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Performer B1
Performerb1-u.jpg
Autore Marina Spiazzi
Marina Tavella
Margaret Layton
Materia Inglese
Volume ONE UPDATED
Editore Zanichelli
ISBN 9788808488558
Anno 2018
Scuola Secondaria di II grado
Classe

SB BUILD UP TO B1

1 I’m from Australia

Es. 1

  1. J
  2. M
  3. F
  4. S
  5. Q
  6. A
  7. L
  8. P
  9. K
  10. C
  11. N
  12. R
  13. H
  14. D
  15. T
  16. B
  17. E
  18. G
  19. I
  20. O

Es. 2

  1. Italy, Italian,
  2. The United States, American,
  3. Canada, Canadian,
  4. Portugal, Portuguese,
  5. Switzerland, Swiss

Es. 3

  1. Indian
  2. Nigerian
  3. Australian
  4. Canadian

Es. 4

Name Country Language(s)
Deepak India English and Hindi
Mercy Nigeria English, different dialects
Molly Australia English
Eric Canada English and French

Es. 5

  1. ’m
  2. ’re
  3. Is, isn’t

Es. 6

  1. Is Molly Australian?
  2. Mercy isn’t Indian.
  3. They are from Spain.
  4. Is Hindi an official language in India?
  5. I’m in France.
  6. Are you from China?
  7. The Australian symbol isn’t a lion.
  8. Are they from Germany?
  9. We aren’t Canadian.

Es. 7

  • A Affirmative
  • B Negative
  • C Interrogative
  • D Short answers

Es. 8

  1. are
  2. isn’t
  3. Are
  4. is

Es. 9

  1. her
  2. our
  3. His

Es. 10

  1. they, they
  2. I
  3. it
  4. your
  5. my
  6. Our

2 This is the new classroom

Es. 1

  1. E
  2. B
  3. J
  4. G
  5. C
  6. M
  7. A
  8. I
  9. N
  10. F
  11. D
  12. K
  13. H
  14. O

Es. 2

blue 10, grey 7, green 9, orange 6, black 3, yellow 5, brown 2, pink 12, light blue 1, white 8, purple 11, red 4

Es. 4

  1. classroom
  2. interactive whiteboard
  3. backpack
  4. textbooks
  5. diary
  6. pencil case
  7. notebooks
  8. headphones
  9. pencils
  10. pen
  11. highlighter
  12. glasses

Es. 5

  1. There are three textbooks, an orange diary, a red pencil case, two notebooks and white headphones. There is also an apple.
  2. The diary is orange and the pencil case is red.
  3. It is light blue

Es. 6

  • A singular, consonant
  • B singular, vowel
  • C a specific

Es. 7

  1. an, the
  2. a
  3. a
  4. The, the
  5. an, a
  6. The, the, the
  7. the, the

Es. 8

diary, pencil case, glasses, textbooks, exercise book, wallet

Es. 9

The plural noun ends in -s.

Es. 10

exercises, classes, teachers, dictionaries, pens, pencil cases, backpacks, potatoes, people, children, policemen, countries, nationalities, days, addresses, cities, matches, desks, wallets, students, boxes

Singular Plural
here (vicino) this these
there (lontano) that those

Es. 12

  1. These are blue diaries.
  2. The rubbers are in those pencil cases.
  3. These are books, these are dictionaries and those are pencils.
  4. ‘Where are those backpacks?’ ‘They’re on those desks.’
  5. These are red pens and those are highlighters.
  6. ‘Aren’t those your friends?’ ‘No, those aren’t my friends. Those are my brothers.

Es. 13

  • /ð/ those, this, these, the, they
  • /θ/ with, fourteenth, month, thing, Thursday

3 Has he got blonde hair?

Es. 1

A 2, B 7, C 1, D 8, E 5, F 9, G 6, H 3, I 4.

Es. 2

  1. D
  2. A
  3. C
  4. B

Es. 3

Pam Mr Kent Harry Jane
Face shape round long round oval
Body type plump slim thin
Height tall average not tall but not short short
Hair long, curly, dark short, straight no hair, bald wavy, dark
Eye colour green brown dark
Nose big small
Other features fair skin, freckles fantastic smile, a beard, a moustache, glasses very good-looking

Es. 4

  1. have
  2. ’s
  3. Has
  4. has
  5. have

Es. 5

  1. Has your friend got brown eyes? No, he hasn’t.
  2. Have you got an Australian friend? Yes, I have.
  3. Has John got wavy hair? No, he hasn’t.
  4. Have Sue and Tim got yellow highlighters? Yes, they have.
  5. Have you and your family got fair skin? No, we haven’t.
  6. Has Sarah got freckles? Yes, she has.

Es. 6

  1. Has Debbie got
  2. has got
  3. haven’t got
  4. have got
  5. Have you got
  6. has got, hasn’t got

Es. 7

tall, plump, long, curly, dark

Es. 8

  1. I
  2. F
  3. A
  4. E
  5. B
  6. H
  7. C
  8. G
  9. J
  10. D

4 What day is it today?

Es. 1

  1. C
  2. D
  3. H
  4. F
  5. B
  6. E
  7. A
  8. G

Es. 2

Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday

Es. 3

Spring Summer Autumn Winter
March June September December
April July October January
May August November February

Es. 4

  1. Moday
  2. Winter
  3. Maths test
  4. 9 o’clock

Es. 5

  1. Quale
  2. Perché
  3. Quando

Es. 6

  1. What’s your name?
  2. Which is your favourite colour?
  3. Where are you?
  4. When is the birthday party?
  5. Why is she happy?
  6. How are you?
  7. Who are Mr and Mrs Jones?

Es. 7

yours, mine

Es. 8

  1. your, mine
  2. Our, yours
  3. his, hers
  4. their, theirs
  5. her, hers, his

Es. 9

  1. in
  2. at
  3. on

Es. 10

  1. in
  2. in
  3. at
  4. in
  5. at
  6. on, at, in

Es. 11

  1. -
  2. It’s five to ten.
  3. It’s a quarter to four.
  4. -
  5. It’s twenty to five.
  6. It’s six minutes past one

5 Don’t cross the road

Es. 1

church 7, library 5, town hall 1, police station 6, park 4, school 2, hospital 9, stadium 3, bank 8, sports centre 10

Es. 2

  1. C
  2. A
  3. E
  4. B
  5. F
  6. D

Es. 3

  1. town centre
  2. bank
  3. round the corner
  4. station
  5. Go straight
  6. cross
  7. right
  8. church
  9. walk
  10. corner of

Es. 4

  1. He is in the town centre.
  2. Yes, it’s just round the corner in York Street.
  3. He must go to the station.
  4. The station is on the corner of Union Street and King Street.
  5. No, it’s about five minutes on foot

Es. 5

  1. affirmative
  2. negative

Es. 6

  1. come in, sit down
  2. Open
  3. Don’t eat
  4. Listen
  5. Don’t chat

Es. 7

A 1, B 2

Es. 8

  1. must
  2. must
  3. mustn’t
  4. mustn’t
  5. must

Es. 9

  1. on
  2. behind
  3. in
  4. between
  5. under
  6. in front of
  7. next to / beside
  8. opposite

Es. 10

  1. on
  2. in
  3. under
  4. between
  5. on
  6. opposite
  7. in front of
  8. next to

SB UNIT 1: Time of our lives

Daily routine

Es. 1

  1. D
  2. H
  3. F
  4. C
  5. G
  6. A
  7. B
  8. E

Es. 2

7, 5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 1

Es. 3

  1. E
  2. B
  3. H
  4. D
  5. G
  6. A
  7. F
  8. C

Es. 5

  1. J
  2. D
  3. G
  4. I
  5. C
  6. A
  7. H
  8. B
  9. E
  10. F

I get to school just in time

Es. 2

wake up, have a lie-in, get up, have a shower, get dressed, have breakfast, hand in your homework, leave home, catch the bus, get to school, have a break, have a snack, have lunch, get home, do homework, set the alarm, listen to some music, go to bed

Es. 3

  1. T
  2. F (No, he doesn’t, because it’s Monday)
  3. T
  4. F (He does have a shower)
  5. F (He just has a cup of tea and then he has a slice of toast on the bus)
  6. F (He gets to school by bus)
  7. T
  8. F (He does listen to music)

Es. 7

  1. doesn’t ring, starts
  2. don’t walk
  3. have, get
  4. picks up, leaves
  5. eat
  6. doesn’t sleep, sleeps
  7. watches

Es. 8

  • A before
  • B do, does

Es. 9

  1. When do you call him on his mobile?
  2. When does Mark have dinner?
  3. Does your mother do the shopping on Saturdays?
  4. Which bus do you catch in the morning?
  5. Where does she work?

Es. 10

  1. has, doesn’t have
  2. Do they have
  3. goes
  4. lie
  5. does she finish
  6. feed, get

Es. 12

  • /s/ gets, stops, cooks, starts
  • /iz/ washes, crosses, matches
  • /z/ goes, does, reads, comes, listens, leaves, says

I always walk to school

Es. 1

  1. monitor screen time
  2. get exercise
  3. drink water
  4. take time to relax
  5. limit the quantity of sugar
  6. brush your teeth
  7. eat vegetables
  8. listen to your body

Es. 3

  • Emily:
    1. B
    2. C
    3. C
    4. C
    5. B
    6. C
  • Peter:
    1. A
    2. A
    3. C
    4. A
    5. A
    6. A

Es. 4

  1. Emily: Mainly C
  2. Peter: Mainly A

Es. 6

  • A after
  • B before

Es. 7

  1. We sometimes monitor our screen time.
  2. Does he always eat vegetables and fruit?
  3. I am never late for school.
  4. My sister usually has sugary snacks when she studies.
  5. Do your friends seldom drink a bottle of water during the day?
  6. Are you often sleepy in the morning?

What do you do after school?

Es. 3

  1. They meet after classes.
  2. Steve feels a bit stressed because of schoolwork.
  3. She invites him to go and see a film with them on Saturday.
  4. No, he can’t this week.
  5. No, because he has an appointment with his tutor.
  6. He says they can meet up later for a pizza.
  7. Yes, they do.
  8. They arrange to meet up in the square at 7

Es. 4

Student’s activity. Suggested answer:

  • How are things - How are you? How is life with you?
  • What about you? - And you? How are you? on our way - going to, headed to, on the path to
  • You’re on! - Right! I agree.
  • Good luck - I hope you’ll succeed!
  • guys - expression used to address a group of people of either sex

Es. 6

  • A Why don’t we go shopping next Saturday?
    B That’s a great idea, but I’m afraid I’m busy.
  • A How about going bowling with me this evening?
    B You’re on! That’s a great idea.

Es. 8

  1. E
  2. J
  3. G
  4. C
  5. H
  6. A
  7. B
  8. I
  9. D
  10. F

Es. 9

  1. chat with friends
  2. downloads a film
  3. Do you read sports magazines
  4. do they meet up with friends
  5. play video games
  6. Does he watch TV
  7. Does your daughter play the piano, plays
  8. Do you act on the stage
  9. go for a meal
  10. works out at the gym

Es. 11

  1. Jake and I usually meet up with our friends on Sunday afternoons.
  2. I play video games every day after school.
  3. Does your family generally eat together in the evening?
  4. How about going for a walk this afternoon? Unfortunately I can’t, I’m busy.
  5. Tom often chats with friends on the phone

Es. 12

  1. you
  2. us
  3. it

Es. 13

  1. I, them
  2. I, us
  3. you, me, them
  4. She, it
  5. her
  6. them
  7. him
  8. him, he

Zoom in on culture

Es. 2

  • A Millennium Bridge
  • B Shard
  • C Houses of Parliament
  • D Globe Theatre
  • E London Dungeon
  • F London Eye
  • G Tower Bridge

Es. 3

  1. bell
  2. as well as
  3. pedestrian-only
  4. Dungeon
  5. further
  6. skyscraper
  7. must-dos
  8. Stroll
  9. height
  10. wheel
  11. free

Es. 4

  1. F, It is in the South-East of England on the River Thames
  2. T
  3. T
  4. F, It shows macabre events in London’s history
  5. T
  6. F, It is a free national museum of modern and contemporary art in London
  7. F, Its main characteristic is that it is an open-air theatre
  8. T
  9. F, From the London Eye and the Shard.

Es. 5

  1. entertainment
  2. landmarks
  3. dressing rooms
  4. high-speed
  5. seat

Es. 6

  1. F
  2. A
  3. C
  4. E
  5. B
  6. D

Es. 7

  1. F, It is full of cool places for them
  2. F, It is the home of Arsenal and Chelsea
  3. F, It can seat 82,0
  4. spectators
  5. T
  6. F, They are high-speed boats
  7. T
  8. T

Time management

Es. 2

  1. F, He uses computer modelling to study inhibitors that can prevent viral replication
  2. F, His studies are interesting for scientists who develop new vaccines
  3. T
  4. F, They attend secondary school
  5. F, They do extra-curricular activities: Eric fences and does community service; Zarin writes in her school magazine.

Es. 3

  1. plans (out)
  2. wake up
  3. tasks
  4. bits
  5. chats
  6. plays the piano
  7. sometimes
  8. an hour, the school magazine.

Es. 4

  1. skills
  2. on time
  3. difficulties
  4. depend
  5. updates
  6. stress
  7. performances
  8. opportunities

Es. 5

  • Advantages: You complete your responsibilities on time, You reduce stress, You have better performances, You find more time for family and friends, You have more opportunities to relax.
  • Disadvantages: Teachers get angry if you don’t submit work in time, Teachers get angry if you are usually late for school, You experience stress, You have a bad reputation, You have difficulties in relationships, You always depend on your mates for notes or updates, You have no time for hobbies.

Es. 7

Student’s activity. Suggested answers:

  • Make plans.
  • Get organised.
  • Do the urgent things first.
  • Avoid distractions and interruptions.
  • Decide time limits (beginning and end of work).
  • Listen to music to block out noise.
  • Turn off your mobile phone.
  • Stop working if you aren’t concentrated.
  • Don’t insist if you aren’t efficient
  • Break the work into chunks.
  • Measure how much you take to finish a task.
  • Don’t drink too much coffee or tea.
  • Don’t get too tired.
  • Get enough sleep.
  • Keep time for yourself.
  • Go out with friends.
  • Do some sport.
  • Talk to your family.
  • Have a shower.
  • Have a walk.

SB UNIT 2: Sports and competitions

Sports

Es. 1

  1. play tennis
  2. go skiing
  3. go running
  4. do yoga
  5. do karate
  6. play football
  7. play volleyball
  8. do athletics
  9. go swimming
  10. play rugby

Es. 2

  1. championship: a championship isn’t a single sports event like the others, it implies several of the others in an elimination competition with a final;
  2. ride: riding doesn’t involve a ball like the other verbs;
  3. diving: it is practised in the water;
  4. football: it doesn’t require a net;
  5. pool: it has water in it.

Es. 3

  1. B
  2. F
  3. D
  4. A
  5. E
  6. C

I love competing

Es. 2

  1. B − Harry loves playing quidditch.
  2. D − Yoko enjoys snowball fights.
  3. A − Ryan likes Formula One motor racing.
  4. C − Matt enjoys playing football in the river.

Es. 3

  1. football in the river
  2. motor racing
  3. snowball fights
  4. quidditch
  5. motor racing
  6. quidditch
  7. football in the river
  8. snowball fights
  9. quidditch

Es. 5

They are followed by the -ing form of the verb.

Es. 6

  1. Tom loves playing rugby on Sunday afternoon.
  2. Kate can’t stand doing karate.
  3. We enjoy fighting with snowballs in winter.
  4. ‘Do you like reading novels?’ ‘No, I hate reading.’
  5. At the weekend I love watching the Grand Prix or going to the cinema with friends.
  6. He doesn’t mind running very fast to catch the ball.

Es. 7

  1. We love competing in a race.
  2. I can’t stand / hate / dislike / don’t like doing athletics.
  3. We love watching a volleyball match on TV.
  4. John doesn’t mind practising rugby.
  5. Do they hate losing a match?
  6. She enjoys/likes/loves playing badminton.
  7. Susan can’t stand / hates / dislikes / doesn’t like going skiing in winter.
  • What sport does he/she practise?
    • Rebecca: running.
    • Kevin: swimming.
    • Megan: karate.
  • How often does he/she practise?
    • Rebecca: on Saturdays.
    • Kevin: every Monday and Wednesday during PE lessons.
    • Megan: three times a week.
  • What does he/she like/dislike about it?
    • Rebecca: She likes the quiet of the park and the open air. She relaxes and feels happy.
    • Kevin: He doesn’t like it, he thinks it’s very boring. He hates competing.
    • Megan: She likes learning self-defence and enjoys every lesson because it’s never the same.

Warm-up

Es. 2

  1. baseball
  2. yoga
  3. karate
  4. swimming
  5. skiing
  6. throwing
  7. athletics
  8. enjoy

When a letter is repeated you say ‘double’ + letter

Es. 3

  • Your identity
    • Questions no. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.
  • Your school
    • Questions no. 4, 7.
  • The place where you live
    • Question no. 2.
  • Your family
  • Hobbies and interests
    • Questions no. 2, 5.

Es. 4

Question First candidate Second candidate
What’s your name? My name is Filippo. I’m Emma.
What’s your surname / family name? Senna Rossini
How do you spell that? F-I-L-I-PP-O R-O-SS-I-N-I
Where are you from? I’m from Italy
Where do you come from? I’m Italian, too.
What’s your favourite subject? I like studying Maths.
Why do you study English? Because I think it can help me find a good job when I finish school.
Do you live near the town centre? Yes, my home is not far from the town centre.
What do you like doing at weekends / in your free time? I like working out at the gym and watching football on TV. I like playing the piano and acting.
Can you play any sport? Yes, I can play volleyball.

Can you run fast?

Es. 1

  1. football: ball, shorts, socks
  2. volleyball: knee pads, net, ball, shorts, socks
  3. netball: knee pads, ball, shorts, socks
  4. baseball: face mask, glove, helmet, cap, shoulder pads, bat, ball, socks
  5. rugby: ball, shorts, shoulder pads, socks
  6. basketball: ball, shorts, socks
  7. tennis: net, racket, ball, shorts, socks
  8. handball: knee pads, ball, shorts, socks

Es. 2

I love playing tennis, but I can’t stand playing rugby.

Es. 3

In picture 1:

  1. there is a baseball glove near the baseball shirt;
  2. there are two yellow tennis balls (and not one) near the baseball bat;
  3. there is a blue tennis racket;
  4. there is only one pink cap next to the baseball shorts (in picture
  5. there is also a white and pink cap above the baseball glove and shorts);
  6. there is only one green tennis ball under the baseball shorts.

Es. 4

The sports available are: football, rugby, volleyball, netball and yoga

Es. 5

  1. F, It is open every day including Sunday
  2. F, You can also learn to do new sports
  3. F, They mustn’t move when they receive the ball
  4. F, It is for those who can calm the mind and think about breathing
  5. T.

Es. 6

  • A don’t add
  • B don’t use

Es. 7

  1. Can
  2. can
  3. can, can’t
  4. Can
  5. Can
  6. can’t

Es. 8

  1. Can your sister play volleyball?
  2. They can’t speak Spanish.
  3. They can ski very well.
  4. Can you do yoga in the afternoon?
  5. We can’t bring our own gloves to the baseball lesson.
  6. He can go jogging in the evening

Es. 10

  • /æ/ family, that, thank you, catch, bad
  • /ɑ:/ dance, bar, classmate, ask, answer

Es. 11

Kathy Andrew
play baseball can’t can
swim can can
run can’t can
play tennis can’t can
dance can can
sing can can
play an instrument can can’t

It’s terrific!

Es. 2

She asks Mary to take her place in the volleyball match because she has a sore foot.

Es. 3

  1. Because she has a sore foot.
  2. Her team plays volleyball.
  3. She wants to watch the match.
  4. Because her foot is hurting and she moves too slowly.
  5. Because she doesn’t like them.
  6. Yes, she loves playing volleyball

Es. 8

  1. Can you play in a tennis tournament this evening?
  2. The new sports centre has two courts and one football pitch.
  3. Emily loves playing volleyball, but she can’t stand using knee pads.
  4. Players must all try to score a goal.
  5. You can run with the ball in rugby but you can’t in netball.

Es. 9

  1. dreadful
  2. boring
  3. awful
  4. slow
  5. unfair
  6. unlucky

Es. 10

  1. fast
  2. wonderful/exhilarating/terrific
  3. unfair
  4. awful/dreadful
  5. boring

Es. 11

  • So + adjective or adverb
  • Such a/an + adjective + singular noun
  • Such + adjective + plural noun

Es. 12

  1. such
  2. so
  3. so
  4. so
  5. such, so

Es. 13

  1. It is such a difficult exercise that we give up
  2. is so tight
  3. such small gloves
  4. swims so well / is so good at swimming
  5. such a fast driver
  6. such a small gym

From the press

Es. 2

  1. Participating in competitive team sports helps achieve goals.
  2. Sports teach teamwork.
  3. Sports can teach students to respect and help the others.
  4. Sports offer health benefits.

Es. 3

  1. fairly
  2. skills
  3. Self-confidence
  4. require
  5. innate
  6. injury
  7. skilful

Es. 4

  1. T
  2. T
  3. F, The success of a team depends on how well the players work together. The ‘star’ player can’t win the game alone
  4. T
  5. F, When a teenager doesn’t win a game, he/she can learn a valuable lesson: that you can’t win all the time
  6. T

Es. 6

  1. taking risks
  2. workout
  3. challenging
  4. by themselves
  5. self-reliant
  6. championship

Es. 7

  1. compete, self-reliant
  2. learn, working together
  3. energy
  4. talented
  5. love watching, famous riders
  6. boys
  7. female

Es. 8

  • Motorcycle racing
    • The F1 of the motorcycle racing world, track racing’s pinnacle is MotoGP, with Moto2 and Moto3 acting as its feeder sports. Motorcycle racing consists in driving at high speed around a track on a motorbike.
  • The VR46 Riders Academy
    • The VR46 Riders Academy started from an idea of Valentino Rossi. It represents his vision that quality comes from passion, authenticity, fun and professionalism. It plays a part in a system for riders’ training and instruction. Its primary role is to develop the motivation of young riders. It also promotes their acquisition of riding experience. As a first step in 2016, Yamaha selected a limited number of the best young riders competing in the Asia Road Racing Championship. Yamaha supports the Academy’s programme and supplies a total of 26 motorcycles to allow the full-time Academy riders to train and develop their racing skills at the VR46 MotoRanch and also at the Misano road race circuit. The initiative gives Academy riders their first contact with Yamaha. Yamaha also plans to support the Academy by contributing to the riders’ education process.

Review UNITS 1-2

Es. 1

  1. A
  2. B
  3. A
  4. B
  5. A
  6. A
  7. B
  8. B

Es. 2

  1. My mother usually sets the alarm clock at 7.30.
  2. Emma always gets back from school at 4 in the afternoon.
  3. I don’t get regular exercise because I hate sports.
  4. Chris always has a bath after dinner.
  5. My mother does the shopping on Saturdays.
  6. I fall asleep at 10 in the evening because I’m generally very tired.
  7. Martin catches the bus at 8.05 every morning.
  8. We generally brush our teeth after every meal.
  9. The students hand in their homework to the teacher every Monday.
  10. I usually have a light lunch, like a salad.

Es. 3

  1. play
  2. bat
  3. plays/practises
  4. go skiing
  5. pads
  6. go running
  7. doing

Es. 4

  1. doesn’t often drink
  2. does the match start
  3. don’t use
  4. does Eamon come
  5. do you do
  6. does this word mean
  7. doesn’t practise
  8. always do

Es. 5

  1. C
  2. D
  3. A
  4. E
  5. B

Es. 6

  1. When do they often go skiing?
  2. How often do you train a week?
  3. How often does Tom get up at 8 o’ clock?
  4. When does the swimming pool open?
  5. Where do your grandparents live?
  6. What does Lisa like doing?
  7. What can your mother make?
  8. What does he love?

Es. 7

  1. I love playing football but not on a regular pitch.
  2. My brother loves practising basketball.
  3. I don’t think of keeping fit.
  4. I can’t stand wearing knee pads.
  5. Can they speak Spanish?
  6. How often do they read the newspaper?
  7. That helmet is so big that Mark can’t wear it.
  8. Do you generally play tennis at weekends?

Es. 8

  1. are things
  2. What about
  3. How about coming
  4. Come
  5. exhilarating match
  6. Actually
  7. bet
  8. It’s terrific
  9. can have
  10. That’s a great idea!

Es. 9

  1. C
  2. B
  3. B
  4. C
  5. B
  6. A
  7. D
  8. A
  9. D
  10. A
  11. C
  12. D
  13. B

Es. 10

  1. ‘Do you usually try to limit the quantity of sugar?’ ‘Yes, I do, because I know that an excess of sugar can be toxic.’
  2. Remember that a healthy life is important. Exercise, a balanced diet and hygiene are a good start.
  3. My teammates and I like playing football. We always want to score goals and win the match.
  4. If you can’t run fast and you can’t play tennis, you never go to the gym and never think about keeping fit, (now) it’s time to change!
  5. Rugby is so violent that I never watch this sport on TV.
  6. ‘What sports equipment do you use when you play volleyball?’ ‘I usually use volleyball shorts, a T-shirt, knee pads, socks and volleyball shoes.’

SB UNIT 3: Places

Parts of the house and furnishings

Es. 1

  • Parts of the house
    • 10 bathroom, 15 living room, 23 dining room, 17 garage, 24 kitchen, 2 roof, 11 stairs, 16 ceiling, 1 attic, 22 door, 3 bedroom, 14 garden.
  • Furnishings
    • 19 cooker, 21 cupboard, 18 fridge, 7 sink, 9 shower, 20 oven, 12 sofa, 5 mirror, 13 armchair, 8 toilet, 4 wardrobe, 6 desk

Es. 3

  1. D
  2. F
  3. A
  4. H
  5. E
  6. G
  7. B
  8. C

Es. 4

  • Kitchen: cooker, cupboard, fridge, oven, curtains, dishwasher.
  • Living room: sofa, armchair, curtains, carpet, bookcase, shelves.
  • Bathroom: mirror, sink, toilet, shower, curtains, washing machine.
  • Bedroom: mirror, wardrobe, desk, curtains, carpet, bookcase, chest of drawers, bedside table, shelves

Es. 5

  1. B
  2. A

We’re sleeping in a tent

Es. 2

  1. detached house
  2. terraced house
  3. blocks of flats
  4. semi-detached house

Es. 3

  • A Vicky
  • B Aisha
  • C Andy
  • D Sean

Es. 4

  • Where he/she is now
    • Aisha: in the countryside, in a tent.
    • Sean: in Ireland, on a barge on the River Shannon.
    • Vicky: in a hobbit house in the Lake District.
    • Andy: in Canterbury.
  • What he/she is doing
    • Aisha: She’s collecting eggs while her brothers are fishing.
    • Sean: He’s cycling around the villages and he’s also canoeing on the river.
    • Vicky: She’s relaxing in the garden.
    • Andy: He’s cycling along a historical path that goes from Canterbury to Rome.

Es. 7

Definitions B and C

Es. 8

  1. are watching
  2. Is John looking
  3. ’m not making
  4. is sitting
  5. isn’t watching, is studying
  6. are finishing
  7. is shopping
  8. Is Dad cooking
  9. are learning

Es. 11

  • Andy: He’s talking on the phone and writing a paragraph about his room for homework.
  • Dad: He’s cooking supper.
  • Granny: She’s reading the paper.
  • Barbara: She’s watching a documentary about unusual places for summer holidays.
  • Milky, the cat: He’s sleeping, as usual

PRELIMINARY

Es. 1

  1. There are three clocks with different times: twenty to six, ten past six, a quarter past five.
  2. There are three rooms: Room A has got furniture, in Room B there is a man that is hanging a picture on the wall, in Room C there are walls in different colours (light blue, deep blue and yellow). The floor is brown.
  3. There are three houses with two windows, a balcony and a door. Two of the houses have got fruit trees.
  4. Maureen is playing volleyball, she is at the doctor’s, she is talking on the phone.
  5. The boy is buying a helmet, a pair of trainers, a T-shirt.
  6. Jerry wants to do gardening, go to the theatre, play tennis.
  7. The boy is having a bath, is taking a shower, is brushing his teeth

Es. 2

  1. A
  2. C
  3. B
  4. C
  5. B
  6. A
  7. C

I’m looking for a cheap store

Es. 1

  1. supermarket: bread, magazine, fresh fruit, pasta, tea, meat
  2. street market: fresh fruit, cheap clothes
  3. sports shop: trainers
  4. boutique: an expensive dress
  5. newsagent’s: magazine
  6. greengrocer’s: fresh fruit
  7. baker’s: bread, pasta
  8. department store: cheap clothes
  9. butcher’s: meat
  10. chemist’s: medicine

Es. 3

  • People are shopping at a street market.
  • A boy is buying something online.
  • Father and son are buying clothes in a sports shop or a department store

Es. 4

According to the article, teens usually shop in department stores or online, but also at street markets, at the baker’s and sometimes at the greengrocer’s

Es. 5

  1. The main thing they spend their money on is food and drink.
  2. They buy their T-shirts at street markets, snacks at the baker’s, a healthy snack at the greengrocer’s, magazines and fizzy drinks at the newsagent’s, but they never go to the butcher’s or chemist’s.
  3. For most it is the style, for some price and for five per cent it is brand.
  4. Teens’ parents say they are always buying new stuff for them

Es. 7

  1. C
  2. D
  3. B
  4. A
  5. G
  6. F
  7. E
  • Which of the sentences use the present simple and which use the present continuous?
    • Sentences 1, 4, 5, 7 use the present simple.
    • Sentence 3 uses the present continuous.
    • Sentences 2, 6 use both the present simple and the present continuous to contrast a temporary action (present continuous) with a habitual action (present simple) and to express an action which is annoying

Es. 8

  1. does Sue buy, usually buys, is looking
  2. are you looking, want
  3. is always asking
  4. flows
  5. do you think, love, always find
  6. Does he usually spend, is saving
  7. are you thinking about, am dreaming

Es. 9

  1. is redecorating, Doesn’t she prefer
  2. are arranging, Aren’t they seeing
  3. ’m thinking, don’t think
  4. drinks, ’s having
  5. is Alan doing, ’s waiting, ’s always getting

Es. 10

These people are doing their shopping at the supermarket. There are vegetables, meat, milk and dairy products and bread on the shelves. The man in the red T-shirt is buying some meat, the woman in the blue jumper is buying some lettuce. The young woman is buying a loaf of bread

Going shopping

Es. 1

  1. E
  2. B
  3. A
  4. D
  5. C

Es. 2

  1. How much are the tumblers? They are 65p each.
  2. How much are the cushions? They are £10.90 each.
  3. How much is the blanket? It is $51.43.
  4. How much is the table lamp? It’s £24.99.
  5. How much is the pinboard? It’s €15.30.

Es. 4

She spends £24.99

Es. 5

  1. She is looking for a table lamp for the desk in her bedroom.
  2. She wants it to be simple and not too expensive.
  3. She is using the light from the window.
  4. Yes, it is. The table lamp is on special offer because the sales are on.
  5. No, she wants an orange lamp and she buys a white one

Es. 6

  • I hope so – Spero di sì
  • at all – del tutto
  • It comes in – È disponibile in
  • light bulbs – lampadine
  • on special offer – in offerta
  • the sales are on – ci sono i saldi

Es. 9

  1. ‘Do you need any help?’ ‘No thanks, we’re just looking.’
  2. ‘Do you have this lamp in black?’ ‘Let me check on the computer.’
  3. ‘Can I help you?’ ‘I’d like some cushions for the sofa in my living room.’
  4. ‘Excuse me, I’m looking for a new carpet. Is this the right department?’
  5. ‘What about meeting in the centre and going to the new department store?

Es. 10

  1. doesn’t like
  2. Would you like
  3. don’t want
  4. ’d like
  5. doesn’t want
  6. Do you like

Es. 11

  • Situation 1
    • Which shop is it? party shop
    • What does he/she buy? candles and balloons
    • How much is it? £30
    • Is it cheap or expensive? a bit expensive
  • Situation 2
    • Which shop is it? newsagent’s
    • What does he/she buy? tennis magazine
    • How much is it? £2.50
    • Is it cheap or expensive? cheap
  • Situation 3
    • Which shop is it? sports shop
    • What does he/she buy? trainers
    • How much is it? £32.60
    • Is it cheap or expensive? cheap

Tell me a story

Es. 1

In the picture there are a man and an animal, a unicorn, in a garden. The man is looking at the unicorn and smiling; the unicorn is eating the flowers in the garden

Es. 2

A man, who is sitting and having breakfast (line 1); his wife is sleeping (line 5); It’s eating roses (line 7); he is browsing among the tulips (line 12); The unicorn is eating a lily (lines 17-18); I’m sending you to a mental hospital (lines 19-20); a unicorn eating a lily in our garden (lines 38-39); she is screaming (line 55); The husband is now living a happy life (lines 56-57)

Es. 3

  1. golden horn
  2. beast
  3. forehead
  4. scrambled
  5. lily

Es. 4

  • Places: a small room in a house, the house garden, the bedroom upstairs, the sitting room.
  • Time: a sunny morning

Es. 5

  1. He is having breakfast in a small room in his house.
  2. He sees a white unicorn with a golden horn. It is eating the roses in the garden.
  3. She is sleeping upstairs in their bedroom.
  4. He gives the animal a lily and it eats it.
  5. She tells him that he is a booby and that she is sending him to a mental hospital. No, he isn’t, he doesn’t like the words ‘booby’ and ‘mental hospital’.
  6. She calls the police and a psychiatrist.
  7. No, they don’t. They think she is crazy.
  8. No, he doesn’t. He says the unicorn is a mythical beast.
  9. They take her to a mental institution.
  10. He is now living a happy life in the house on his own

Es. 6

  1. The man sounds excited, the woman thinks he is a booby.
  2. She is unkind and says she will send him to a mental hospital.
  3. He doesn’t like the way she treats him and says they’ll see about that.
  4. Open answer. Students should underline that the woman’s plan turned out against her and that things don’t always happen as you expect

Es. 7

  • A He is lying on the cushions on his sofa.
  • B She is playing at the kitchen table with her family.
  • C She is having a bath with candles.
  • D He is working at his desk by the window.

Es. 8

  • A 4
  • B 1,
  • C 3
  • D 2

Es. 9

  1. has a beautiful view? 2
  2. forgets his/her problems in his/her space? 4
  3. thinks hot water has a calming effect? 3
  4. has a big window? 2
  5. has many chairs? 1
  6. likes a space upstairs? 3
  7. is reading some books that are near his/her favourite space? 4
  8. uses his/her space for games? 1

Towards INVALSI: UNITS 1-3

Es. 1

  • Q1 House NA.
  • Q2 A tree.
  • Q3 Three. / It’s got three floors.
  • Q4 In Malibu, California.
  • Q5 Curved. / They are curved.
  • Q6 Two of the following: a living room; a dining area; a kitchen.
  • Q7 A cartoon. / From the classic cartoon.
  • Q8 Wood and stone. / Wood, stone and glass.
  • Q9 The television.

Es. 2

  1. G
  2. J
  3. B
  4. E
  5. H
  6. A
  7. D
  • Extras: F and I

SB UNIT 4: Food for you

Food and drink

Es. 1

bread 13, carrots 1, milk 15, biscuits 23, potatoes 12, fish 17, onions 5, chicken 18, lamb 19, olive oil 22, cheese 14, rice 10, beans 20, yoghurt 16, grapes 4, sweets 25, crisps 24, spinach 6, cereal 9, cucumber 3, lettuce 2, butter 21, strawberries 8, pears 7, flour 11

Es. 2

  1. fat
  2. vitamins
  3. calories
  4. sugar
  5. fruit
  6. cereals
  7. yoghurt
  8. eggs
  9. nuts
  10. oils

Es. 3

  • Soft drinks: still water / fizzy water, tea, coffee, fizzy drinks, fruit juice, lemonade.
  • Alcoholic drinks: beer, wine, spirits.

Es. 4

  • Question 1: Open answer.
  • Question 2: You must be eighteen years old.

Es. 5

  1. sour
  2. juicy
  3. bitter
  4. sweet
  5. salty
  6. creamy
  7. yummy
  8. healthy

Are there any yummy desserts?

Es. 2

  1. E
  2. B
  3. A
  4. D

Es. 3

  1. Sweet and sour are the typical flavours of Shanghai Corner.
  2. Some seafood, some types of meat - like chicken and pork - and vegetables.
  3. Some lamb curry and fried onions spiced with ginger.
  4. No, you can buy any dish.
  5. There are six ingredients: lettuce, cucumber, onions, tomatoes, some feta cheese and olives.
  6. No, there aren’t any.
  7. It is the ideal place for a chat and to drink a few glasses from a good wine list.
  8. There is no meat, no fish, and there aren’t any eggs - everything is 100 per cent vegan.
  9. There are none. There are some sour dairy substitutes for pudding.
  10. There are eggs, yoghurt and cinnamon muffins

Es. 5

Tomatoes. (Sugar is uncountable, tomatoes are countable.)

Es. 6

  • Countable nouns: mushrooms, flavours, vegetables, onions, cucumber, tomatoes, olives, eggs, mango, pineapple, coconut, desserts, pudding, spices, muffins.
  • Uncountable nouns: soy, sugar, seafood, rice, meat, chicken, pork, lamb, ginger, salad, lettuce, feta cheese, wine, fish, yoghurt, cinnamon

Es. 7

  1. any
  2. some
  3. no, no, any

Es. 8

  1. any, some
  2. no, some
  3. some, some
  4. any
  5. some
  6. any, none
  7. some
  8. any, some

Es. 9

  • How much? with uncountable nouns
  • How many? with countable nouns

Es. 10

  1. How much
  2. How many
  3. How much
  4. How many
  5. How much

PRELIMINARY

Es. 2

  1. B
  2. E
  3. G
  4. H
  5. A
  6. D
  7. C
  8. F

Es. 4

  1. He wants to celebrate his birthday with a picnic.
  2. Open answer.
  3. Either in his garden or in the park.
  4. Open answer.
  5. Some games or activities.
  6. Open answer.
  7. Open answer.
  8. With closing remarks, a salutation and a signature

Student’s activity. Possible answer:
Dear Jimmy,
Thank you for your invitation. What a cool idea! I see you would like to have the picnic either in your garden or in the park. I would prefer the park because it is bigger and you can invite more people. In the park we could play different games like football or volleyball. What about frisbee? I love it and I’ve got lots of frisbees. I could bring some if you want.
I think sandwiches and yummy salads are perfect for the summer weather. Also prepare cold soft drinks, strawberries and ice cream.
See you soon!
Cheers,
Joanna (100 words)

Cooking encourages a little creativity

Es. 1

tube 3, packet 7, can/tin 2, bowl 6, box 8, bottle 1, jug 5, carton 4

Es. 2

  1. E
  2. I
  3. H
  4. C
  5. G
  6. B
  7. F
  8. A
  9. D

Es. 3

  1. kilos
  2. box
  3. carton
  4. litre
  5. bar
  6. bottle
  7. tins
  8. dozen
  9. tube
  10. head
  11. pound
  12. cans

Es. 5

It is for 14/16-year-old students who have a passion for cooking

Es. 6

  1. comes
  2. intensive
  3. chefs
  4. boil
  5. litres
  6. spoonfuls
  7. competition
  8. ingredients
  9. meal
  10. appreciate

Es. 7

  • Large quantities: a lot of / lots of, much, many
  • Small quantities: a little, a few

Es. 8

  1. a lot of
  2. much
  3. a few
  4. many
  5. a lot of
  6. a little

Es. 9

  1. much
  2. a few
  3. a lot of, a little
  4. many, a lot of
  5. much
  6. many

Es. 10

  1. -
  2. a
  3. -
  4. -
  5. a

Es. 12

  • /Λ/ brush, some, supper, butter, number, lunch
  • /u/ too, food, two, blue, you, choose, juice

Ordering food at the resaurant

Es. 1

  1. G
  2. D
  3. E
  4. H
  5. A
  6. C
  7. F
  8. B

Es. 3

He wants to order four dishes: a starter, a main dish with a side dish and a dessert

Es. 4

  1. They are out for lunch. They are in a fast food restaurant.
  2. Because they are still looking at the menu.
  3. She orders water.
  4. Because she isn’t very hungry.
  5. Because there are too many interesting dishes on the menu.
  6. She orders a chicken wrap with a light dressing.
  7. He decides to order some onion rings and a double cheeseburger with mustard and ketchup but without too much sauce.
  8. No, he is hungry and wants a side dish of extra fries and a dessert

Es. 5

  • fancy - want, like
  • mustard - a strong food seasoning used with meat
  • Sounds delicious - It seems very tasty (especially used for food)
  • a light dressing - oil, vinegar and salt to dress the salad
  • come with - served with
  • that’s enough - that’s sufficient
  • filling - that makes you feel full
  • Enjoy you meal - polite way of inviting people to eat

Es. 8

  • Too + adjective
  • Too much + uncountable noun
  • Too many + countable noun
  • (Not) + adjective + enough
  • (Not) enough + countable and uncountable nouns

Es. 9

  1. too
  2. too many
  3. too much
  4. enough
  5. too many
  6. not enough
  7. sweet enough
  8. too sour

Es. 10

  1. I really like pasta, but sometimes there is too much salt in the sauce or not enough oil.
  2. That new restaurant has a wonderful selection of starters and main courses, and also delicious desserts.
  3. We have some rice in the cupboard and some cheese in the fridge, but there is no milk.
  4. The ingredients in my salad are a lot of lettuce, a few tomatoes and an egg

Zoom in on culture

Es. 1

  • I drink orange juice because it contains vitamin C.
  • I have chocolate because it improves my energy.
  • I have bananas because they are a great remedy for low energy levels.
  • I don’t love fizzy drinks and coffee because there are no health benefits in them

Es. 2

The text criticises junk food

Es. 3

  1. B - A food campaign
  2. D - The result of scientific research
  3. F - Teachers’ and parents’ new lesson plans
  4. A - A new school curriculum
  5. C - Necessary action in schools
  6. E - Let’s start a food revolution

Es. 4

  1. unhealthy
  2. affect
  3. processed
  4. diseases
  5. ban
  6. literacy
  7. fight
  8. nutritious

Es. 5

  1. He is a famous British chef.
  2. It is Jamie Oliver’s campaign to ban junk food in schools.
  3. It can improve students’ concentration and lead to better classroom behaviour and higher marks in tests.
  4. They can teach children where food comes from and how it can affect their bodies.
  5. Cooking skills and food knowledge.
  6. His advice is to change school meals and fight to persuade children to try different dishes apart from chips, burgers and other unhealthy foods.
  7. Using a lot of fresh fruit and vegetables, and gradually improving children’s menus

Es. 6

Salmon is rich in Omega 3 and vitamin D

Es. 8

  1. garlic
  2. tablespoons
  3. potatoes
  4. Fill
  5. cook
  6. Place
  7. Remove
  8. lemon juice
  9. vegetables
  10. bowl

Review UNITS 3-4

Es. 1

  1. B
  2. A
  3. B
  4. A
  5. B
  6. B
  7. B
  8. A
  9. B

Es. 2

  1. bedroom
  2. on, downstairs
  3. sofa
  4. bookcase
  5. chest of drawers
  6. curtains

Es. 3

  1. litres
  2. cans
  3. box
  4. tubes
  5. bottle
  6. kilos
  7. dozen
  8. head
  9. bunch
  10. pound
  11. packets

Es. 4

  1. is that man standing, ’s trying, ’s waiting
  2. Do you often invite, don’t
  3. ’re just closing, always close
  4. ’s always complaining
  5. ’s staying, always stays

Es. 5

  1. any
  2. some
  3. no
  4. any
  5. None, some
  6. no
  7. any
  8. some

Es. 6

  1. That chocolate cake looks nice. Can I have some?
  2. ‘Do you have any luggage?’ ‘No, I don’t.’
  3. Mum puts too many apples and too much sugar in her pie.
  4. Your chicken with curry has got a lot of salt.
  5. How many people are there in your town?
  6. Ruth drinks a lot of tea.
  7. We haven’t got any / have got no orange juice.
  8. Have you got enough food for your guests?

Es. 7

  1. Can I help
  2. I hope so
  3. ’m looking for
  4. How much
  5. I’d like
  6. on special offer
  7. the sales
  8. in cash
  9. by credit card

Es. 8

  1. I am trying to study but my little brother is making too much noise!
  2. We aren’t going out now. It’s raining.
  3. What are you doing? I’m listening to music in my bedroom.
  4. It’s 8 a.m. and the students are at school. They are learning German.
  5. We are looking for Nick. Do you know where he is?
  6. I’m getting tired. I need a rest.
  7. Chris isn’t working today. He is lying on the beach.
  8. Ruth is on holiday in France. She is having a great time

Es. 9

  1. B
  2. D
  3. A
  4. D
  5. C
  6. A
  7. C
  8. D

Es. 10

  1. There are delicious desserts in this restaurant.
  2. When I need to buy (some) clothes, I always go to the market, but now I’m going to a boutique.
  3. Lots of teenagers buy some snacks at the baker’s while they are going to school. Few young people/ adolescents buy healthy snacks, like a banana, at the greengrocer’s.
  4. Cooking lessons teach young people a lot of important social skills.
  5. I live in a small flat in a block (of flats). At the moment, I’m spending my summer holidays in the countryside with my family

SB UNIT 5: Living together

Family

Es. 1

  • Edith: grandmother (granny)
  • Tom: grandfather (granddad)
  • Liz: aunt
  • Jack: uncle
  • Will: father (dad)
  • Muriel: mother (mum)
  • Mary: cousin
  • Sylvia: cousin
  • Claire: sister
  • Luke: brother

Es. 2

  1. Will
  2. Edith
  3. Will, Muriel
  4. Jeremy, Luke, Claire
  5. Mary, Sylvia
  6. Will, Jack
  7. Mary, Sylvia
  8. Jeremy, Luke
  9. Mary

Es. 3

  1. B
  2. D
  3. E
  4. A
  5. F
  6. C

Es. 4

  1. daughter-in-law
  2. father-in-law
  3. brother-inlaw
  4. son-in-law

Es. 5

  1. B
  2. C
  3. A

What did you like about her?

Es. 2

  1. Joanna and her cousin Pam.
  2. Sam and his grandfather Julius.
  3. Annie and her grandmother Fiona

Es. 3

  1. F, He was always in a good mood and always wanted to have fun
  2. T
  3. F, She remembers her in her kitchen
  4. F, She listened to her and was very understanding
  5. F, She was never lonely because she played with her cousin
  6. T

Es. 4

  • Affirmative: was, were
  • Negative: wasn’t
  • Interrogative: Were

Es. 5

  1. wasn’t, were
  2. Was, was
  3. was, were
  4. Were, weren’t
  5. was
  6. Were, were, were
  7. were

Es. 6

  • A wanted
  • B did

Es. 7

  1. watched
  2. did the lesson start
  3. didn’t arrive
  4. did you ask
  5. didn’t wait
  6. Did he walk
  7. danced

Es. 8

  1. Did you walk, didn’t
  2. Did you wash, did
  3. Did you stay, didn’t
  4. Did you study, did
  5. Did you change, did

Es. 9

  1. decided
  2. wanted
  3. mixed
  4. poured
  5. baked
  6. prepared
  7. cooled
  8. covered
  9. were
  10. was
  11. loved

Es. 11

  • /id/ wanted, attended, pretended, invited, hated
  • /t/ finished, watched, walked, danced, liked
  • /d/ complained, played, loved, remembered, hugged

PRELIMINARY

Es. 2

1C, 2A, 3B.

The task was to write about the family member you are similar to

Es. 4

I love all my family members, but my most special relative is definitely my grandmother. I really enjoy spending time with her, and I know she loves me no matter what. I don’t think age is a factor. She’s almost seventy, and I’m only fifteen! Our personalities are different too. My grandmother is very calm and organised, whereas I’m a bit loud and I’m almost always late. In any case, we love chatting. We cook lunch together every Sunday, and we always have a lot of fun. When we’re not together, I miss her warm smile and her good advice

Easter is a precious memory of mine

Es. 1

  1. Halloween
  2. Thanksgiving
  3. Birthday
  4. Christmas
  5. Easter
  6. New Year’s Eve
  7. Valentine’s Day
  8. Carnival

Es. 2

A 4, B 7, C 1, D 6, E 8, F 2, G 5, H 3

Es. 5

The Easter Bunny comes from a German legend

Es. 6

  1. Easter takes place in spring, the season of rebirth and renewal.
  2. In the past, people decorated any eggs laid during the week leading up to Easter as their children’s gifts.
  3. He produced fabulous eggs with jewels for the Russian Czar. They are now precious museum pieces.
  4. They appeared in France and Germany in the 19th century but they were hard and bitter.
  5. The Easter Bunny brings baskets filled with coloured eggs, chocolate eggs, sweets and gifts to the homes of children on the night before Easter. The bunny puts the baskets in a particular place or hides them in the garden

Es. 7

A -’s, B ’, C -’s

Es. 8

  1. Andrew’s telephone number
  2. colour of her eyes
  3. Judy’s grandchildren
  4. end of that film
  5. students’ textbooks
  6. My sister’s chocolate egg

Es. 9

  • A It indicates a double possession.
  • B There is the possessive pronoun after the preposition of.

Es. 10

  1. I chatted with a cousin of yours.
  2. She wants to buy some stories of Agatha Christie’s.
  3. I don’t like those schoolmates of David’s.
  4. Nina is an aunt of his.
  5. Three Canadian relatives of Cathy’s arrived yesterday

Es. 11

  1. T
  2. F They open their gifts on Christmas afternoon
  3. F There were roast turkey with vegetables and pudding with cream as dessert on Christmas at midday
  4. T
  5. NM

When was your birthday?

Es. 1

first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth

Es. 2

A 3, B 5, C 2, D 4, E 1, F 6

Es. 3

  1. 1945
  2. 1896
  3. 1776
  4. 1969
  5. 753 BC
  6. 1492

Es. 5

It’s on 25thJanuary

Es. 6

  1. It’s the 1st February.
  2. Because it is Steve’s father’s birthday.
  3. He must buy both a card and a present for him.
  4. He ordered a sports magazine subscription.
  5. She and her sister organised an evening out.
  6. She telephoned the restaurant and arranged a voucher and her sister collected the cinema tickets the day before.
  7. They loved the evening, they didn’t return home until the early hours and enjoyed everything.
  8. Because they didn’t remember Mary’s birthday the week before

Es. 7

  • asap - common abbreviation for ‘as soon as possible’
  • subscription - a single payment for a year’s supply
  • wicked - colloquial adjective meaning ‘great’, ‘fantastic’
  • collected - to call for and take away
  • Easy-peasy - Very easy
  • the early hours - after midnight
  • remind me - help or cause someone to remember

Es. 10

B - The link between two things

Es. 11

  1. Both Tony and Paul were born / Tony and Paul were both born on 13th May.
  2. Jim received both a smartphone and a bike on his birthday.
  3. Sue and Mary, did you both attend St George’s College?
  4. We enjoy both painting and dancing.
  5. Both my two sons are / My two sons are both very good at swimming.
  6. I like Jennifer: she is both smart and clever.
  7. You can’t both eat and speak at the same time!
  8. We ordered both a starter and a main course

Es. 12

  1. My cousin was my favourite relative when I was a child.
  2. Did you watch the new reality show yesterday evening about baking delicious birthday cakes?
  3. No, I studied Maths and then watched a relaxing film.
  4. This morning I suddenly remembered it was both my mum’s birthday and my parents’ wedding anniversary!
  5. We love Christmas and Easter in my family. Last year we celebrated with big family meals and received lots of gifts

From the press

Es. 2

  1. At midnight, the Spaniards eat twelve grapes, one for each strike of the clock, to have good luck during the coming year.
  2. The famous event of the ‘ball drop’ in Times Square, New York, at 11.
  3. p.m., among the cheers of millions of spectators.
  4. The Germans pour molten lead into cold water and watch the shape it takes. Each shape symbolises different aspects of life.
  5. The Chinese celebrate the New Year in late January or early February with dragon dances and glowing lanterns.

Es. 3

  1. coal
  2. glowing
  3. pour
  4. chipped
  5. blackeyed peas
  6. molten lead
  7. uncorking
  8. lentils
  9. cheers

Es. 4

  1. The English gather along the Thames to celebrate New Year’s Eve.
  2. A handsome dark-haired man entering through the front door after midnight brings gifts and good luck in the UK.
  3. Uncorking champagne while eating sweets and black-eyed peas at midnight assures good luck during the coming year in the USA.
  4. To have good luck, the Spaniards eat twelve grapes after midnight.
  5. Collecting old dishes and throwing them at their friends’ front door is a sign of friendship for the coming year for the Danes.
  6. Italians and Brazilians eat lentils on New Year’s Eve to be rich during the coming year.
  7. To have love, money, health and good luck, the Germans pour molten lead into cold water symbolising these aspects of life.
  8. Red is a symbol of happiness and good luck in the Chinese New Year

Es. 5

  • The day: New Year’s Eve.
  • The country: Scotland.
  • A city where this festivity is celebrated: Edinburgh

Es. 6

  1. celebrate
  2. piper
  3. kissing, singing
  4. dances, fire ceremonies
  5. comes from
  6. fire
  7. house
  8. first
  9. whisky
  10. celebrated

Effective communication

Es. 2

  1. D
  2. B
  3. F
  4. A
  5. C
  6. E

All the photographs refer to the period of childhood

Es. 3

1 appearance, 4 house, 6 games, 10 celebrations, 12 house duties, 13 pets, 15 rules, 17 first times

Es. 4

  1. dangerous, climbing trees
  2. big old detached, two, two
  3. team, board, card games
  4. fancy clothes
  5. Christmas, New Year, relatives
  6. greataunt, played
  7. making, washing
  8. dog, cats
  9. four and a half, hated

SB UNIT 6: Personalities and experiences

Personality

Es. 1

  1. I
  2. C
  3. E
  4. H
  5. A
  6. B
  7. G
  8. F
  9. J
  10. D

Es. 2

  1. cross
  2. cheerful
  3. confident
  4. easy-going
  5. serious
  6. amusing
  7. shy
  8. clever

Es. 3

Positive Negative
reliable, optimistic, brave, friendly, generous, interested, pleasant, sociable anxious, boring, rude, selfish, insecure, pessimistic, nervous

Es. 4

  1. selfish
  2. brave
  3. optimistic
  4. reliable
  5. friendly
  6. nervous
  7. rude
  8. boring
  9. insecure
  10. generous

She went into space

Es. 1

These three people have in common their careers devoted to space

Es. 2

Suggested answer:

  • Einstein was interested in something that hid behind things to make them work.
  • Tereshkova was interested in parachute jumping.
  • Hawking was interested in thinking about why things happen

Es. 3

  1. He was creative and clever.
  2. Because the needle moved, so he thought there must be something hidden that made it work.
  3. He felt shy and anxious.
  4. She was the first woman in space in 1963.
  5. No, she didn’t. She went to school when she was 8 and left at 16.
  6. They took her because of her 126 parachute jumps.
  7. They included tests to determine how confident she was alone for long periods of time.
  8. Because he didn’t panic when doctors gave him only two years to live and he continued to do research.
  9. He loves showing his knowledge and talking in front of an audience with his great sense of humour

Es. 5

  1. took
  2. gave
  3. thought
  4. hid
  5. said
  6. felt
  7. made
  8. left
  9. became
  10. hit
  11. went
  12. began

Es. 6

We use the auxiliary did + base form for questions and did + not + base form for negatives

Es. 7

  1. C
  2. G
  3. I
  4. A
  5. F
  6. D
  7. H
  8. K
  9. J
  10. E
  11. B

Es. 8

  1. took
  2. wore
  3. Did you keep, met, saw
  4. Did your mum make, made
  5. taught
  6. Did Einstein say, felt
  7. didn’t meet, met
  8. did you forget, forgot

Es. 9

  1. A Did you have fish for lunch?
    B No, I didn't have fish. I had beef.
  2. A Did he drink juice for dinner?
    B No, he didn’t drink juice. He drank mineral water.
  3. A Did they drive to the seaside?
    B No, they didn’t drive to the seaside. They drove to the mountains.
  4. A Did you fall off the stairs?
    B No, I didn’t fall off the stairs. I fell off my bike.
  5. A Did she lend you her English book?
    B No, she didn’t lend me her English book. She lent me her English dictionary

PRELIMINARY

Es. 2

  1. C
  2. B

Es. 3

  1. before
  2. whenever
  3. first of all
  4. It was when

Es. 4

  1. C
  2. A
  3. C
  4. B
  5. A
  6. B

People could see ghosts in the sky

Es. 1

  1. J
  2. I
  3. F
  4. A
  5. H
  6. D
  7. C
  8. E
  9. G
  10. B

Es. 2

typical, unexpected, exceptional, amazing, incredible, strange, magical, challenging, exciting, unique

Es. 3

Sinkholes, glowing balls of fire, rain of spiders and fish, and hot springs

Es. 4

  1. The giant sinkhole of Tampa, Florida, could swallow roads, cars and whole buildings.
  2. The excessive rainwater was the main cause of the sinkhole.
  3. The balls of fire appeared in the sky during thunderstorms.
  4. Spiders and fish fell from the sky in Australia.
  5. People had to run around everywhere to pick the fish up.
  6. In Iceland people can enjoy hot springs even at present

Es. 6

  • A The base form of the verb
  • B Could precedes the subject

Es. 7

  1. Could the sinkhole
  2. Could you, couldn’t
  3. Could he
  4. Could you, could

Es. 8

  • A to + base form of the verb
  • B didn’t have to

Es. 9

  1. had to do
  2. Did you have to study
  3. didn’t have to wash
  4. had to organise
  5. didn’t have to read

Es. 10

could, night, Wednesday, neighbour, temperature, honour, know, government, psychology, autumn, cupboard, write, different, answer, dumb, brought, eight, talk, half, island, evening, listen, obviously

He was amazing!

Es. 1

  1. D
  2. B
  3. E
  4. A
  5. C

Es. 3

He is the greatest living British explorer

Es. 4

  1. Because he is thinking about a documentary.
  2. He saw it last night.
  3. No, neither one nor the other.
  4. It talked about the greatest living British explorer, Ranulph Fiennes.
  5. He went to the North and South Poles, up Everest, up the Nile and around the world using surface transport only.
  6. He thinks he is either crazy or tremendously brave.
  7. He thinks he is tremendously brave and a unique person.
  8. He bought one of Ranulph Fiennes’s books

Es. 5

That’s a matter of opinion – That’s what you think

Never heard of him – Never heard his name before

Good for you – (sarcastic) Well done, you

Es. 8

  1. looks
  2. seems
  3. sounds
  4. feel
  5. tastes
  6. smells
  7. feels/seems

Es. 9

  • A It connects two or more positive alternatives.
  • B It connects two or more negative alternatives

Es. 10

  1. Neither Tom nor Jo liked sailing last summer.
  2. You can come either at 8.00or at 10.00.
  3. Neither Tessa nor Linda took your bike.
  4. They ride their rollerblades neither slowly nor carefully

Es. 11

  1. hair colour (as a present)
  2. either gone off or badly cooked
  3. in strange events or you don’t
  4. he’s just rude and unpleasant

Es. 12

  1. Yesterday I saw an amazing picture of a sinkhole that swallowed a house and two cars.
  2. We read about raining fish in our lesson this morning, but could it really happen?
  3. Did you know that there were hot springs in the 12th century?
  4. Can you imagine how the explorer felt when he reached the South Pole?
  5. I thought the explorer was either tremendously brave or completely mad

Tell me a story

Es. 1

  • Giant: an imaginary creature like a man but very tall, strong, and usually very cruel. It often appears in children’s stories.
  • Selfish: lacking consideration for other people; mainly concerned with one’s own personal profit or pleasure; the opposite of generous

Es. 2

went, was/were, stood, broke, bore, sang, came, saw, ran, said, built, put, did, forgot, blew, sat, gave, heard, flew, bent, became, took, flung, felt, grew, hung, fell, knelt, let, found

Es. 3

  1. Hail
  2. blossoms
  3. Frost
  4. gruff
  5. weak
  6. dusty

Es. 4

all the year round: for all year, cloak: coat, roared: loud angry sound, slates: pieces covering the roof, tiny very small

Es. 5

The setting of the story was a large lovely garden around the Giant’s castle. It had soft grass, flowers and twelve peach-trees with pink and white blossoms

Es. 6

The main character is the selfish Giant who owns a lovely garden around his castle but he doesn’t want anyone to play in it because he is selfish. Other characters are: the children who play in the garden (they are happy and joyful when they can play), the little child who becomes the Giant’s favourite, the personifications of the elements of nature - the Snow and the Frost, who are pleased with winter, the North Wind, who is wrapped in furs, and the Hail, who breaks the slates on the roof

Es. 7

  1. They played in the Giant’s garden after school and felt very happy.
  2. He got very angry with the children because he thought he was the only one who could play in the garden. So he built a wall around it.
  3. Neither Spring nor Summer came, it was always Winter.
  4. He saw a little boy crying.
  5. Because he was too tiny to reach the branches of the tree.
  6. He took him gently in his hand and put him up into the tree.
  7. He understood that he was selfish, took an axe and knocked down the wall.
  8. Because he saw the marks of two nails on the little boy’s hands and feet.
  9. They found the Giant lying dead under the tree, all covered with white blossoms

Es. 8

  1. The little boy was the symbol of Jesus Christ (see the marks of nails on his hands and feet) who came into the world as a little child. He has the function of testing the Giant’s character.
  2. He wasn’t a static character. At first, he was selfcentred and selfish, but in the second part of the story his heart melted when he saw the little boy suffering and he became generous.
  3. It is a fairy tale, a children’s story. It teaches that being selfish doesn’t help to achieve happiness. People must learn to share and be kind to others

Review UNITS 5-6

Es. 1

  1. A
  2. B
  3. B
  4. B
  5. B
  6. B
  7. A
  8. B
  9. A
  10. A

Es. 2

  1. dad/father
  2. mum/mother
  3. brother
  4. uncles
  5. cousins
  6. niece
  7. nephews

Es. 3

  1. We had parties and other celebrations throughout Carnival last year.
  2. When I was a little girl, my parents hid lots of chocolate eggs in the garden at Easter.
  3. I went to Rio de Janeiro for Carnival and I dressed up as an Indian.
  4. I blew out the 16 candles on my birthday cake.
  5. The custom of a pumpkin lantern at Halloween came from Irish folklore.
  6. On New Year’s Eve people gather in the streets to celebrate

Es. 4

  1. clever
  2. shy
  3. confident
  4. reliable
  5. cheerful
  6. interested
  7. selfish
  8. generous

Es. 5

  1. received
  2. didn’t like
  3. knew
  4. left
  5. Did you sleep
  6. Did a bee fly
  7. didn’t cost
  8. were
  9. didn’t have
  10. did Ann spend

Es. 6

  1. How old are Chris’s children?
  2. Did you see Mike’s parents’ car?
  3. Correct.
  4. Last week’s storm caused a lot of damage.
  5. Our neighbours’ garden is very nice.
  6. Correct

Es. 7

  1. D
  2. A
  3. C
  4. E
  5. B

Es. 8

  1. Neither Jane nor Malcolm got a good mark in History.
  2. Both Joe and Sam have got a car.
  3. I didn’t have to return the book to the library by Friday.
  4. I didn’t finish the soup because it smelt/tasted awful.
  5. The students stood up when the new teacher came in.
  6. Peter was born on 3rd February 2010.
  7. The film was both boring and too long

Es. 9

  1. What’s the date
  2. celebrated
  3. 10th year
  4. parties
  5. amazing
  6. joined
  7. To be perfectly honest
  8. sounds
  9. I don’t agree
  10. unique

Es. 10

  1. happy
  2. tried
  3. practised
  4. didn’t sing
  5. were
  6. improved
  7. met
  8. felt
  9. feeling
  10. either
  11. both
  12. amazing

Es. 11

  1. ‘Yesterday we went to the library.’ ‘Which books did you borrow?’ ‘(Books) About Halloween.’
  2. She went to school when she was 8, and left when she was 16. Then she began/started to work in a factory.
  3. She received a long training. It included some tests to determine how confident she was for long periods of time alone.
  4. According to experts, the excessive rainwater of the previous weeks could be the main cause of the exceptional hole in the ground.
  5. They had to organise a party for their friends’ birthday.
  6. ‘I saw an incredible documentary last night on a famous explorer.’ ‘It sounds boring!’ ‘That’s a matter of opinion

Towards INVALSI: UNITS 4-6

Es. 1

Q1 B, Q2 C, Q3 C, Q4 A, Q5 A, Q6 D, Q7 B

Es. 2

Q1 C, Q2 A, Q3 D, Q4 B, Q5 D, Q6 B

SB UNIT 7: Clothes and cultural identity

Clothes and accessories

Es. 1

  1. G
  2. L
  3. I
  4. K
  5. D
  6. N
  7. O
  8. R
  9. C
  10. F
  11. J
  12. S
  13. E
  14. P
  15. B
  16. M
  17. A
  18. Q
  19. H

Es. 2

  1. blouse, skirt, shoes
  2. suit, belt, shirt, tie
  3. jacket, scarf, sweater/jumper/pullover, trousers/ pants, gloves
  4. tights, dress, raincoat, handbag
  5. hat, sweatshirt/hoodie, trousers/pants, boots

Es. 3

  1. C
  2. D
  3. B
  4. A.

Student’s activity. Suggested answer: baggy trousers, short-sleeved shirt, long-sleeved blouse, old-fashioned hat, casual jumper, smart suit, trendy handbag, tight skirt, sleeveless dress

They were wearing jeans in the 1950s

Es. 2

  1. C
  2. D
  3. B
  4. A

Es. 3

  1. Jeans are popular because they make no distinction between classes, sexes and age groups.
  2. Levi Strauss invented them. He was selling his goods in California in the 1850s.
  3. The heavy cotton of the original jeans had a cooling effect. Levi Strauss used the flared bottom to fit over work boots.
  4. An advertisement in Vogue magazine showed two society women who were wearing tightfitting jeans in 1930. By the mid-1930s, department stores were selling Levi’s jeans in the women’s section.
  5. They were wearing jeans with black leather jackets and white T-shirts.
  6. They weren’t wearing jeans in conventional places

Es. 5

To form the past continuous, we use the present simple / past simple of the verb be + the base form / -ing form of the main verb

Es. 6

  1. was paying
  2. was buying
  3. was trying on
  4. were helping
  5. were looking at

Es. 7

  1. What were you doing
  2. What was he wearing
  3. Was he talking
  4. What were you holding

Es. 8

  1. He saw the birds flying while he was looking up at the sky. (E)
  2. They visited the British Museum while they were staying in London. (A)
  3. She dirtied the blouse while she was trying it on in the shop. (D)
  4. It started to rain while I/he/she was having / we/you/they were having a walk in the mountains. (C)
  5. I began to cry while I was watching that romantic film. (B)

Es. 9

  1. Was the sun rising
  2. were flying
  3. wasn’t buying
  4. was having
  5. Were you living
  6. weren’t driving

PRELIMINARY

Es. 2

  • Ask and make suggestions: Let’s talk about this one first, What do you want to say?, Why don’t we …, What about … ?, What item of clothing do you think is good for … ?, Can we choose this one?
  • Give opinions: I think … is a good idea because …, I don’t think so because …
  • Agree and disagree: All right, let’s do that!, Absolutely!, Yes, I agree with you, All right, I also prefer this one, I don’t agree with you because…

While I was buying online…

Es. 1

  1. I
  2. F
  3. B
  4. G
  5. A
  6. H
  7. C
  8. E
  9. D
  10. J

Es. 2

  1. unzipped / took off
  2. wore
  3. put on
  4. took off
  5. was getting dressed
  6. match
  7. suits
  8. was trying on

Es. 4

E-commerce is all about using the Internet to buy and sell goods better and faster

Es. 5

  • Adam: no standing in queues, cheap prices.
  • Emma: shopping from the comfort of the living room.
  • Andrew: e-stores are open all the time

Es. 6

  1. The Internet changed the way people buy and sell goods.
  2. It brought advantages in saving time and money for many people who were leading busy lives with little time for shopping.
  3. He didn’t queue and paid less for the same T-shirt.
  4. Showrooming is checking the product in a shop and then buying online. Adam practised it.
  5. The customer can make an order on a store website and then collect the order from a shop or supermarket.
  6. E-commerce has no closing times, it’s available 24 hours a day!

Es. 7

  • Adam:
    1. was looking
    2. were queuing
    3. tried it on
    4. fitted
    5. suited
    6. took off
  • Emma:
    1. wasn’t shopping
    2. was just collecting
  • Andrew:
    1. was doing
    2. needed
    3. bought
    4. downloaded

Es. 9

  1. C
  2. B
  3. A

Es. 10

  1. Yesterday at this time, I was surfing a trendy fashion website.
  2. Levi Strauss was selling his goods in California when the miners asked him for durable work trousers.
  3. While they were studying yesterday, they forgot to phone their mother.
  4. When Tony was taking a photo of me, I was talking on my mobile.
  5. We were watching the match when the TV broke down

Es. 11

  1. was studying
  2. decided
  3. started
  4. found
  5. said
  6. wasn’t
  7. came
  8. was walking
  9. met
  10. weren’t wearing
  11. gave
  12. was creating
  13. understood

Es. 12

  • A Question 1: ‘Who’ is the subject. Question 2: ‘e-commerce’ is the subject.
  • B Question 2 has an auxiliary verb

Es. 13

  1. Who bought a book online?
  2. What was Adam looking for in the department store?
  3. What did Adam practise last week?
  4. Who met a friend’s mother at the supermarket?
  5. Who likes/liked e-commerce?

I look great in retro!

Es. 1

  1. watch
  2. necklace
  3. bracelet
  4. sunglasses
  5. earrings
  6. ring

Es. 3

Parents and rels

Es. 4

  1. They are planning a super end-of-year party.
  2. He was wearing jeans with flares, T-shirts and leather bomber jackets.
  3. She was wearing long T-shirts with wide belts and leggings, lots of necklaces and bracelets, and very long earrings!
  4. She suggests looking at some sites online.
  5. She considers the accessories important - the right look with the right shoes, handbag and jewellery.
  6. She says they can start looking at what’s available quickly and cheaply online and ask their parents and relatives for help.
  7. A black leather jacket and dark sunglasses suit Bill.
  8. She wants to hit him over his head with a book

Es. 5

  • Guess what - You can’t imagine
  • bomber jackets - short black leather jackets
  • loads of stuff - lots of different things
  • rels - common abbreviation for ‘relatives’
  • Brill! - common abbreviation for ‘brilliant!’
  • sunnies - sunglasses

Es. 8

  1. At the beginning, people wore blue jeans only as working clothes.
  2. When my dad started working, people weren’t wearing jeans in the office.
  3. What were the students wearing at the end-ofyear party? Were they dressed up formally?
  4. With e-commerce, you can buy lots of clothes easily and quickly but you can’t try them on to see if they fit you or suit you.
  5. That girl was wearing a necklace, four bracelets, long earrings and a lot of rings when she arrived at the party

Es. 9

All the adverbs end in -ly

Es. 10

  1. Martin walked slowly on our trekking holiday.
  2. Lucy danced well when she was at Leo’s party.
  3. He answered me immediately.
  4. Your brother rode dangerously.
  5. Sue climbs quickly.
  6. Jake dresses trendily.
  7. They sing very beautifully.
  8. Please speak clearly!

Zoom in on culture

Es. 1

Race, nationality, language; religion; clothes; food

Es. 3

  1. bloomer-like
  2. beaded
  3. crane
  4. woollen
  5. high-waisted
  6. sealskin
  7. wrapped
  8. camouflage
  9. bow
  10. fabrics
  11. ochre-dyed

Es. 4

  1. They wear it on special occasions, such as weddings.
  2. The Inuits wore and still wear a fur-hooded coat, the parka, and use waterproof sealskin for their boots and shoes.
  3. They wore the Chinese tunic suit (the Mao suit).
  4. It is a long piece of cloth wrapped around the body.
  5. They are a symbol of Scotland. Nowadays you can see them at ceremonies and official occasions like weddings and military parades.
  6. Tunics or kaftans (long shirts, usually to the floor) and loose trousers are popular clothing for men. Women wear toga-inspired clothes wrapped around their bodies.
  7. Red fabrics and beaded jewellery are popular especially among the Maasai nomads living in Kenya

Es. 6

  1. India
  2. France
  3. southeastern Asian countries
  4. Texas (USA)
  5. Mexico

Es. 7

  1. D
  2. C
  3. E
  4. B
  5. A

Es. 8

  1. People wear headdresses for protection or decoration, but also to show which cultural or religious group they belong to.
  2. In the past, while Sioux, Crow, Blackfeet, Cheyenne chiefs and warriors were participating in important ceremonies, they wore eagle-feather war bonnets.
  3. It was very distinctive for men.
  4. Its length depends on the man’s position in society.
  5. Women and men of southeastern Asian countries wear conical straw hats as protection from the sun and rain

Relating to cultural diversity

Es. 2

  1. It is the ability to become aware of your cultural values, of how you see the world and why you react in a certain way.
  2. Because our culture is unconscious to us.
  3. There are four levels of cultural awareness.
  4. They believe their way of doing things is the only one or they prefer it anyway. They consider cultural diversity a problem.
  5. The people at the next levels think that cultural diversity can create new alternatives and solutions. They tend to cooperate to create communities with shared meanings.
  6. Misunderstandings, loss of opportunities, and sometimes violence.
  7. It showed that they felt part of the school community, they worked harder and more successfully

Es. 4

  1. tolerant, curious, humility
  2. dress codes, behaviour, table manners, multicultural
  3. the West, horror
  4. fashionable
  5. skin, jeans

Es. 5

  • a visit to a Catholic church: Dress respectfully, do not wear tops, shorts or sleeveless dresses; a mosque: Wear simple, modest clothes with long sleeves, and either long skirts or trousers. Take off your shoes; a Buddhist temple: Dress formally; no shorts, no short skirts, no shoulders showing. Be prepared to remove your shoes; a synagogue: Men cannot wear jeans or sneakers, but instead a jacket or a suit. Many synagogues expect women to dress modestly (dress length that is below knee, top that covers to the collarbone, sleeves). Women do not wear trousers (nor trouser-suits). Jewish men wear skullcaps. Jewish women who are married cover their heads with a hat or scarf.
  • a drink at an English pub: casual clothes;
  • a Mediterranean beach: a swimsuit;
  • a beach in Dubai: you have to wear a swimsuit, but make sure you get fully redressed when you leave the beach or the pool

SB UNIT 8: The world around us

The natural world

Es. 1

  1. D
  2. H
  3. B
  4. G
  5. C
  6. F
  7. E
  8. I
  9. A

Es. 2

  1. mountain, valley
  2. river
  3. coast
  4. island
  5. Glaciers
  6. desert
  7. ocean
  8. forest

Es. 3

  1. high mountain
  2. long river, coast
  3. thick forest, glacier
  4. wide valley, river, ocean
  5. deep ocean, river, valley
  6. humid forest
  7. rocky coast, mountain
  8. dry desert
  9. narrow valley, river
  10. v-shaped valley

Es. 4

  1. dry
  2. thick
  3. high
  4. v-shaped
  5. wide, deep
  6. rocky
  7. narrow

Which mountain is higher?

Es. 1

  • deeper? B the Pacific Ocean
  • higher? B Mount Everest
  • larger? A the Amazon Forest
  • longer? B the Nile

Es. 3

  1. F, Mount Everest is higher than Kilimanjaro but Kilimanjaro is taller from base to peak
  2. F, The Hubbard is getting thicker and advancing towards the Gulf of Alaska
  3. T
  4. F, The Amazon is longer than the Nile and the Volga is less long
  5. F, The Amazon Forest is bigger
  6. F, It is deeper
  7. T
  8. F, It is a cold desert

Es. 5

  • A F (see sentence 2)
  • B T (see sentences 1 and 4)
  • C T (see sentence 3)

Es. 6

  1. Valleys are more spectacular than rivers.
  2. This morning was colder than yesterday.
  3. My Maths teacher is stricter than my Art teacher.
  4. The book is better than the film version.
  5. Tokyo is more crowded than Milan.
  6. Nancy is lazier than her friend Joanna.
  7. Rob eats more than me.
  8. Italy has more mountains than Greece

Es. 7

  1. There is less water than usual.
  2. Kate is less happy than usual.
  3. There are fewer eggs than Mum needs to make a cake.
  4. The students have got less homework to do than last week.
  5. Jake has got fewer T-shirts to wear than his brother.
  6. The glacier is less thick than in the past

Es. 8

  1. worse
  2. more fascinating
  3. less cold
  4. larger
  5. tidier
  6. more hard-working
  7. more stunning
  8. less loud

Es. 9

UK Italy
Population 65 million inhabitants 60,6 million inhabitants
Area 244,110 km2 301,277 Km2
Rivers not very long; the main is the Severn (338 km) many rivers; the main is the Po (652 km)
Mountains the Grampian Mountains with Ben Nevis (1,345 m) the Alps, with Mont Blanc (4,810 m), the Dolomites, the Apennines
Coastline 12,429 km 7,600 km
Islands certainly more than 1,000 about 800
  • The UK has more inhabitants than Italy. Italy has fewer inhabitants than the UK. The UK has a bigger population than Italy.
  • Italy is larger than the UK. The UK is less large / smaller than Italy.
  • The Po is longer than the Severn. The Severn is less long / shorter than the Po.
  • Mont Blanc is higher than Ben Nevis. Ben Nevis is less high / lower than Mont Blanc.
  • The UK’s coastline is longer than the Italian one.
  • The UK has more islands than Italy. Italy has fewer islands than the UK

PRELIMINARY

Es. 1

  1. citizen of the world, big cities
  2. wild places, night, mysterious
  3. extreme weather conditions, Eastern cultures
  4. geophysicist, the Arctic, surfing
  5. meteorologist, deserted place, hates the heat

Es. 2

  1. H
  2. A
  3. C
  4. B
  5. F. The extra descriptions are D, E and G

The most amazing natural wonders

Es. 1

  1. C
  2. E
  3. A
  4. D
  5. G
  6. F
  7. B

Es. 3

  • The five oceans are: the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Arctic Ocean and the Southern (or Antarctic) Ocean.
  • The seven continents are: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, South America

Es. 5

  1. The Niagara Falls are on the USA-Canada border. They are the best-known waterfalls on the planet and the one with the biggest volume of water. The amount of water makes it very noisy. That’s why the Iroquois tribe, who originally lived here, called the falls ‘Niagara’, meaning ‘thunder of waters’.
  2. The Silver Cave near Guilin city attracts tourists. It owes its name to the sparkling silver stalactites inside it.
  3. It is the Cliffs of Moher: they are among the most impressive coastlines in the world and Ireland’s most visited natural attraction.
  4. Because it is the largest man-made lake in the world.
  5. It is Ipanema, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Es. 7

Adjective Comparative Superlative
large larger the largest
busy busier the busiest
impressive more impressive the most impressive
well-known better-known the best-known

Es. 8

  1. the most popular
  2. The cheapest, the bestknown
  3. worst
  4. the most fashionable
  5. the tidiest

Es. 9

  1. the longest, in
  2. the best, of
  3. the most important, in
  4. the largest, in
  5. the funniest, that

What’s the weather like?

Es. 3

  1. Jake is excited about the sports day.
  2. His dad says the weather is awful. (It’s pouring with rain, freezing cold, foggy, and thunderstorms are forecast for the afternoon.)
  3. Correct.
  4. The weather is drier than the day before and possibly the hottest day of the year.
  5. Jake doesn’t want it to be as windy as the week before.
  6. Jake’s dad wants Jake to think about not being late

Es. 4

  • It’s pouring with rain - It’s raining hard
  • freezing cold - extremely cold
  • are forecast - are predicted
  • You’re kidding! - You’re joking! / You’re not being serious!
  • showers - light rain
  • have it both ways - have two opposite things at the same time

Es. 8

  1. as different as chalk and cheese
  2. as easy as ABC
  3. as white as a ghost
  4. as sick as a dog
  5. as hungry as a bear
  6. as busy as a bee

Es. 9

  1. Scotland is as rainy as Ireland.
  2. The climate in Sweden isn’t as mild as the climate in Italy.
  3. My coat isn’t as trendy as yours.
  4. She has as many friends as me.
  5. Ann can have as much milk as Bob

Es. 10

  1. My sister isn’t as old as yours.
  2. Tom’s house isn’t as far as Jane’s.
  3. Europe isn’t as big as Asia.
  4. The pea soup isn’t as tasty as the tomato soup.
  5. There isn’t as much sugar in the cheesecake as in the apple pie

Es. 11

  1. Brazil has the busiest cities and the most beautiful beaches of all South American countries.
  2. There are lots of fascinating places in Europe but few are as interesting as Pompeii.
  3. Look! It’s pouring with rain again. I think it’s the wettest month this year.
  4. The weather forecast yesterday evening predicted showers in the morning and thunderstorms in the afternoon.
  5. The best-known and the most visited places in the world are natural wonders like the Niagara Falls or the Amazon Rainforest

Es. 12

  1. sunshine
  2. wind
  3. ice
  4. cloud
  5. thunder and lightning
  6. fog
  7. rain
  8. snow

Es. 13

  • Phrases with weather verbs: it’s raining, it’s snowing, the sun is shining, there’s thunder and lightning.
  • Phrases with weather adjectives: it’s foggy, it’s cloudy, it’s windy, it’s icy, it’s sunny

Es. 14

  1. high
  2. wet
  3. drier
  4. cloudy, rain, thunderstorms
  5. winds, showers
  6. bad

From the press

Es. 1

  • Heritage: the evidence of the past, such as historical sites, buildings, and the unspoilt natural environment, considered as the inheritance of present-day society
  • Some examples of natural heritage sites are the Costiera Amafiltana, in the Province of Salerno; Mount Etna, Sicily; the Dolomites; the Val d’Orcia; the historic centre of Siena; …

Es. 2

  1. D
  2. G
  3. F
  4. C
  5. A
  6. E
  7. B

Es. 4

  1. B
  2. E
  3. G
  4. C
  5. F
  6. A
  7. D

Es. 5

  1. shallow
  2. cool
  3. released
  4. track
  5. threatens
  6. molluscs
  7. bleaching

Es. 6

  1. It is one of UNESCO’s best-known World Heritage Sites.
  2. It contains the largest collection of coral reefs, along with 1,500 species of fish and 4,000 types of molluscs.
  3. Corals are actually a colony of thousands of very small invertebrate animals living very close together.
  4. In 2016, the severest coral bleaching affected two-thirds of the reef, especially in the North.
  5. Coral bleaches when water temperatures are a couple of degrees above the normal summer maximum for longer than two weeks.
  6. Poor water quality and coastal development.
  7. Scientists are tracking water temperature from satellite data and using it to calculate the probable future bleaching. Then they generally give the information to experts in the Australian government.
  8. The aims of UNESCO’s ‘in-danger’ list are very important: they inform the international community about the conditions that threaten a natural wonder, and encourage governments to take action to protect the site.
  9. The Australian government responded to the recommendations of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee and released the Reef 2050 LongTerm Sustainability Plan in March 2015 to protect and manage the reef until 2050. It is investing approximately $200 million over five years to ensure the Great Barrier Reef continues to improve and to be a natural wonder for future generations

Es. 7

  1. D
  2. C
  3. F
  4. A
  5. G
  6. B
  7. H
  8. E

Es. 8

  1. T
  2. F, It started in the 1960s
  3. F, To create space for cattle and soybean production
  4. T
  5. F, It is the acronym for World Wide Fund for Nature
  6. F, It promotes both solutions for wildlife protection and sustainable use of natural resources to preserve the natural habitat
  7. T

Review UNITS 7-8

Es. 1

  1. B
  2. A
  3. A
  4. B
  5. B
  6. B
  7. B
  8. A
  9. B
  10. B

Es. 2

  1. trousers, shirt/pullover/sweater/jumper
  2. gloves
  3. belt
  4. trendy/fashionable
  5. earrings
  6. unbuttons
  7. try
  8. fit

Es. 3

  1. seaside
  2. sunny
  3. beach
  4. sand
  5. waves
  6. cave
  7. thunderstorm
  8. valley
  9. waterfall

Es. 4

  1. was waiting, arrived
  2. were you doing, was sleeping
  3. Did you go out, were
  4. were they driving, happened
  5. took, wasn’t looking
  6. was walking, heard
  7. dropped, was doing

Es. 5

  1. larger
  2. the smallest
  3. as soon as
  4. better
  5. the worst
  6. the most impressive
  7. more expensive
  8. as long as

Es. 6

  1. more slowly
  2. as heavy as
  3. tall as
  4. more than
  5. more than
  6. as cool as
  7. smaller

Es. 7

  1. For further information, phone Malcolm.
  2. When you called me yesterday, I was reading a book.
  3. Owen and Brad are teenagers: the former is 13, the latter is 15.
  4. Who wore tights?
  5. What did Liam think of your new glasses?
  6. Martin was walking fast during our trip

Es. 8

  1. smart
  2. try it on
  3. changing room
  4. doesn’t fit
  5. tight
  6. bigger
  7. was thinking
  8. longsleeved shirt
  9. bring it back
  10. loose

Es. 9

  1. D
  2. A
  3. A
  4. B
  5. C
  6. B
  7. A
  8. B
  9. D
  10. C
  11. B

Es. 10

  1. Where were you going yesterday afternoon when I met you at the bus stop?
  2. Last night at this time, I was driving back from the centre of Glasgow when it started to snow.
  3. ‘It’s pouring with rain! Fog and thunderstorms are forecast for this afternoon.’ ‘Are you joking/ kidding? Yesterday’s forecast talked of sunshine and no showers!’
  4. Two days ago my aunt lent me a load of stuff for the fancy-dress party. I’d like to dress up as a boy of the Sixties.
  5. The jumper and the skirt were tighter than I expected.
  6. Who was trying on a pair of trousers and a shirt in the most expensive shop of the shopping centre?

SB UNIT 9: On the move

Travelling and holidays

Es. 1

  1. G
  2. B
  3. L
  4. A
  5. J
  6. I
  7. C
  8. F
  9. D
  10. H
  11. E
  12. K

Es. 2

  1. accommodation
  2. guide
  3. abroad
  4. arrival
  5. destination
  6. transfer
  7. luggage
  8. on board
  9. cruise

Es. 3

  1. bed and breakfast
  2. cabin
  3. hostel
  4. hotel
  5. campsite
  6. resort

We are going to book a cruise

Es. 2

  1. most flexible
  2. abroad
  3. destination
  4. on board
  5. fly
  6. airport
  7. stay
  8. embarking
  9. going
  10. package
  11. good times

Es. 3

  1. They are going to book a cruise.
  2. Because it offers activities based on your interests, age and hobbies.
  3. She thinks it is the perfect way to go abroad, maybe even to a faraway destination such as the Caribbean or Alaska.
  4. They can choose cruise holidays departing from different ports or fly cruises.
  5. They are going to fly from their regional airport.
  6. They are going to enjoy a city stay in a four-star hotel and visit the city with the help of a tour guide.
  7. It is going to include all of their transfers as well as breakfast and all taxes and services.
  8. They are going to take between 20 and 23 kilograms per person so that the ship’s crew can handle it safely

Es. 5

  • A Future
  • B The base form of the verb

Es. 6

  1. He is going to leave for Thailand.
  2. Sue is going to pack.
  3. They are going to stay in a hostel.
  4. I am going to visit London

Es. 7

  1. are going to extend
  2. Are you going to pay, am
  3. isn’t going to choose
  4. am going
  5. Are your parents going to travel, aren’t, are going to fly

Es. 8

  1. future intention
  2. prediction
  3. prediction

Es. 9

  1. is going to start
  2. is going to pass
  3. isn’t going to book
  4. is going to rain
  5. are going to be
  6. are going to have
  7. Is the bus going to leave
  8. is going to miss

How will we travel in the future?

Es. 1

boat 3, bus 7, car 11, ferry 5, helicopter 10, lorry 6, taxi 1, bicycle (bike) 12, train 2, underground 8, aeroplane 9, motorbike 4

Es. 2

  • ride: bicycle, motorbike
  • drive: bus, car, lorry
  • take: bus, taxi, train, underground
  • fly: helicopter, aeroplane
  • catch: bus, train, aeroplane
  • sail: boat, ferry
  • board: boat, ferry, helicopter, aeroplane, train

Es. 4

Electricity

Es. 5

  1. They will have zero emissions, they will use high technology to help drivers, will warn of a possible collision with an animal or a pedestrian and will offer 360° vision thanks to incorporated cameras and a panoramic windscreen. They will also communicate with other cars and buses along the road. Artificial intelligence will really change the way we drive.
  2. They are developing electric self-driving cars, buses and taxis.
  3. In July 2017, the UK government announced that all sales of new petrol and diesel cars will cease by 2040.
  4. People will probably use bikes and small electric cars. These will be small enough to park in perpendicular spaces, doubling parking places in cities. While they are parked, solar panels on the vehicle roof will generate electricity.
  5. This jet is all-electric and can fly as fast as a Formula-One car, travelling from London to Paris in one hour. It can travel in cities with less noise than a motorbike and can offer passenger flights at prices comparable to normal taxis.
  6. It will pick up people after a call via the Internet.
  7. In Japan

Es. 7

  • A Will
  • B The base form of the verb

Es. 8

  1. People won’t drive petrol and diesel cars in the UK after 2040.
  2. Scientists will develop a new vehicle to reach the moon.
  3. I’ll use solar panels.
  4. Will there be fun activities at that festival?
  5. Prices won’t come down.
  6. Will we only drive electric cars in the future?

Es. 9

  1. ’ll tidy up (E)
  2. won’t tell (C)
  3. ’ll come back (A)
  4. will that water boil (B)
  5. won’t use (C)
  6. ’ll help (D)

Booking a trip

Es. 1

  1. E
  2. B
  3. D
  4. C
  5. G
  6. H
  7. A
  8. F

Es. 3

Jake and his dad are going on the trip

Es. 4

  1. Because he is planning a trip on the Internet.
  2. They are going to stay with Debi and family in Philadelphia.
  3. He is going to book the flight and the accommodation online
  4. In New York.
  5. Because they may have to check out early in the morning.
  6. They need to book hold luggage but they don’t need to rent a car.
  7. Because it is near the airport, it has an overnight offer and arranges transfers to and from the airport

Es. 5

  • give me a hand - help me with something
  • a bit tricky - a little difficult
  • a direct flight - a non-stop flight
  • a stopover - a temporary stay in the middle of a journey
  • hold luggage - bags that aren’t taken into the cabin
  • a whizz - an expert or person skilled in a certain area
  • that’s done - that’s completed
  • all done - everything is finished

Es. 9

  • A 9
  • B 1

Es. 11

  1. People might develop telepathy in the future.
  2. There may be regular space trips to the moon in the future.
  3. I might book a safari next June.
  4. I may get travel insurance for my next trip to London.
  5. My family might travel to … next December

Es. 12

  1. will
  2. might
  3. might
  4. Will, might
  5. will
  6. will

Es. 13

  1. The package tour includes the return flight, accommodation in a hotel in the centre and three city tours with an expert guide.
  2. My uncle and aunt are going on a cruise around the Greek islands next summer starting from a harbour near Athens.
  3. In the future there will be more electric cars and bicycles as well as very fast trains.
  4. Drivers in the future may have cars that use artificial intelligence to communicate with other cars or buses.
  5. To get to the island, we are going to take a train, then a bus and in the end a ferry

Tell me a story

Es. 1

Hitchhiker: someone who stands by the side of the road asking for free rides from vehicles passing by

Es. 3

  1. nosy
  2. solicitor
  3. for a spell
  4. dangling
  5. tickets
  6. felt for
  7. strolled
  8. aerial

Es. 4

New; a big BMW 3.3 Li; top speed of 129 mph; terrific acceleration; pale blue body; dark blue leather seats; electrically operated windows; the radio aerial popped up when switching on the radio and disappeared when switching it off; not cheap; fancy

Es. 5

He is a small ratty-faced man with grey teeth. His eyes are dark and quick and clever. He is wearing a greyish-coloured jacket with enormous pockets

Es. 6

  1. He is a writer and he is going to London.
  2. He is driving his car very fast, up to 1
  3. mph, because he wants to show the hitchhiker how fast he can go.
  4. A policeman on his motorbike stops him. He gives him a fine for exceeding the speed limit.
  5. He is a pickpocket. He steals several things from the driver.
  6. Because he has wonderful fingers.
  7. The two notebooks where the policeman wrote the details about the car, the driver and the passenger.
  8. He thinks the hitchhiker is a fantastic fellow

Es. 7

The driver of the car narrates the story in the first person. The reader shares his point of view

Es. 8

The advantages are that the reader identifies himself/herself with the narrator and has direct access to his/her thoughts and feelings. The disadvantage is that the reader sees and knows only what the narrator sees and knows, so his/ her point of view is restricted

Towards INVALSI: UNITS 7-9

Es. 1

  • Q1 Three hundred metres. / It’s 300 metres long.
  • Q2 Six and a half. / It took 6.5 days.
  • Q3 Sovcomflot. / The proprietors are Sovcomflot.
  • Q4 Gas. / It will carry gas.
  • Q5 Fours months (a/per year).
  • Q6 Thirty percent. / It’s 30% faster.
  • Q7 Environmental campaigners. / Environmentalists.

Es. 2

  • Q1 Sally.
  • Q2 A (tall, black) hat.
  • Q3 A vampire (costume).
  • Q4 (A) Harry Potter (costume).
  • Q5 A skeleton (costume).
  • Q6 Two of the following: a black T-shirt; black leggings; white paint.
  • Q7 Tomorrow afternoon (after school)

SB UNIT 10: Life-long learning

Education

Es. 1

History of Art 1, Geography 5, History 8, IT (Information Technology) 11, Foreign languages 7, Mathematics/Maths (Geometry, Algebra) 6, Drama 2, Business studies / Economics 3, Science (Physics, Chemistry, Biology) 4, Music 10, PE (Physical Education) 9

Es. 2

  1. History
  2. Geography
  3. Music
  4. Foreign languages
  5. Drama
  6. Science - Physics, Chemistry, Biology
  7. PE - Physical Education
  8. Business studies / Economics
  9. IT - Information Technology
  10. History of Art

Es. 3

  1. D
  2. B
  3. F
  4. C
  5. H
  6. E
  7. A
  8. G

Es. 4

  1. studied hard, failed
  2. revise
  3. are taking
  4. pass an exam
  5. Are you making progress
  6. learnt
  7. attended

I’m starting year 11 next month

Es. 2

Evie is flying to Italy to attend school there as an exchange student. Brian is beginning year 11 and taking his GCSE exams

Es. 3

  1. Australia has only one type of secondary school: instead of choosing a school style, students select the subjects they want to study.
  2. She studied English, Mathematics, Science, History, Italian as a foreign language, PE, Drama and Dance.
  3. Yes, she did, because attending such a wide variety of classes helped her decide what subjects to take to achieve her Victorian Certificate of Education.
  4. She’s packing because she’s leaving for Italy to study there.
  5. They start next Monday at 8.20 a.m.
  6. Because in Italy she’s staying with the same class all day long and she’s going to school on Saturdays.
  7. He’s starting year 11 in secondary school.
  8. It means General Certificate of Secondary Education.
  9. He’s attending a Drama course that starts in September and he’s also joining the rugby team.
  10. It starts in October.
  11. Because they haven’t got too many rules and everyone respects the teachers and the headmaster

Es. 5

  • A F
  • B T

Es. 6

  1. Brian is playing rugby in the school team at 4.30 p.m. on Monday.
  2. Brian is having/attending a drama course at 2 p.m. on Tuesday.
  3. Brian is babysitting his little brother late in the afternoon on Wednesday.
  4. Brian is seeing the dentist at 6.30 p.m. on Thursday.
  5. Brian is having a guitar lesson at 5 p.m. on Friday.
  6. Brian is eating pizza with friends on Saturday evening

Es. 7

  • My lessons start next Monday at 8.20 a.m.
  • I’m attending a drama course that starts in September.
  • When does training start? It begins in October

Es. 8

  1. leaves
  2. does the concert start
  3. ends
  4. boards
  5. does the performance begin

Es. 9

  1. ’ll give (spontaneous decisions)
  2. ’m going to revise (intentions)
  3. ’re watching (fixed arrangements)
  4. ’ll take (promises)
  5. closes (timetables)
  6. ’ll be (inevitable future facts)
  7. ’s definitely going to win (predictions based on present evidence)
  8. is travelling (fixed arrangements)

PRELIMINARY

Es. 2

  1. B
  2. C
  3. D
  4. B
  5. A

What will I do if I study… ?

Es. 1

  1. fashion designer
  2. engineer
  3. firefighter/ firewoman
  4. architect
  5. astronaut
  6. lawyer
  7. writer
  8. scientist
  9. pilot
  10. reporter/ journalist
  11. veterinary surgeon (vet)

Es. 2

  1. She’ll be an astronaut. She’ll work in space.
  2. He’ll be a scientist. He’ll work in a laboratory.
  3. She’ll be a vet. She’ll look after pets.
  4. He’ll be a pilot. He’ll fly aeroplanes.
  5. She’ll be an architect. She’ll draw houses.
  6. He’ll be a fashion designer. He’ll work in a studio.
  7. He’ll be an engineer. He’ll build electrical equipment.
  8. She’ll be a firewoman. She’ll extinguish fires.
  9. He’ll be a lawyer. He’ll represent clients in a court of law.
  10. He’ll be a journalist. He’ll interview people.
  11. He’ll be a writer. He’ll create stories in his study

Es. 4

  • Ron: firefighter; he is courageous and peoplefocused.
  • Matilda: research scientist; she is analytical, curious, intuitive and creative.
  • Susy: vet of large animals; she has a passion for animals.
  • Emma: astronaut; she is scientific-oriented and a lover of Maths

Es. 5

  1. He won’t only put out fires and drive fire trucks, but he will also be able to save people’s lives.
  2. Matilda.
  3. She will be a research scientist and she will work in the field of pharmacology to develop either new drugs or scientific understanding in general.
  4. Because a large animal vet must be strong and fit if he or she wants to help a cow give birth or get a horse back onto its feet.
  5. She would like to work aboard the International Space Station

Es. 6

  1. B
  2. A
  • What tense do we use in the if-clause?
    • Present simple.
  • What tense(s) do we use in the main clause?
    • Present simple and will-future.

Es. 7

  1. A
  2. E
  3. B
  4. C
  5. D

Es. 8

  1. is, goes (zero conditional)
  2. heat, boils (zero conditional)
  3. don’t pass, ’ll be (first conditional)
  4. work, ’ll share (first conditional)
  5. take, ’ll feel (first conditional)
  6. wins, wear (zero conditional)
  7. is, ’ll become (first conditional)
  8. don’t improve, won’t go (first conditional)

Applying for a summer job

Es. 1

  1. F
  2. D
  3. A
  4. B
  5. E
  6. C

Es. 2

  1. lifeguard
  2. shop assistant
  3. dog-sitter
  4. babysitter
  5. waitress
  6. summer camp animator

Es. 4

At the beginning of July

Es. 5

  1. Who is Jane Goddard?
  2. Which job is Trudie applying for?
  3. Does she have any experience at a summer camp?
  4. Does she have any other experience?
  5. How does she help out / What type of activities does she organise in the after-school club?
  6. Do they have any drama or music?
  7. What are they putting on this year?
  8. What other information will Jane Goddard need?
  9. When will Trudie need to be available if they offer her the job?

Es. 6

  • application - a formal written request for a job
  • help out - give a helping hand
  • putting on - produce a play or concert
  • be available - be ready to work
  • whenever you need me - at any time

Es. 9

  • Each = a single element of a group.
  • Every = all the elements of a group

Es. 10

  1. Each
  2. Every
  3. each
  4. every
  5. each
  6. Each
  7. every
  8. each
  9. each
  10. Every

Es. 11

This week at school we are talking about work. In a few years’ time each of us will make choices between going on to study or maybe looking for a job. In the British system students start choosing between subjects at the early age of 14. Apart from the basic subjects of English, Maths, a science subject and a foreign language, we also choose between Chemistry and Physics or History and Geography. Then at 16 we choose again and this time we choose just three or four subjects connected with what we will want to do after we leave

Es. 12

  • Applicant’s name: Sally Hughes.
  • Job applied for: babysitter.
  • Previous experience: looking after two younger brothers and a little cousin; babysitting for her neighbours, who have a little boy of 2.
  • Hours required: two afternoons a week.
  • Meeting details: tomorrow afternoon at ten to four

Zoom in on culture

Es. 2

The picture introduces the problem of the lack of education. In developing countries, children don’t have access to basic education because of inequalities linked to sex, health and cultural identity (ethnic origin, language, religion). These children don’t benefit from learning that is vital to their intellectual and social development

Es. 3

  1. proper
  2. trafficking
  3. child labour
  4. epidemics
  5. recruitment
  6. prey

Es. 4

  1. It is education.
  2. They are: the shaping of the people’s future, the reduction of poverty and illnesses, the decrease of social inequalities and the help it offers societies to achieve peace and sustainable development
  3. More than 260 million children and teenagers.
  4. Malnutrition, child labour, recruitment by armed groups and early forced marriages.
  5. Nigeria, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Syria have the highest number of child labourers aged 5-17. In these countries, children work in fields, factories or mines, as servants, or sell goods in the street or at markets.
  6. Armed forces and groups outside government control can recruit children putting them out of school.
  7. Humanitarian organisations, young volunteers, government officials and faith leaders.
  8. It is a locked box with a blackboard, school materials for up to 40 students and supplies for the teacher for a whole year

Es. 7

  1. weapon
  2. blessings
  3. shot
  4. pseudonym
  5. struggle

Es. 8

  1. to education
  2. necessity
  3. 400 schools, going to school
  4. a private blog
  5. her views on education
  6. while she was coming back
  7. in England
  8. to protect
  9. At the age of 18

SB UNIT 11: Films and music

Films

Es. 1

  1. A
  2. F
  3. X
  4. B
  5. X
  6. C
  7. X
  8. E
  9. X
  10. D

Es. 2

A 2, B 10, C 6, D 1, E 4, F 3, G 9, H 7, I 8, J 5

Es. 3

  1. E
  2. C
  3. H
  4. A
  5. I
  6. D
  7. G
  8. B
  9. F

Es. 4

  1. director, special effects
  2. audience, scenes
  3. actor, hero, series
  4. screen
  5. cameras

I’ve never been so excited!

Es. 2

The Lord of the Rings trilogy

Es. 3

  1. F, She has always loved it
  2. T
  3. T
  4. F, Even animated films have used it
  5. F, It makes them more exciting, like in The Matrix
  6. T
  7. F, It is the most amazing film she has ever seen

Es. 5

A 2, B 1

Es. 6

  1. haven’t watched
  2. Have you read
  3. have had
  4. has seen
  5. haven’t found
  6. Has Sam been

Es. 7

  1. They have made an amazing sci-fi film recently.
  2. Have they been to the cinema this week?
  3. I haven’t done anything exciting today.
  4. Have you seen a foreign film in its original language?
  5. We have started an interesting blog about action films.
  6. Has he always liked slow-motion scenes?
  7. Cathy has written several lovely messages to her friends lately.
  8. I haven’t got good marks at school lately.

Es. 8

A ever, B never

Es. 9

  1. Have you ever met a famous film director?
  2. Have you ever had an accident?
  3. Have you ever visited Hollywood?
  4. Have you ever seen Game of Thrones?
  5. Have you ever eaten Japanese food?
  6. Have you ever gone on a cruise with your parents?

PRELIMINARY

Es. 1

  1. noun/s
  2. sum of money
  3. noun/s
  4. time period
  5. noun
  6. telephone number

Es. 2

  1. group of ten
  2. £1,350
  3. film selection
  4. Monday to Friday
  5. discussion
  6. 022 4267790

They’ve selected this stuntwoman

Es. 1

  • People: make-up artist, screenwriter, star, stuntman/stuntwoman, cast, producer, sound technician.
  • Film: subtitles, soundtrack, film review, box office, blockbuster, backstage.
  • Verbs: to star (in a film), to play the role of / to play the part of, to be a hit / to be a success, to film / to shoot, to perform

Es. 3

  1. Zarene Dallas: stuntwoman.
  2. Nick Dudman: make-up effects artist.
  3. Gary Hecker: sound technician

Es. 4

  1. directors, scenes
  2. blockbusters
  3. special effects, have recently seen
  4. make-up effects
  5. has made
  6. has always used

Es. 6

  1. PP
  2. PS
  3. PS
  4. PP
  • When do you use the present perfect and when do you use the past simple?
    • We use the present perfect when we refer to actions that happened at an unspecified time in the past.
    • We use the past simple to speak about experiences happened in finished time expressions

Es. 7

  1. Have you ever seen
  2. rode, jumped
  3. have had
  4. have invented, read
  5. has taken, took, broke
  6. Have you made, met

Es. 8

  1. Have you ever acted in a play?
  2. She went out ten minutes ago.
  3. I paid €500 for this tablet yesterday.
  4. Jennifer didn’t feel well last week.
  5. I have sung this song several times so I don’t need to practise

Es. 9

  1. was born
  2. ’ve won
  3. ’ve never won
  4. scored
  5. was
  6. saw
  7. read
  8. ’ve visited
  9. ’ve never been
  10. Have you ever been

The sound of music

Es. 1

  1. jazz
  2. rock
  3. folk
  4. classical
  5. opera
  6. rap/ hip-hop
  7. pop

Es. 4

Steve

Es. 5

  1. He has won two tickets to a concert.
  2. There’s dance, jazz, folk and rock music.
  3. She has been to a few of these festivals.
  4. She likes rap.
  5. Because his dad has always encouraged him and his brother to listen to different types of music.
  6. He promises that they can leave if Rachel gets bored

Es. 6

  • Lucky you! – You are fortunate!
  • a downer – a negative person / a pessimist
  • for free – without paying
  • I’m into – I like
  • What a pain! – How dreadful!
  • Let’s give it a go – Let’s try it

Es. 10

I’m fascinated by films, especially those using slow motion or animation. I’m interested in backstage artists like stuntmen and make-up artists. We’ve recently seen a wonderful mixture of genres like horror, fantasy and musicals in our school cinema club. We’ve also had a class debate about music in films, and watched the classic West Side Story. It’s the first time our class has had a really interesting discussion about music. Each student has expressed an opinion defending different tastes, from rap to jazz

Es. 11

What tense follows the phrase ‘the first time’?
Present perfect

Es. 12

  1. It's the first time I've seen a musical.
  2. It’s the third time I’ve seen this fantasy film.
  3. It’s the second time I’ve been to Adele’s concert.
  4. It’s the first time I’ve eaten Indian food.
  5. It’s the second time I’ve read a book about stuntmen

Es. 13

  1. We have never seen Star Wars before.
  2. I’ve never seen this quiz show on TV before.
  3. We’ve never heard of the job of a sound-effect artist before.
  4. It’s the first time they’ve met a famous singer.
  5. It’s the third time he’s visited this blog

From the press

Es. 3

  1. chased
  2. keep exploiting
  3. offerings
  4. striking
  5. revive
  6. released

Es. 4

  1. Films are a major part of teenage life and culture. From going to the cinema with a group of friends to sitting at home in front of a laptop, teenagers have made films one of the most important parts of their entertainment.
  2. Because it has become too expensive for them, especially when they compare it with other options, like streaming.
  3. Blade Runner 2049 is a continuation of the original masterpiece and takes place 30 years later. It presents the story of androids chased by police officers.
  4. The owner of Star Wars is The Walt Disney Corporation. It has decided to keep exploiting the greatest blockbuster phenomenon in history and releases a film of the saga once a year.
  5. Because they make a mysterious, highlytechnological world believable and depict the future as an evolution of the present: the tales interest teenagers a lot because they, once adults, might live in a world where police cars will be able to fly and people will travel to other worlds

Es. 5

  • Cinema: students might summarise the article above.
  • Music: teenagers listen to a lot of music while doing something else (like travelling or using a computer). They avoid paying for it and a large majority download it illegally from the web. Legal ways to get free music that teenagers use are to listen to the radio, watch music TV channels and use music-streaming websites. A number of people use the music service iTunes to buy their music legally.
  • Television: most teenagers watch television, but usually there are points in the year where they watch more than average. This is due to programmes coming on in seasons, so they will watch a particular show at a certain time for a number of weeks but then they may watch no television for weeks after the programme is over. Teenage boys generally watch more TV when it is football season; they often watch two games and related shows a week. Some teenagers watch programmes that are regular at least five times a week for half an hour. New ways of watching television are through streaming and the technology that allows viewers to store programmes and then watch them when they want rather than at the programmed times

Es. 7

  1. glamorous
  2. highlight
  3. peers
  4. pick
  5. awards
  6. cinematography

Es. 8

  1. The Golden Globes ceremony takes place in January, while the Oscars ceremony takes place at the end of February.
  2. Ninety members of a non-profit organisation of journalists and photographers, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association, choose the Globes.
  3. The Globes have more categories than the Oscars: 14 awards for films and 11 for television.
  4. There are 24 awards, but the Oscars only focus on films and have separate categories for writing, soundtrack, cinematography and screenplay.
  5. As the people voting for the awards are all members of the film industry, the awards are only based on merit. Directors vote for the Best Director, actors vote for the Best Actor and Best Actress, screenwriters vote for the Best Screenplay, and so on. This means winners are chosen by their Hollywood peers, and this is considered to be the highest honour.
  6. Audiences in more than 200 countries can watch the ceremony

Working in teams

Es. 2

Alice

Es. 3

  1. dominates
  2. lazy
  3. diplomatic, conflict
  4. importance, given
  5. discovered, group project
  6. consequences
  7. different skills, different part
  8. responsible, agreement

Es. 5

  • Give thoughtful feedback
  • Respect others and their thoughts
  • On task all the time
  • Use soft voices
  • Participate actively
  • Stay with your group

Es. 6

A teacher is speaking. She has decided to ask his/ her students to make a four-minute film using their digital cameras and mobile phone cameras

Es. 7

  1. F, The teacher divided them into groups of three to five students
  2. F, The rule was to have student experts in different fields in each group
  3. T
  4. T
  5. T
  6. F, To change scenes, students drew pictures, brought simple props, posters and signs with location names written on them
  7. F, He was uninterested at first, but then he enjoyed himself
  8. T

SB UNIT 12: This is life

Life events

Es. 1

  1. F
  2. K
  3. D
  4. G
  5. C
  6. H
  7. L
  8. I
  9. J
  10. A
  11. B
  12. E

Es. 2

  1. The girl has won a prize.
  2. The man’s daughter has graduated.
  3. Sue has just passed her driving test.
  4. Bobby has just started school

Es. 3

  1. D
  2. B
  3. E
  4. F
  5. C
  6. A

Have you had your rite of passage yet?

Es. 1

Student’s activity.

‘Coming of age’ means the age or occasion when one formally becomes an adult

Es. 2

Jacob, the Amish boy

Es. 3

  1. The transition from childhood to adolescence depends on where you live and what culture you grow up in.
  2. The most important rites of passage have always been linked with death, but also with other stepping stones like birth and youth.
  3. There has also been a party after the religious celebration.
  4. He hasn’t enjoyed it yet.
  5. They usually get their driving licence and can drive. If they are lucky, they get a car.
  6. Inuit families have recently extended this tradition to young girls as well

Es. 5

  1. D
  2. A
  3. C
  4. B
  • Where do already and just go in the sentence?
    • After the auxiliary.
  • Where does yet always go?
    • At the end of the sentence.

Es. 6

  1. just
  2. yet
  3. yet
  4. just, already
  5. just
  6. yet

Es. 7

  1. Has Cindy given a Sweet Sixteen Party yet?
  2. My classmates and I have just done our English homework.
  3. I haven’t read your message yet.
  4. He has just won a prize.
  5. ‘Have they booked the tickets for the play yet?’ ‘Yes, they have already bought them.’
  6. The film on BBC1 hasn’t started yet

Es. 8

  1. A Have they booked the restaurant for the wedding reception yet?
    B Yes, they’ve already booked it.
  2. A Have they rented a luxury car yet??
    B No, they haven’t rented it yet.
  3. A Have they gone to the travel agent’s for the honeymoon yet??
    B Yes, they’ve already gone there.
  4. A Have they tried their dress/suit on yet??
    B No, they haven’t tried them on yet.
  5. A Have they found anyone who will make a video of the ceremony yet? ?
    B No, they haven’t found anyone yet.
  6. A Have they written their promises yet??
    B Yes, they’ve already written them

Es. 9

  1. gone
  2. been
  3. been
  4. been
  5. gone
  6. been
  7. gone
  8. gone

Es. 10

  • Have you had a study holiday abroad yet?
  • Have you had an adventurous journey yet?
  • Have you done a drama course yet?
  • Have you moved house yet?
  • Have you taken part in a contest yet?
  • Have you taken up a new hobby yet?
  • Have you gone on a roller coaster yet?

PRELIMINARY

Es. 2

  • Opening: ‘This has been the best day of my life!’ I usually say this when I wake up. Then I think about what I am grateful for - a cosy house, hot coffee on a cold morning, my wonderful family.
  • First part: So this morning, as I was going to school, I saw a lady walking with two heavy shopping bags. I offered to give her a hand and she gladly accepted.
  • Second part: Next, during the break, I offered to share my tasty sandwich with a classmate who looked a bit upset. That put a smile on his face!
  • Ending: ‘That’s two acts of kindness in one morning,’ I thought. I hope they might be contagious!

Es. 3

  • Who? I, the writer.
  • When? Today, in the morning.
  • How? Gratefully.
  • What? Two acts of kindness: carrying a woman’s heavy bags and sharing his/her sandwich with a classmate.
  • Where? On his/her way to school and at school during the break

You must be fair

Es. 1

  1. F
  2. H
  3. E
  4. A
  5. D
  6. B
  7. G
  8. C

Es. 3

The ingredients of true friendship are: trust, time, communication, love, loyalty and dedication

Es. 4

  1. be there
  2. trust
  3. be fair
  4. find time
  5. communicate
  6. cheat on
  7. be jealous
  8. share the same views

Es. 7

  1. obligation
  2. prohibition
  3. absence of obligation

Es. 8

  1. mustn’t
  2. mustn’t
  3. must
  4. mustn’t
  5. must

Es. 9

  1. had to do
  2. Have they had to practise
  3. Do you have to wear
  4. will have to write
  5. haven’t had to ask
  6. has she had to phone

Es. 10

  1. You must love your partner unconditionally.
  2. You must listen to the other person without judging him/her.
  3. You must be loyal.
  4. You have to be ready to say ‘I’m sorry’ and learn to forgive.
  5. You must think from your partner’s perspective.
  6. You must give space to the other person. You don’t have to spend all your time together.
  7. You must trust your partner and you mustn’t check his/her phone

Es. 11

1, 2, 3, 4.

Es. 13

  • You had to remove your hat when entering a building, now you don’t have to.
  • You always had to wear gloves in the street, in the church and in other formal occasions, now you don’t have to.
  • You had to stand when a lady entered a room, now you don’t have to.
  • You had to bow to those of higher rank, but now we don’t have to.
  • You had to cover your mouth with a handkerchief when you yawned and we still have to today.
  • You had to sit up straight and not cross your legs, now we don’t have to be so strict.
  • You had to leave the room if you wanted to read a letter. Now we don’t have to.
  • In the past, you didn’t have to whisper in someone’s ears in front of others and you mustn’t today as well

Tricky times

Es. 1

  1. D
  2. A
  3. B
  4. E
  5. C

Es. 2

  1. I’m worried.
  2. I’ll feel left out.
  3. I’m going through a difficult time.
  4. You should try not to put your own needs first.
  5. I’m annoyed

Es. 4

Because he has changed his job

Es. 5

  1. F, Her studies are going well
  2. T
  3. F, Up to now, they have always got on well
  4. T
  5. F, Trudie has to be strong and trust her dad
  6. F, Trudie can go and see her tutor at any time

Es. 6

  • bullying - unnecessary aggression
  • There are times - There can be moments, periods
  • at any time - whenever you want

Es. 9

  1. needn’t
  2. mustn’t
  3. don’t need to
  4. doesn’t need to
  5. mustn’t
  6. mustn’t
  7. don’t need to
  8. don’t need to

Es. 10

Important stages in our lives are often marked with celebrations, like when we graduate or get married. Other important days are the first day of school or in a new job and maybe when we win a prize or pass our driving test. Different cultures and different religions have particular ceremonies and traditions with rules about what we must or mustn’t do. We have to have rules about behaviour in school, at home and in all our relationships. Falling in love or finding a friend may be easy, but keeping the relationship going needs trust and dedication

Es. 11

  • Julie
    • Must: do a little homework every day.
    • Mustn’t: get lazy, be late, use the trip as an excuse for not doing her homework.
    • Needn’t / Doesn’t need to: slam the door, do her homework for tomorrow.
  • Mum
    • Must: take her son to the dentist, trust Julie more.
    • Mustn’t: be angry, tell Dad about the theatre trip.
    • Needn’t / Doesn’t need to: worry, give money to Julie, give Julie a lift, remind Julie about homework all the time

Read me a poem

Es. 1

  1. C
  2. A
  3. E
  4. B
  5. D

Es. 4

  1. E
  2. D
  3. B
  4. A
  5. F
  6. C

Es. 5

  1. There are four stanzas.
  2. There are four lines in each stanza.
  3. Yes, it is AA BB CC DD

Es. 6

A 5, B 3, C 1, D 7, E 8, F 2, G 6, H 4

Es. 7

The poet sounds miserable

Es. 8

  1. A mourner, someone who has lost someone very dear to him/her
  2. The clocks, the telephone, the dog, the pianos and the drum. He wants to achieve the silence of mourning to respect the dead.
  3. Someone has died.
  4. The coffin and the mourners.
  5. A message saying: ‘He is dead’.
  6. Black cotton gloves as a sign of mourning.
  7. Because he thought his love would last forever.
  8. He wants to put out the stars, the moon, and the sun, in other words, all the sources of light, because nothing makes sense after the death of his love

Es. 9

The poet uses the image of the compass: it shows that his lover was everything to the speaker. Having lost his ‘compass’ (lover), the speaker’s life loses direction also. Finally, ‘the stars are not wanted now’ again emphasises the uselessness and worthlessness of a life without love. A life without love is like a world without light

Review UNITS 11-12

Es.

  1. B
  2. B
  3. A
  4. A
  5. B
  6. B
  7. B
  8. A
  9. B
  10. A

Es. 2

  1. cartoon
  2. soundtrack
  3. performance
  4. overthe-top
  5. argue

Es. 3

  1. action films
  2. genre
  3. screenwriter
  4. produced
  5. actors
  6. special effects
  7. scenes
  8. directors
  9. stuntmen
  10. hero
  11. blockbusters
  12. reviews
  13. series

Es. 4

  1. E
  2. D
  3. B
  4. G
  5. H
  6. C
  7. F
  8. A

Es. 5

  1. Have you ever been, have, went, have just booked, have visited
  2. Has Brian graduated, has already found
  3. have moved, rented, hasn’t, have split up, did it happen, had, were, have never seen
  4. has won, did he play
  5. have never eaten, have tasted

Es. 6

  1. I haven’t taken the driving test yet.
  2. Have you ever felt annoyed about a relationship?
  3. Did she graduate in 2017?
  4. They haven’t fallen in love recently.
  5. We have never watched a foreign film with subtitles.
  6. ‘Where’s Scott today?’ ‘He’s not here. He’s gone to the seaside on holiday.’
  7. ‘Where have you been?’ ‘I was talking to my tutor. I’ve just got back.’
  8. You don’t have/need to wear a uniform in Italian schools.
  9. They haven’t filmed the scenes yet

Es. 7

  1. ever
  2. yet
  3. been
  4. mustn’t
  5. have completed
  6. made
  7. on
  8. rules
  9. needn’t
  10. must
  11. death
  12. put your needs
  13. fallen
  14. How are things
  15. attended

Es. 8

  1. It’s the first time I have seen a musical.
  2. You needn’t rush to the box office.
  3. Greg has to do the exercise again.
  4. You mustn’t smoke in public places.
  5. We must find a stuntman to shoot that dangerous scene.
  6. It’s the first time I have seen a musical.
  7. You needn’t rush to the box office.
  8. Greg has to do the exercise again.
  9. You mustn’t smoke in public places.
  10. We must find a stuntman to shoot that dangerous scene

Es. 9

  1. The camera has captured the facial expressions of the actors in an impressive way.
  2. Three important events have just happened in my family: my daughter has got married, my son has graduated and my husband has retired.
  3. She has won several prizes as best actress and has acted in different film genres.
  4. ‘How are things in your class?’ ‘The teachers are worried and the students are nervous because there is some bullying.’
  5. I’ve never had this opportunity, it’s the first time I’ve been to a jazz festiva

Towards INVALSI: UNITS 10-12

Es. 1

Q1 B, Q2 A, Q3 A, Q4 A, Q5 B, Q6 C, Q7 B.

Es. 2

Q1 H, Q2 D, Q3 F, Q4 A, Q5 G.

Extras: B and E.

WB BUILD UP TO B1

Countries and nationalities

Es. 1

  1. Chinese
  2. Sweden
  3. Welsh
  4. Australian
  5. American
  6. Italian, Argentina
  7. Danish, Denmark
  8. British

Es. 2

  1. English, Manchester
  2. France, French
  3. Spanish
  4. Russian
  5. Rabat, Moroccan
  6. Brazilian

Es. 3

  1. is
  2. Are
  3. ’m not, am
  4. Are
  5. isn’t
  6. Are
  7. is
  8. aren’t, are

Es. 4

  1. B
  2. D
  3. C
  4. A
  5. E

Es. 5

  1. Are you from Barcelona?
  2. He isn’t the new student.
  3. We are in Egypt.
  4. Are the cats on the chair?
  5. Mary isn’t in the park.
  6. Is the teacher English?
  7. I am American.
  8. The tablet isn’t in my bag.

Es. 6

  1. Are there good footballers in Brazil? Yes, there are.
  2. Are there koalas in Finland? No there aren’t.
  3. Is there the euro in England? No, there isn’t.
  4. Is there one official language in Canada? No, there isn’t.
  5. Is there a queen in Spain? Yes, there is.
  6. Are there elephants in India? Yes, there are.
  7. Are there mountains in Holland? No, there aren’t.

Es. 7

  1. You
  2. she
  3. He, he
  4. We
  5. They

Es. 8

  1. she
  2. your
  3. their
  4. my, your
  5. his
  6. our, our, Its

Es. 9

  1. their
  2. His
  3. My, our
  4. her
  5. you

Es. 10

  1. is
  2. ’m
  3. are
  4. my
  5. I
  6. isn’t
  7. she
  8. Russian
  9. her
  10. is
  11. Its/His
  12. are
  13. my

Everyday objects

Es. 1

diary, highlighter, pen, rubber, pencil, sunglasses, pencil case, mobile phone

Es. 2

  1. a, a, the
  2. a
  3. an
  4. the, the
  5. an
  6. -, the
  7. the
  8. a, the

Es. 3

  1. books
  2. species
  3. glasses
  4. ladies
  5. chairs
  6. fish
  7. lives
  8. boxes
  9. dogs
  10. boys
  11. churches
  12. cities
  13. halves
  14. nights
  15. heroes
  16. tables
  17. leaves
  18. windows

Es. 4

  1. man
  2. tomato
  3. person
  4. friend
  5. brush
  6. body
  7. thief
  8. match
  9. eye
  10. mouse
  11. foot
  12. trolley

Es. 5

  1. Is he/she your child?
  2. The boy in the classroom is my classmate.
  3. There is a/one sheep in the garden.
  4. The green backpacks are on the desks.
  5. The white textbook is in the backpack.

Es. 6

  1. This
  2. These
  3. This
  4. these
  5. These

Es. 7

  1. Those
  2. those
  3. that
  4. Those
  5. that

Es. 8

  1. that
  2. these
  3. this
  4. Those
  5. That

Es. 9

  1. These are the new whiteboards.
  2. Those are my desks.
  3. These are pretty girls.
  4. Are those dresses grey?
  5. These are English dictionaries.
  6. These watches are presents.
  7. Those backpacks are red.
  8. These are interesting books.

Appearance

Es. 1

  1. bald
  2. curly hair
  3. freckles
  4. moustache
  5. beard
  6. glasses
  7. straight hair
  8. fair/dark skin

Es. 3

  1. short, long, plump, round
  2. tall, thin, straight, a moustache
  3. medium height, slim, short curly, glasses

Es. 4

  1. has
  2. have
  3. have
  4. hasn’t
  5. Have

Es. 5

  1. Has he got, has got
  2. Have your neighbours got, haven’t, have got
  3. Have you got, haven’t, have got
  4. Has your mobile got, hasn’t, has got
  5. Have you got, haven’t, have got
  6. Has she got, has, has got

Es. 6

  1. Has Mum got glasses to read? Yes, she has. She’s got glasses in her bag.
  2. Have they got a computer on their desk? No, they haven’t. They’ve got books on their desk.
  3. Has Molly got green eyes? No, she hasn’t. She’s got blue eyes.
  4. Has Thomas got a wallet? Yes, he has. He’s got a wallet in his pocket.
  5. Have you got new headphones? No, I/we haven’t. I/We’ve got a new mobile

Es. 7

  1. hot morning
  2. old man
  3. short boy
  4. wavy hair
  5. long time
  6. old house
  7. light colour
  8. fat woman
  9. plump girl
  10. interesting day

Es. 9

  1. Have you got a new mobile phone? Has it got interesting apps?
  2. They haven’t got wavy hair.
  3. My classmate has got a new house with a big garden.
  4. I haven’t got a TV in my room but I have got a computer.
  5. Mark is a tall and good-looking boy. He has got a fantastic smile!

Cardinal numbers

Es. 2

  1. Judith
  2. 17
  3. 237
  4. 26
  5. 019 487325
  6. 0777 868 0413
  7. 0777201 7709
  8. 12

Days, months, seasons

Es. 3

  1. Monday
  2. Friday
  3. winter
  4. September, June
  5. October
  6. autumn
  7. March, April, May.

Es. 4

  1. Which
  2. When
  3. Where
  4. Which
  5. Who
  6. Where
  7. How
  8. Why

Es. 5

  1. What’s his surname?
  2. Where is your school?
  3. How old is your brother?
  4. When is Sally’s birthday?
  5. Which is John’s favourite season?
  6. How is Jane?
  7. Who are Mr and Mrs Jones?
  8. Why are you at home?

Es. 6

  1. mine
  2. hers
  3. ours
  4. mine
  5. yours, his
  6. theirs

Es. 7

  1. mine
  2. ours
  3. theirs
  4. yours
  5. hers

Es. 8

  1. on, at
  2. in, in
  3. at, in
  4. On
  5. In, at
  6. at, in
  7. in

Es. 9

  1. It’s six o’clock - B
  2. It’s a quarter to three - D
  3. It’s five past nine - F
  4. It’s ten past ten - A
  5. It’s twenty past seven - C
  6. It’s midnight - E

Es. 10

  1. on
  2. Why
  3. in
  4. in
  5. mine
  6. at
  7. What
  8. at
  9. in

Places in town, directions

Es. 1

  1. bank
  2. library
  3. church
  4. town hall
  5. park
  6. stadium
  7. police station
  8. school
  9. hospital
  10. sports centre

Es. 2

  1. It’s in Queen Street, opposite the town hall.
  2. There is a church.
  3. There is a hospital.
  4. It’s in Union Street.
  5. There is a library

Es. 3

  1. B
  2. D
  3. E
  4. F
  5. H
  6. G
  7. C
  8. A

Es. 4

  1. the bank from the library: Walk down West Street, turn right in Queen Street, and the bank is on the left;
  2. the school from the sports centre: Go into Queen Street, turn left, go straight past the crossroads and the school is on the right;
  3. the stadium from the church: Go onto Queen Street, turn left into West Street, go straight until the junction with Union Street on your left. The stadium is on the corner of West Street and Union Street;
  4. the town hall from the park: Walk down Garden Avenue, then turn right in Oxford Street and then right into Queen Street. The town hall is on the corner of Queen Street and West Street.

Es. 5

  1. Don’t write in your exercise books.
  2. Don’t wait.
  3. Stand up.
  4. Don’t take the first on the right.
  5. Go straight.
  6. Don’t cross the road.
  7. Look at the board.

Es. 6

  • I must: get up in time for school, study English, respect others, listen to instructions, pay attention during lessons.
  • I mustn’t: talk during a test, speak loudly on the phone, cross when the traffic light is red.

Es. 8

  1. The children are in their room now.
  2. Your classroom is on the left.
  3. There are headphones in the backpack.
  4. The sports centre is next to the hospital.
  5. The bank is on the corner of Fleet Street.
  6. We are at home

Es. 9

  1. The alien is in the spaceship.
  2. The alien is behind the trees.
  3. The alien is under the bed.
  4. The alien is on the chair.
  5. The alien is between the girls.
  6. The alien is at the bus stop.
  7. The alien is opposite the bank.
  8. The alien is next to the student / the boy

Es. 10

  1. A Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the town hall?
    B Go straight and then turn right at the traffic lights.
  2. A Is that the new hospital?
    B No, it isn’t. The new hospital is opposite the library.
  3. A Excuse me, is there a park near here?
    B I’m afraid the park is over there, behind the police station.
  4. A Where is the church, please?
    B It’s in Bond Street, just round the corner.

WB UNIT 1: Time of our lives

Daily routine

Es. 1

  1. D
  2. C
  3. A
  4. F
  5. B
  6. E

Es. 3

  1. gets up
  2. goes to work
  3. get home
  4. have/ eat dinner
  5. goes to bed

Es. 4

  1. have a shower
  2. have a little snack
  3. have lunch
  4. have a break
  5. have a walk
  6. have a liein
  7. have fun
  8. have tea/coffee or coffee/tea

Es. 5

  1. catch the bus
  2. feed the dog
  3. do the shopping
  4. lie in bed
  5. set the alarm (clock)
  6. hand in your (home)work

Es. 6

  1. relaxes
  2. don’t live
  3. Does Martin use, does
  4. wake
  5. comes
  6. Does he leave, doesn’t
  7. sets
  8. don’t have

Es. 7

  1. Does he work
  2. leaves
  3. doesn’t have
  4. cook, does
  5. gets, feeds
  6. don’t chat
  7. washes
  8. Does Mrs Potter go

Es. 8

  1. Does Sally send text messages at night?
  2. Jennifer doesn’t play video games in the evening
  3. Do you take photos when you are on holiday?
  4. Do those boys have a snack in the afternoon?
  5. The lessons don’t begin at
  6. o’clock.
  7. Do the girls wear a uniform at school?
  8. He does his homework at the weekend.
  9. She rides her bike in her free time.

Es. 9

  1. doesn’t eat, doesn’t like
  2. Do they live
  3. doesn’t leave
  4. Does Matt play
  5. drives
  6. Does your son read
  7. Do you have
  8. flies, works
  9. lie, rings
  10. does your daughter finish

Healthy habits

Es. 10

  1. eat
  2. drinks
  3. gets
  4. monitor
  5. Do you take
  6. brushes
  7. listen
  8. limit

Es. 11

A 6, B 3, C 7, D 1, E 4, F 2, G 5

Es. 12

  1. Derek often comes home late.
  2. John and Susan never study in the same room.
  3. When do films generally start?
  4. Sean is always kind!
  5. My friend Jenny never phones me.
  6. Are the students rarely on time for their lessons?
  7. I don’t normally drink coffee, but I sometimes have it after lunch.
  8. We usually go to the gym once a week and we always get a good workout.

Es. 13

  1. When do you usually do your homework?
  2. Do you rarely limit chocolate?
  3. I often have a glass of water before going to bed.
  4. Do you always sleep eight hours a night?
  5. I am seldom late for school.
  6. When do your parents generally arrive home?
  7. My sister never has dinner at home.
  8. He hardly ever works till late.

Es. 14

  1. I don’t often eat sweets.
  2. They never monitor their screen time.
  3. My brother normally brushes his teeth after every meal.
  4. Is Lindy always sleepy in the morning?
  5. My mother never tells me a story.
  6. Where do they generally have a picnic on Sundays?
  7. Susan is seldom free on Saturday mornings.
  8. Does she usually have a rest after lunch?

Es. 15

  1. What do you study at school?
  2. When does Jane read the newspaper?
  3. Does he sleep in the afternoon?
  4. What do Mark and Sally rarely eat during the day?
  5. How often do they go to the cinema?
  6. Where do they walk the dog after school?

Free-time activities

Es. 16

  1. go for a meal
  2. act or dance on the stage
  3. watch TV
  4. play video games
  5. work out at the gym
  6. play the piano
  7. meet up with friends
  8. download music and films
  9. read magazines
  10. chat with friends on the phone.

Es. 17

  1. It
  2. him
  3. them
  4. she, me
  5. us
  6. her

Es. 18

  1. This is my friend Jane. Please take her to the station.
  2. ‘Where is my backpack?’ ‘Look at it: it’s under the chair.’
  3. The students are in the classroom. Please ask them to sit down.
  4. Can you take us to school, Dad?
  5. I don’t usually play with him.

Es. 19

  1. Show me your ticket, please.
  2. -
  3. Margaret always gives her a hand in the kitchen.
  4. Do you generally lend Peter your History notes?
  5. He always brings me presents from abroad.
  6. -

Es. 20

  1. do
  2. Monitor
  3. wake
  4. have
  5. usually/ normally/generally
  6. don’t
  7. it
  8. don’t
  9. do
  10. go
  11. watch
  12. bed

Es. 21

  1. C
  2. B
  3. B
  4. C
  5. A
  6. B

Es. 22

  1. ‘How about going for a pizza this evening?’ ‘That’s a great idea! I love pizza!’
  2. Jake often runs to the bus stop because he is generally late.
  3. ‘What does James usually do in his free time?’ ‘He watches TV or listens to music.’
  4. ‘Do you eat vegetables every day?’ ‘Yes, I do. I eat vegetables twice a day.’
  5. Kate never goes to bed early in the evening. She chats with her friends till late.
  6. ‘How often do you meet your friends?’ ‘I never meet them on weekdays, but I usually go to the cinema with them during the weekends.

Es. 23

Kevin: Hi, Amy. How are things with you?

Amy: Good. What about you?

Kevin: Everything is fine. What do you think about going to the cinema tonight?

Amy: I’m afraid I can’t go out tonight. What about having a walk this afternoon?

Kevin: That’s a great idea but I can’t come because I have a football match. Can you come and see it?

Amy: Unfortunately I’m busy, but what about meeting after the match?

Kevin: Can we meet at 5?

Amy: You’re on. Bye for now. Kevin: See you later then

Es. 24

  1. Hi, my name is Kelly. I wake up at about 6.30 in the morning. Then I have breakfast with my family. I go to work with my friend at about 8 o’clock.
  2. Caroline and Lucy attend the local school. During their school day they study subjects like English and Maths and meet their friends after the lessons.
  3. ‘What do you do in your free time?’ ‘I usually chat on social networks, I play football and I generally watch TV in the evening.’
  4. ‘Do you always sleep eight hours a night?’ ‘No, I don’t because I go to bed late.’
  5. ‘How often are you late for school?’ ‘Never. I’m usually early and sometimes very early'.

Es. 25

  1. A
  2. B
  3. A
  4. C
  5. C

Es. 26

Wakes up at 7 a.m.
In the kitchen He drinks a glass of water
Goes to The beach to run and surf
Has breakfast with Fresh fruit
After breakfast He answers emails and writes on his blog
In the afternoon He meets up with his friends at the beach and plays beach soccer
Has dinner With his family at a nice Indian restaurant
Goes to bed at 11 p.m

WB UNIT 2: Sports and competitions

Sports

Es. 1

  1. play football
  2. do yoga
  3. play tennis
  4. do karate
  5. go skiing
  6. play rugby
  7. play volleyball
  8. go swimming
  9. do athletics
  10. go running

Es. 2

  1. diving
  2. beats
  3. practise
  4. courts
  5. races
  6. compete
  7. championship
  8. practice
  9. draw
  10. pitch

Es. 3

A hit, B lose, C catch, D score, E win, F throw.
1 score, 2 lose, 3 hits, 4 catch, throw, 5 wins

Es. 4

  1. Sheila loves doing karate but Bill hates it.
  2. Sheila likes/enjoys eating Chinese food but Bill doesn’t like it.
  3. Bill doesn’t mind playing netball but Sheila likes/ enjoys it.
  4. Sheila loves making cakes but Bill can’t stand / hates it.
  5. Sheila doesn’t like horse riding but Bill doesn’t mind it.
  6. Sheila doesn’t mind playing beach volleyball but Bill doesn’t like it.
  7. Sheila can’t stand / hates diving but Bill loves it.
  8. Sheila doesn’t like driving fast cars but Bill likes/ enjoys it.

Es. 5

  1. doing
  2. cooking, trying
  3. watching, going
  4. practising, losing
  5. chatting, listening
  6. getting up, having
  7. playing, running
  8. working out, skiing

Sports and equipment

Es. 7

  1. bat
  2. glove
  3. net/ball
  4. racket
  5. helmet
  6. knee pads, shoulder pads

Es. 8

  1. Can you
  2. Can I help
  3. Can I use/borrow your mobile
  4. Can I give
  5. Can I go out

Es. 9

  1. Can we play a game on the laptop? - D
  2. Can we buy a new helmet? - A
  3. Can we play in the park? - C
  4. Can we watch a baseball match on TV? - B

Es. 10

  1. Can, can, A
  2. can, can’t, PE
  3. can’t, A
  4. Can, R
  5. can, PE
  6. can, R
  7. Can, can’t, PO
  8. Can, can’t, PE

Es. 11

  1. Can you and your brother do karate?
  2. I’m sure I can’t do this exercise alone.
  3. You can come to the sports centre this afternoon for a game of football.
  4. Apart from the goalkeeper, can players use their hands in football?
  5. She can work out at the gym tonight.
  6. Jake can’t wake up on time on weekdays. He is always late

Es. 12

  1. unfair
  2. fast
  3. wonderful
  4. boring
  5. awful
  6. lucky
  7. dreadful
  8. exhilarating
  9. slow
  10. terrific
  11. unlucky
  12. fair. + fast, wonderful, lucky, exhilarating, terrific, fair. - unfair, boring, awful, dreadful, slow, unlucky.

Es. 13

A 6, B 2, C 4, D 12, E 5/7, F 11, G 1, H 3/10, I 9, J 8

Es. 14

  1. such
  2. so
  3. so
  4. so
  5. such
  6. so
  7. such

Es. 15

  1. This book is so funny. I enjoy reading it!
  2. Meg and Paul are such lovely people! We like meeting up with them.
  3. You aren’t so busy in the afternoon, you can start a new hobby.
  4. She speaks English so well. I think she comes from England.
  5. This is such an awful cake! I don’t want to eat it.
  6. How can you run such a long distance?

Es. 16

  1. T
  2. T
  3. F (Only those near a river)
  4. T
  5. F (They use paper and plastic)
  6. F (They play sports video games and organise competitive teams).

Es. 17

  1. B
  2. C
  3. C
  4. A
  5. B
  6. D
  7. A
  8. B

Es. 18

  1. I like playing football on the school pitch but I can’t stand playing basketball on the court in the gym.
  2. Formula One is such a fast and exhilarating sport!
  3. ‘Can you throw a ball to a distance of
  4. metres?’ ‘No, I can’t, but I can run 1
  5. metres in
  6. seconds.’
  7. Can you come and play tennis with me? There are new tennis courts near the swimming pool.
  8. My sister and I love doing yoga early in the morning. It’s so relaxing!

Es. 20

  1. The students in my class don’t mind playing netball but they don’t like doing yoga.
  2. Can you please show me how to use this racket?
  3. When my brother plays cricket, he wears a white shirt with white gloves and knee pads.
  4. We have a terrific swimming team this season and no boring competitions.

Es. 21

  • Name: Monica
  • Surname: Evans
  • Age: 19
  • Profession: elementary school assistant
  • State of health: good
  • I can: Play tennis, Swim, Other (karate)
  • I want to join: Swimming lessons, Tennis sessions
  • Times:
    • − swimming
      • Morning times: no (from 10 to 12)
      • Evening times: yes (from 6 to 8)
    • − tennis
      • Afternoon: no (from 4 to 6)
      • Saturday morning: yes
      • Sunday morning: no
  • I want to start: Tomorrow

Es. 25

  1. Alistair and Jonathan Brownlee are the triathlon superstars.
  2. Rosie and Sam Davis are famous for cricket.
  3. The Vunipola brothers are the superstars of rugby.
  4. The Williams sisters are famous for tennis.

Es. 26

  1. raised
  2. best
  3. take part
  4. twin
  5. coach
  6. Born
  7. so-called
  8. involves

Es. 27

  1. F, They are champions in triathlon
  2. F, It also includes swimming
  3. T
  4. F, They also play football and hockey and go swimming once a week. Rosie enjoys netball and gymnastics, and Sam plays table tennis at school
  5. F, They are from Australasia
  6. T
  7. F, They are sisters
  8. F, They are The Australian Open, The French Open, Wimbledon and The US Open.

WB UNIT 3: Places

Parts of the house and furnishings

Es. 1

  1. In the dining room.
  2. In the kitchen.
  3. In the living room.
  4. In the bathroom.
  5. In the bedroom.
  6. In the garage.
  7. The stairs

Es. 2

  • Downstairs: kitchen, fridge, cooker, dining room, living room, sofa, bathroom, shower.
  • Upstairs: bedrooms, bathroom.

Es. 4

  1. ’s happening, ’re cooking
  2. is he doing, is listening, is always playing
  3. Are you watching, ’m talking
  4. is Alice doing, ’s studying
  5. is going
  6. are talking

Es. 5

  1. Are you watching TV? No, I’m not. I’m studying at the moment.
  2. Are you making a cake? No, we aren’t. We’re preparing our breakfast.
  3. Is Mark getting up? No, he isn’t. He’s having a shower.
  4. Is Nick going to the cinema? No, he isn’t. He’s going to the gym.
  5. Is Ruth waiting for the bus near her school? No, she isn’t. She’s walking in the street.
  6. Are they watching a video? No, they aren’t. They’re using Facebook

Es. 6

  1. is she doing
  2. Is she cooking
  3. she is
  4. is making
  5. are they doing
  6. are standing
  7. are smiling
  8. Are they having
  9. they aren’t
  10. are spending

Shops and shopping

Es. 7

  1. boutique
  2. newsagent’s
  3. chemist’s
  4. greengrocer’s
  5. department store
  6. butcher’s
  7. street market
  8. sports shop
  9. baker’s
  10. supermarket

Es. 8

  1. supermarket
  2. chemist’s
  3. greengrocer’s
  4. newsagent’s
  5. department stores
  6. butcher’s
  7. sports shop
  8. street markets
  9. baker’s
  10. boutique

Es. 10

  1. sells
  2. Do you enjoy, usually shop
  3. thinks, buy
  4. holds, marks
  5. is teaching
  6. is working

Es. 11

  1. Vincent usually works in his office, but today he is skiing in the mountains.
  2. That boutique always sells goods at high prices, but now it is having sales.
  3. She normally saves her pocket money, but today she is spending her money on make-up.
  4. Our friend Maureen works as a teacher, but this week she is doing volunteer work in the centre of Italy.
  5. Susan usually buys meat at the butcher’s, but currently she is buying meat at the supermarket.
  6. Your husband often travels in Europe, but this week he is thinking of having a break.
  7. Peter and Stephen usually drink coffee for breakfast, but today they are having tea.
  8. I usually drive to work, but this week I am cycling

Es. 12

  1. How often does he fly to Paris on business?
  2. Where are you having a holiday at the moment?
  3. Who is he thinking of?
  4. Where do you always do the shopping?
  5. What does the sports shop sell?
  6. Why is the baby crying?
  7. Who is the shop assistant helping?

Es. 13

  1. is your dad decorating, think, wants, is always saying, needs
  2. rises
  3. are you thinking, ’m thinking
  4. are the children crying, don’t know, are always fighting
  5. don’t you phone, is always
  6. usually hate, ’m visiting
  7. says, is always spending

Es. 14

  1. is
  2. live
  3. enjoys
  4. likes
  5. is making
  6. isn’t listening
  7. am telling
  8. loves
  9. asks
  10. thinks
  11. don’t understand
  12. is playing
  13. am relaxing
  14. are waiting
  15. is making
  16. smells

Prices

Es. 16

  1. How much are five apples? They are one pound and ninety-five pence.
  2. How much are six teacups? They are nineteen pounds and ninety-eight pence.
  3. How much is a pen? It is one euro and fifteen cents.
  4. How much is a sofa? It is four hundred forty-nine pounds.
  5. How much is a pair of trainers? It is forty dollars

Es. 17

  1. Would you like
  2. want
  3. want, would like
  4. like
  5. wouldn’t

Es. 18

  1. I’d like to go to the department store and buy a new blanket for my bed.
  2. I’d like to go to a concert with my friends.
  3. Would you like to work in a sports shop?
  4. I’d like to see the new boutique on the corner.
  5. I wouldn’t like to live in a two-storey house

SUMMATIVE EXERCISES

Es. 19

  1. houses
  2. door
  3. kitchen
  4. bedroom
  5. garage
  6. live
  7. ’m staying
  8. flat
  9. home

Es. 20

  1. B
  2. B
  3. A
  4. C
  5. B
  6. B
  7. A
  8. C

Es. 21

  1. Andy lives in a semi-detached house. Now he is redecorating the walls of the kitchen and his wife is cleaning the oven.
  2. Their house hasn’t got stairs because it is all on one floor. There is a large living room with a sofa, two armchairs, a bookcase full of books and a carpet.
  3. ‘Where do teenagers usually do their shopping?’ ‘They like shopping in department stores because they can find cheap clothes.’
  4. I don’t think he likes buying things online, I believe he loves buying his clothes in a clothes shop

Es. 22

  • Shop assistant: Good morning, can I help you?
  • Jennifer: Good morning, I’m looking for a new cover for my mobile phone. I’d like it in a bright colour.
  • Shop assistant: Would you like something modern or traditional?
  • Jennifer: I’d like a trendy cover.
  • Shop assistant: I have this cover, it comes in various colours. Do you like it?
  • Jennifer: Yes, I do. How much is it?
  • Shop assistant: It’s on special offer. It’s just €9.99.
  • Jennifer: The red one is fine. Thank you for your help.

Es. 23

  1. ‘What are you doing?’ ‘I’m playing a new video game.
  2. My mum hates shopping in big department stores, she prefers small shops.
  3. ‘Do you live near here?’ ‘Yes, I live in that red semi-detached house.
  4. I love my room, it is on the top floor with a wonderful view of the garden and the town.
  5. We have a greengrocer’s and a newsagent’s but no chemist’s in our area

SKILLS AND CERTIFICATION

Es. 24

  1. C
  2. A
  3. B
  4. B
  5. C
  6. C
  7. A

Es. 28

  1. increases
  2. discounts
  3. attitudes
  4. tool
  5. on themselves
  6. managing
  7. avoiding
  8. ahead
  9. find out
  10. in mind

Es. 29

  1. Because you can start building good habits and avoiding bad ones.
  2. There are four ways: money as power, as generosity, as security and as freedom.
  3. About how much they spend.
  4. If you see money as security, you reduce the risk of money problems. If you believe it is power, you increase the risk of money problems.
  5. They are not so good because they don’t plan ahead.
  6. They tend to be generous spenders.
  7. They find it easy to spend money on others.
  8. Because they go shopping for fun or to feel happy.
  9. He thinks money is just a tool, it can buy you things and give you security, but it cannot buy happiness.

WB UNIT 4: Food for you

Food and drink

Es. 1

Butter, jam, toast, bacon and eggs, sausages, coffee, orange juice, fruit salad, cereal, milk, bread, grapes, orange, apple. It’s breakfast

Es. 2

  • Fruit and vegetables: carrots, onions, spinach, cucumber, lettuce, grapes, strawberries, pears.
  • Dairy: milk, cheese, yoghurt.
  • Fats: olive oil, butter, crisps.
  • Proteins: fish, chicken, lamb, beef, ham.
  • Carbohydrates: bread, rice, cereal, flour

Es. 3

Meal Time Food Drink
breakfast hot or cold on Sunday bacon and milk


on Sunday

cereal


bacon and eggs

hot or cold milk
lunch midday sandwich tea
snack in the afternoon, back from school yoghurt orange juice
dinner half past six meat, vegetables, cheese and fruit

Es. 4

  1. bitter - F
  2. creamy - H
  3. healthy - B
  4. juicy - G
  5. salty - D
  6. sour - A
  7. sweet - C
  8. yummy - E

Es. 5

  1. creamy
  2. juicy
  3. healthy
  4. sweet
  5. sour
  6. yummy
  7. salty
  8. bitter

Es. 6

  • Countable: egg, tomato, strawberry, banana, carrot, biscuit.
  • Uncountable: water, milk, cereal, spinach, cheese, sugar, salt, butter

Es. 7

  1. rice, ham
  2. milk
  3. apples
  4. onions
  5. lamb, potatoes
  6. bread, cheese, grapes
  7. food, meat, tomatoes
  8. fish, spinach

Es. 8

  1. a
  2. some
  3. a
  4. an
  5. some
  6. some
  7. an
  8. some

Es. 9

  1. any
  2. any, none
  3. any, some
  4. some, none
  5. any, some
  6. some, No, some
  7. some
  8. any
  9. some, any
  10. no

Es. 10

  1. There isn’t any water in the bottle.
  2. There is no coffee in the cup.
  3. There isn’t any flour left.
  4. We have got no lemons.
  5. There isn’t any bread in the cupboard.
  6. There is no salt in the pea soup.
  7. There aren’t any onions in the lamb curry.
  8. We haven’t any yoghurt for breakfast

Es. 11

  1. Have you got any rice?
  2. There are some crisps in the shopping bag. Correct.
  3. They have got no eggs.
  4. There aren’t any / are no cinnamon muffins left.
  5. Mrs Gore eats some proteins every day.
  6. ‘Are there any benefits in fat food?’ ‘No, there are none.’
  7. Are there any organic restaurants in town?
  8. ‘Can we have some apples?’ ‘Sorry, there aren’t any / are no apples.’
  9. He doesn’t eat any yummy desserts. Correct.
  10. If you haven’t got any cucumbers, let’s buy some!

Es. 12

  1. How many
  2. How much
  3. How many
  4. How many
  5. How much
  6. How many
  7. How many
  8. How much

Containers and quantities

Es. 13

  1. H
  2. J
  3. E
  4. D
  5. I
  6. F
  7. B
  8. A
  9. C
  10. G
Items Containers / Quantities
milk a couple of cartons
tea some
coffee some
butter some
chicken one
onions some
carrots some
potatoes a kilo
bread some
cheese biscuits a packet
olive oil a bottle
crisps a packet
beans a tin

Es. 15

  1. many
  2. much
  3. much
  4. a lot of
  5. many
  6. a lot of, lots of

Es. 16

  1. many
  2. a little
  3. a few
  4. much
  5. a little
  6. a lot of

Es. 17

  1. a little
  2. few
  3. little
  4. a few
  5. many
  6. little
  7. a little

The menu

Es. 18

  1. Main courses
  2. Starters
  3. Desserts
  4. Drinks and beverages
  5. Side dishes
  6. Soup of the day

Es. 20

  1. too
  2. enough time
  3. too many, enough drinks
  4. too
  5. tall enough
  6. too much

Es. 21

  1. There is too much cabbage in this soup.
  2. I think there are too many spices in this sauce.
  3. Is there enough mayonnaise in the tube?
  4. Are you hungry enough for a pizza?
  5. I can’t find the jam, there are too many things in the cupboard.
  6. Do we have enough bread for the sandwiches?

Es. 22

  1. enough
  2. too much
  3. too many
  4. enough
  5. enough
  6. too much

Es. 23

  1. carbohydrates
  2. dairy
  3. a lot of / many
  4. little
  5. vegetables
  6. lots
  7. no
  8. packet
  9. bar
  10. carton

Es. 24

  1. some
  2. any
  3. many
  4. a few
  5. no
  6. slice
  7. little
  8. sweet enough
  9. glass

Es. 25

  1. ‘How many servings of fruit do you eat a day?’ ‘I eat little fruit because I don’t like it, but I eat a few vegetables.’
  2. There are some typical flavours of Indian cuisine/ cooking in these dishes.
  3. Can you buy a dozen apples, a bunch of grapes, a pound of tomatoes and a little spinach?
  4. ‘How many sweet things do you eat every day?’ ‘I have some biscuits for breakfast, some chocolate as a snack but no dessert in the evening.’
  5. There are few slices of bread and not enough orange juice, but there are three bottles of apple juice and a little yoghurt in the fridge

Es. 26

  • Waiter: Good morning.
  • Mike: Good morning. Can I have the menu, please?
  • Waiter: Yes, of course.
  • Mike: Thank you.
  • Waiter: Here you are. Would you like to order some drinks?
  • Mike: I’d like a bottle of still water, please.
  • Waiter: Would you like a starter?
  • Mike: No, thanks. I’d like a main course.
  • Waiter: What would you like as a main course?
  • Mike: I’d like some grilled fish, please.
  • Waiter: Would you like any side dishes?
  • Mike: I’d like some lettuce, please
  • Waiter: Any dessert?
  • Mike: I’d like a slice of strawberry cake with some ice cream

Es. 27

  1. My favourite restaurant serves delicious pizza and pasta dishes.
  2. A healthy diet contains the right amounts of carbohydrates and proteins.
  3. We love creamy, yummy ice cream with juicy fruit.
  4. Can you bring me some cheese sandwiches and a cup of coffee with no sugar, please?
  5. There are a lot of people in this bar, but there is not enough space and there are few dishes to choose from

Es. 28

  1. added
  2. supply
  3. To make sure
  4. dairy
  5. belief
  6. weight
  7. nutrients
  8. recommended
  9. amounts

Es. 29

  1. T
  2. F
  3. T
  4. F
  5. T
  6. F
  7. F
  8. F

Es. 30

  1. flour
  2. 100 grams
  3. butter
  4. eggs
  5. large lemons
  6. small ones
  7. juice
  8. glass
  9. 200 degrees
  10. ingredients
  11. Add
  12. 35 minutes

WB UNIT 5: Living Together

Family

Es. 1

  1. uncle
  2. sister
  3. father/dad
  4. mother/ mum
  5. grandmother/granny
  6. aunt
  7. cousin
  8. brother
  9. grandfather/granddad

Es. 2

  1. mother
  2. father
  3. husband
  4. sister-inlaw
  5. mother-in-law
  6. father-in-law
  7. son
  8. daughter-in-law

Es. 3

  1. was
  2. were, were
  3. wasn’t
  4. Were, weren’t, were
  5. was
  6. Were, wasn’t, was

Es. 4

  1. were
  2. was
  3. was
  4. were
  5. was
  6. Was
  7. was
  8. were
  9. wasn’t
  10. were
  11. were
  12. was
  13. were
  14. weren’t
  15. were

Es. 5

  1. Did your cousin attend
  2. cried, died
  3. Did she listen
  4. arrived
  5. Did you tidy
  6. hugged, loved
  7. Did he remember, didn’t call
  8. complained

Es. 6

  1. They didn’t decide to travel to California.
  2. Your brother played rugby last winter.
  3. Did our grandparents live in a big city before moving to the country?
  4. Did I enjoy going to school when I was a child?
  5. They wanted to go to the seaside in summer.
  6. We didn’t invite all our relatives to the surprise party for my father’s birthday

Es. 7

  1. Where did your family live?
  2. What didn’t Dennis want to do?
  3. What did Bud always watch on TV?
  4. Where did Ann play with her friends?
  5. When did you stay in bed?

Celebrations

Es. 8

  1. flowers
  2. chocolates
  3. chocolate eggs
  4. wallet
  5. bike
  6. pumpkin
  7. colourful costume
  8. turkey

Es. 9

  1. Easter
  2. Carnival
  3. Thanksgiving
  4. Valentine’s Day
  5. Christmas
  6. Halloween
  7. New Year’s Eve
  8. birthday

Es. 10

  1. Sally’s hair is short.
  2. Their uncles’ names are Maurice and Brian.
  3. Our neighbours’ garden is very nice.
  4. Janet’s daughter, Joanna, is Andrew’s niece.
  5. Peter’s sisters’ / sister’s telephone number is 0771 345 6825

Es. 11

  1. This is my niece’s husband.
  2. What is Sarah’s address?
  3. The colour of her glasses is red.
  4. Sophie’s children are Josh and Joanna.
  5. They cancelled yesterday’s meeting.
  6. The girls’ backpacks are on the table.
  7. The legs of the table are very long.
  8. My mum’s bike is new

Es. 12

  1. Sam’s Hannah’s friend.
  2. Joanna’s dad’s a doctor.
  3. Caroline’s Jonathan’s wife.
  4. Janet’s Maggie’s mother.
  5. Tom’s Jake’s cousin.
  6. Daniel’s children were very tired after a two hours’ walk

Es. 13

  1. Who’s
  2. Whose
  3. Whose
  4. Who’s
  5. Whose
  6. Who’s

Es. 14

  1. I am a friend of Mary’s.
  2. Josh and Laura are two clever students of Mr Simpson’s.
  3. Mrs Russell is one teacher of Dave’s.
  4. This is a nephew of mine.
  5. Rob is a colleague of Andrew and John’s.
  6. Bill and Frank are two neighbours of theirs

Es. 15

  1. Sue and Nina were two close friends of mine.
  2. ‘Who is that man?’ ‘Oh, just a friend of Meg’s.’
  3. Some cousins of ours are boring.
  4. We received the news from a brother of Alice’s.
  5. That idea of yours didn’t work

Dates and ordinal numbers

Es. 16

  1. 9/7/1985: the ninth of July nineteen eighty-five
  2. 22/8/2016: the twenty-second of August two thousand sixteen
  3. 1/2/1815: the first of February eighteen fifteen
  4. 3/4/1764: the third of April seventeen sixty-four
  5. 11/12/2007: the eleventh of December two thousand and seven
  6. 20/5/1990: the twentieth of May nineteen ninety

Es. 17

  1. 9th July 1985
  2. 22nd August 2010
  3. 1st February 1815
  4. 3rd April 1764
  5. 11th December 2007
  6. 20th May 1990

Es. 19

  1. Both Bob and Steve wanted to know the winner of the yesterday’s race.
  2. You can’t buy both the smartphone and the tablet, they are too expensive.
  3. Both your grandfather and father-in-law were very generous. / Your grandfather and fatherin-law were both very generous.
  4. Both my sister and I enjoyed decorating Easter eggs.
  5. Both our little cousins liked their Christmas presents

Es. 20

  1. Both Matt and Ann studied in the USA.
  2. Both costumes were very expensive.
  3. Both Oscar and Lucinda were in my class. / Oscar and Lucinda were both in my class.
  4. Mrs Smart both sings and dances.
  5. They both can sing very well

Es. 21

  1. Both Ernest and Ben were born in Leeds.
  2. I liked both these books. They are both love stories.
  3. Both brothers played in the same team last year.
  4. They both love family celebrations with a lot of relatives

Es. 22

  1. B
  2. C
  3. A
  4. C
  5. B
  6. A
  7. B
  8. D
  9. A
  10. C

Es. 23

  1. watched
  2. both
  3. was
  4. twenty-first
  5. mine
  6. didn’t receive

Es. 24

  1. ‘When were you born?’ ‘I was born on the twentythird of September two thousand and four. Last month I celebrated my birthday with my parents and relatives.’
  2. ‘I can’t remember many things about my childhood, but I remember I often played with my aunt.’ ‘Did she love you?’ ‘Yes, she liked hugging me and having fun with me.’
  3. Why didn’t you join us for the Carnival party? It was beautiful to see grandparents with their grandchildren. They prepared sweets and costumes.
  4. ‘Did the first chocolate eggs appear in Italy?’ ‘No, they arrived from France and Germany and they were both hard and bitter.’
  5. On Valentine’s Day I didn’t receive many greetings cards.
  6. Last year we were at my grandparents’ at Christmas, in the mountains on New Year’s Eve and at home at Easter

Es. 25

  • Lucy: Hello, James! Happy birthday! Here’s your present / a present for you!
  • James: Thank you for the present, Lucy. None of my relatives remembered my birthday.
  • Lucy: I can’t believe it!
  • James: It’s true. Both my brother and my parents only greeted me this morning before leaving.
  • Lucy: Didn’t you receive any presents from your classmates at least?
  • James: No, I didn’t. I feel very lonely.
  • Lucy: Your family probably organised a surprise party. What would you like as a surprise?
  • James: I’d like a big cake with candles to blow out like when I was a child.
  • Lucy: Don’t worry. Your family certainly prepared both a cake and some presents for you.
  • James: Thanks, Lucy! You’re a true friend

Es. 26

  1. My nephews both live in a small town near my grandparents’ house.
  2. When my brother and I were children, we often walked to the park on Sunday morning.
  3. My cousins organised a wonderful party for my uncle’s fiftieth birthday last week.
  4. My grandparents stayed with us at Christmas and we travelled to see them at Easter.
  5. Is this Mary’s book? No, it’s mine. She used it for a project of hers

SKILLS AND CERTIFICATION

Es. 28

Occasion Date
Lady wedding 1st June
Shop assistant last day of school 24th July 2015
Young man moving day February 8th
Little girl day her little brother was born Christmas Day / 25th December 2014

Es. 29

  1. Everyday Lives
  2. shopping centre
  3. married
  4. best friend’s
  5. finished, hated
  6. moved
  7. snowed, rained, smashed, dad’s
  8. was born, grandparents, uncles, cousins

Es. 31

  1. salute
  2. harvest
  3. being
  4. wave at
  5. Cavalry
  6. shamrock
  7. founders
  8. armies

Es. 32

  1. The Pilgrims were the founders of the English colony Plymouth (in present-day Massachusetts). They celebrated the first Thanksgiving to thank God for their first good harvest in 1621.
  2. Nowadays, the Americans celebrate Thanksgiving on the fourth Thursday of November.
  3. They usually eat roast turkey, sweet potatoes and pumpkin pie.
  4. It is an annual ceremony in London where different regiments from the British and Commonwealth armies march past the Queen. It started over 300 years ago.
  5. It also celebrates the sovereign’s official birthday in June and takes place on a Saturday in Horse Guards Parade, next to St James’s Park.
  6. She arrived on horseback from Buckingham Palace with her personal Household Cavalry.
  7. It is on 17th March.
  8. It is green.
  9. He used it to explain how the Trinity of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit could exist as separate parts of the same being

WB UNIT 6: Personalities and experiences

Personality

Es. 1

  1. G
  2. D
  3. H
  4. A
  5. C
  6. B
  7. E
  8. F

Es. 2

  1. brave
  2. friendly
  3. rude
  4. cross
  5. reliable
  6. anxious
  7. pleasant
  8. amusing

Es. 3

A 2/7, B 5, C 1, D 8, E 3, F 4, G 2/7, H 6

Es. 4

  1. A serious person thinks carefully and doesn't laugh a lot.
  2. A clever person uses his/her lively and smart intelligence.
  3. A sensitive person notices your feelings.
  4. A fascinating person attracts other people.
  5. An insecure person doesn’t feel sure about himself/herself.
  6. A shy person doesn’t feel comfortable with other people

Es. 5

  1. hit, broke
  2. bore
  3. sat
  4. got
  5. built
  6. put

Es. 6

  1. revolutionised
  2. led
  3. made
  4. was
  5. won
  6. studied
  7. taught
  8. went
  9. began
  10. helped
  11. took
  12. proved

Es. 7

  1. Yes, I did. I went home at 9 o'clock.
  2. No, he didn’t. He became a member of the club last year.
  3. He ate seven strawberries.
  4. No, he didn’t. He didn’t feel down at all.
  5. Yes, I did. I forgot my wallet.
  6. No, I didn’t. I said he was rude.
  7. They sang carols for Christmas

Es. 8

  1. How many Valentine’s cards did you send last February?
  2. What did your brother drink for breakfast?
  3. How did they feel when they were children?
  4. Why did he leave before the end of the celebration?
  5. Where did your dad grow up?
  6. What did Alison understand?
  7. What time did you come home yesterday?
  8. When did they begin to ride horses?

Adjectives describing experiences

Es. 9

  1. H
  2. J
  3. A
  4. E
  5. B
  6. G
  7. C
  8. I
  9. D
  10. F

Es. 10

  1. unexpected/surprising
  2. strange
  3. incredible/ unbelievable
  4. unique
  5. typical
  6. magical/ exciting
  7. exceptional/extraordinary
  8. exciting/ exceptional/challenging
  9. amazing/marvellous
  10. challenging

Es. 12

  1. can, couldn’t
  2. could
  3. couldn’t
  4. can
  5. Can
  6. Could

Es. 13

  1. could
  2. couldn’t
  3. couldn’t
  4. couldn’t
  5. could, couldn’t
  6. couldn’t

Es. 14

  1. Did you have to
  2. didn’t have to
  3. had to
  4. didn’t have to
  5. had to
  6. didn’t have to
  7. Did you have to

The translation of sembrare

Es. 15

  1. tastes
  2. smells
  3. feels
  4. sounds
  5. tastes/ tasted
  6. seemed/looked

Es. 17

  1. either, or
  2. Neither, nor
  3. neither, nor
  4. either, or
  5. neither, nor

Es. 18

  1. We can go neither to the mountains nor to the beach.
  2. I’m sorry. You can only have either strawberry or chocolate ice cream.
  3. ‘Do you prefer Justin Bieber or Madonna?’ ‘I don’t like either Justin Bieber or Madonna.’ / ‘I like neither Justin Bieber nor Madonna.’
  4. Neither Mr Brown nor his sons are reading the paper at the moment.
  5. Both streets go to the station. You can take either the one on the left or that one on the right

Es. 19

  1. Sibyl seemed either insecure or shy.
  2. Henry is neither selfish nor pessimistic. I consider him a really unique person.
  3. What was the documentary about nature like last night? Either boring or amazing?
  4. You had to take either the 38 or the 42 bus to get to the town centre.
  5. Neither Ron nor his sisters could play volleyball

Es. 20

  1. broke
  2. lost
  3. couldn’t
  4. thought
  5. sensitive
  6. feel
  7. nor
  8. challenging
  9. had to
  10. began
  11. either
  12. unexpected
  13. came
  14. brought
  15. seemed

Es. 21

  1. Neither Jim nor his sister Jane could come to the party.
  2. The teacher asked us to bring our homework today.
  3. Correct.
  4. Did you have to bring your dog in here?
  5. Look at that picture, don’t you think it looks beautiful?
  6. Our neighbours’ children sang all night last Saturday

Es. 22

  1. Three days ago, my friend Jane met a fascinating, friendly new neighbour.
  2. Did you finish that boring book on how to be challenging yesterday?
  3. When we went to the family dinner, we had to be sociable and not look bored.
  4. When they got to the top of the mountain, they couldn’t see anything and the air smelt of rain.
  5. I can’t find my phone, either I left it upstairs or I put it in the wrong bag

Es. 23

  • Phil: Hi, Daisy. You look very cheerful. What’s up with you?
  • Daisy: Hi, Phil. Yesterday evening I attended a lecture about amazing events from all over the world.
  • Phil: Lectures seem so boring!
  • Daisy: I suppose you’re either interested or you’re not. Personally, I’m interested in strange or extraordinary things.
  • Phil: To be perfectly honest, the topic of the lecture sounds interesting.
  • Daisy: You could also ask some questions at the end of the lecture.
  • Phil: You were lucky. I found neither a documentary nor an interesting film on TV last night.
  • Daisy: You must be more confident. Why don’t you look for opportunities both at school and on the media?

Es. 25

saw, kept, took, bought, became, met, got, took off, thought, set off, made, heard, began, built

Es. 26

  1. crossing
  2. lighthouse
  3. fuel
  4. awarded
  5. took off
  6. Rescue attempts
  7. land
  8. challenge

Es. 27

  1. Amelia saw her first plane at the age of 10.
  2. She cut out articles from newspapers about women who achieved success in male fields.
  3. She saved money to buy her first plane.
  4. When she began preparations for her Atlantic crossing she met her future husband, George Putnam.
  5. She became famous and the US President Herbert Hoover awarded her with a gold medal.
  6. She thought her flight proved that women could be clever, confident and brave, just like men.
  7. She removed every unnecessary item from the plane to carry more fuel.
  8. Rescue attempts had no result. Nobody knows what happened to her

Es. 28

  1. B
  2. C
  3. A
  4. C
  5. A
  6. B

WB UNIT 7: Clothes and cultural

Clothes and accessories

Es. 1

  1. high-heeled shoes
  2. (rain)coat
  3. scarf
  4. belt
  5. gloves
  6. skirt
  7. hoodie/sweatshirt
  8. blouse

Es. 2

  • Across
    • 2 hat
    • 4 trousers
    • 5 dress
    • 7 tights
    • 8 boots
  • Down
    • 1 jacket
    • 3 jumper
    • 4 tie
    • 6 shirt
    • 8 bag

Es. 3

  1. smart
  2. tight
  3. baggy
  4. sleeveless
  5. casual
  6. trendy
  7. old-fashioned
  8. short-sleeved

Es. 4

  1. smart, sleeveless
  2. old-fashioned
  3. baggy
  4. casual
  5. short-sleeved
  6. tight
  7. trendy

Es. 5

  1. Jack was cleaning his car yesterday at 9 a.m.
  2. Mrs Cook was selling her goods on the street market.
  3. Daniel was driving to work.
  4. Joshua and his friends were studying English in the library.
  5. Mum was trying on a beautiful dress in a boutique

Es. 6

  1. was wearing
  2. Was Ann standing
  3. wasn’t listening
  4. was swimming
  5. were you looking at
  6. weren’t studying.

The extra verb is ‘watch’

Es. 7

  • What they were buying
    • Girl: nothing.
    • Boy: a jacket.
    • Lady: nothing for her, a scarf for her baby.
  • Good points
    • Girl: –
    • Boy: reduced by 50% and a great colour.
    • Lady: baby clothes at reasonable prices.
  • Possible problems
  • Girl: nothing interesting, just very small sizes in boring colours.
    • Boy: –
    • Lady: few real bargains for her; everything a bit small or very expensive.

Es. 8

  1. jacket
  2. putting on
  3. Zara
  4. new
  5. prices
  6. few

Verbs related to clothes

Es. 9

  1. suit
  2. wear
  3. match
  4. fit
  5. dress up
  6. take off
  7. button up
  8. try on
  9. get dressed
  10. zip up

Es. 10

  1. dress up
  2. match
  3. take off
  4. try on
  5. Zip up / Button up / Wear
  6. button up
  7. fit
  8. suit

Es. 11

  1. were waiting, called
  2. did you see, arrived
  3. went, had, met
  4. were you doing, was coming
  5. were playing, hurt
  6. was living
  7. were you standing, came
  8. were having

Es. 12

  1. was driving, stopped
  2. Were you having, heard
  3. was admiring, was chatting
  4. unpacked, didn’t find
  5. were swimming, started
  6. Did Jane visit, was doing
  7. didn’t you answer, was listening, didn’t hear
  8. didn’t understand, were talking

Es. 13

  1. When I got to the party, everyone was wearing fancy dress except me!
  2. He drank some juice and then he ate a few chips.
  3. We were on our way home when we saw an accident.
  4. When I got up yesterday, it was raining.
  5. Did your computer break down as you were downloading a book?
  6. They didn’t take any photographs of Dolce&Gabbana’s new dress collection

Es. 14

  1. was shining
  2. was
  3. decided
  4. went
  5. took
  6. was cycling
  7. saw
  8. was cutting
  9. was picking
  10. appeared
  11. was getting
  12. saw
  13. invited
  14. thanked
  15. was coming
  16. decided

Es. 15

  1. What happened yesterday? S
  2. Who did Jake go to the cinema with? O
  3. Who travelled to England last summer? S
  4. What did they wear at the party last night? O
  5. Who left for Paris yesterday? S
  6. What do you know about hurricane Harvey? O
  7. Which players were taking part in the playoffs? S
  8. Who discovered America? S

Es. 16

  1. What were you watching on TV last night when I called you?
  2. Who phoned the police?
  3. Who translated that email for you?
  4. What did John give her?
  5. Who did you go to the theatre with last Saturday?
  6. Who were you talking to on the phone?

Accessories

Es. 17

  1. earrings
  2. sunglasses
  3. necklace
  4. bracelet
  5. watch
  6. ring

Es. 18

  1. necklace, bracelets, earrings
  2. sunglasses, watch
  3. rings, earrings
  4. sunglasses

Es. 19

  1. simply
  2. generously
  3. immediately
  4. slowly
  5. fast
  6. coldly
  7. badly
  8. ironically

Es. 20

  1. The passengers found the way to the check-in desk easily.
  2. He doesn’t speak clearly, I can’t understand him well.
  3. My father works hard and never has a holiday.
  4. Tom arrived at school late and the teacher got angry.
  5. Janet did her make-up beautifully for the party.
  6. We were lying comfortably on the beach.
  7. They walked fast and got to the meeting point early

Es. 21

  1. C
  2. D
  3. A
  4. B
  5. A
  6. C
  7. A
  8. D
  9. B
  10. C
  11. A

Es. 22

  1. The guests weren’t wearing casual/informal clothes / weren’t dressed informally at Susan’s party. The women had smart dresses and the men were wearing suits and ties.
  2. While he was packing, Jack decided to take also a hoodie, gloves and a scarf.
  3. Who was talking with/to Walt when you met him last night?
  4. While Jane was unbuttoning her jacket, the keys came out of her pocket and fell onto the floor.
  5. When I was queuing patiently in front of the changing room to try a sweater on, I noticed a beautiful/cool blouse on the shelf.
  6. What did you buy in the end, the bracelet or the earrings?
  7. The room was very hot, so they took off their coats immediately

Es. 23

  • Ashley: Hi, did you go to the school fancy-dress party?
  • John: Yes, I did. I enjoyed myself a lot. / I had great fun.
  • Ashley: What did you wear?
  • John: I found a pair of trousers and a shirt that my father was wearing in the Seventies.
  • Ashley: That was a great idea! Did your father’s clothes fit you?
  • John: My father was slim when he was young, so they were my size. Why didn’t you come to the party?
  • Ashley: I wanted to come. I had incredibly interesting stuff to wear: an old necklace, earrings that matched perfectly, a beautiful belt and a handbag of the same colour. But then I couldn’t come.
  • John: Did you have a dress to match, as well?
  • Ashley: I had a skirt and a blouse that I could match to the jewellery. It was a real pity!
  • John: That’s right! So you couldn’t see the leather bomber from the baseball team my uncle gave me to match my father’s trousers. Parents and rels can be surprisingly useful!

Es. 24

It was a special occasion at the White House. The President was wearing a dark suit and a light blue tie. Who was there? There were lots of celebrities including a famous film star. What was she wearing? She was wearing a long dress with bright earrings, a diamond necklace and several bracelets. She also had very high-heeled shoes. What was the celebration for? It was to give a prize to an Indian film producer, whose wife was wearing a beautiful silk sari. She wore it so elegantly and it fitted her perfectly.

Es. 25

  1. Embroidered
  2. would choose
  3. crushed
  4. for a while
  5. was taking off
  6. bride-viewing
  7. were off
  8. hold it
  9. mark
  10. would hang

Es. 26

  1. T
  2. F, He called her by her childhood name
  3. F, He gave her a pink sari
  4. T

Es. 27

  1. She felt very nervous.
  2. They left some damp blotches on the fabric.
  3. A blue one.
  4. She thought that she needed a red one.
  5. He found a midnight-blue sari with a red border.
  6. The marriage mark

Es. 28

Colour Occasion Meaning
pink the brideviewing transition
red-blue the journey blue stands for possibility; red is the colour of luck for married women

Es. 29

Because he attended Harvard university for one year but died in an accident

Es. 30

  1. They were dressed simply.
  2. They went to the Harvard University president’s office.
  3. No, they didn’t.
  4. Because they were badly dressed and didn’t have the appearance of the usual Harvard parents.
  5. She was typing and receiving telephone calls.
  6. He greeted them stiffly.
  7. They wanted to erect a memorial for their dead son.
  8. He thought their idea of giving the university a building was totally unrealistic.
  9. The couple left and went to build a university in California.
  10. Because the president (and his secretary) misjudged the couple because of their appearance

WB UNIT 8: The world around us

The natural world

Es. 1

  1. D
  2. C
  3. H
  4. E
  5. G
  6. B
  7. I
  8. F
  9. A

Es. 2

  1. humid
  2. thick, v-shaped
  3. deep
  4. wide
  5. rocky
  6. narrow
  7. long
  8. high
  9. dry

Es. 3

fine - finer; big - bigger; difficult - more difficult; easy - easier; hard - harder; beautiful - more beautiful; well - better; boring - more boring; dry - drier; wild - wilder; simply - more simply; bad - worse

Es. 4

  1. larger
  2. more comfortable
  3. faster
  4. longer
  5. better
  6. smaller

Es. 5

  1. fewer
  2. fewer
  3. less
  4. less
  5. less
  6. fewer

Es. 6

  1. taller
  2. more amazing than
  3. thinner
  4. more breathtaking
  5. warmer than
  6. more impressive than

Es. 7

  1. Mum’s bag is heavier than yours.
  2. The place we visited last week is more interesting than this place.
  3. Our classroom is larger than theirs.
  4. Nick’s photos are worse than hers.
  5. My car is slower than my father’s.
  6. I am younger than my friend Sue

Es. 8

  1. The North of Italy is less hot than / isn’t as hot as / is colder than the South.
  2. Going to the cinema on Wednesday is less expensive than / not as expensive as / cheaper than going to the cinema on Saturday.
  3. At yesterday’s concert there were fewer people than / there weren’t as many people as at today’s concert.
  4. There is less snow in March than in January.
  5. Coffee in England is less strong than / not as strong as in Italy

Geographical features

Es. 9

  1. cliff
  2. lake
  3. cave
  4. waterfall
  5. beach
  6. sand
  7. wave

Es. 10

  • Picture 1: coast, cave, rocky beach, ocean.
  • Picture 2: mountain, forest, cliff, valley

Es. 11

  1. cave
  2. lake
  3. waves
  4. beach
  5. waterfall
  6. cliff
  7. sand

Es. 12

  1. the most famous
  2. the most important
  3. The brightest, the most creative
  4. the most fascinating, the most unexpected
  5. the prettiest
  6. the oldest, the cleverest
  7. The best, worst
  8. the most spectacular

Es. 13

  1. That’s the most boring film of the season.
  2. Who is the most famous person you met last week?
  3. It was the worst mistake of my life.
  4. Which is the room with the least furniture?
  5. Who got the most votes in the election?

Es. 14

  1. the highest
  2. the best-known
  3. more, than
  4. better, more challenging, more interesting
  5. the newest
  6. the best
  7. the closest
  8. the most breathtaking
  9. the widest, in
  10. the highest, in

Es. 15

  1. Who cooks the most in your family?
  2. Joe is the coolest girl in my class.
  3. We climbed up the hill to have the best view.
  4. There are fewer motorcycles than cars in this parking place.
  5. What is the farthest planet from the sun?
  6. It is much colder than yesterday. I don’t think it can get worse than this!
  7. I’ve got three sisters: Catherine is my eldest sister.
  8. That river is the least long in England.
  9. They had two cars; the former was red and the latter was black

The weather

Es. 16

  1. fog, foggy
  2. clouds, cloudy
  3. raining, rainy
  4. wind, windy
  5. snowing, snowy
  6. ice, icy
  7. shining, sunny
  8. thunder and lightning

Es. 17

  1. clouds, rains, sun
  2. foggy
  3. icy
  4. sunny
  5. winds
  6. snowing, snow

Es. 18

  1. as tall as
  2. not as/so comfortable as
  3. as beautiful as
  4. as crazy as
  5. not as/so strict as
  6. as interesting as
  7. as many kilometres as
  8. does not travel as/so much as

Es. 19

  1. I’m not as/so fascinated by nature as Helen.
  2. You don’t go trekking as/so much as John does.
  3. Kim’s brother doesn’t swim as/so well as Kim.
  4. The other teams didn’t win as/so many matches as our team last year.
  5. You haven’t got as/so much free time as we have.
  6. Ken studied as hard as Pam for the test

Es. 20

  1. happier
  2. is shining
  3. more miserable
  4. lightning
  5. more awake
  6. sleepier
  7. the most
  8. brighter
  9. more alive
  10. not as old as
  11. snow

Es. 21

  1. colder
  2. as
  3. as
  4. warmest
  5. beach
  6. as
  7. worst
  8. better
  9. river
  10. much
  11. forecast
  12. more
  13. best

Es. 22

  1. The view from the peak of the mountain is stunning because you can see breathtaking glaciers. They seem wider than you expect.
  2. That river flows along a narrow v-shaped valley and it is the longest river in the region.
  3. Last night I saw a documentary about the most amazing natural wonders in the world: lakes, waterfalls and caves.
  4. ‘What is the weather like today in London?’ ‘It’s pouring and it’s freezing cold but it isn’t as/ so windy as yesterday / it’s less windy than yesterday.
  5. The climate this autumn is very mild and the temperatures aren’t as cold as usual / are less cold than usual

Es. 23

  • Steve: Hi, Jack! Did you hear the weather forecast this morning?
  • Jack: Yes, I did. There are thunderstorms forecast for the afternoon.
  • Steve: I hate thunderstorms because I can’t stand thunder and lightning.
  • Jack: The climate is also more humid than yesterday and it’s very foggy at the moment.
  • Steve: Are you kidding? Fog is more common in autumn than in summer. What is the temperature like outside?
  • Jack: It’s not as/so cold as I expected.
  • Steve: Would you like to go to the lake?
  • Jack: It’s a great idea, today there are probably fewer people than usual. But don’t forget your umbrella!

Es. 24

We are doing a Geography project about different landscapes and climates. My group is looking into deserts. It is more interesting than I thought to discover, for example, that there are caves and low mountains, not just sand. The climate is more complex than I imagined as there is less heat during the day and colder nights than I thought. There is rarely snow or ice and less rain of course than in other areas, but there are storms and the wind is as strong as it is over the oceans

Es. 25

  1. G
  2. P
  3. G
  4. P
  5. P
  6. G
  7. P
  8. P

Es. 28

  1. D
  2. F
  3. H
  4. A
  5. G

WB UNIT 9: On the move

Travelling and holidays

Es. 1

Travelling and holidays

Es. 1

  1. G
  2. J
  3. L
  4. A
  5. B
  6. I
  7. C
  8. F
  9. D
  10. H
  11. E
  12. K

Es. 2

  1. bed and breakfast
  2. hostel
  3. cabin
  4. campsite
  5. resort
  6. hotel

Es. 3

  1. cabin
  2. resort
  3. hotel
  4. bed and breakfast
  5. hostel
  6. campsite

Es. 4

  • A cheap
  • B quiet
  • C uncomfortable
  • D plain
  1. uncomfortable
  2. crowded
  3. expensive
  4. plain

Es. 5

  1. Are they going to fly abroad on holiday?
  2. We are not going to book a package tour.
  3. Are you going to stay in a hotel?
  4. How many tourists are going to visit the city with a guide?
  5. We are going to transfer from the ship to the plane early in the morning

Es. 6

  1. is going to become
  2. Are you going to ski
  3. aren’t going to fly
  4. are you going to pack
  5. am going to enjoy
  6. isn’t going

Es. 7

  1. They’re going to have a holiday in the Caribbean. They aren’t going to have a holiday in the Caribbean. Where are they going to have a holiday?
  2. His car is very old. He’s going to buy a sports car. He isn’t going to buy a sports car. What car is he going to buy?
  3. Kate is going to decorate her sitting room this weekend. Kate isn’t going to decorate her sitting room this weekend. When is Kate going to decorate her sitting room?
  4. The children are going to watch a cartoon on TV. They aren’t going to watch a cartoon on TV. Who is going to watch a cartoon on TV?

Es. 8

  1. B
  2. E
  3. A
  4. F
  5. D
  6. C

Es. 9

  1. is going to slip
  2. are going to switch on the light
  3. is going to start
  4. is going to leave the platform
  5. is going to be a thunderstorm
  6. are going to dive into the water

Means of transport

Es. 10

  • Land: bicycle (bike), bus, car, lorry, motorbike, taxi, train, underground.
  • Air: (aero)plane, helicopter.
  • Sea: boat, ferry

Es. 11

  1. on
  2. by
  3. by, on
  4. on
  5. in
  6. by
  7. by

Es. 12

  1. travel
  2. catch
  3. was flying
  4. drive
  5. sailed
  6. took

Es. 13

  1. won’t tell
  2. will electric cars be
  3. will melt
  4. won’t be
  5. will invent
  6. Will the treatment of pollution improve
  7. won’t get, will probably get

Es. 14

  1. will wake me up
  2. will come
  3. ’ll translate
  4. will you stay
  5. will help
  6. will travel
  7. will win

Es. 15

  1. I don’t believe there will be a documentary on TV tonight.
  2. Scientists will hopefully find a solution to smog in the future.
  3. They won’t forget their teacher’s birthday. They promise.
  4. ‘Shall we go?’ ‘Just a minute, I’m not ready.’
  5. ‘This door is closed.’ ‘Don’t worry, I’ll open it for you.’
  6. I am sure it won’t rain this weekend

Es. 16

  1. will increase a great deal
  2. will become an essential part
  3. will communicate with other cars and buses
  4. will not disappear
  5. will become faster and safer
  6. will live in a different country

Es. 17

  1. will be, will the weather be like at the weekend
  2. will be, will be
  3. next Wednesday
  4. won’t take part, won’t your class take part in
  5. will happen, will happen in this awful weather
  6. will answer, will you answer immediately
  7. will buy, will buy lots of cheap clothes
  8. won’t drive, won’t your mother drive

Travel verbs

Es. 18

  1. F
  2. G
  3. D
  4. E
  5. B
  6. H
  7. C
  8. A

Es. 19

  1. stay overnight
  2. stay
  3. set off/out
  4. pick (me) up
  5. booked
  6. rented / will rent
  7. land
  8. took off

Es. 20

  1. You may leave the room after the end of the lesson.
  2. Your mobile might be in your bedroom, but I’m not sure.
  3. Students may borrow only two books at a time.
  4. May I go to the bathroom, please?
  5. There is a bus strike. I’m afraid Jack may be late

Es. 21

  1. might
  2. Can
  3. might
  4. Can
  5. can’t
  6. may
  7. may

Es. 22

  1. will
  2. ’m going to
  3. will
  4. may
  5. by
  6. off
  7. stay
  8. overnight
  9. bed and breakfast
  10. hotel
  11. cheap
  12. ’re going to
  13. ’ll
  14. guide
  15. ’l

Es. 23

  1. are going to
  2. breakfast
  3. go/travel
  4. tours/ holidays
  5. don’t/won’t
  6. booking
  7. will
  8. going to

Es. 24

  1. We are going to book this cruise. The accommodation will be in comfortable cabins and the price also includes transfers and the tourist guide.
  2. Will people use small electric cars with solar panels on the roof in the future?
  3. ‘How are you going to travel / will you travel to reach your destination?’ ‘We are going to take / We will take a train and then we will probably go to the hotel by taxi.’
  4. When are you going to leave for / set off for Berlin? Shall I give you a hand to organise the trip?
  5. ‘Are you going to stay overnight in that resort?’ ‘Yes, it’s very expensive but it has a stunning beach and it’s not crowded.’
  6. It’s 6 o’clock a.m. and we are still at the hotel. We’re going to be late and we may miss the flight.
  7. Artificial intelligence might change the way we travel in the future. We might not drive a car anymore

Es. 25

  • Travel agent: Good morning, can I help you?
  • David: Good morning, can you give me a hand to organise/arrange a trip to the United States?
  • Travel agent: You’ll need a visa for the United States. Where would you like to go?
  • David: I’m going to visit San Francisco and Los Angeles.
  • Travel agent: Do you need to book the flights?
  • David: I’m going to book a direct flight to San Francisco.
  • Travel agent: Do you want a return flight?
  • David: No, I’d like a one-way ticket to San Francisco and a return ticket from Los Angeles. I’ll also need to book the hotels. I’d like to reserve a double room in San Francisco for three nights and in Los Angeles for two nights.
  • Travel agent: Do you want to book a stopover in any other city on the return journey / on your journey back?
  • David: Yes, I might stop in Washington, rent a car and drive along the East coast.
  • Travel agent: Do you need anything else?
  • David: Can you also arrange the transfers to and from the airport?

Es. 26

Thinking about holidays is always a pleasure. You begin by asking ‘Shall we go to the sea? What about a cruise or a trip in the mountains?’ Or you may prefer visiting interesting cities with a tourist guide on a package tour. The first question is how to get to your destination. Will you go by car or by train? Or perhaps you might prefer to take off on a plane. Then you must think about accommodation. Will you stay in a hotel or a campsite? Or are you maybe going to set off on a guided tour and stay overnight in different places?

Es. 28

  • A Speaker 3
  • B Speaker 4
  • C Speaker 1
  • D Extra sentence
  • E Speaker 2

Es. 29

  1. icebreaker
  2. hike
  3. partying
  4. floating
  5. charitable fund
  6. courting
  7. wells
  8. hot-air balloon

Es. 30

  • Paragraph 1
    • Place: Bergkönig.
    • Means of transport: plane and coach.
    • Reason for travelling: celebrate at an international vintage cycling festival.
  • Paragraph 2
    • Place: Ibiza.
    • Means of transport: plane.
    • Reason for travelling: charitable partying.
  • Paragraph 3
    • Place: Tokyo.
    • Means of transport: plane and train.
    • Reason for travelling: visit Japan and discover Japanese efficient trains.
  • Paragraph 4
    • Place: Antarctic.
    • Means of transport: plane and icebreaker ship.
    • Reason for travelling: experience Antarctic summer nature.
  • Paragraph 5
    • Place: Melbourne.
    • Means of transport: plane, coach and hot-air balloon.
    • Reason for travelling: explore the amazing Australian landscapes.

Es. 31

  1. People will celebrate more than 200 years of the invention of the bicycle in Bergkönig, at Switzerland’s international vintage cycling festival.
  2. The only bicycles allowed will be those built before 1986. All cyclists will have to wear vintage outfits.
  3. You will support a charitable fund for the building of wells in India and Africa to supply clean water.
  4. The frequency, punctuality and speed of trains will surprise you.
  5. In Antarctica, from November to March.
  6. Flights will start after sunrise or before sunset

WB UNIT 10: Life-long learning

Education

Es. 1

  1. History
  2. Information Technology
  3. Drama
  4. Physical Education
  5. Foreign languages
  6. History of Art
  7. Mathematics
  8. Geography
  9. Economics
  10. Science
  11. Music

Es. 2

  1. History
  2. Foreign languages
  3. Drama
  4. Science
  5. Mathematics
  6. Music
  7. Geography, Geography
  8. Economics
  9. IT / Information Technology
  10. PE / Physical Education
  11. History of Art

Es. 3

  1. D
  2. F
  3. H
  4. C
  5. E
  6. B
  7. G
  8. A

Es. 4

  1. studied
  2. passed
  3. am making
  4. am going to revise
  5. learn
  6. failed
  7. take

Es. 5

  1. When are you going to the science lab to do the experiments? We’re / I’m going to the science lab at 9 o’clock.
  2. Where are Frank and Lucy revising the History of Art lesson? They’re revising it at Lucy’s home.
  3. When are you attending the drama course? We’re / I’m attending the drama course next Friday.
  4. Who are the Smiths having dinner with tonight? They’re having dinner with their neighbours.
  5. When is Brian joining the rugby team? He’s joining the rugby team in October

Es. 6

  • A Speaker 2
  • B Speaker 1
  • C Speaker 4
  • D Speaker 3

Es. 7

  1. A
  2. P
  3. P
  4. A
  5. I
  6. I
  7. A

Es. 8

  1. C
  2. A
  3. B
  4. C
  5. A
  6. A

Es. 9

  1. does the plane land, lands
  2. does the museum open, opens
  3. doesn’t start, starts
  4. doesn’t end, does it end, ends
  5. does the train for Leeds leave, leaves

Es. 10

  1. does the ceremony begin
  2. are flying
  3. is going to score
  4. won’t forget
  5. are visiting
  6. ’ll carry
  7. will your son be
  8. isn’t going, is going to buy
  9. will have
  10. start

Es. 11

  1. ‘Oh no, I dropped my ticket!’ ‘Don’t worry I’ll pick it up for you.’
  2. They will know the exam results next week.
  3. He hopes he will make a career in medicine.
  4. The lecture finishes at 5 o’clock in the afternoon.
  5. ‘Are you playing cards tonight?’ ‘Yes, I always see my mates on Tuesdays.’
  6. Look! That car is going to crash against that tree.
  7. We are sure the students will make a video of the concert.
  8. The film doesn’t begin at 8 p.m

Careers

Es. 12

  1. veterinary surgeon (vet)
  2. pilot
  3. fashion designer
  4. firefighter (fireman/firewoman)
  5. lawyer
  6. astronaut
  7. architect
  8. writer
  9. engineer
  10. scientist
  11. journalist/reporter

Es. 13

  1. engineer
  2. veterinary surgeon (vet)
  3. firefighters
  4. journalists/reporters
  5. pilot
  6. architect
  7. lawyer
  8. astronaut
  9. fashion designer
  10. scientist
  11. writer

Es. 14

  1. will go (first conditional)
  2. will you lend (first conditional)
  3. are (zero conditional)
  4. will show (first conditional)
  5. always phones (zero conditional)
  6. tell (zero conditional)

Es. 15

  1. will go, gets
  2. don’t feel, won’t go
  3. freeze, becomes
  4. won’t pass, don’t study
  5. bring, ’ll bring
  6. phones, tell
  7. won’t move, isn’t
  8. travel, get

Es. 16

  1. If you turn on BBC1, we will watch a documentary about Australia.
  2. If you don’t borrow the book from the school library, you won’t be able to read it.
  3. If you come back home too late from the disco, you’ll be too tired the following morning.
  4. If the students go to New York during the summer, they will improve their English.
  5. If you aren’t 18, they won’t let you into that pub. / If you are 18, they will let you into that pub.
  6. People get very healthy if they eat lots of fruit and vegetables

Es. 17

  1. If it is sunny, we’ll go out for a walk.
  2. If it rains, the grass gets wet.
  3. Plants die if you don’t water them.
  4. If he doesn’t drive more carefully, he will have an accident.
  5. Samantha always answers the phone if she is at home

Jobs for teens

Es. 18

  1. waitress
  2. dog-sitter
  3. lifeguard
  4. summer camp animator
  5. shop assistant
  6. babysitter

Es. 19

  1. each/every
  2. each
  3. each
  4. every
  5. each/ every
  6. Every
  7. Each
  8. Each
  9. each
  10. Each

Es. 20

  1. is
  2. are going to
  3. jobs
  4. student
  5. will
  6. designer
  7. if
  8. ’ll be
  9. career
  10. begins
  11. will
  12. ’ll

Es. 21

  1. school
  2. study
  3. exams
  4. Every
  5. will
  6. activities
  7. Each
  8. subjects
  9. will
  10. to do

Es. 22

  1. Next Saturday Lesley is flying from Canada to Europe to attend a French school for six months. Her flight takes off at 6 p.m. and lands in Paris at 11 p.m.
  2. I’m sure you’ll make progress in Maths. Promise you’ll study hard and you’ll revise every day before the following lesson.
  3. Each student of my class passed the test yesterday. My Geography teacher is going to be very happy.
  4. If you become a vet, you’ll take care of animals.
  5. If you are patient, creative and you like playing with children, you’ll find a job as a babysitter

Es. 23

  • Shop manager: Hi, Mattia. Please take a seat.
  • Mattia: Good morning.
  • Shop manager: I can see you applied for a summer job as a shop assistant last month.
  • Mattia: That’s right.
  • Shop manager: Do you have any experience as a shop assistant?
  • Mattia: A little. I sometimes work in my aunt’s sports shop.
  • Shop manager: What are your interests and hobbies?
  • Mattia: I haven’t got much free time because I study hard. I often take my dog to the park and I like reading fantasy books.
  • Shop manager: Do you have any experience with children?
  • Mattia: I sometimes help a six-year-old girl to do her homework.
  • Shop manager: Thank you, Mattia. I see you’re a candidate with some experience. I’m sure we’ll find you a summer job.
  • Mattia: Thank you. What will the hours be if you offer me a job? How much will I earn?
  • Shop manager: The hours and the wage are different, it depends on the kind of job

Es. 24

I begin every school year full of good intentions. I think I’ll study more, I’ll pay more attention in class and I’ll get better results. Then of course I don’t do any of them. This year I’m determined to plan things better. I’m going to join music and drama activities after school and find out what time extra gym lessons start in the evening. I’m seeing my tutor next Thursday to organise some regular sessions to improve my study skills. Maybe I won’t be able to do everything but I’m going to try

Es. 27

  1. B
  2. C
  3. B
  4. A
  5. C

Es. 28

MORNING AFTERNOON EVENING
Monday extra Maths Music classes help my neighbour’s son with his homework
Tuesday take the juniors for an hour’s PE Drama gym
Wednesday lessons IT IT (compulsory)
Thursday lessons IT (extra)
Friday lessons IT swimming

Es. 29

  • BE GOING TO
    • Use
      • Student’s activity.
    • Form
      • Affirmative: Subject + am/is/are + going to + base form of the verb
      • Negative: Subject + am/is/are + not + going to + base form of the verb
      • Interrogative: Am/Is/Are + subject + going to + base form of the verb
      • Short answers: Yes, I am. / Yes, you/we/they are. / Yes, he/she/it is. / No, I’m not. / No, you/we/they aren’t. / No, he/she/it isn’t.
  • WILL
    • Use
      • Student’s activity.
    • Form
      • Affirmative: Subject + ’ll (will) + base form of the verb
      • Negative: Subject + won’t (will not) + base form of the verb
      • Interrogative: Will + subject + base form of the verb
      • Short answers: Yes, I/you/he/she/it/we/they will. / No, I/you/he/she/it/we/they won’t.

WB UNIT 11: Films and music

Films

Es. 1

  1. B
  2. F
  3. I
  4. G
  5. C
  6. J
  7. E
  8. H
  9. A
  10. D

Es. 2

A 9, B 10, C 3, D 8, E 4, F 5, G 2, H 1, I 6, J 7

Es. 3

  1. scene
  2. director
  3. hero/heroine
  4. actor/ actress
  5. screen
  6. camera
  7. special effects
  8. series
  9. audience

Es. 4

  1. screen
  2. actor/actress, hero/heroine
  3. camera
  4. series
  5. director
  6. scene
  7. audience, special effects

Es. 5

  1. has become
  2. have read
  3. Have you watched
  4. haven’t spoken
  5. have you done
  6. hasn’t come
  7. has directed
  8. have seen

Es. 6

  1. The animation team have remade this cartoon three times so far.
  2. Has the actor been good at expressing the hero’s feelings?
  3. Has the film director used slow motion in this film?
  4. Fiona hasn’t finished her project for her Drama class.
  5. We have found the series interesting

Es. 7

  1. F
  2. C
  3. B
  4. A
  5. E
  6. D

Es. 8

  1. What have you ordered online recently?
  2. Who has called from New York?
  3. How many times has Sue seen this film?
  4. What has stopped working?
  5. What has the director told the actors?
  6. Why has Emma cleaned her house?

Es. 10

  1. Matthew, have you ever visited Paris? No, I've never visited Paris.
  2. Emily and Brian, have you ever slept in a tent? No, we’ve never slept in a tent.
  3. Beth, have you ever seen a fantasy film? Yes, I have.
  4. Phil, have you ever eaten sushi? No, I’ve never eaten sushi.
  5. Joshua, have you ever had a call from your Swiss uncle? Yes, I have.
  6. Simon, have you ever read a book in English? Yes, I have.
  7. Jane, have you ever bought a silk blouse? No, I’ve never bought a silk blouse.
  8. George, have you ever forgotten your house keys? No, I’ve never forgotten my house keys.
  9. Kenneth, have you ever drunk green tea? Yes, I have

Es. 11

Have you ever…

  1. of a mountain
  2. run
  3. in front of
  4. won
  5. visited
  6. swum
  7. volunteered to help
  8. first
  9. with your parents
  10. you are proud of

The world of cinema

Es. 12

  1. H
  2. C
  3. F
  4. G
  5. B
  6. A
  7. E
  8. D

Es. 13

  1. cast
  2. make-up
  3. stuntman
  4. screenwriter
  5. soundtrack
  6. producer
  7. subtitles
  8. part

Es. 14

  1. We didn’t to go to the disco last night.
  2. ‘Has he ever played baseball?’ ‘No, he hasn’t, but he saw a match once.’
  3. Did you meet Chris two days ago?
  4. Ruth has earned a lot of money this year.
  5. Have you been to a concert lately?
  6. I didn’t chat on Facebook yesterday.
  7. I have never failed an exam up to now.
  8. That is the best song we have ever heard

Es. 15

  1. have been
  2. have you started
  3. have finished
  4. flew
  5. went
  6. haven’t recharged
  7. Have you heard, played
  8. have you learnt
  9. developed
  10. has won

Es. 16

  1. Have you ever been to China?
  2. Yes, I went last year.
  3. Have you bought any new clothes recently?
  4. Correct.
  5. We’re looking for Mike. Have you seen him?
  6. Tom didn’t move to this town in 2015.
  7. She has seen this film three times this year.
  8. Paul and Lucy arrived ten minutes ago

Music

Es. 18

Genre of music:

  1. folk
  2. rock
  3. classical
  4. pop
  5. jazz
  6. hip-hop
  7. opera

IT’S THE FIRST/SECOND TIME…

Es. 21

  1. It’s the first time (that) I’ve seen you angry.
  2. It’s the second time (that) Jamie has gone to a jazz festival.
  3. It’s the third time (that) they’ve seen that romantic comedy.
  4. I’ve never been to England and this is the first time (that) I’ve had the opportunity to visit London

Es. 22

  1. ’ve never seen
  2. ’ve seen
  3. ’ve never really liked
  4. stopped
  5. have you been
  6. died
  7. have you cried
  8. ’ve also laughed
  9. ’ve felt
  10. had
  11. ’ve never laughed
  12. cried

Es. 23

  1. stuntman
  2. the cinema
  3. film school
  4. musicals
  5. parts
  6. has never believed
  7. has never looked

Es. 24

I’ve been to the cinema once a month in the last few years. I’ve seen horror films, historical dramas, romantic comedies and cartoons but my favourite genre has always been science fiction. I’ve seen the latest Star Wars blockbuster three times, and last month I saw Blade Runner 2049. I’ve sometimes thought about trying to start a career in the cinema, not as an actor but as a screenwriter, or a sound technician maybe. I haven’t decided which one to go for, but I’ve found a website for a film school recently and I’m going to apply.

Es. 25

  • Randall: Hi, Jamie. My cousin has given me two tickets for the Clean Bandit concert for my birthday.
  • Jamie: That’s cool! I love that band!
  • Randall: I’ve never been to a concert of electronic music before and I’m afraid it might be a dreadful experience.
  • Jamie: I know that you play the piano and are into classical music. I’ve never understood why you don’t like listening to rap music, for example.
  • Randall: Music is a very personal taste. I’ve always loved the great composers like Mozart and Beethoven.
  • Jamie: Come on! Let’s give it a go. It may be an unforgettable experience.
  • Randall: Would you like to come with me?
  • Jamie: I’d love to. I hope they’ll play the song Rather Be

Es. 26

  1. We have seen a stunning science-fiction series recently. The hero has become a star.
  2. Have you heard the soundtrack of the latest Disney cartoon? One of the songs has won an Oscar for the Best Song.
  3. John has grown up with the songs of U2 and he has been to their concerts many times.
  4. I’ve never had the opportunity to listen to folk music before. It’s a fascinating experience.
  5. It’s the first time I’ve seen a historical drama. I found it a bit boring but the make-up artist really did a great job

Es. 27

  1. 25th April
  2. 9.15
  3. local theatre company
  4. CDs
  5. one-week holiday
  6. £3

Es. 29

  1. commit themselves
  2. willing
  3. beck and call
  4. tough guy
  5. craft
  6. facets
  7. ultimately
  8. attorneys
  9. whatever

Es. 30

  1. T
  2. F, They also take classes and work with acting and dialogue coaches
  3. T
  4. F, You must also sacrifice certain aspects of your life
  5. F, They often work 14 to 20 hours a day, in all kinds of conditions
  6. F, It can be exhausting because actors commit themselves both emotionally and physically to their roles
  7. F, It is important to be nice to everyone because the assistant you treated badly two years ago might one day become a director, film producer or talent agent
  8. T

WB UNIT 12: This is life

Life events

Es. 1

  1. get married
  2. die
  3. fall in love
  4. graduate
  5. go to school
  6. go to university
  7. get your driving licence
  8. have children
  9. retire
  10. win a prize
  11. be born
  12. start work

Es. 2

  1. old age, pensioner
  2. infancy, baby
  3. middle age, middle-aged
  4. childhood, child
  5. Adolescence, teenager
  6. Youth, young man/ woman

Es. 4

  1. The boy has just broken the window playing football.
  2. The girl has just fallen asleep.
  3. The woman has just burnt the chicken.
  4. The young man has just arrived

Es. 5

  1. Have you seen … yet, have already seen
  2. has just started
  3. haven’t watered … yet
  4. have just met, have already forgotten
  5. Have you spoken … yet, haven’t had … yet
  6. have just heard, have just got married

Es. 6

  1. He has gone to the barber’s.
  2. He has been to the barber’s .
  3. He has gone surfing.
  4. He has been surfing.
  5. They have been to Moscow.
  6. They have gone to Moscow.

Es. 7

  1. been, been
  2. been
  3. gone
  4. gone
  5. gone

Es. 8

  1. Why have you applied for this position?
  2. Have you chosen your personal goals yet?
  3. Tell us about something you have just achieved.
  4. Who is the person you have learnt from lately?
  5. Have you ever thought of where you will be in 10 years’ time?
  6. Have you ever worked in a team?

Es. 9

  1. have just danced
  2. have practised hard recently
  3. have always dreamt
  4. have already become
  5. have never seen
  6. have never danced
  7. have just announced
  8. have just won
  9. have beaten
  10. has never been

Verbs for relationships

Es. 10

+ make friends, get along, get on well, be best friends, be fair, be close, make up

– break up, cheat on, split up, quarrel, argue, have a row

Es. 11

  1. broke up
  2. gets on well / gets along
  3. had a row / quarrelled / argued
  4. cheated on
  5. made up
  6. be fair
  7. made friends
  8. best/close friend

Es. 12

  1. You must stop
  2. You must take a number
  3. You mustn’t smoke beyond this point
  4. You mustn’t skateboard, rollerskate or rollerblade, otherwise you must pay a £500 penalty

Es. 13

  1. don’t have to get up
  2. had to show
  3. did you have to wait
  4. had to ask
  5. has to make
  6. will have to drive
  7. Did you have to go
  8. will have to buy

Es. 14

  1. mustn’t
  2. has to
  3. mustn’t
  4. have to
  5. don’t have to
  6. don’t have to
  7. mustn’t
  8. mustn’t

Es. 15

The Geography teacher

Es. 16

  1. Yes, she has.
  2. Maths.
  3. In year 12.
  4. His hockey team has won the championship and he has passed all his exams.
  5. The Geography teacher accused him of cheating in the final test.
  6. He checked an answer on his mobile phone.
  7. Because he thought he didn’t need to hand it in.
  8. He lost some marks on the test but he passed anyway

Problems

Es. 17

  1. C/E
  2. D
  3. A
  4. B

Es. 18

  1. put your needs first
  2. feel left out
  3. were worried
  4. is going through a tricky/difficult time
  5. was annoyed

Es. 19

  1. mustn’t
  2. needn’t
  3. mustn’t
  4. doesn’t need to
  5. needn’t
  6. didn’t need to
  7. mustn’t

Es. 20

  1. Correct.
  2. I’ll be all right in the new school. You needn’t worry about me.
  3. You needn’t wait for me. Go on and I’ll join you later.
  4. Jane needn’t keep these emails. She can delete them, if she likes.
  5. You mustn’t smoke in here. Look at that sign.
  6. Correct.
  7. They needn’t do the washing up, they have a dishwasher.
  8. The students mustn’t forget their homework

Es. 21

  1. been
  2. been
  3. yet
  4. get
  5. got
  6. on
  7. broken
  8. had a row
  9. already
  10. mustn’t
  11. already
  12. needn’t
  13. feeling left out
  14. must
  15. mustn’t

Es. 22

  • Claire
    • Must / Have to: study harder.
    • Mustn’t: waste time chatting on the Net.
    • Needn’t / Don’t need to: –
  • Bob
    • Must / Have to: take his driving test, try to

improve his results, try to get on well with all his classmates.

    • Mustn’t: –
    • Needn’t / Don’t need to: worry if his classmates

don’t choose him for the volleyball team.

  • Both Claire and Bob
    • Must / Have to: keep up the community project,

learn to trust each other more, go for a coffee together.

    • Mustn’t: think badly without good reason, lose

their friendship.

    • Needn’t / Don’t need to: be worried over little

things

Es. 23

It is often true that you don’t really appreciate events until they have finished and then you look back and realise how important they were. School is a good example. While we are attending school, it seems a waste of time, but those foundation years influence all we do later. I often think back to the friendships I have made and lost, and the opportunities that have come up or gone. Now that I am a mother myself, I watch my children make the same mistakes and complain as I did. But I mustn’t just think about the past. I have had lots of wonderful moments and there are lots more to come!

Es. 24

  • Coach: Hi Thomas, how’s it going? You haven’t played tennis particularly well recently. What are you worried about?
  • Thomas: I don’t know, I’ve found it difficult to concentrate lately. I’m nervous.
  • Coach: Are you going through a difficult time? Do you want to talk about it?
  • Thomas: Everything’s fine with the team but I’ve just broken up with my girlfriend. Coach: Have you tried to make up?
  • Thomas: We haven’t met yet.
  • Coach: How are things at school?
  • Thomas: I’m a bit worried because I’ve got some bad marks in the last few days.
  • Coach: You needn’t worry, this is just a phase of adolescence. I’m sure you’ll get along with your girlfriend again and everything will be fine soon. Trust me!
  • Thomas: Thank you for listening

Es. 25

  1. Luke and Sharon fell in love 30 years ago and now they have 4 beautiful children.
  2. I’ve just passed my last exam. I’m looking forward to graduating and starting work.
  3. ‘Have you made friends with your new classmate yet?’ ‘Yes, I have, and we get on very well.’
  4. They have quarrelled recently and they haven’t made up yet. They’ve never been so nervous before.
  5. You mustn’t cheat on your friends, you must always be fair.
  6. The students have had to listen to the lesson quietly up to now.
  7. You don’t have to / needn’t book the room now. You can phone a few days before your departure

Es. 27

  1. selected
  2. gain
  3. are allowed
  4. safe
  5. fit in
  6. agreement

Es. 28

  1. The driving licence has always been one of the best parts of growing up because teenagers don’t have to rely on their parents to go where they want. They needn’t fit in with their parents’ lifestyle: they can now meet mates whenever and wherever they like.
  2. A licence gives teenagers the freedom to go to their favourite fast-food restaurant, or they can just drive to a friend’s house after school to study and have fun.
  3. It is an extension of a teenager’s fashion style

Es. 29

  1. have to greet the guests
  2. mustn’t talk to each guest, must be available
  3. must sit
  4. needn’t worry about
  5. must be punctual
  6. must absolutely remember the rings, has to give
  7. have to assist the bride, must be ready to arrange
  8. have gone to the reception, must remain

Es. 31

  • Form
    • Affirmative: I/You/We/They’ve (have) won a prize. He/She/It’s (has) won a prize.
    • Negative: I/You/We/They haven’t (have not) won a prize. He/She/It hasn’t (has not) won a prize.
    • Interrogative: Have I/you/we/they won a prize? Has he/she/it won a prize?
    • Short answers: Yes, I/you/we/they have. / Yes, he/she/it has. / No, I/you/we/they haven’t. / No, he/she/it hasn’t


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