which/that
  8. who/whom

Students’ own answers.

Es. 10

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
A singer who I really admire is Taylor Swift. In winter, when it’s cold, I like sitting in front of a fire.

Es. 11

Rules

  1. who/that
  2. are
  3. which/that
  4. is
  5. be
  6. Present simple

Es. 12

  1. People living in big cities can be happy, too.
  2. Citizens living with corruption aren’t free.
  3. The countries studied weren’t all rich.
  4. People looking for work don’t enjoy their free time.
  5. Wealth invested in learning is never lost.

Students’ own answers.

Es. 13

  1. We live in a flat which is/that’s twenty years old.
  2. We’ve got a cherry tree growing in the garden.
  3. The people living upstairs are my cousins.
  4. In my class there’s a girl born in Norway.
  5. I sleep on a big bed made of pine wood.

Es. 14

  1. People who smile more actually feel happier.
  2. Get outdoors even on days when it’s cold.
  3. Speak to someone you care about every day.
  4. Volunteers, whose actions help others, feel more positive.
  5. Anyone feeling depressed should avoid shopping!

Responses are students’ own answers.

Es. 15

Students’ own answers.

Fast finishers

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
People who keep in touch with friends and family feel happier. Make time every week for an activity you enjoy. Stay away from people who make you feel negative about your own life.

Pag. 38

Es. 1

Students’ own answers.

Es. 2

They decide to go to walk to the River Thames.

Es. 4

  1. contradicts
  2. confirms
  3. contradicts
  4. confirms
  5. contradicts
  6. contradicts

Es. 5

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
There are four Twilight books. Actually, there are five.

Es. 6

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  • A This hotel is lovely! I’d love to stay here.
  • B Well, it hasn’t always been so nice! In fact, it used to be a military fortress.
  • A Really? It seems very luxurious now.
  • B Indeed it is. Today lots of people want to stay here. Mind you, few people can afford to have a holiday in a castle!
  • A I can see that. After all, the views are fabulous.
  • B Precisely. It’s hard to believe, but it used to be very cold and humid.
  • A I suppose it changed when they put in electricity.
  • B Actually, it changed much later, when it became a hotel.
  • A Really? I’d love to see more. Why don’t we go for a coffee?
  • B We could go to the hotel coffee bar.
  • A Isn’t that too expensive?
  • B On the contrary, it’s relatively cheap.
  • A What are you waiting for? Let’s go!

Es. 7

Students’ own answers.

Pag. 39

Es. 1

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
It might be difficult to get used to the country, the culture, the language or the food.

Es. 2

He found it hard to get used to living on his own, speaking English, the food and university lectures.

Es. 3

  1. -
  2. ️✔

Es. 5

Students’ own answers.

Es. 6

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
I changed schools two years ago. At first, I was lonely because I didn’t have any friends at this school. Then I was proactive and I started to talk to people. Now I’ve got lots of friends here.

Es. 7

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
My brother has got a job in a different city, so he’s leaving home. I know that nothing lasts forever, but I’m going to miss him. But I’m going to be proactive and call him or message him regularly. I’m going to count on myself instead of waiting for him to contact me.

Es. 8

Students’ own answers.

Pag. 40

Start thinking

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
I think my village will have a lot more homes but fewer shops on the high street. People will mainly shop online or drive out to big supermarkets for their food and clothes. People will only meet neighbours when they go to school or the local café. I think this will happen because online retail will make it difficult for smaller supermarkets, furniture retailers and clothes shops to compete. People will buy online and have everything delivered to their door.

Es. 1

The USA built it to record the entry of immigrants to the country.

Es. 2

  1. Less than two thirds of New York City’s inhabitants were born in the USA.
  2. When British forces invaded the city, they changed its name from New Amsterdam to New York.
  3. They go to visit the immigration museum.
  4. About a third of the immigrants stayed in the New York area, and the rest went to other areas of the USA.
  5. Ellis Island closed because a law in 1924 reduced the number of immigrants arriving in the USA.

Es. 3

  1. B
  2. E
  3. C
  4. D
  5. A

Es. 4

  • 1-7 in any order: increase, rise, double, soar, growth, upward, boom
  • 8-11 in any order: shrink, decrease, drop, downward
  • 12-13 in any order: peak, reach
  • 14 vary
  • 15 level off
  • 16 rate

boom, decrease, increase, peak, drop and rise noun and verb.

Es. 5

  • -12% refers to how much the European population will have shrunk by.
  • 2.01 refers to the average number of children per woman in Ireland.
  • 2⅔ refers to the world’s population increase between 1800 and 2000.
  • 10-24 refers to people aged between 10 and 24 years. 9,000,000,000 refers to the predicted world population by 2040.

Es. 6

  1. I spent two and a half times more on this laptop than on my old one.
  2. The population of my town is sixty-eight thousand, nine hundred and twelve.
  3. Prices will have risen by at least one point nine per cent by the next year.
  4. These statistics reflect the responses of eighteen-to-twentyfive-year-olds.
  5. The temperature reached minus twelve degrees during the night.

-

  1. 68,912
  2. 1.09%
  3. 18-25
  4. -12°

Es. 7

Rules

  1. perfect
  2. continuous

Es. 8

  1. will be living
  2. ’ll be using
  3. will have increased
  4. will have risen
  5. will be generating

Students’ own answers.

Correct figures from audio check:

  1. 6.3 billion
  2. 1,000
  3. 6,000,000
  4. 2.01
  5. a third

Es. 9

Students’ own answers.

Online research

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
I’ve chosen to research what experts believe medicine will look like in 50 years from now. Here are my top 2 future trends:

  1. By 2030, 3D printing will have completely changed the face of surgery. Special 3D printers will be able to create organs that can be transplanted directly into sick patients. This will transform millions of people’s lives worldwide as patients will no longer have to wait for compatible donors.
  2. In the next 20 years, research institutes will be developing new technologies so that artificial limbs will no longer be uncomfortable and impractical. By the end of 2040, prosthetics will have become completely intuitive, controlled by the patient’s thoughts.

Fast finishers

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
I predict Sara will be working in a charity in Chile - she loves helping people and has always wanted to live in South America. Simone will have graduated in Artificial Intelligence and will be developing robots for NASA!

Pag. 42

Start thinking

Students’ own answers.

Es. 1

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
The article could be about how much information we read every day. It’s probably linked to how much we use the Internet.

Es. 2

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. Data growth
  2. Your personal data
  3. What is ‘Big Data’?
  4. Data and shopping
  5. How governments use data
  6. Using data to prevent crime
  7. Dangers with Big Data

Es. 3

  1. F
  2. A
  3. C
  4. G
  5. E
  6. D
  7. B

Es. 5

Students’ own answers.

Es. 6

  1. four-month
  2. sixteenth-century
  3. eight-week-old
  4. two-kilometre-long
  5. digitally-recorded

Es. 7

  1. Twenty-second-century
  2. well-known
  3. two-year-old
  4. five-minute
  5. densely-populated
  6. 764-metre-high

Pag. 43

Es. 8

Rules

  1. will
  2. might
  3. be going to
  4. Present simple
  5. Present continuous For other uses, see Grammar reference p.126.

Es. 9

  1. ’s going to
  2. begins
  3. will
  4. ’re chatting
  5. won’t see Students’ own answers.

Es. 10

Students’ own answers.

Fast finishers

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
I’m catching the last bus home tonight. It’s going to be beautiful weather on Sunday, so I’ll probably go to the beach. I’m going to meet my aunt at the station later.

Pag. 44

Start thinking

Students’ own answers.

Es. 1

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
The ‘negativity bias’ means that people tend to focus more on unpleasant things than on positive news and events. This can make us fear the future and miss opportunities.

Es. 2

  • Envision: forecast, foresee, expect, guess, anticipate, look ahead, warn
  • Worry: anxiety, dread Advance: make progress, move forward, get ahead
  • Change schedule: delay, push back, bring forward
  • In the future: upcoming, coming, one day, be due to, some day dread appears as both noun and verb.

Es. 3

  1. C
  2. A
  3. B
  4. B
  5. B
  6. B
  7. D

Es. 4

Students’ own answers.

Es. 5

They're all positive predictions.

Es. 6

  1. c
  2. e
  3. f
  4. d
  5. a

Es. 7

Students’ own answers.

Pag. 45

Es. 8

Rules

  1. Present simple
  2. before/in case
  3. in case/before

Es. 9

  1. ’ll start/’m going to start
  2. get
  3. ’ll check/’m going to check
  4. make
  5. ‘m not going to finish/won’t finish/won’t have finished
  6. collects
  7. goes
  8. ’m still going to study/’ll still be studying
  9. ’ll enrol/’m going to enrol
  10. finish

Es. 10

Students’ own answers.

Es. 11

Rules

  1. b
  2. c
  3. a

Es. 12

  1. When we feel depressed, we make life worse.
  2. If you have hope, you have a future.
  3. We care the most about something when we lose it.
  4. If you want a good career, get an education.
  5. If tomorrow looks dark, make today brighter.

Students’ own answers.

Es. 13

  1. become
  2. ’ll lose
  3. ’d ban
  4. was/were
  5. built
  6. would have
  7. won’t move forward
  8. get
  9. found
  10. wouldn’t be
  11. won’t give
  12. use
  13. won’t have
  14. start
  15. didn’t have to
  16. ‘d never get

Es. 14

  1. How will your daily life be different when you’re 80?
  2. Will you buy smart glasses if they become popular?
  3. Would the world be a better place if everyone worked less?
  4. If China becomes the world’s biggest economy, how might the world change?
  5. If robots took 50% of our jobs, what do you think would happen to us?

Responses are students’ own answers.

Es. 15

Students’ own answers.

Fast finishers

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
I never usually write reviews, but I was so angry when my holiday was ruined that I had to say something! I downloaded the app from a website that a friend showed me. It’s an app for…

Pag. 46

Es. 1

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
Wednesday’s my busiest day because after school I have a guitar lesson and football practice. I use the calendar on my smartphone.

Es. 2

They agree to meet on Saturday.

Es. 4

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:

  1. Great! Let’s set a time.
  2. No, sorry. I’ve got something on.
  3. Perfect! Shall we pencil it in?
  4. Ok, let’s reschedule for next week, then.
  5. Don’t worry. We can confirm later.
  6. I think she’ll call it off.

Es. 5

  • A Gina, let’s set a date to study for our exam.
  • B Good idea. Are you free next week at all?
  • A Let me check my phone… I’m not doing anything on Tuesday after school.
  • B OK… let me see if I’m free … Oh! Sorry, I’ve got something on.
  • A All right… How about Sunday?
  • B I’m a bit tied up on Sunday. I’m supposed have a picnic with my family.
  • A But it’s going to rain on Sunday!
  • B So I’ve heard. In fact, I think they’ll call off the picnic.
  • A We could probably meet on Sunday, then. Shall we pencil it in?
  • B OK. If I have to go, we can reschedule for a different day.
  • A That’s fine.
  • B Let’s confirm on Saturday. A Sounds good to me.

Es. 6

Students’ own answers.

Pag. 47

Es. 1

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
They don’t know anyone. They can make friends at lessons and events. They have to get used to big classes. They can sit at the front to make sure they don’t miss any information. They have to look after themselves. They can learn to cook and wash their clothes. They have to organise their own time. They can schedule everything they need to do.

Es. 2

  1. urgent
  2. not urgent
  3. important
  4. not important

Es. 3

  1. morning classes
  2. lunch
  3. class
  4. homework
  5. basketball practice
  6. dinner

Pag. 48

Start thinking

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
Once I blamed my sister for taking some money from my purse without asking me. She denied it but I didn’t believe her. I told my parents and I even told some of her classmates. She was really upset but I felt angry and justified. Then about three months later I remembered I had actually put the money in my drawer to keep it safe but I had completely forgotten about it at the time. The moment I realised, I felt dreadful. I said sorry but I knew I had been cruel. My sister forgave me but I still feel awful about it.

Es. 1

Louise seems to regret her mistake but Jessica doesn’t.

Es. 2

  1. Louise didn’t follow the instructions for her presentation or the list of topics
  2. She learned to pay attention to instructions.
  3. Jessica went to the wrong restaurant for a job interview.
  4. There were several restaurants all together, and she was nervous.
  5. She was able to work in a different restaurant that she likes more, and she now earns more money.

Es. 3

  1. c
  2. e
  3. b
  4. a
  5. d

Students’ own answers.

Es. 4

  1. make
  2. fail
  3. failure
  4. turned
  5. passed
  6. overestimate
  7. underestimate
  8. pretend
  9. fake
  10. lie
  11. lost touch
  12. by
  13. purpose
  14. up
  15. let
  16. up
  17. by
  18. by
  19. design
  20. slip

Slip up is a verb; with a hyphen, slip-up becomes a noun.

Es. 5

Students’ own answers.

Es. 6

Rules

  1. c
  2. b
  3. a

Es. 7

Students’ own answers.

Es. 8

Students’ own answers.

Online research

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
Writer’s background: Kathryn Schulz, an American journalist and author Main theme of blog: Don’t regret regret! Interesting: Schulz talks about how she now feels a huge sense of relief because she was able to finally ‘make peace’ with all her regrets. I found this interesting because it was the first time I had read something from this perspective. Usually bloggers talk about the mistakes they have made and either say they feel awful about what happened or that they decided not to regret what they had done. This blog seemed like such a kind approach to facing feelings of failure and guilt. Something which I am sure we all feel from time to time. She goes on to say: everyone has regrets, it’s part of what makes us human being able to laugh at yourself even when you are in pain is healthy, embrace the regret you feel and laugh! regret can teach us that mistakes aren’t bad and can inspire us try again - with better results! I found her approach to mistakes, regret and life inspiring.

Fast finishers

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
Two years ago, I heard about a charity that needed volunteers to help set up a school in Ghana. They were looking for anyone who was able to help them for six weeks during the summer holiday. I knew I would be free in July and August and I did think seriously about going. I even spoke to my parents but in the end I decided against it. I was too frightened. When I found out…

Pag. 50

Start thinking

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
I recognise Charles Darwin: he’s famous for his theory of evolution, which changed the way we think about humans, animals and the world. I think successful scientists are like good detectives. They probably like to solve puzzles and are curious, observant, logical and persistent.

Es. 1

  1. C
  2. A
  3. D
  4. B

Es. 2

  1. A
  2. D
  3. B
  4. C
  5. C
  6. A

Es. 3

Students’ own answers.

Es. 4

Order may be inverse:

  1. antibacterial, antibiotics
  2. debug, devalue
  3. dishonest, disappear
  4. mistake, mislead
  5. nonconformity, nonsense

Possible additional words: antisocial, deflate, disused, misunderstand, non-fiction

Pag. 51

Es. 5

Rules

  1. past
  2. past
  3. past
  4. present

Es. 6

  1. would be
  2. hadn’t become
  3. had grown
  4. wouldn’t have started
  5. hadn’t got
  6. wouldn’t have created
  7. hadn’t saved
  8. wouldn’t have taught
  9. wouldn’t have worked
  10. hadn’t known
  11. hadn’t been
  12. wouldn’t have

Es. 7

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
Nikola Tesla was a Serbian-American physicist, inventor and engineer. He’s perhaps less well-known than Thomas Edison, who he worked with, but his contribution to how we live today is significant. In recent years, he has become recognised as one of the most influential scientists of the 20th century. His greatest achievements include the design of alternating current electricity (AC)…

Pag. 52

Start thinking

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
I’d read the first one if I wanted to be calm, the second one if I wanted to be popular, the third one if I was cynical, the fourth if I was curious and the last one if I wanted to be luckier. I think these types of books are popular because people are always trying to find solutions to their problems in life.

Es. 1

  1. B
  2. D
  3. A
  4. C

Students’ own answers.

Es. 2

😊 = 1, 2, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 18

😞 = 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 13, 14

Es. 3

  1. judged
  2. handle
  3. quit
  4. forgive
  5. own up to
  6. put things right Students’ own answers.

Es. 4

A

Es. 5

  1. F. His lucky charm didn’t work.
  2. T
  3. T
  4. F. The lucky people noticed the message on page two.
  5. F. Unlucky people focus too much.
  6. T
  7. T
  8. F. Some lucky people might see if they could sell their story to the press.

Es. 6

Students’ own answers

Pag. 53

Es. 7

Rules

  1. b
  2. a
  3. d
  4. e
  5. c

have to and don’t have to have got a Past simple form.

Es. 8

  1. should
  2. mustn’t
  3. need
  4. don’t have to
  5. ’d better
  6. had to

Es. 9

Students’ own answers.

Es. 10

Rules

  1. now
  2. past
  3. modal verb
  4. have
  5. past participle

Es. 11

  1. may have slowed me
  2. must have had
  3. can’t have been
  4. could have run with me
  5. should have supported/could have supported
  6. I shouldn’t have

Es. 12

  1. I don’t have to learn English to be a nurse.
  2. I need to arrive on time for the test!
  3. I think I might have forgotten my gran’s birthday.
  4. I must have left my s on the beach.
  5. I could have started drama school this year, but my parents didn’t approve.

Responses are students’ own answers.

Es. 13

Students’ own answers.

Fast finishers

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
When I was thirteen, I made a big mistake. Please don’t judge me too badly! One Wednesday morning, my best friend at the time met me on the bus and said we should go to the local shopping mall instead of going to school. I should have listened to my instinct, but looking back I can see that I must have just wanted to fit in…

Pag. 54

Es. 1

Students’ own answers.

Es. 2

She tells the story of when she ran into a glass door as a child and was given blood in hospital.

Es. 3

  1. asking
  2. answer

Es. 5

Students’ own answers.

Es. 6

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
Training for a sports event Against all odds, you might be one of the first cross the finishing line. You’ll need to train every day to meet the challenge of finishing a marathon. The to success lies in finding a running partner. You need to work towards increasing your stamina. It’s worth investing in a decent pair of shoes to avoid injury.

Es. 7

Students’ own answers.

Es. 8

Students’ own answers.

Es. 9

Students’ own answers.

Pag. 55

Es. 1

Students’ own answers.

Es. 2

  1. positive
  2. reward
  3. want to be like

Es. 3

  1. T
  2. T
  3. F. Eve is proud of Rob’s quick progress.
  4. T
  5. F. He thinks it makes sense.
  6. F. He’s more positive now.

Es. 6

Students’ own answers.

Es. 7

Students’ own answers. Possible answers:
I want to become a doctor.

  1. Be positive: Be optimistic about exams, so I’m in a good mood. Focus on my progress.
  2. Give myself a reward: Reward myself for every exam I pass. Allow myself to watch an episode of my favourite TV series if I study every evening.
  3. Spend time with people I want to be like: Hang out with friends who want to study medicine/go to university. Arrange to meet friends to go to the library so peer pressure will force me to study.

Pag. 56

Es. 1

  1. Did he use to live here? Yes, he did.
  2. Emily lived in Oxford for two years and then she moved toLondon.
  3. correct
  4. Are you getting used to walking to school? Yes, I am.
  5. Mrs Gill, whose son plays in a band, is my teacher.

Es. 2

  1. ’ll be celebrating
  2. ’ll be
  3. ’m going to have
  4. will come
  5. ’ll tell
  6. ’m not going to do
  7. ’ll have taken/’ll take/’m taking/’ll be taking
  8. ’ll stay
  9. ’re flying/’ll be flying
  10. won’t feel
  11. takes
  12. ’re going to eat

Es. 3

  1. ’s
  2. feel
  3. gets
  4. decreases
  5. rains
  6. ’ll feel
  7. won’t want
  8. will I do
  9. happens
  10. ’ll get
  11. ’ll make/will make
  12. was/were
  13. ’d spend
  14. ’d definitely improve/would definitely improve

Es. 4

  1. had
  2. would stop
  3. had been, would have gone
  4. have bought, had remembered
  5. would be, hadn’t missed
  6. Should we
  7. must
  8. mustn’t
  9. can’t have seen

Es. 5

  1. hadn’t moved
  2. ‘d gone
  3. would
  4. to doing
  5. whose
  6. which
  7. would still be
  8. hadn’t got
  9. ’ll be flying
  10. will take/takes
  11. ’ll have landed
  12. unless
  13. could
  14. -
  15. ’d known
  16. ’d have invited
  17. when
  18. ’d better
  19. wouldn’t
  20. was/were
  21. ’d ask
  22. affects
  23. don’t get
  24. could
  25. ’d react

Es. 6

  1. foreigners
  2. settle
  3. work-life balance
  4. outlook
  5. increase
  6. rate
  7. expect
  8. anxiety
  9. lie
  10. pretend
  11. cope
  12. make the most of

Es. 7

  1. satisfaction
  2. belongings
  3. double
  4. delay
  5. underestimate
  6. foresee

Es. 8

  1. roof
  2. drop/decrease
  3. made
  4. down
  5. standard
  6. mistake/accident
  7. mess/slip
  8. life

Es. 9

  1. How would you feel if you lost touch with your best friend?
  2. Do you think you’ll settle in another country one day?
  3. What do you do when you’re in a bad mood?
  4. What are the issues (which/that) you really care about?
  5. What would you have done if bus fares had doubledlast year?
  6. Will your wealth have increased in ten years’ time?

Es. 10

Students’ own answers.

Es. 11

We’re used to thinking that people retire at 65, but we need toget used to the idea of pushing this moment back.The increase of life expectancy and the drop in the rate ofpopulation growth will both have an impact on our quality oflife. If people live longer but they don’t work longer, they won’tcreate enough wealth.Foreigners who settle will help to improve the balance,because they’re usually young and productive. We shouldprobably welcome immigrants, but we usually blame them fortaking accommodation and jobs.If we could anticipate demographic trends, perhaps new lawscould put things right. The only thing we can be sure of is thatwe won’t retire at 65, like people used to do.

Es. 12

Students’ own answers.



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